Why some companies will fail on work-from-home transition
Organisations which are more control-oriented and check the productivity of their employees based on inputs will find it more difficult to trust their people when working from home, according to a new study.
The pandemic has forced many organisations to change in ways that would have been unthinkable six months ago.
According to Karin Sanders, professor in the School of Management at University of New South Wales in Sydney (UNSW) Business School, if organisations have always managed employees from a control perspective, it will be very difficult for them to change. 
"They probably should have made this transition many years ago," she said in a university statement.
Some organisations can handle this more capably than others. 
For example, many professional organisations such as law firms, consultancies and universities are used to staff working from home and more flexible ways of working.
These organisations base staff productivity on outputs (such as number of projects, clients or number of articles) and not on inputs (such as when staff start or finish their day).
According to Will Felps, Associate Professor in the School of Management at UNSW Business School, the pandemic has presented a unique array of leadership challenges. 
While leadership always matters, he observed that there are many constraints on leaders in organisations with strong policies, long histories and which operate in stable industries.
"This means that even mediocre leaders can head effective organisations, and also that great leaders are constrained in what they can do. But this crisis situation, the quality of leadership matters much more right now," said Felps.
The pandemic will likely have a lasting impact on organisations in a number of ways.
"What will be permanent, in my opinion, is that organisations will understand that they can continue if their workforce is working from home," said Sanders.
"For universities, they will rely more on the importance of digital teaching as a plan B for every course," she said.
Many workplaces have been using face-to-face meetings and emails as crutches for everything, and failing to fully use superior technologies.
"This coronavirus is likely to cause an operational 'phase-shift' in many organisations. Interdependence makes change difficult, but everyone in the world is taking crash-course in doing things online".
Face-to-face meetings are not the best way to accomplish many tasks. 
Brainstorming, for example, can be an asynchronous and independent activity, while polls can be online and anonymous - rather than being dominated by the loudest person in the room.
Getting people to change is hard.
However, employees are more willing to change when initiatives (and the need) for the change come from outside the organization, said the study.
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    COVID-19 effect: 7 Indian films confirmed for straight-to-OTT release
    Amid the ongoing COVID-19 lockdown as multiplexes remain shut, the streaming platform Amazon Prime Video is going all out in a bid to revolutionise the way we might watch films in the future. After confirming the Amitabh Bachchan and Ayushmann Khurrana-starrer "Gulabo Sitabo" for a digital release recently, the OTT platform now announces six more highly-anticipated Indian films, including "Shakuntala Devi" starring Vidya Balan, for digital premieres over the next months.
    All these films will directly go to Amazon Prime bypassing traditional theatrical release.
    Across five Indian languages, apart from the above-mentioned Hindi releases, the direct-to-home menu features the Tamil legal drama "Ponmagal Vandhal" starring Jyotika, the Keerthy Suresh starrer "Penguin" (Tamil and Telugu), "Sufiyum Sujatayum" (Malayalam) starring Aditi Rao Hydari, "Law" (Kannada) starring Ragini Chandran and Siri Prahlad, and Danish Sait's next film "French Biryani" (Kannada).
    The movies will premiere on the streaming platform over the next three months and will be available in 200 countries and territories worldwide.
    "Ponmagal Vandhal" (Tamil) will release on May 29. The legal drama is written and directed by JJ Fredrick, and produced by Jyotika's husband, Tamil superstar Suriya, along with Rajsekar Karpoorasundarapandian. In fact, as reported earlier by IANS, the Tamil Nadu Theatre And Multiplex Owners Association threatened to ban all releases featuring Suriya, or produced by his banner 2D films, in the wake of the his decision to release "Pon Magal Vandhal" directly on the popular OTT platform.
    However, that does not seem to deter others. "Penguin" (Tamil and Telugu) will go live on June 19. The film is written and directed by Eshavar Karthic. The film is produced by Stone Bench Films and Karthik Subbaraj. While "Law" (Kannada) is slated for June 26, "French Biryani" (Kannada) will release on July 24.
    Shoojit Sircar's "Gulabo Sitabo" will release on June 12.
    The release dates of "Shakuntala Devi" and "Sufiyum Sujatayum" are yet to be announced.
    "We're taking this one step further, with seven of India's most-anticipated films premiering exclusively on Prime Video, bringing the cinematic experience to their doorstep," said Vijay Subramaniam, Director and Head, Content, Amazon Prime Video, India.
    "Indian audiences have been eagerly awaiting the release of these seven films, and we are delighted that we will now be premiering these movies for our customers -- who can enjoy watching these from the safety and comfort of their homes and on a screen of their choice," said Gaurav Gandhi, Director and Country General Manager, Amazon Prime Video India.
    Meanwhile, exhibitors are naturally not pleased with Amazon Prime's unprecedented move.
    As part of a long press statement issued on Thursday evening, and without naming any film or production house in particular, the multiplex chain INOX stated: "The decision of production house to deviate from the globally prevalent content windowing practice is alarming and disconcerting. Cinemas and content creators have always been into mutually beneficial partnerships, where one's action provided fillip to another's revenues."
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    Rishi Kapoor & the Bobby Bike
    Several eulogies and beautiful tributes have followed the sad, and premature, passing of Rishi Kapoor. As well as his redoubtable contribution to Indian cinema, one must also remember his involvement, probably involuntarily, in the first most famous case of product placement in Indian cinema, the Rajdoot 175 GTS, better known as the Bobby bike. 
    Even though interesting and exciting automobiles always figured in many of the Bollywood films, the automobile did not play an important enough role until the blockbuster Bobby arrived in 1973. Produced and directed by Raj Kapoor, Bobby’s story line was hardly any different from that of scores of other Indian popular movies which had preceded it. Once again, a love story between a boy, Raj, the son of a rich man, and Bobby, a young girl from a poor family, with the two fighting against all odds to make their love possible, despite the social differences. What made the movie special was the way the story was treated, the freshness of the two protagonists, and the amusing little motorcycle that Raj used, the yet-to-be-launched Rajdoot GTS 175. 

    The story is about how the 18-year-old Raj Nath (Rishi Kapoor in his very first role), son of the rich industrialist Mr Nath, falls in love with 16-year-old Bobby (Dimple Kapadia, in also her first role). She is the granddaughter of his former housekeeper and educator, and the daughter of a poor Goan fisherman, Jack Braganza. When Raj is visiting his old housekeeper, he sees Bobby for the first time, and, it is love at first sight. Raj though realises that his temperamental father will not easily accept the relationship with the daughter of a poor fisherman. Of course, all is eventually well, as Raj’s father admits his mistakes, and takes in Bobby as a daughter-in-law.
    Movie-goers in India took to the refreshing charm and demeanour of the baby-faced Rishi Kapoor and the sheer gorgeousness of Dimple Kapadia, as well as the symbolism of the cute and accessible motorcycle which transported the two to their trysts for all the song-and-dance sequences. Reflecting an optimistic, young teenage sense of romance and adventure, the Rajdoot GTS 175 became synonymous with the movie, and has since been referred to as the 'Bobby bike', a moniker which stuck on, even if that was not the official one.
    The success of the Rajdoot 'Bobby' GTS 175 though, was short-lived, unlike the movie, which was rated by Indiatimes Movies as the “Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.” Not only was Bobby one of the top-20 grossers in the realm of Bollywood, it was an astounding success in the Soviet Union, where more than 62 million saw the film.
    The use of the film Bobby to promote Rajdoot’s new motorcycle, the GTS 175, was not coincidental. The movie-maker Raj Kapoor’s elder daughter Ritu Kapoor was married to Rajan Nanda, the son of the founder of Escorts Limited, H P Nanda. The Rajdoot GTS 175 was an Escorts product. In fact, this was perhaps one of the first cases of a product placement in an Indian movie.
    As a product placement, it worked brilliantly – in a matter of months everyone across the country knew of the Bobby bike. In theory, the market placement and planning of the product was very intelligent too. The mainstay of Escorts Limited until then had been the workhorse Rajdoot 175 bike, popular in rural India with farmers, milkmen and small traders. With a factory set-up in 1962, Escorts had turned to Polish motorcycle manufacturer KZWM Polmo-SHL, which was, at that point of time, manufacturing the model M11, for technical collaboration.
    The SHL M11 was unusual in featuring an Earles fork front suspension, a swing-arm with two telescopic shock absorbers with hydraulic damping, which contributed to the excellent ride quality of the Rajdoots, reason enough why rural India, with its terrible road conditions, took to the motorcycle from Escorts. Even as the Rajdoot 175 became one of India’s better selling motorcycles, it was the scooter segment, which was setting the sales charts afire. Escorts decided to develop a scooter using the same engine and gearbox as in the motorcycle. The buying customer did not take to the Rajdoot Rajhans scooter. Escorts found itself with a lot of unsold scooters, unsold scooter parts, as well as tanks from the as-unsuccessful Rajdoot Ranger motorcycle derivative of the classic 175.
    The boffins at Escorts were smart enough to come with a product— no doubt inspired by the Honda Monkey bike series of small-wheeled motorcycles launched by the Japanese giant in the late 1960s – which combined the bits and pieces of the leftover parts. The new little machine had its engine, transmission and suspension from the full-size Rajdoot 175, the wheels from the scooter, and the tank from the Rajdoot Ranger, all combined to give the product a cheeky, funky look, made even prettier with Rishi Kapoor and Dimple Kapadia astride the one in Bobby.       
    But then, the best-laid plans of mice and men often go awry. After the initial excitement and success of the Bobby bike, sales plateaued, and then dropped off altogether. Escorts struggled on with the GTS until 1984, when the last Bobby bike rolled off the assembly line. Most of the Bobby bikes were junked – just a handful have been saved by motorcycling enthusiasts, such as the one on these pages, owned and restored by Lokesh Lakshmipathy.
    (Author of several automotive books, founder editor of many leading auto mags, Gautam Sen has also consulted with most of the Indian auto majors. He has also worked with several leading car designers such as Gérard Godfroy, Tom Tjaarda and Marcello Gandini, among others)
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    2 weeks ago

    Hey Gautam - great article on one of our schooldays movies! All of us in the class were quite smitten with Dimple and desired a Bobby Bike with Bobby in the pillion! The non success of the 'Bobby Bike' is generally attributed to the small wheels. Remember our roads in those days? Only now you've enlightened me to the fact that the Bike was a hybrid of other unsuccessful bike models. That design thinking itself was a recipe for disaster. Anyway those were the days of extreme frugality and one can understand the pain of the Nandas when they found large stocks of unused bike components. Junking stuff was taboo!


    3 weeks ago

    bobby movie is blockbuster hit throughout the country beyond language culture .even today the song hum tum can be enjoyed.huge success.bobby and sholay.nobody even today can forget kabbar singh.those days actors and actress show involvement in their role.

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