India’s Current Account Deficit Jumps 7-fold in April-June Quarter
IANS 28 September 2023
India's current account deficit (CAD) jumped 7-fold to US$9.2bn (billion) in the April-June quarter compared to the corresponding figure of US$1,3bn in the preceding quarter, according to Reserve Bank of India (RBI) data released on Thursday.
"The widening of CAD on a quarter-on-quarter basis was primarily on account of a higher trade deficit coupled with a lower surplus in net services and decline in private transfer receipts," RBI said.
"Net services receipts decreased sequentially, primarily due to a decline in exports of computer, travel and business services."
Merchandise trade deficit widened to US$56.6 billion in the quarter, from US$52.6 billion in the preceding quarter, but was less than the year-ago deficit of US$63.1 billion.
Private transfer receipts, which are mainly remittances by Indians employed overseas, moderated to US$27.1 billion from US$28.6 billion.
CAD for April-June quarter of 2023-24 works out to 1.1% of GDP while in January-March it was a mere 0.2% of GDP.
In April-June 2022, the figure stood at US$17.9 billion, or 2.1% of GDP.
According to Emkay Global Financial Services lead economist Madhavi Arora, the July-September quarter will see a "substantial widening of CAD" on account of higher oil, higher core imports and further slowing of services exports.
"All of this will imply July-September 2023 CAD/GDP ratio could be more than double of April-June 2023 - ranging from 2.4%-2.6%," Arora said.
Aditi Nayar, ICRA's chief economist, also forecast a widening of the CAD to US$19 billion-US$21 billion, or 2.3% of GDP, in July-September 2023.
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