IL&FS Group: at Least Rs30,000 Crore of Loans At Risk, Estimates a Report
Moneylife Digital Team 03 October 2018
The Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd (IL&FS) group, which has defaulted on several short-term obligations, raising a scare of contagion across the financial and real economy, may force its lenders to write off Rs30,000 crore of their loans, according to numbers crunched by REDD Intelligence from publicly available information. 
Risk Event-Driven and Distressed Intelligence (REDD) is a leading provider of material intelligence on emerging market event-driven special situations.
As is now known, the threat of such a contagion has forced the central government on 1st October to remove the board of directors, which was responsible, along with the top management, in bringing the institution to the brink of disaster.
In a report dated 27th September, REDD states that the consolidated debt on the IL&FS books stands at around Rs91,080 crore. Out of this Rs68,070 crore is secured and remaining Rs23,024 crore is unsecured. Total loans, which are secured against the cash flows of the company, is around Rs40,000 crore.
REDD estimates that, owing to the second lien nature of these secured loans at IL&FS and IL&FS Transportation Networks Ltd, “recovery would be constrained by the quality of collaterals,” which includes equity pledged by operating subsidiaries. 
Further, the loan at IL&FS Tamil Nadu Power, which was supposed to run a 1200MW power project, is also at risk, as it has been taken into insolvency process by bank lenders. 
In all, the report estimates that, loans amounting to at least Rs30,000 crore are at risk, including the loan at IL&FS Tamil Nadu Power. 
IL&FS, estimates REDD Intelligence, in its entirety holds assets of around Rs1,65,000 crore, across holding company, 175 subsidiaries and 66 joint ventures and associates. And the corresponding total liabilities stand at around Rs1,32,000 crore. The reported consolidated liabilities at IL&FS (holding company), stands at around Rs1,06,500 crore and inter-group liabilities is around Rs25,500 crore.
Similarly, inter-group assets aggregate around Rs49,000 crore, indicating an equity of Rs23,500 among the group companies.
IL&FS has reported total assets of over Rs1,00,000 crore in its operating subsidiaries. REDD Intelligence estimates that out this amount, around Rs25,000 crore are in financial assets and the remaining are in non-financial assets, spread across energy, road, international, maritime, rail, township, educational and other assets.
IL&FS, the brainchild of ex-Citibanker Ravi Parthasarathy, had ambitious plans to finance mega infrastructure projects and become a complete financial services company.
Incorporated in 1987, IL&FS was initially promoted by the Central Bank of India (CBI), Housing Development Finance Corp Ltd (HDFC) and Unit Trust of India (UTI). Others, such as State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India, ORIX Corp of Japan, and Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) invested in the 1990s, while many of the original shareholders, like UTI, diluted their holding.
In 1999, UTI had once asked for a three-member supervisory board to head IL&FS’s management; but after its own debacle, it sold out most of its equity.  LIC now has a 25% shareholding, making it yet another company where the insurance giant has a high exposure risk.  
What makes the unravelling of IL&FS extremely complex is that each of its subsidiaries also has a large investment from public sector banks and institutions. 
The IL&FS story started unravelling after Moneylife first wrote about its default to SIDBI. (Read: IL&FS defaults on Rs1,000 Crore Short-term Loan from SIDBI?)
Despite running scores of different projects and businesses, IL&FS has reported a loss or meagre profit over the past three years for which data is available.

Over the past 10 days many of these victims have begun to speak out, especially after the gold-plating of the GIFT City project was exposed by Moneylife. In the next few days, Moneylife intends to reveal some of these inside stories. 

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pankaj soni
4 years ago
I Like Your Point Of view
Ramesh Poapt
4 years ago
value destruction in MF Navs details may pleased be published
Replied to Ramesh Poapt comment 4 years ago
Money Control site has all the data.
4 years ago
Please add "been" after "none has"
4 years ago
I wish the writer should be made a part of the newly constituted board. Alternatively,let her become key advisor. Despite all the evidence and details given by the writer, it will not be surprising if none is punished. That's India (BHARAT). We have witnessed several financial misdoings but none has 🐝 put behind bars. That's the reason for the unlimited malfeasance. Indians have lost faith in judiciary and in governments. No case has been brought to logical conclusion.
Satyam Savla
4 years ago
I see a striking resemblance of this story to the 2009 AIG bailing out big companies. It will be unfortunate to see the real culprits of these defaults not get punished since that what happened in USA. So India is way behind in getting these guys to pay for what they did
S Balakrishnan
4 years ago
Asset values are gross overestimates for sure.
50 paise to the rupee ? Creditors should count themselves lucky.
Requires a forensic audit for which there is neither expertise nor willingness
Sunil Rebello
4 years ago
The Golden Goose of our country - LIC is dying / bleeding a slow death - of a thousand cuts by its present owners - GOI
Nasir Ahmed Rayadurg
4 years ago
Everytime, its the same thing repeated. Common man has to pay for the ill works of the top brass, their expensive breakfasts, luxury travels, mindless spending on ads/marketing/promotions. No thought seems to be given to the hard working citizens who are singed to such an extent where they constanly live in fear of losing their job, coverage of an unexpected illness/disease/urgent operations etc, paying their childs school fees. LIC will soon become a Sick Unit as its not standing for the right cause and bailing out all the so called dead woods. Its the small and medium scale industries/entrepreneurs who lost out on getting any loans for starting/running their businesses as the loot maar continues.
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