Across the country, there are about 8.46 crore taxpayers and all states and union territories have paid around Rs11.13 lakh crore to the union government as direct taxes in FY2019. As expected, Maharashtra remains at top in both counts with its 1.31 crore taxpayers paying almost Rs4.25 lakh crore in taxes including corporate and income tax (I-T), reveals a reply in the Lok Sabha.
Maharashtra's Rs4.25 lakh crore contribution to the central exchequer comes mainly from corporate taxes at Rs2.72 lakh crore followed by income tax of Rs1.41 lakh crore and Rs11,673 crore from other taxes.
Delhi comes at second spot in terms of total tax collection. During FY2019, Delhi has paid Rs1.66 lakh crore as taxes to the central government. This includes, corporate taxes of Rs1.12 lakh crore, I-T of Rs53,580.70 crore and other taxes of Rs79.30 crore.
Another interesting aspect that comes out from this data is variation between two prosperous states, Delhi and Gujarat. As expected, Gujarat has more number of taxpayers at 74.80 lakh compared with Delhi's 43.04 lakh. However, in pure tax money terms Delhi is almost three times ahead of Gujarat. Delhi's contribution is Rs1.66 lakh crore, while Gujarat paid just Rs49021.5 core as taxes.
Considering, Uttar Pradesh as the most populous states in India, it has second highest number of taxpayers. However, when it comes to its overall tax contribution, Uttar Pradesh at Rs27,687.9 crore is even behind Haryana, which paid a total tax of Rs29,881.2 crore to the central government.
Two states, Bihar and Assam has contributed just over Rs6,200 crore each to the exchequer. However, while Assam has just 13.15 lakh taxpayers, the number for Bihar is nearly double at 23.5 lakh.
Two newly separated states, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have huge difference in number of taxpayers as well as their contribution. However, this may have to do with the fact that while both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana still share Hyderabad as their capital, contribution from this city might have be shown in Andhra Pradesh’s tax contribution records.
West Bengal and Tamil Nadu have almost similar number of taxpayers at 56.21 lakh and 56.26 lakh, respectively. However, Tamil Nadu contributed more in the form of corporate tax at Rs43,663.2 crore compared with just Rs29,731.36 crore from West Bengal. Similarly, in terms of income tax, Tamil Nadu's contribution was at Rs30,515 crore, almost double than what West Bengal contributed at Rs14,903.7 crore.
(*Collection shown under Major Head 0021 also includes the collection under Major Head 0023, 0024, 0026, 0028, 0031, 003
**Other remaining Head of Direct Taxes Collection)
Karnataka is at third place with a tax collection of Rs1.20 lakh crore. Here the difference between corporate tax and I-T is just over Rs10,000 crore. Corporate tax collection from the state was Rs65207.4 crore, I-T collection at Rs54037.3 crore and other taxes at Rs551.4 crore.
Lakshadweep has paid lowest taxes of Rs19.44 crore, with major contribution from I-T at Rs16.55 crore and corporate tax at Rs2.89 crore.
As per the reply, there are 1.30 crore taxpayers in Maharashtra, followed by 78.22 lakh in Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat at 74.80 lakh taxpayers. Delhi has 43.04 lakh taxpayers. Lakshadweep has lowest taxpayers at just 7,000 taxpayers while Mizoram and Sikkim have 13,000 and 27,000 taxpayers, respectively.
Daman & Diu has 33,000 taxpayers, while Dadra & Nagar Haveli has 41,000. From the north east states, there are 41,000 taxpayers in Nagaland, followed by 47,000 in Arunachal Pradesh, 69000 in Meghalaya and 83,000 in Manipur. Andaman & Nicobar Islands has around 60,000 taxpayers, as per the records.