Indian securitisation market surged 128% to Rs32,300 crore in June quarter
Rajeev Jhawar 24 July 2018
The financial year 2017-18 witnessed one of the major reforms in the country, that is, Goods and Services Tax (GST). GST replaced the erstwhile central excise duty, sales tax and service tax laws, thereby changing the indirect tax regime entirely. This had large-scale implications as the country had been an unfortunate hostage to apprehension, uncertainty and overhaul of various economic models. The securitisation market in India was also affected by this change. Despite performing quite well in the first quarter of the last financial year, the market slowed down in the subsequent three quarters, which was mainly due to a difference in opinion with respect to applicability of the GST on the assignment of receivables. 
This issue was, however, settled by a set of frequently asked questions (FAQs) and answers from the GST Council on financial services. The FAQs compared assignment or securitization transactions with derivatives and hence termed it as a security for the purpose of GST laws. Under the current GST law, GST is not charged on securities. Therefore, vide these FAQs the confusion with respect to applicability of GST on assignment or securitization transactions has been dispensed with.
The securitisation industry reacted quickly after this and the volumes surged by 128% year-on-year to Rs32,300 crore during the June quarter of FY2019. Also as per the reports of ICRA, the pass through certificate (PTC) transaction volumes increased by around 69% to Rs11,300 crore as against Rs6,700 crore in Q1 FY2018 while the volumes for direct assignment (DA) transactions increased by around 180% to Rs21,000 crore in Q1 FY2019 as against Rs7,500 crore in Q1 FY2018.
The overall market growth was primarily driven by the increase in PTC issuance volumes. The last two years have seen the PTC market grow on the back of regulatory developments such as the revised Priority Sector Lending (PSL) guidelines, which decreed banks to achieve various sub-targets within the overall PSL target and also progressively increased the PSL target for foreign banks. The year saw a growing number of non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) investing in PTCs primarily due to the higher yields attached to those instruments. 
The PTC market has also benefitted from a growing investor base as a number of asset management companies (AMCs) restarted investments in securitisation transactions in FY2017. AMCs had earlier abstained from investing in securitised papers because of tax-related concerns, which have been subsequently resolved. Of the three major investor categories, namely banks, NBFCs and AMCs, the latter two made up the bulk of the investments in non-PSL securitisation.
The following graph shows the trend of securitization and market composition (direct assignments-DAs versus PTCs) during the last three years.
Priority Sector Lending requirements is a major driver in the Indian securitisation market
The role of regulation in shaping the market is critical. The Indian securitization market is largely driven by the need to meet the priority sector targets for banks; therefore, the dependence on demand for priority sector loans is prodigious. 
Priority sector lending targets are specific requirements laid down by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which require banking institutions to provide a specified portion of their total lending to a few specific sectors. Banks in India are required to direct at least 40% (32% in case of foreign banks having less than 20 branches) of their total credit to certain sectors categorized as priority sectors. Priority sector involves agriculture, education, MSME’s, housing, social infrastructure, renewable energy and others.
Higher PTC yields (yields observed in Q1 FY2019 in ICRA rated transactions was 75bp – 100bp higher compared to previous fiscal) may also have improved the attractiveness of PTCs vis-à-vis the other options available to banks for meeting PSL targets like PSLCs. The asset class wise break-up of PTC transaction has been shown in the table below:
Also, the spurt in securitisation was despite a significant 47% pick-up in trading of priority sector lending certificates (PSLCs), the hot pick of the market, to around Rs86,300 crore during the quarter, as per rating agency ICRA. The PSLCs act as an alternative to securitisation for banks falling short of meeting the mandated PSL requirements. Mortgage loans dominated the securitisation volumes with a 79% share, including 66% home loans and 13% loans against property, it said.
(Rajeev Jhawar is an Executive at Vinod Kothari Consultants P Ltd)
surajit som
6 years ago
Some lay readers may find some terms difficult to understand. This is a common problem in Indian financial journalism. It seems to be addressed by one professional to another. They should think of lay readers and write for them.
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