Corporate revenue is seen growing 5%-6% in the first quarter of FY19-20, the slowest pace in two years, because of a broad-based slowdown in consumption, which has affected sectors such as automobiles and fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), says a research note. That compares with an average revenue growth of 14%-15% in the past four quarters.
The estimate is based on CRISIL Research's analysis of 295 companies which account for about 60% of the market-capitalisation of the National Stock Exchange (NSE). The analysis excludes banking, financial services and insurance (BFSI) and oil sectors.
Miren Lodha, director at CRISIL Research, says, "Automobiles, one of the key sectors driven by consumption spending, continues to reel under a demand slowdown. Higher cost of ownership continues to dampen consumer sentiment for passenger vehicles, while commercial vehicle sales are being impacted by new axle norms, inventory build-up and liquidity crunch. This also impacts ancillary sectors such as auto components and tyres, which are expected to report lower growth. As for FMCG, weakened rural consumption and a high base are expected to cause a moderation in growth."
Adding to the pain from a slowdown in consumption, according to the ratings agency, is a fall in realisations in key commodity categories, which supported revenue growth in FY18-19, especially the first half.
It says, an expected softening in commodity prices will moderate growth in sectors such as steel, aluminium, natural gas and petrochemicals.
"A slower weakening of the rupee, at around 4% on-year compared with about 8% on average over fiscal 2019, is also expected to scrape some growth off key export-linked sectors such as information technology (IT) services. Revenue growth for the latter is expected to moderate to about 12% on year compared with the 17% average growth rate over the past four quarters," it added.
According to CRISIL, the decline in revenue growth, is cushioned somewhat by sectors such as airline services, cement, and sugar where price hikes have aided realisations and consequently topline growth.
Prasad Koparkar, senior director at CRISIL Research, says, “With lower topline growth, India Inc is also staring at lower profitability at the operating level. Growth in operating profit, or EBITDA, is expected to be lower at about 3% on-year compared with around 13% on average in the preceding four quarters. Operating margin is seen contracting up to 50 basis points to about 19.5% as topline shrinks.”
However, the ratings agency feels an expected softening in prices of most of the common commodities and crude oil on-year is expected to limit margin erosion as end-use sectors benefit from lower input prices.
Domestic prices of flat steel and aluminium are lower by around 5% and 15%, respectively, while long steel prices will report only a marginal increase of about 1% year-on-year (y-o-y) in the first quarter. Additionally, oil prices are estimated to lower by 8% y-o-y. Thus, while lower realisations for commodities will impact revenue growth this quarter, a fall in commodity prices will lend support to profitability for end-use sectors, CRISIL concludes.