India, China have lifted millions out of slums: UN

The UN report finds that 227 million people in the world have moved out of ‘slum conditions’ since 2000. At the same time, the study also stresses that 55 million new slum-dwellers have been added to the global urban population since 2000

India and China have together lifted at least 125 million people out of slums between 1990 and 2010, and improved the lives of slum-dwellers more than any other countries, a new report released by the United Nations said, reports PTI.

India has lifted 59.7 million people out of ‘slum conditions’ since 2000. Slum prevalence fell from 41.5% in 1990 to 28.1% in 2010. This is a relative decrease of 32%, the study found, according to the report called ‘State of the World’s Cities 2010/2011’.

"Lessening poverty and improving conditions in slums are part of India's urban development policy," the report said, pointing out four main reasons for it.

These reasons are: building the skills of the urban poor in their chosen businesses, and by providing them micro-credit; providing basic services and development within slum settlements, thus improving living conditions; providing security of tenure to poor families living in unauthorised settlements, improving their access to serviced low-cost housing and subsidised housing finance and encouraging the poor to take part in decision-making and community development efforts.

China has made the greatest progress on this front with improvements in the daily conditions of 65.3 million urban residents, the report said.

Proportionally, China's urban population living in slums fell from 37.3% in 2000 to some 28% in 2010, a relative decrease of 25%.

"Despite growing inequality due to the country's rapid economic advance, China has improved living conditions by embracing economic reforms and implementing modernisation policies that have used urbanisation to drive national growth," the report said.

Overall, the report finds that 227 million people in the world have moved out of ‘slum conditions’ since 2000. At the same time, the study also stresses that 55 million new slum-dwellers have been added to the global urban population since 2000.

"However, this achievement is not uniformly distributed across regions," said Anna Tibaijuka, head of the UN Human Settlements Programme.

"Success is highly skewed towards the more advanced emerging economies, while poorer countries have not done as well," she said.

Overall, the UN report finds that the number of people living in slums has risen from 777 million in 2000 to 830 million in 2010, and warns that unless urgent steps are taken, the number could rise to 900 million in 2020.

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    COMMENTS

    Shadi Katyal

    1 decade ago

    It is nice to give these facts to show the world how well we are moving ahead but kindly GIVE US FIGURES OF HOW MANY MORE MOVED IN THESE SLUMS
    When one flies out to Mumbai one see nothing but slums for miles and same is now true of New Delhi.People have slums next to Mumbai airport and one runway cannot be used.
    If any slum dweller has moved up it is not because of our competent Govt but by their own efforts.
    Our political leaders are there to create more strife.
    Indian politics is not for welfare of poor but happy to creat more slums to have vote banks

    Shadi Katyal

    1 decade ago

    IT IS USELESS TO EVEN WRITE A LETTER BECAUE IF SECURITY CODE DOESNOT MATCH WHY IS ALL LETTER DISAPEAR?????
    you mist correct this as others come back with ones comments but yours go blanck

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