Stop One-sided Contracts of E-commerce companies
Time to frame some rules for Ubers and Flipkarts in the interest of consumers
E-commerce companies, sustained on massive doses of funding provided by private equity funds, have been such a boon to consumers that we were happy to condone glitches, especially if the redress or reversal process was smooth and efficient. But large and well-funded e-commerce companies are probably so focused on fund raising and increasing valuation that they may be in danger of forgetting that the customer is central to their mega plans. Some funded e-tailers seem to believe that throwing money at consumers to compensate for bad experiences is an adequate customer retention strategy. As the business grows, companies are finding it difficult to offer cash compensation and to dish out freebies; some brazenly renege on promises published on their promotional material.  
Consider a few examples.  
The FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India), India’s food safety regulator has caused global giant Nestlé to destroy Maggi noodles worth several hundred crores of rupees because of high mono sodium glutamate (MSG) in its tastemaker. BigBasket has such few checks & balances that rotten potatoes and cauliflowers have been delivered to a customer on two separate occasions. 
Each time, the e-tailer dumped the value of the product on its e-wallet with barely a word of regret. Is this good enough to retain the customer? Clearly not; in fact, many are opting out. The irony is that BigBasket, which is flush with private equity funds, uses the money to discount the MRP of low-cost items, like bread, but has not even been able to fix its log-in software which frequently fails to recognise the login details or mobile numbers of registered users. 
In December 2014, this column said that online retailers must be made responsible for the products they sell and advertise. For instance, leading white-goods manufacturers openly say that they will not honour warranties on products purchased online, but companies like Snapdeal continue to advertise the warranties and claim that the manufacturer cannot renege on product warranties. 
In one particular case, a consumer complained that Flipkart was claiming to offer a discount by projecting a false high price that was crossed out, while the discounted price was the actual MRP printed on the product. 
Apart from being a false and misleading claim, this would also fall foul of the Legal Metrology Act. While Flipkart removed the post product, it continues to insist that it is merely an aggregator and any complaint lies with the seller, who is also bound by a one-sided contract.
Uber, the often controversial radio taxi service, is probably the only one that requires customers to have cash in a PayTM wallet to be able to book the cab. Now, it also docks their account by Rs100 for cancelling a ride five minutes after booking; it also has a dynamic pricing system whereby its fares shoot up with increased demand. 
Uber, dubbed one of the most innovative companies in the world, has no system of compensating customers if the taxi turns up well off the estimated time, or, the driver cancels the booking after accepting it, or is unprofessional and rude. In fact, PE-flush operators like Olacabs, which were previously generous in compensating customers when their service delivery was a problem, now merely offer an apology. Olacabs does not even have a GPS system for its drivers, who are notoriously clueless about most city roads. This is a serious issue because ordinary black-and-yellow taxi-drivers have to meet rigorous conditions, including knowledge of the city roads, to obtain a licence. 

One-sided Contracts

All online retailers and service-providers have notoriously one-sided contracts which nobody reads. None of this mattered while they wowed customers with choice, price and speed of delivery. But rapid growth and gigantic size is bound to have an impact. Aggrieved consumers will be shocked at the one-sided terms in their legal disclaimers. Flipkart and Snapdeal, who call themselves marketplaces, are especially aggressive about not accepting responsibility for prices and product details posted on their websites. Amazon has taken a similar stand in the UK. This is absurd. 
For instance, a refrigerator of Videocon is not sold by the manufacturer, but by multiple distributors on Flipkart. There is one single product display, although prices may vary. When you click to purchase, the whole process, right up to confirmation, payment, tracking and delivery is done by Flipkart. Yet, it says, “You shall independently agree upon the manner and terms and conditions of delivery, payment, insurance, etc, with the seller(s) that you transact with.” It also says that the pricing reflected on its website may be incorrectly reflected due to technology glitches or typographical errors, in which case the order will be cancelled. In Flipkart’s case, some of these one-sided terms have been shot down by consumer courts and it has been forced to compensate or deliver products as displayed on the website. But the days of customer-delight are clearly coming to an end and it has an aggressive legal department which works hard at evading responsibility. 

If you use Uber, you provide an implicit warranty that you are over 18, have identified yourself accurately and will not transfer or assign your account to anybody. On its part, Uber accepts very little responsibility—like Flipkart, it calls itself an intermediary, even as it arrogates the right to collect vast amounts of personal data and even wants to track you, when you are not using the Uber app, through your IP address. The last bit is now the subject of a complaint before the Federal Trade Commission in the USA. But Uber is not the only company that has raised privacy concerns. The giant Google had angered privacy campaigners in the US who found that it has secretly installed audio-snooping code that was capable of listening to conversations held in front of a computer with users’ permission on Chromium, its open source. 
In a column on Moneylife’s e-paper, my colleague Yogesh Sapkale had listed issues that consumers must watch out for while shopping online. The major ones are: uncertain delivery schedules (some list 9 and 10 days for delivery even in metros); poor quality products; unclear and one-sided terms and conditions which make issues relating to size and fit (for products like clothes and shoes) very hard to deal with; and cumbersome refund processes if you have paid in advance. 
Clearly, the time has come to put in place come ground rules and policies and stop e-commerce sites from putting up such blatantly one-sided terms. In fact, since e-commerce sites have often challenged whether the product details and price that they post on their website can even be construed as an advertisement, the need for statutory rules becomes all the more imperative. Unfortunately, government departments don’t wake up until there is a flashpoint. Until we have bubble-like conditions where investors are vying with each other to fund e-commerce businesses and boost their valuations, there will be relatively few complaints. However, this does not mean that aggrieved consumers should be forced to fight it out individually in consumer courts and work at setting precedents in this new marketplace. It is time for the ministry of consumer affairs to set some ground rules.  
(Sucheta Dalal is the managing editor of Moneylife. She was awarded the Padma Shri in 2006 for her outstanding contribution to journalism. She can be reached at [email protected])
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Ambareesh Baliga

3 years ago

Ola reduced fares by nearly 20% recently but the trick lies in charging for every minute of your trip (not just waiting time but running time too). The other charges include Peak Time Charges which stretch to about 8 hours in a day. More importantly the multiplier - during high demand the fares are dynamic - on 25th July around 11pm the fare from Domestic Airport was 2.5x the normal fare!!! The trick is a pop up which appears after you have said "Yes" to the earlier pop ups during the booking process - so natural tendency is to say "Yes" when you are in a hurry - Though you have an option of cancelling it without any penalty unlike Uber


4 years ago

Thanks to Sucheta Dalal for calling spade a spade by exposing these so called online sellers like Flipcart ,Snapdeal and tens of them others like Shopclues, Voffie, Myntra etc.or aggrgators like Uber Ola Cabs,Taxi for Sure , and Fleet Cabs like Radio ,Cool Cabs, Meru Cabs etc.

But mention of top STOCKIST AND ONLINE SELLER AMAZON, was only in one sentence that it is behaving one sided in UK.
No, Madam, Amazon has got same anti -consumer policy all over the universe. While ,Overcharging more than MRP is not any violation of law as it is in India, Amazon applying the same yardstick in Indian Market goes against Indian laws,.
I have already sent AN OPEN LETTER TO AMAZON FOR STOPPING SUCH UNFAIR AND ILLEGAL PRACTICE BY AMENDING the POLICY IN INDIA, to "MONEYLIFE" for publication to gather media support for this cause.


4 years ago

Why even reputed concerns like Voltas, Blue Star etc have outsourced their customer care . if any one uses the call centre they will experience very poor service and follow up. However because of their product quality Voltas is still maintaining their pole position in AC but fact of matter is these companies have out sourced their service dept function. Since their product is trouble free it does not matter otherwise their warranty terms are tailored in a such a way that they can reject any claim. From my experience over 40 years i can vouch only Khaitan Fan and Elite mixie companies honoured total replacement of the defective product during 5 year warranty without any question because they confirm having received less than 10 defective pieces against their sale of 10 lakh pieces


4 years ago

I live in a city called Kolkata infested with extremely rude and abusive cab drivers. This behaviour is encouraged by the ruling party to garner votes and nothing beyond it. Uber has been a God sent utility in this city. I would request the high end car owners not to interfere with what a home bound person gets may be at a higher cost which he is willing to pay.

R Balakrishnan

4 years ago

E Commerce has ignored consumer protection. The government has been a party to it. FDI permitted under some legal loopholes. Flopkart, Uber, etc are all surviving with VC Money and disrupt the consumer with no warranties. I welcome this trade, but the consumer must have a recourse.
This Govt unfortunately, is short on governance and looks like it is too much to expect anything from them.



In Reply to R Balakrishnan 3 years ago

Nice hatchet job. It is recommended you try & get some warranties out of your brick & mortar service providers then you'll realize the cyberspace is no different.


In Reply to R Balakrishnan 4 years ago

IMHO, consumer protection has been ignored as a whole. But compared with other available option and as things stand today, e-commerce companies are far more customer friendly than normal brick and mortar shops.

New Rs.100 notes to carry ascending numbers
The Reserve Bank Of India (RBI) has recently issued new Rs.100 currency notes in the Mahatma Gandhi Series-2005 with a new numbering pattern, an official statement said.
The numerals, henceforth, in both the number panels of these new currency notes will be in ascending size from left to right. However, the prefix, the first three alphanumeric characters will remain constant in size, the RBI said.
This is a new visible security feature in the bank notes to enable public identify and distinguish it from a counterfeit one.
Barring this new design of the numbering pattern, the bank note is similar to the Rs.100 note in the existing Mahatma Gandhi Series-005.
It bears the signature of current RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan, showing the year of printing 2015 on the reverse, and the new numbering pattern will be introduced in a phased manner in all other denominations.



Shirish Sadanand Shanbhag

4 years ago

Ascending size of numbering is only for Rs.100 notes, why not for Rs.500 and Rs1,000 notes?

Since Government says this feature in Rs.100 note is brought in, for additional security reasons, then, such additional security reason is not needed for higher denomination notes?

Bijoy Varghese

4 years ago

So the counterfeiters don't know how to print ascending size numbers on the notes? is that the logic? Only option is to start printing notes in india and not to outsource. then comes other plans. also why not plastic notes yet? whats stopping RBI from issuing plastic currencies like in other countries?


4 years ago

New security feature is welcome but RBI should create awareness before its circulation otherwise small town traders and vendors will not accept it and will say it is fake.
even some people / petty shopkeepers are refusing to accept note prior to 2005

Virtues of a Mobile Wallet
Mobile wallets are great for small-value transactions
India has more mobile subscribers than bank account-holders. So, using the mobile as a platform for new age services makes great sense. While mobile apps from banks have become popular, there is a large number of people who think using mobile for financial transactions is risky. 
Now, let us see how a mobile wallet (another form of mobile payments) works. The mobile wallet is a virtual equivalent of your physical wallet. It stores information about your bank account, credit or debit card and personal identifaction details, like permanent account number (PAN) or driving licence number. This requires very strong security, for protecting the stored as well as transaction data. Due to the absense of standards and norms, the mobile wallet is creating some quirky moments. For example, State-run Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) tied up with State Bank of India (SBI) to offer MobiCash, a mobile wallet that promises users to withdraw money from SBI ATMs. However, BSNL officials are clueless about how this will happen, especially for withdrawing money without an ATM card. 
At present, Paytm, MobiKwik, Oxigen and Citrus are the leading mobile wallet service-providers in India, licensed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). As per the current norms, a user can load money on her mobile wallet and use it for making payments to merchants which have a tie-up with that wallet service-provider. For example, a user of Paytm can make payment only to a merchant which has a tie-up with Paytm and, thus, can accept mobile money. But things are changing rapidly; soon users may be allowed to withdraw money through mobile wallet. In addition, the user cannot deposit more than Rs10,000 on her mobile wallet without fulfilling RBI’s know your customer (KYC) norms.
What is the advantage of using a mobile wallet over conventional or online payment systems? There are two major factors that go in favour of using mobile wallets. First, your personal details, especially financial information like bank account number, are not exposed. And, second, it limits your exposure in terms of value transactions, because you can upload (in most cases) just Rs10,000 without the KYC checks. So even if there is some issue with the mobile wallet (not likely, though), you may end up losing a maximum Rs10,000 as against losing every single penny in your bank account, in case your account is compromised.
How can you use a mobile wallet? Well, first identify the service that you would be using for making small payments. Then, check which is the common mobile wallet available for most of the services and use it. But make sure, you upload the amount sufficient to pay for services that you would be using. 
The advantage of using mobile wallet is that it requires minimum effort from the user to make a payment. However, with RBI planning to make online payments through one-step authentication, mobile wallets may lose the advantage. But, as I said earlier, for small value transactions, mobile wallets are still the best bet, provided the service-providers make sure to bring every merchant on their platform. 
While there are about a dozen mobile wallet service-providers in India, each has tie-ups with different kinds of merchants. This means, for each type of service, you will have to use different mobile wallet; this explains why, despite a rise in number of mobile wallet users, there is no huge jump in terms of transactions and revenues. Hopefully, soon, big players like Google Wallet or Apple Pay, which are now available in the US, will be allowed to make an entry in India and the rest, as they say, will fall in place. 
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