Railways plans to add 4 lakh berths from October by leaving power cars
The Indian Railways which carries over 12 lakh passengers every day, aims to provide four lakh more berths for passengers every day from October when it will adopt the technology to generate power from the locomotives instead of the two power cars, railway officials said on Wednesday.
 
A senior Railway Ministry official related to the development told IANS: "Currently there are one or two power cars attached to the train with diesel generators to supply electricity connection to run the air conditioning units, fans and lights in the train coaches."
 
The power cars are also called as End on Generation (EOG). The official said that from October onwards, the railways will introduce the new technology known as "Head on Generation" (HOG), which is currently used worldwide to generate power for the AC units, fans and lights in train coaches.
 
The official said with the HOG technology, the power to provide electric supply to the AC units, fans, lights from the overhead power lines and then is distributed to train coaches. According to the railway ministry officials, by October 2019, over 5,000 coaches of the Indian Railways will operate on the new technology.
 
"By adopting the HOG technology we will make way for more coaches," the official said, adding that it will also save Rs 6,000 crore in fuel bills annually," said the official.
 
He pointed out that a power car needs about 40 litres of diesel per hour per non-AC coach while an AC coach needs 65-70 litres of diesel per hour. The official also said the new system is eco-friendly as no air or noise pollution will be there and it will help in reducing carbon emissions by 700 MT per year per train.
 
The official said by removing one power car from the train, the railways can add a passenger coach in the train thus increasing the number of berths in the train without increasing the train length. 
 
Giving the example of Rajdhani Express, the official said the Rajdhanis are currently hauled by a single locomotive with two diesel-powered generator cars at the rear to provide air conditioning and lighting within the train.
 
"After carrying out extensive tests, we have decided to remove the power cars. Power, obtained from the overhead cables through the pantograph of the lead engine, will be converted for providing air conditioning and lighting. This will be done through what in technical parlance is known as a hotel load converter," he said.
 
"By doing so we can attach two more AC-3 tier coaches to the train," he said. Rajdhani Express trains currently have 22 coaches with over 1,200 berths of various categories. 
 
"Once the power cars are removed, they will be replaced with two additional AC-3 tier coaches, adding 130 berths," the official said.
 
He said that once all LHB coaches are on this system, there will be an increase of more than four lakh berths everyday and thus additional revenue as well. The railways earlier this year tried to increase the speed and number of berths in Hazrat Nizamuddin-Mumbai Rajdhani Express by hauling it with two locomotives, one from front and the other at the rear. 
 
The official said the trial run was approved on Feb 7 by the Research Design and Standard Organisation (RDSO). The pilot project led to the saving of over 105 minutes of travel time between New Delhi and Mumbai as it covered the 1,543 km in about than 17 hours from the previous 19 hours.
 
The official pointed out that the push-and-pull technology, being tried out, is successfully adopted globally. This not only increases a train's hauling capacity but also reduces jerks when the brakes are applied as the load gets equally distributed through all the coaches," the official said.
 
A senior railway ministry official said the railways has last year experimented with twin-locomotives on the Rajdhani, with both engines in front. However, it was found that this did not make for a smooth ride.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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suneel kumar gupta

4 days ago

I appreciate this type of moove.use of technology, allround benifits

BMC Sets up New Advisory Panel on Bridges
The BrihanMumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has decided to appoint a new advisory committee for bridges in the metro city. The committee will have experts and renowned engineers, who will conduct a re-audit of all the bridges in Mumbai that are closed. This was announced by BMC commissioner Praveen Pardeshi after a meeting with activists concerned over the traffic chaos triggered by the shut-down of nearly 30 bridges in Mumbai.
 
A delegation comprising Congress leader Sanjay Nirupam, renowned structural engineer Shirish Patel, Moneylife Foundation's trustee Sucheta Dalal, RTI activist Anil Galgali and transport activist Ajit V Shenoy, Dr Nori and others met the commissioner to discuss the possibility of salvaging some of the existing bridges, if possible, by a re-assessment.
 
Mr Nirupam started the discussion by highlighting the chaos triggered by the closure of bridges and the hardship that it was causing people. He told the BMC commissioner that based on a discussion by persons with domain expertise, it was felt that the problem could be mitigated by re-examining some decisions. 
 
 
Accepting the demand for re-auditing city bridges, Mr Pardeshi asked BMC officials to start work on the setting up of the committee, including roles and responsibilities. Mr Patel pointed out that the BMC needs to examine the original designs of bridges from the companies who built them so that alternate solutions could be explored. Mr Pardeshi accepted this suggestion and asked his engineering department to look for the original plans, which may be over 30 to 40 years old. 
 
 
There was also a discussion on the method of selecting companies to build and re-design the bridges. Mr Pardeshi shared the BMC’s plans to move away from the method of selecting the lowest cost bid and move towards more innovative solutions to this problem. Mr Pardeshi also accepted Mr Patel’s suggestion that municipal engineers need training and refresher courses to familiarise themselves with the latest developments in the field.
 
Earlier this month, Moneylife Foundation had invited Alpa Sheth, a highly qualified and respected structural engineer from VMS Consultants to inform us on the current status of Mumbai’s urban infrastructure. After an hour of productive discussion, the activists, employees of the Railways and BMC, as well as experts who were present at the session had mutually agreed that a common administrative group needs to be formed to oversee and take charge of all the infrastructure issues that the city is facing. There was also general consensus to get the BMC commissioner involved in this process and perhaps that is where the concerned citizens should make a beginning.
 
The meeting with Mr Pardeshi was the next step in this direction.
 
Through her talk, Ms Sheth had proposed possible solutions to the problem and it starts with stopping demolitions of bridges based on flimsy audit reports done by a single person. She reaffirmed that there has to be a cadre of 'certified bridge audit engineers' who have been trained with IRC manuals and codes. Furthermore, the training can be done by Indian Association of Bridge and Structural Engineers (IABSE), perhaps in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Highway Engineers. “Instead of playing the blame game, everyone involved should take equal responsibility - consultants including IIT professors, government engineers, contractors and more."
 
"Conversely, every time we have a bridge deemed by a consultant as unfit for use, we need to have a committee review this and see the cost-benefit ratio to carry out repairs to extend its life until a replacement bridge is in place, rather than simply demolishing it without a Plan B in place. The culture of cronyism in the selection of consultants and contractors needs to be done away with, if we have the intention of improving the infrastructure of the city," Ms Sheth had said.      
 
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RAJENDRA RAMCHANDRA KOTI

3 weeks ago

Very heartening to read this. 3 pillars of democracy working together to solve societal issues.

Assocham suggests tax sops for senior citizens
Industry body Assocham has advocated tax measures to benefit senior citizens in the Union Budget, to be presented on July 5 by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
 
The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham) in its budget memorandum has suggested increase in minimum tax exemption limit for senior citizens (above 60 years) to Rs 7.5 lakh from Rs 3 lakh and no tax for super senior citizens (80 years plus) on income up to Rs 12.5 lakh. 
 
It said many senior citizens couldn't get benefit of any robust social security or pension fund investments as they did not exist during their working life and were largely dependent on interest income from fixed deposits.
 
Drastic decline in the rate of interest in past one year had left senior citizens in financial difficulty, it said and added, the actual inflation that was much higher than headline inflation had added to their misery.
 
Also, medical expenses shoot up heavily in old age as persons covered by mediclaim insurance policies had to cough up high insurance premia after one or two claims, it said.
 
It also suggested against tax deduction at source (TDS) from payment of interest to senior citizens.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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COMMENTS

T N Ramakrishna

4 weeks ago

I heartily congratulate right initiatives if ASSOCHAM

Ramesh Poapt

4 weeks ago

Good one, particularly by.....Assochem!?

T N Ramakrishna

4 weeks ago

Super senior citizens are left out by the NDA got since they came to power in 2014. In fact they are made to pay more income taxes by way of increased cess. Their 8ncome tax liability us not even reduced by a single rupee as their basic exemption limit was never increased from 2012. It is high time that the basic exemption limit should be increased to Ra 1500000 fif duper senior citizens and to Rs 2500000 to those who are aged 90 and above. Further exemption from interest 9n their bank deposits should bE increased to 600000 and above that a flat 10% tax be collected. Similarly benefits should be given to Senior citizens also

ksrao

4 weeks ago

The question of tax exemption on income arises when there is income. But many seniors do not have incomes on a large scale. They depend mostly on pension plus bank interest, but bank interest rates go down but cost of living never goes down. In addition, old pensioners of State Bank of India, of the rank of Chief General Manager, get less pension than a peon who retires today, thanks to some machination and manipulation by SBI. So, raising the income tax slabs is of no use unless income by way of interest and pension goes up.

Ramesh Bajaj

4 weeks ago

This is very nice for seniors with a high income.But, on the other side of the coin are seniors who were earning good income, are no longer earning a decent income....so does this income tax deduction benefit them.
Can we suggest ways so that they can increase their income.? If they are willing to work.

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