How Loans to Promoters and Poor Disclosure Was Used To Boost Net Worth, Loan Book and Valuation of DHFL
DHFL's Promoters have a structured a deal that has allowed them to borrow from two mutual funds and indirectly inject the money into DHFL which boosted its net worth. A higher net worth of DHFL, in turn, has increased its borrowing and lending capacity and also boosted its valuation. In the process, the publicly held DHFL has underwritten a put option for the promoters the details of which...
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RBI Governor Urjit Patel Resigns
As expected, Dr Urjit Patel has resigned as governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) citing personal reasons. Last month, Moneylife had written that if the feud between the government and the RBI escalates further, there was a good chance that governor Dr Patel will throw in the towel. (Read: RBI Governor May Resign on 19th November for Health Reasons and Spat with the Ministry of Finance
 
The government wanted the RBI to transfer more money from its reserves; however, the central bank feels it needs to have a stronger balance sheet to deal with any potential crisis and external shocks. 
 
In a statement, Dr Patel says, “On account of personal reasons, I have decided to step down from my current position effective immediately. It has been my privilege and honour to serve in the Reserve Bank of India in various capacities over the years. The support and hard work of RBI staff, officers and management has been the proximate driver of the Bank’s considerable accomplishments in recent years. I take this opportunity to express gratitude to my colleagues and Directors of the RBI Central Board, and wish them all the best for the future.”
 
The resignation of Dr Patel was not unexpected. However, his stepping down just a day before the winter session of the Parliament will help the Opposition parties corner the government. 
 
In an election year, after the economic setback already caused by the disastrous decision to demonetise currency, the government is desperate to revitalise economic activity. But it will find it hard to give a positive spin to the resignation of the RBI governor at a time when the financial sector is in turmoil and beset by multiple scams, largely due to collusion and complicity by public sector bank chiefs, whose appointments are the government's prerogative. 
 
In a tweet, finance minister Arun Jaitley acknowledged contributions of Dr Patel.
 
 
Reacting on Dr Patel’s resignation, his predecessor Dr Raghuram Rajan, told news channels that all Indians should be concerned about the stepping down of RBI governor. "Believe resignation of RBI Governor Urjit Patel is matter of great concern. Resignation by a government servant is a note of protest, when faced with circumstances they cannot deal with," the former governor said.
 
S Gurumurthy, editor of Thuglak, who is seen to have precipitated things, expressed surprise over the resignation of Dr Patel.
 
 
Moneylife sources, who were in touch with the governor, say that the RBI governor was not only tired of the fight with the government, but it has also been impacting his health in a big way.
 
Dr Patel however, did not resign during the RBI board meeting on 19 November 2018, as expected. 
 
The meeting was called amid growing tensions between the Centre and the RBI after the finance ministry sought discussions under the never-used-before Section 7 of the RBI Act, which empowers the government to issue directions to the RBI governor.
 
During the meeting, the board had decided to form an expert committee to examine the economic capital framework (ECF) of the central bank, which will decide the amount of reserves it can maintain, handing over the balance to the government. 
 
The board also considered other issues related to the liquidity crunch in the economy and relaxation, prompt corrective action (PCA) norms to clean up balance sheet of banks burdened with bad loans will be looked into by RBI's Board for Financial Supervision (BFS).
 
The RBI has been at loggerheads with the government over three demands: transfer a higher portion of its reserves to the Centre to keep the fiscal deficit in control; inject more liquidity into the system to stave off a possible blowout among housing and finance companies; and relax the norms for PCA and income recognition of banks.
 
The differences between the government and the central bank came out in the open after RBI deputy governor Viral Acharya spoke about the consequences of messing around with the central bank's independence while delivering the AD Shroff Memorial lecture in Mumbai on 26th October.
 
Dr Acharya had said, “Governments that do not respect central bank independence will sooner or later incur the wrath of the financial markets, ignite economic fire, and come to rue the day they undermined an important regulatory institution.”
 
Since then, the government has been openly critical about the RBI and was apparently prepared to use its powers under Section 7 of the RBI Act to issue directives to the central bank. However, during the board meeting, members had decided to refer this to the expert committee.
 
Dr Patel was appointed as governor of RBI in August 2016 replacing Dr Raghuram Rajan. Prior to that, Dr Patel was deputy governor of the RBI for over three years looking after monetary policy, economic policy research, statistics and information management, deposit insurance, communication and right to information.  
 

 

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COMMENTS

Siegel Michael

1 month ago

Greetings to you,

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Lalit Mulay

1 month ago

There won't be much of difference on his exit . If he has resigned for personal reasons it's ok however if he has resigned for conflict with central govt. than it's not ok . A person & position of his stature who believes in his certain theory should have kept his foot down & should have debated with the govt. This is democracy. There were such conflicts between RBI & previous govts. before.

Liju Philip

1 month ago

Yay...cant wait for the markets to open tomorrow.

Ramesh Poapt

1 month ago

trouble between troubles! may not be the last straw on the camel..

REPLY

B. KRISHNAN

In Reply to Ramesh Poapt 1 month ago

He should have seen the red flags raised by whistleblowers; instead he tried to bolt the stable after the horse has fled! RBI, like Election Commission, etc. have statutory powers. But they also have responsibilities. RBI is supposed to be the watchdog for the banking industry. If something of the magnitude of PNB scam hits the industry, can the regulator give excuses and remain aloof? After the damage is done, he is trying to throttle the NBFC out of existence, slowing growth and employment. To top it all, he allowed his Deputies to attack the elected government which is unprecedented. He should have been sacked, if he did not resign. When Rajiv Gandhi removed Dr. Manmohan Singh in 1985 from Governor's post, the english media did not raise a hue and cry. Now some financial journalists are predicting doom for the country.

Abhishek Nag

1 month ago

Market could breach 10k tomorrow.

B. KRISHNAN

1 month ago

Heavens are not going to fall if this adamant bureaucrat quits the Central Bank. More than the so called "fight" with the center, it must be remorse that must have driven him to this step. It was during his regime that financial chicanery of the highest magnitude took place in Punjab National Bank and now even the failure of the IL&FS can be laid at his door if the report of the Governor repeatedly ignoring whisleblower's letters about the goings-on in IL & FS are to be believed. If this is the "accomplishment" he is referring to in his resignation letter, one can only admire his thick skin!

REPLY

Abhishek Nag

In Reply to B. KRISHNAN 1 month ago

Actually PNB scam was not his fault.

tanay

1 month ago

The market crash of today (1.5%) is looking pale in comparison to what might happen tomorrow!

Kotak Mahindra Bank Takes RBI to Court over Dilution of Promoter Stake
Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd, on Monday, had filed a writ petition against Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to validate its position over dilution of promoter stake. In August this year, the central bank had rejected the Bank's position saying that issuance of perpetual non-convertible preference shares (PNCPS) by Kotak Mahindra Bank does not meet the dilution requirement of promoter stake.
 
In a regulatory filing, the lender said, "We have clarified and conveyed to the RBI our position in relation to PNCPS being a part of paid up capital and the legal basis on the matter of dilution of shareholding under the Banking Regulation Act. We have also shared with the RBI the opinions of eminent jurists and senior most legal counsels of the country, which confirm our understanding. However, we have not heard from the RBI on the above matter. Given the milestone of 31 December 2018, the Bank has been left with no option but to protect its interest. By way of abundant caution, the Bank has today filed a writ petition with the Bombay High Court to validate the Bank's position."
 
Following RBI directions, on 2 August 2018, Uday Kotak, promoter of the Bank, had sold about 1 billion PNCPS to domestic institutional investors and companies. The sale, at Rs5 per share or at about Rs500 crore, helped the promoter to reduce his stake to 19.7% from 30%.
 
At 12.13pm on Monday, Kotak Mahindra Bank was trading 6.10% down at Rs1,204 on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), while the 30-share benchmark Sensex was down 1.41% at 35,169.
 
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