No Lesson Learnt: RBI's new Rs100 note is new headache for users, banks, ATMs
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is shortly issuing new notes of Rs100 denomination in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series with lavender as base colour. The dimensions of the note at 66mm × 142mm are smaller than the one in circulation at present with a size of 73mm X 157mm. This, dimension change, however, would be a new headache for everyone from users to banks and automatic teller machine (ATM) service providers. 
 
Rajiv Anand, Executive Director of Axis Bank told the Economic Times, “It looks like we may have to recalibrate the ATMs because the new Rs100 is neither the size of the old Rs100 note nor the Rs200 note for which we have recalibrated our ATMs." The cost of the exercise could be Rs100 crore.
 
According to Radha Rama Dorai, Managing Director - ATM & Allied Services at FIS, this new Rs100 currency note would require re-calibration of the ATMs and more investment in terms of cost and efforts. "The dimensions of the new Rs100 currency note are different from that of the existing Rs100 currency note. To dispense the new notes from the ATM would require recalibration of the currency cassette in the ATMs. The ATM industry is just about finishing the calibrating the ATMS for Rs200 denomination. This recalibration would again require investment in terms of cost and efforts," she says.
 
Earlier in January 2018, RBI had asked banks to re-calibrate their ATMs for the new Rs200 currency notes. However, many banks are yet to complete the job. 
 
FIS manages a network of 12,000 plus ATMs, spread across the country particularly in the difficult terrains. 
 
In a release, the Reserve Bank had said that all banknotes of Rs100 issued in earlier series would continue to be in operations as valid tender and printing and supply of the new Rs100 notes would increase gradually. 
 
Since the old and new notes are likely to co-exist till such time RBI completely withdraws the old notes, it will be difficult to re-calibrate all the ATMs to soon support the new dimensions of the note. There is likelihood of an imbalance between the supply of the new notes and the withdrawal of the old notes, especially in the hinterland. If the supply of the new currency is unable to fill the gap created by the withdrawal of the old currency, dispensation of Rs100 currency notes through the ATMs will get affected till such time as the imbalance exists. 
 
"It would be prudent to let banks and service providers decide when to calibrate the ATMs for the new currency note, depending on the 'supply-withdrawal' situation in each State over the next few quarters," Ms Dorai says.
 
The new Rs100 note will have the motif of ‘Rani ki vav’ – a stepwell located on the banks of Saraswati river in Gujarat’s Patan and a UNESCO heritage site.
 
The new series of Rs100 currency notes will be the fifth new banknote design to be issued by the Reserve Bank, after the government demonetised Rs500 and Rs1,000 banknotes in November 2016.
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COMMENTS

Vaidyanathan

4 months ago

Banks are looting their customers in various ways.The charge for ATM CARDS,USING ATM for more than the specified times,they charge for sending SMS alerts,every quater Rs.15/- whether the SMS is sent or not.They charge for issuance of cheque books {which was FREE earlier}they fine you if you are not maintaining a minimum balance.when they give you interest at low rates,lending our money to DISTILLARY OWNERS,AIRWAYS AND JWELLERY/DIAMOND MERCHANDS AND LET THEM TAKE REFUGE IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.Caliberating the ATM MACHINES IS FOR THEIR BENIFIT TOO.let them spend a little to loot more.

BALKRISHNA DESHPANDE

4 months ago

I am sure that RBI has consulted the Bankers and concerned distribution authorities like ATM manufacturers. ATM should be designed to quickly calibrate the boxes for currency storing. Alternatively, make all dispensable notes of same size, with different colour for each denomination. National emblem is good enough for use on currency note, with different heritage pictures on different denominations. Just a thought..

V.Krishnamoorthy

4 months ago

Right or wrong. This government is not consulting the banks or public over any matter related to the issues connected with the public in general. Nor any discussion in parliament. In this matter I feel they can widely distribute it to the banks for payments at the bank counters . Now a days, the clients are rarely getting the notes in desired denomination. Let there be on more colorful note in the denominations we get.

Deepak Narain

4 months ago

What is RBI's logic/justification for issuing so many new notes with different dimensions necessitating huge wasteful expenditure on re-calibration of ATMs, etc? They have no personality in our history other than Gandhi to depict on our notes. A very sad story!

Dr.Dhananjaya Bhupathi

4 months ago

1. The RBI Governor Shri Urjit Patel is going to be big liability to BJP LEAD NDA.
2. A doubt, if Ambanis are ruling UFM through their X-employee?
3. The decision makers in RSS backed BJP are doing a big blunder in meddling with RBI governance?
4. Entire Indian citizenry pray HIM to render the best counsel.
SATYAMAEVA JAYATHE!!!

Govinda Warrier

4 months ago

Very true. Any producer need to keep in view the ultimate use of the product, how the product will reach the consumer/user and reasonable precautions to prevent duplication by miscreants. As more and more currency is getting routed through ATMs and after the real life experience of delay in getting ATMs ready to accept new notes of different sizes during the period that followed Demonetization, it is surprising that every now and then the size of different denominations is getting altered. The old reasons (making them easily identifiable for blind and illiterate are not valid today. It's time to drop size as a security feature too, considering the developments in technology.

RBI to issue new Rs100 notes in lavender colour
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Thursday said it will soon issue Rs100 denomination bank notes.
 
According to the RBI, the new bank notes will be in the "Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series".
 
"The new denomination has motif of 'RANI KI VAV' on the reverse, depicting the country's cultural heritage," the apex bank said in a statement. 
 
 
"The base colour of the note is lavender. The note has other designs, geometric patterns aligning with the overall colour scheme, both at the obverse and reverse."
 
As per the statement, all the earlier series of bank notes in Rs100 denomination will continue to be legal tender.
 
"As is normal, when a new design of banknote is introduced, printing and supply of these notes for distribution to public through the banking channel will gradually increase," the statement added.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
 

 

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COMMENTS

Deepak Narain

4 months ago

What a pity! Govt does not see anybody, other than Gandhi, good enough to appear on our bank notes. We have a long history and numerous illustrious personalities like Rana Pratap, Shivaji, Sardar Patel, Dr Hedgewar, Shri Guruji, Guru Govind Singh, etc. But, they are not deserving enough in the estimation of govt.

Allow nationalised banks to serve the objectives of nationalisation once again
On 19 July 1969, VV Giri, the then President of India, promulgated an ordinance nationalising 14 private banks on the recommendation of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.  Mrs Gandhi declared through All India Radio (AIR) the objectives of nationalisation of these banks: wider territorial and regional spread of branch network, better mobilisation of financial savings through bank deposits, reorientation of credit deployment in favour of small and disadvantaged classes all along the production spectrum, removal of control by a few business houses, conferring of a professional bent to bank managements. In addition, provision of adequate training and reasonable terms of service for bank staff.
 
It is important to note that a few major reports were responsible, apart from many members of Parliament demanding nationalisation in the Parliament sessions. PC Mahalanobis Committee on distribution of income noted that the 10% of the population had cornered as much as 40% of the income in 1960. Monopolies Enquiry Commission found that there was high concentration of economic power in over 85% of industries in 1964.
 
RK Hazari’s Report to Planning Commission in 1967 noted, “So long as many of the major credit institutions are under direct control/ and of influence of big Industry and unless the linked control of the industry and banks in the same hands is snapped, by nationalisation of banks, reducing 
concentration of economic power with a few was not possible”
 
One more important factor for nationalisation was that between 1947 and 1951 there were 205 bank failures. The number of banks in 1951 was 567, which came down to 91, as private banks were not run efficiently.
 
If we analyse whether the objectives of nationalisation were achieved, the answer is a big, yes. Number of rural branches increased to 35,000 in 1990s from 1,443 in 1969.  The share of rural branches increased to 58% from 18% and most of them were in unbanked areas.
 
Between 1969 and 1987, rural credit as a proportion of total credit went up from three to 15%. Rural deposits went up from 6% to 15%. Credit Deposit Ratio (CDR) increased up to 60% from below 40% and in 1984, it was about 70%. Under priority sector lending, 40% of the credit had to go to agriculture, allied activities, small scale and cottage industries. Within this 40%, the share of agriculture was 18%. The number of agri borrowers, which was just 1 million in 1970, went up to 30 million in 1990. About 42% of them were small and marginal farmers. Around 1% of total credit went to weaker section at 4% simple interest.  
 
With the nationalisation of six more banks in 1980, the control by business houses drastically came down. Great bankers like RK Talwar as Chairman of SBI stood up against political interference. Massive recruitment of probationary officers and rural development officers took place. 
 
Wage settlements brought some uniformity of scale of pay and service conditions and training. Institutions like RBI Staff College, National Institute of Bank Management, and State Bank Staff College came up for training the staff.
 
The most interesting fact is the concentration of wealth came down. From 20% of wealth with 1% of the population in 1940, the figure was came down to 6% in 1980. In 1980, the bottom 50% captured 28% of total growth, which was faster than the average, according to author Thomas Picketty. 
 
All this changed from 1991 when the neo liberal policies were introduced under dictates from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB).
 
  • Credit authorisation scheme seeking permission from RBI for loan over Rs1 crore was removed.
  • Priority sector lending norms were diluted and not strictly monitored.
  • Recruitment in banks was stopped for 10 years followed by a VRS Scheme under which 1.34 lakh staff left in just one year.
  • Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices (MRTP) Act was removed. 
  • Small loans reduced and big loans increased.
  • In the name of reducing non-performing assets (NPA) massive write off is taking place mainly to corporate borrowers. In past four years alone Rs4 lakh crore have been written off.
  • Through IBC and NCLT, more write offs are taking place in the name of haircut. Reliance Industries bought Alok Industries (worth Rs29,500 crore) at 83% haircut. Vedanta (Sterlite fame) bought Electrosteel at 60% haircut.
  • The Prime Minister says, “Public Sector was born to die. Either allow to die or privatise”
  • RBI Governor, Niti Ayog Deputy Chairman and Chief Economic Advisor all talk of privatisation.
 
In fact, Aravind Panagraiya stated (sitting in US) that all political parties in their election manifesto should state that public sector banks (PSBs) would be privatised.
 
The policy changes since 1991 have increased loans to rich and written off their loans at the cost of small borrowers. So, let us not blame the arrows instead of the shooter.
 
In 1991, when the policies were changed 35.9% of the credit went to borrowers with less than Rs2 lakh and majority of them less than Rs25,000. This covered 99.3% of the total borrowers. At that time, only 577 borrowers had credit limit above Rs10 crore and their limit was only 10.8% of total credit. But in 2017, the credit limit of less than Rs2 lakh is only 6.9% of the total credit but 11,643 borrowers with credit limit above Rs100 crore have availed 36.18% of the credit. 
 
With these changes, in 2000, the top 1% owned 20% of the wealth and by 2016; they own 58.4% of the wealth of the county. The number of billionaires is steadily increasing. Last year the wealth of 1% went up to 73% but the bottom 50% (which is about 67 crore) saw only 1% growth.
 
Reliance has become the biggest borrower with Rs1.76 lakh crore in 2016 (Mukesh Ambani) and Rs91,000 crore (Anil Ambani). Surprisingly the government has allowed Reliance Payment Bank with SBI as junior partner with a 30% share. Many business houses are ready to take over banks at throwaway prices. 
 
The staff strength of PSBs is not growing in tune with business leading to deterioration in service making customers angry. RBI has stopped monitoring service charges, which has led to increase in service charges by most of the banks. Permanent bank staff are outsourced. There are about 5.60 lakh Business Correspondents (BCs) without any job security.  
 
People have started understanding the problems. All India Bank Officers Confederation has launched a Peoples Parliament for Development to contact the masses for a dialogue. Kerala is launching a Movement for India’s Financial Independence involving almost all Political Parties, Trade Unions and common people. Kolkata is going to have a similar programme on 28 July 2018. 
 
Due to the resistance of the ban unions and the mass response from people, the Government is going to withdraw the Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017 (FRDI Bill).  It is a small victory for the masses.
 
However, the large battle is on.  Prevent privatisation of public sector banks and allow them to continue to pursue the goals of nationalisation by reorienting the policies towards majority instead of miniscule minority who are cornering bank loans and accumulating wealth and thus increasing income-inequality.  
 
(Thomas Franco is Secretary General of All India Public Sector and Central Govt Officers Confederation)
 
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COMMENTS

Debo C

4 months ago

Wow, so now Moneylife has become the mouthpiece of Communist and socialist ideology that has failed everywhere in the world. Maybe editors can be asked to relocate to the land of the Juche ideology.

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