Gold imports' decline by 59% during January-September: Report
India's gold imports declined by 58.96% to 270 tonnes from January to September from 658 tonnes that were shipped-in during the corresponding period of last year, a research report said on Tuesday.
 
According to the report by the industry body Assocham, gold imports declined due to a prolonged strike by jewellers and continuation of 10% custom duty on imports. 
 
The report stated that smuggling of gold has been on the rise due to high custom duty, even as the industry demands a lower levy structure to encourage official imports. 
 
India has been among the two biggest gold consumers in the world with average imports of more than 1,000 tonnes per annum reported in the recent past.
 
Further, the industry body pointed-out that it expects gold prices to stay firm in the range of Rs30,500-Rs33,500 per 10 grams.
 
The report said that gold prices are expected to remain firm in the backdrop of continuous global political and financial risks coupled with revival in demand in the domestic market. The prices have appreciated by about 25% since January this year.
 
"The moot question among the buyers and analysts is whether scope for any further run is left when gold has seen so much of a rally, the best among all the assets classes - including quantitative easing led stock markets," the research paper by Assocham said.
 
"Revival in Indian consumption, financial risks in the Chinese economy, tapering tantrums of the US Federal Reserve as also close American Presidential elections are all seen as the push factors for the gold to remain as a safe haven." 
 
Currently, gold prices range from Rs31,000-Rs31,500 for 24 carat purity in major Indian cities. 
 
"Going forward, the festive demand will get a further push from the wedding season, which is the main contributor to gold consumption in India," the paper said.
 
"The upside in the short term of a few months is seen between Rs1,500-Rs2,000, while the downside could be limited to Rs1,000- Rs2,000 per ten grams." 
 
D.S. Rawat, Secretary General of Assocham said: "Gold is finding a strong support levels in the international markets and is expected to stay above $1,200 mark, as a starting point for the next possible rally."
 
"All in all, given the state of play in equity, debt and properties, gold would stand out for quite some time."
 
Rawat elaborated that negative interest rates by major global central banks have also led the investors to seek refuge in gold.
 
"The outlook for the precious metal remains upbeat taking into consideration several factors including reduced pace of the US Fed rate hikes, increased adoption of negative interest rates most recently in Japan, increased inflows in gold ETFs (equity trade funds) and decline in gold production," Rawat added.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    Economic freedom can unlock India's vast potential
    The Fraser Institute's annual Economic Freedom of the World Report raises some important points for Indian policymakers.
     
    The Fraser Institute is a Canadian think tank that initially held conferences on devising methodologies for measuring economic freedom from 1986-1994. The participants and hosts during this time included leading economists and academicians like Milton Friedman, Rose Friedman, Michael Walker, Douglass North, Gary Becker, William Niskanen, and Gordon Tullock et al. Post this, the Annual Freedom of the World Report since 1996 has sought to measure economic freedom across different countries in the world. Four points emerge from Fraser's work in the area of economic freedom.
     
    First, what is economic freedom, its key dimensions for measurement and its benefits? A classic definition of economic freedom for individuals is when the ‘economic property that people acquire is without the use of force, fraud, or theft is protected from physical invasions by others and they are free to use, exchange, or give their property as long as their actions do not violate the identical rights of others'. 
     
    Thus, essentially, economic freedom is dependent on the following broad dimensions: Security of privately-owned property, levels of personal choice, ability to enter markets and the rule of law. The index of economic freedom thus tries to measure the extent to which rightly-acquired property is protected and individuals are engaged in voluntary transactions. The benefits of having greater economic freedom include prosperity and a higher quality of life.
     
    Second, what are the key areas of the Index and which are the countries performing well and worse on the Index? The key areas include a) Size of government; b) Legal system and security of property rights; c) Sound money; d) Freedom to trade Internationally; e) Regulation. 
     
    Under each of these areas are further components and sub-components of measurement. In the 2016 index, for which the data is from the year 2014, Hong Kong is rated as the most economically-free country. The top 10 countries include Singapore at No.2 followed by New Zealand and Switzerland. 
     
    At the bottom of the Index are countries like Venezuela at 159 where the socialist government has severely limited the freedom of its citizens. Other countries at the bottom of the list include Libya at 158, the Republic of Congo at 157 and Argentina at 156. 
     
    It can be easily seen that countries that have more economic freedom tend to have greater prosperity as measured by per capita GDP while countries that have lower levels of economic freedom have lower economic prosperity.
     
    The third important point pertains to India and its performance in relation to other countries on the Index. India is placed 112th, which is in the third quartile of economically-free countries. Among the BRIC economies, it is placed below Russia (102) but above China (113) and Brazil (124). 
     
    Within the five broad areas, India's rank is best for the size of the government (8), while it performs poorly on regulation (132) and freedom to trade internationally (144). Though the index does not factor in the data for 2015-16, India's trade performance, particularly its export performance, to say the least, has been dismal due to global economic sluggishness and factors such price of commodities being low leading to low demand from commodity-rich nations and India's global partners. 
     
    India must, thus improve along the key dimension of international trade over time in the index. Similarly, too many regulations have hampered the prospects of economic growth. The government has done well to identify and weed out key laws and regulations that are not in accordance with the present times. Better regulations over time will help in improvement along the regulation dimension of the Index.
     
    Finally, India's performance over time also offers important insights. According to successive reports, India's economic freedom increased in the decade following economic liberalization in 1991 but post that has been more or less consistent with a few variations up and down. 
     
    The most recent edition saw movement 10 places down on the Index. This calls for introspection and more reforms, some of which are being presently undertaken. These include the GST law, which is in the process of implementation. More such reforms in the land, labour and capital markets will certainly be beneficial for unleashing the creative potential and freedom of Indian citizens. 
     
    Over time India must improve along the key dimensions of the Index to ensure a better quality of life for all its citizens.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    COMMENTS

    B. Yerram Raju

    3 years ago

    Higher the concentration of wealth lower should be the index of economic freedom given all the other factors mentioned for such rating. Unfortunately, many cities in the country are moving northwards in this differential. Unless legal and regulatory aspects as also fiscal measures by design distribute resources equitably and empower citizens for better education and health economic freedom index will perhaps be skewed.

    Deepak Narain

    3 years ago

    India should not be judged by Western standards. India has first to provide for means of subsistence to her 200 million citizens who sleep empty-stomach every night. There is no dearth of wealth here but it is concentrated in a few hands and needs to be evenly distributed.

    Petrol hiked 14 paise/litre, diesel by 10 paise
    State-run oil marketers again raised transport fuel prices effective from Wednesday on account of hikes in dealer commission, by 10 paise for diesel and 14 paise for petrol, inclusive of local taxes in Delhi, with corresponding increase in other states.
     
    "There will be corresponding price revisions on petrol and diesel in other states on account of change in dealer commission," Indian Oil Corp said in a statement here.
     
    As commission, the dealers were so far getting Rs1.38 per litre on petrol and Rs 2.28 on a litre of diesel.
     
    Petrol per litre from Wednesday will cost Rs 64.72 in Delhi, Rs 67.72 in Kolkata, Rs 71.12 in Mumbai and Rs 64.24 in Chennai.
     
    Similarly, diesel per litre will cost Rs52.61 in Delhi, Rs 54.92 in Kolkata, Rs58.11 in Mumbai and Rs54.07 in Chennai.
     
    The Indian basket of crude oils closed trade on Monday at $48.10 a barrel, as per official data.
     
    Amid the recent fluctuation in global oil prices, IOC had last week moved in different ways on its fortnightly revision of transport fuels, increasing the price of petrol by 28 paise a litre and decreasing diesel by 6 paise effective from Saturday -- both at Delhi, with corresponding changes in other states.
     
    Meanwhile, IOC plans to invest Rs 18,000 crore to raise capacity of its Panipat refinery in Haryana to 25 million tonnes by 2020, its Director (Refineries) Sanjiv Singh said here on Tuesday.
     
    IOC owns and operates 11 out of India's 23 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 80.7 mt per annum.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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