Rs3,634 crore earmarked under RTE remain unspent in Maharashtra
Despite the Central government making it mandatory to provide free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14 years (from class 1 to class 8), under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE), an amount of Rs3,634 crore (or 70%) earmarked for the purpose has remained unutilised with Maharashtra government in the last six years.
 
The RTE was passed on 4 August 2009, describing the modalities of the importance of compulsory education. Under the Act, grant-in-aid is given by the Central government to all states. However, the Maharashtra government has been unable to utilise the total amount despite receiving the grant from the Centre and making its own contribution.
 
As per the documents of the education budget for 2018-2019 tabled in the state legislature, about 72% amount remained unutilised between 2011 and 2017. The break up is as follows:
 
 
Similarly no accurate statistics of “outside” students (children in the age group of 6 –14 years of migrant labourers) is available. As per the recent economic survey, till December 2017, there were 48379 outside students. Of these 15,529 children were enrolled. Thus nearly 33,859 students are still out of school. If they cross 14 years of age, they will cease to be covered under RTE and will eventually be deprived of the free education.
 
Under different schemes including the Ahilyabai Holkar Educational scheme devised to provide free education to girl students of 11th and 12th class, in 2016-2017, an amount of Rs93.47 crore was spent, which benefited 26 lakh girl students. But in 2017-2018 (till December 2017) that amount plunged to Rs73.42 crore, benefitting only 19.78 lakh girl students. This means, the spend came down by Rs17.05 crore while the number of beneficiary girl students declined by 6.22 lakh. Besides, despite the cleanliness drive being undertaken by the state government,   3,408 schools in the state have no toilets for girl students.
 
Samarthan, an NGO reports that there are nearly 3796 one- teacher schools with Raigad topping the list with 372 one-teacher schools, while Dhule has the minimum number at 12 one- teacher schools. But the surprising part is that Pune, considered as the educational sanctorum of the state, has nearly 265 one-teacher schools. Thane has 237 one-teacher schools and even Mumbai is not lagging behind with Mumbai city having 30 and Mumbai suburbs with 42 one-teacher schools.
 
The break-up of one-teacher schools in descending order is as follows: 
 
 
Commenting on the one-teacher schools in Mumbai, BMC’s education officer Mahesh Palkar said that wherever the number of students in a class is less than 5, such students are accommodated in another class room looked after by a single teacher. These students could be of minority communities (students opting for mediums like Telugu and other languages).
 
Inquiries have revealed that besides minority schools, some of the BMC’s one-teacher schools are transit schools that are housed in the available space, in the absence of a proper school building. Such schools are located at BKC I, Bharat Nagar II and III at Bandra in the western suburbs and in places like Dongri in South Mumbai where one teacher handles students of different disciplines in one classroom.
 
 In general, compared to the national literacy rate of 73%, the state of Maharashtra boasts of 82.3% literacy rate, within which literacy among the scheduled castes is 79.7%- and that among the scheduled tribes is 65.7. Out of the total 11.24 crore population of Maharashtra, 4.47 crore (39.8%) have studied up to secondary level, 6.77 crore (60.2%) have ended their studies studied below the secondary level and 1.63 crore people are illiterate.
 
 In 2017-2018, the strength of the students was 1.59 crore. This figure was less by 77,000 students compared to the corresponding figure of the last academic year, because these 77,000 students had dropped out. Of 1.59 crore students, 75,513 students were studying in non-recognised madarssa schools.
 
As of now, there are 98,213 primary schools of which 3,796 are one-teacher schools and 3, 142 schools are held in one class room. In 2652 schools, the management committees have not been set up as per the RTE Act 2009. Besides, out of 5,16,231 class rooms, 29,301 class rooms are in a dangerous condition.
 
Out of 6,66,338 teachers working in the primary schools, 82,427 teachers are SSC passed and 1868 teachers are non-SSC passed. The break up is as follows:
No. of Teachers
 
 
Other statistics: 
 
  • In 1, 528 schools there is no provision of drinking water
  • 15,126 schools are not connected by roads
  • In 14,594 schools there is no playground
  • 18,429 schools have no compound wall
  • In 3,408 schools there are no separate toilets for girls
  • In 5432 schools there is no library
  • 749 schools do not serve mid-day meals to students
  • 11,589 schools have no kitchen sheds
  • , in 6,178 schools there is no electricity
  • In 33,236 schools there are no computers and 
  • In 6874 schools no ramps have been provided for disabled students
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    COMMENTS

    Manoj

    2 years ago

    Curious. Couple of months ago, schools threatened to stop accepting admissions under RTE quota as state hasnt paid their dues for 2 years. Bureaucratic delays?

    Vasudevan

    2 years ago

    can you also name who is faling to get the funds and make use of it ? is it state education minister?if yes put the accountability on him

    MHA probing Mary Kom's NGO, Rajiv Gandhi Trust, Nasscom
    An NGO runby Olympic medalist and Rajya Sabha Member Mary Kom, the Rajiv Gandhi Charitable Trust and Nasscom are among 42 organisations being probed by the Union Home Ministry for violating norms under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), the Centre told Parliament on Tuesday.
     
    Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju said in a written reply that Mary Kom's Regional Boxing Foundation and 20 other NGOs have been "served standard questionnaire in receipt of foreign contribution". 
     
    Other NGOs include Rajiv Gandhi Charitable Trust (Delhi), Asianet New Charitable Trust (Kerala), Amnesty International (India) Foundation and Bharat Swabhiman Nyas (Uttarakhand), the minister said in a reply to a written question in the Lok Sabha.
     
    Bengaluru-based research organisation Centre for Internet Society, which claimed last year that 13 crore Aadhaar numbers had been leaked, has also been served a notice by Home Ministry for violating foreign fund laws. 
     
    Rijiju said the Home Ministry has completed audit and inspection against 21 other NGOs like Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, Nasscom, Catholic Church Welfare Society, Public Health Foundation of India and New Era Society which are based in Kerala, Arunachal Pradesh and Delhi. 
     
    The minister said the NGOs have received foreign funding and the inquiry was initiated by the Home Ministry under FCRA 2010.
     
    Mary Kom's NGO, a pioneering initiative by the 2012 London Olympics bronze medalist, was registered and established as a charitable trust in 2006.
     
    Mary Kom and her husband K. Onler set up the NGO to promote boxing among the underprivileged youth in Manipur and other parts of northeastern India.
     
    The Rajiv Gandhi Charitable Trust was established in 2002 to address the development needs of the underprivileged of the country, especially the rural poor. It is the largest social mobilisation programme for women's empowerment in Uttar Pradesh with its work impacting 42 districts.
     
    Nasscom, a not-for-profit industry association, is the apex body for the $154 billion Indian Information Technology and Business Process Outsourcing industry. 
     
    Public Health Foundation of India is a public-private initiative that has collaboratively evolved through consultations with multiple constituencies including Indian and international academia, state and Central governments, multi and bi-lateral agencies and civil society groups.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

     

  • User

    COMMENTS

    Manoj

    2 years ago

    Bureaucratic paperwork is of utmost importance to sarkaar, and nothing else. That's what this means.

    Facebook data breach: Where is Mark Zuckerberg?
    With Facebook getting mired in its biggest-ever controversy following a massive data breach, everyone is asking one question: Where is its CEO Mark Zuckerberg?
     
    Not only Zuckerberg has remained quiet so far, Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg who has been the face of the company's PR strategy is yet to speak on the data scandal.
     
    According to a report in ReCode on Wednesday, Zuckerberg is slated to address a weekly Q&A session with employees on Friday and he may speak before that meeting.
     
    Normally, Zuckerberg or Sandberg come out with long blog posts whenever Facebook gets tangled in controversies but the silence this time is deafening.
     
    Facebook is facing the heat after Cambridge Analytica, a British consulting company, was accused of harvesting data of up to 50 million Facebook users without permission and using the data to help politicians, including US President Donald Trump and the Brexit campaign.
     
    European Union (EU) and British lawmakers have demanded that social media giant Facebook should clarify data breach following revelations that personal data was massively misused for political purposes.
     
    British lawmakers have also summoned Zuckerberg to give oral evidence after "misleading to the Committee" occurred at a previous hearing.
     
    British Prime Minister Theresa May has expressed her concern over the allegations that Cambridge Analytica exploited data of millions of Facebook users without their authorisation in election campaigns.
     
    Facebook has already suspended Cambridge Analytica from its platform.
     
    The social media giant admitted that an estimated 2,70,000 people had downloaded the app and shared their personal information with it.
     
    However, the firm denied all wrongdoings and insisted it followed the correct procedures in obtaining and using data.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
     

     

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