PMUY Beneficiaries Use Just 2.3 LPG Cylinders a Year: Study
The beneficiaries of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) in India consume, on an average, 2.3 LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) cylinders of 14.2kg annually which is about half of what a rural consumer consumes on an average, new research has found.
 
The research, published in the journal Nature Energy, suggests that while the PMUY has increased adoption of LPG among rural, poor populations, getting people to use LPG regularly is, however, a far more difficult task.
 
Rural families, on an average, use 4.7 cylinders of 14.2kg LPG annually, which is about half of what would be required by an average family in India to cook exclusively with LPG, the findings showed.
 
The researchers also found that the programme, which was launched in 2016, has fast-tracked LPG consumer enrolments by about 16 months in the region assessed.
 
"Our work reaffirms that there is a distinct difference between the adoption of a new technology and its sustained use," said lead author of the study Abhishek Kar, a doctoral candidate at the University of British Columbia in Canada. 
 
"The PMUY was specifically designed to promote adoption, and based on that metric, this programme is an unparalleled success, with near universal LPG access expected within the next couple of years," said Kar who started the work as part of the Young Scientist Summer Programme (YSSP) at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria.
 
"However, if we focus on the ultimate goal of smokeless kitchens, PMUY must be modified to explicitly incentivize regular LPG use," Mr Kar added. 
 
In their study, the researchers endeavoured to understand how the launch of the programme has altered both the adoption and use of LPG. 
 
They employed an LPG sales dataset from Koppal district in Karnataka to carry out their analysis. 
 
As part of this exercise, the researchers compared PMUY customers' use of LPG with that of other rural peers, rather than to urban or average national consumers' use of the fuel.
 
As of Tuesday, over 74 million connections have been released under PMUY.
 
The team analysed up to five years of LPG purchase data for general rural customers since they adopted LPG and found no discernable changes in LPG consumption with experience or time for these users. 
 
In their first three years as customers, roughly 75% of consumers' LPG cylinder purchases either stayed the same or fluctuated by one to two cylinders. 
 
The analysis also indicates that consumers are sensitive to changes in LPG prices and that there is significant seasonal variation in purchases of LPG over a year. 
 
Refill rates in summer when agricultural activity is limited, are for instance about 10% lower than rates during cropping and harvest seasons when people are busy with agricultural work.
 
"Our study suggests some obvious mid-course corrections to the programme to encourage regular use of LPG. This includes the use of seasonal vouchers during low cash flow periods for poor rural agricultural households, and behavioural nudges and stronger information and education campaigns," said Mr Kar.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    COMMENTS

    P M Ravindran

    1 month ago

    Well, while the need to provide access to any and every facility cannot be over emphasised, the question as to what extent subsidised facilities should be provided is a debate that can carry on till cows come home. As per this report itself it appears that a balance has been reached between use of LPG and traditional fuel, with the use of LPG going up during farming seasons when the beneficiaries tend to use it to save time and work in the fields. Giving further incentives may not be warranted because it will lead to problems with the management of traditional fuel materials. In Kerala I find that there are no takers for dry palm fronds or dead wood which used to be earlier used for heating water for bath and even cooking rice in traditional vessels. These are simply wasted, either by being left to rot or burnt in open spaces, adding to pollution.

    The other day I have seen a video on Whatsapp on how they process solid waste in Singapore by incinerating them at about 1000 deg C. Th important thing is that the smoke is also processed so well that it is cleaner than the surrounding air.

    The other thing I learnt about Singapore from a friend is that even water is rationed and no amount of money can buy extra water. That's a lesson in managing natural resources over which everybody has equal rights.

    2 killed in Mumbai building collapse
    At least two people were killed and five others injured after a four-storey building collapsed here, officials said, adding that 12 other families were still trapped in the debris.
     
    The Kesarbai Building in south Mumbai's Dongri area collapsed at around 11.30 a.m.
     
    However, Mumbai Building Repairs and Reconstruction Board (MBRRB) Chairman Vinod Ghosalkar said at least 12 people were dead. But this claim has not been officially verified.
     
    He said that the dilapidated structure, believed to be over 80 years old, had been handed over for redevelopment to B.S.B. Developers, which has not yet started the work.
     
    "This is a serious matter and we will investigate why the redevelopment work was not initiated, what caused the delays and take appropriate action against those responsible," Ghosalkar told IANS.
     
    Among those rescued include a woman, two men and a child, who are being treated at various hospitals.
     
    Locals said at least 12-15 families buried under the rubble are awaiting help.
     
    Opposition leaders including Congress' Bhai Jagtap and Nationalist Congress Party's Majeed Memon criticized the state government's failure to identify dangerous buildings and take measures to vacate them since such tragedies occur during monsoons.
     
    Kesarbai Building, which belongs to the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority, also housed a catering business on the ground floor.
     
    As a precautionary measure, the police evacuated an adjoining building.
     
    The Fire Brigade, police and disaster management teams have rushed to the site and launched rescue operations, while the NDRF reached there and joined them.
     
    Narrow approach roads, huge crowds and thickly populated areas hampered rescue operations.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    India’s business sentiment lowest in 3 years: Report
    Adding to the persisting concerns of a weakening economy, an IHS Markit report on Monday said that business sentiment in the country in June fell to the lowest level since 2016 as companies are worried over a subdued economy, government policies, regulation and water shortages.
     
    "Falling from '+18 per cent' in February to '+15 per cent' in June, the net balance of private sector companies foreseeing output growth in the year ahead matches the June 2016 reading and therefore is the joint-lowest since aggregate data became available in October 2009," the report said. 
     
    Predictions of softer activity growth underpin downward revisions to the profits outlook, subdued hiring plans and relatively muted capex intentions, said the report, adding that although a larger net balance of firms predict higher non-staff costs and output charges than in February, inflation expectations remain historically muted.
     
    It further said: "Anecdotal evidence suggests that water shortages, public policies and weak sales have restricted sentiment in June. Companies are also concerned about potential rupee depreciation pushing prices for imported materials higher, a lack of skilled labour, likely tax hikes, financial difficulties and customers increasingly demanding discounts."
     
    Some firms however hope to gain market shares as competitors exit the market, while others are confident about incentives and favourable government policies, it said.
     
    "Sentiment towards profitability has faded since February, with the proportion of companies predicting growth exceeding those expecting a contraction by 15 per cent. This figure is well below the historical trend, but surpasses the global average."
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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