High Fibre May Help Reduce Joint Pain
Moneylife Digital Team 30 January 2018
According to the latest findings by a team of German researchers, a diet rich in fibre could help in chronic inflammatory joint diseases because fibre may produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in the microbiome, leading to stronger bones. 
The research team led by Dr Mario Zaiss, the team from Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), found that a healthy diet rich in fibre  can change the intestinal bacteria in such a way that more SCFA, in particular propionate, are formed. A higher concentration of SCFA led to a reduction in the number of bone-degrading cells.
For some time now, researchers have suspected intestinal bacteria influence the immune system but they have not been able to establish exactly how. They are also unsure of exactly what can cause, or how to create, a positive effect on gut bacteria. 
The new study suggests that the benefits on bone density and auto-immune conditions may not come directly from the gut (particular microbial species) but rather from the composition of secreted microbial metabolites, in particular SCFA, which appear to link gut and bone.
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