Does Aadhaar serve any Public Interest?
The government claims that Aadhaar removes barriers to benefits, cleans duplicate and fraudulent beneficiaries and ensures benefits reach the beneficiaries. Are these claims justified? 
 
The purposes of Aadhaar were laid out in the Government’s Strategy Document . Let us examine each of the purposes in turn. The Government asserts, “In India, an inability to prove identity is one of the biggest barriers preventing the poor from accessing benefits and subsidies.”  More recently the UIDAI admitted that 99.97% of those now issued with Aadhaar numbers did not really need them because they were already in possession of adequate identification documents. If this is true, the inability to prove identity has not been the biggest barrier to access benefits.
 
The Government’s Strategy document also states “A single, universal identity number will also be transformational in eliminating fraud and duplicate identities, since individuals will no longer be able to represent themselves differently to different agencies.” This has come to be referred to as de-duplication of government databases.
 
While placing such unabashed trust on the use of Aadhaar, the government forgets to mention that no official certifies the identity or even the address associated with the Aadhaar number. In fact the data associated with the number has never even been verified or audited. It is unclear how a number that is not an identity card is a proof of identity, address, even existence or a basis to de-duplicate other databases!
 
The process of de-duplication does not require any new ID like the Aadhaar and certainly cannot be done with an un-certified, un-verified and un-audited database like the Aadhaar. In de-duplication, any two databases can be used for comparison with each other. The output of the comparison would be expected to be a list of records that matched and therefore deemed to be genuine, a list of records where the name matched but address did not and need verification, a list of records that are missing from one but present in the other and therefore deemed to have been excluded from one or likely to be fake in the other. The claim of de-duplication falls flat as we see no such lists, only exclusion of many amidst unverified claims of removal of fakes. 
 
The Government’s Strategy document states, “It would enable the government to shift from indirect to direct benefits, and help verify whether the intended beneficiaries actually receive funds/ subsidies”. This means that as per the Government, to be deemed genuine, every bank account has to be linked to the Aadhaar and every transaction has to happen through the Aadhaar Based Payment System (ABPS) run by a private company, the National Payments Corp of India (NPCI). This implies that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)'s own know-your-customer (KYC) and its own payment systems like National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) and Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), in comparison to that of a private entity, the NPCI, facilitates fraud and cannot be used.
 
In implementation of this objective of direct benefit transfer (DBT), by using just a uncertified, unverified and unaudited number submitted remotely as e-KYC, the RBI did away with its own KYC standards, the recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the Basel Standards on keeping customer data and even the Prevention of Money Laundering Act. 
 
Bank accounts opened solely with the Aadhaar number are indistinguishable and undetectable from hundreds of thousands or even millions of “mule” bank accounts to launder money, take bribes, park black money or siphon subsidy passed through DBT schemes. There is no existing mechanism to detect such fake accounts or trillions of fake money transfers effected through the ABPS.  
 
The Government fails to explain how 94.7% of the villages without a bank branch or bank literacy will be served by DBT through Aadhaar. The deliberate policy of insistence on Aadhaar and DBT has created new barriers that exclude beneficiaries. Therefore the claim of ensuring benefits reach beneficiaries is also without merit.
 
The Aadhaar is often likened to the American Social Security number. The 2013 Identity Fraud Report  released by Javelin Strategy & Research, found 12.6 million victims of identity fraud in the US, which equates to 1 victim every 3 seconds. The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration in the US projected that fraudsters would net $26 billion into 2017. The question being asked in the US is: Why are we still using social security numbers (SSNs) to identify taxpayers?  
 
The method of enrolment of Aadhaar has exposed every Aadhaar number ever generated to being copied, distributed, modified and stolen many times over. Transactions through such Aadhaar will be wrongfully attributed to the person whose identity was stolen to do such transactions. Aadhaar thus exposes the entire country to theft of lakhs of crores. Hyderabad alone is reportedly getting 20 cases a day related to Aadhaar  frauds. Aadhaar has exposed the identity of its residents to theft and misuse.
 
There is, therefore, no merit in arguing that Aadhaar removes the barriers to benefits, cleans duplicate and fraudulent beneficiaries and ensures benefits reach the beneficiaries. In fact, it does exactly the opposite. Technology should be an enabler, not a facilitator to build applications that serve as Trojan horses to compromise the fundamental rights of its citizens, the sovereignty of their decisions, national security, and thus enable the launching a cyberwar and in the process destroy law and order. 
 
Aadhaar, therefore, not only serves no public interest, it actually destroys public interest.
 
(Dr Anupam Saraph is a Professor, Future Designer, former governance and IT advisor to Goa’s former Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar and the Global Agenda Councils of the World Economic Forum.)
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    COMMENTS

    MDT

    4 years ago

    Thanks all for your comments.
    some people are liking Aadhaar with the SSN in the US. Here is any eye opener for such believers...

    How Social Security zombies are standing in the way of fraud prevention
    http://bangordailynews.com/2015/09/25/th...

    Americans are getting older and, according to Social Security records, some are getting really old. According to Social Security records, nearly 6.5 million Social Security Americans age 112 or older are still kicking.

    Yet it’s doubtful so many Americans have reached such a ripe old age. As of Sept. 20, the Gerontology Research Group had confirmed only 44 people age 112 or older were living. Ten of them live in the U.S. The oldest confirmed Mainer, who died in 2008, was 110 years old.

    The missing death information doesn’t just tip the age scales in Social Security Administration files. It represents a problem for many government agencies, as well as banks, insurance companies and other businesses that rely on Social Security death records to prevent possible identity theft and fraud.

    vnrao

    4 years ago

    what do you except scrap it after spending thousands of crores suggest improvements rather than talking negative

    Avinash Murkute

    4 years ago

    Is aadhar is more important than drinking water and electricity, is the question. The proponents working in air conditioners and having press button coffee and tea should travel to villages to see the state of disparity and divide. This divide can never be filled with aadhar, thumb impressions and so called biometrics.

    It is possible that those who wanted to misuse aadhar, would have punched wrong retina scans and thumb impressions. Anything can be misused and aadhar was never a full proof system the way it is publicised.

    If we look into the history, Chandrababu Naidu created IT revolution in Hyderabad and the word Cyberabad was coined but he lost the elections. Similarly, the pioneers of aadhar were rejected in Bengaluru elections. Thanks to SC that it is not made mandatory, otherwise even dead bodies would not have been cremated without this aadhar, the way it is being forced on Indians. And that would have been autocratic and draconian.

    By the way, emails sent to aadhar were never replied and it speaks of a particular F5 culture and nothing else.

    REPLY

    Ravindra Shetye

    In Reply to Avinash Murkute 4 years ago

    Aadhar or for that matter any other ID is not a MAGIC WAND which will give you instantly Drinking Water, Electricity, Food stuff or anything else. It is only an attempt by the Government to try to see that the money which they spent, especially for the poor, is not diverted to the pockets of their corrupt Babus or Banias or Contractors. It will not happen overnight and it may call for certain changes etc. This whole discussion is (or at least should be about that).

    MDT

    In Reply to Ravindra Shetye 4 years ago

    Thanks for your comment.
    In a country like ours where illiteracy is rampant and the average citizen is already burdened with different cards for different purposes- voter ID card, PAN card, BPL card, the forceful linking of Aadhaar (which is issued to residents and not citizens) with subsidy or social benefits is only burdening the common citizen.

    Most importantly, as Moneylife has been writing, the basic issue in India and its over billion citizens are not about subsidy, but it is about demand and supply gap. Citizens are being deprived their rightful benefits because the middleman-politicians-babu nexus is siphoning off the benefits before it reaches the end consumer. For example, citizens from a far away village will not receive foodgrains because of the nexus. And directly transferring subsidy money in to these people’s bank account (if they have one) is not going to ensure that the foodgrains reach the village. This is because if the foodgrains are siphoned off before reaching the village and public distribution (PDS) shop, then how and from where these poor people are going to buy it?

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to Avinash Murkute 4 years ago

    Very well said! A desktop is the most dangerous place to view the world from - especially in today's digital world. It's very clear that Nandan Nilekani's India was 100% "imagined" from his desktop or laptop without feeling the real pulse of what India wants. Quite naturally, an idea that was imagined out of a desktop could only be consumed by an equally incompetent and "accidental" leader. A leader is known by the quality of questions asked and a visionary is known by the quality of answers provided. Unfortunately, India has neither - and taxpayers' money is spent on frivolous ideas and projects...

    Ravindra Shetye

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    Totally irrelevant view. Whether you like it or not, and right or wrong, in todays' world the public view of anything is by the Desktop, The TV, or the Newspapers. All three of them equally sold to MONEY. The intlligentia, and even the common man has to add its own thinking to the Desktop, the TV or the news of the SOLD newspapers to form his own opinion.

    Chandrashekar Rao Kuthyar

    4 years ago

    It is unfair to state that Aadhaar is bad for the country. It is up to all of us to put this excellent infrastructure to good use. Yes, there will be malpractice, there will be misuse. But let us plug the gaps one by one so that we put the system to good use.

    Gunasekaran

    4 years ago

    The way Aaadhaar is being issued without proper verification/authentic documents & influential bringing people to take biometrics will CERTAINLY HAVE THREAD/BIG NEGATIVE IMPACT ON NATIONAL SECURITY.NONE SEEMS TO BE BOTHERED ABOUT IT. IT IS AGAINST THE ORIGINAL IDEA OF Mr.NANDAN NILAKENI which was effectively scuttled by the egostic Chidambaram. Home ministry shud seriously look into this matter

    skdking

    4 years ago

    Moneylife persists in opposing the very idea of Aadhaar.

    You do not find any possible merit in Aadhaar?

    It may be more convincing if you point to its shortcomings and also suggest measures to overcome these.

    REPLY

    Kumar Swamy

    In Reply to skdking 4 years ago

    Yes, not just criticism, we like to hear how it can be fixed and alternate solutions.

    Ravindra Shetye

    In Reply to skdking 4 years ago

    Entirely agree. It should be a constructive and not destructive approach. Also MoneyLife should ahve the courage to accept if they made a mistake in opposing Aadhar.

    MDT

    In Reply to Ravindra Shetye 4 years ago

    skdking, Kumar Swamy and Ravindra Shetye.... thanks for your comments.

    @Mr Shetye... Moneylife has courage and that is why we are writing on the entire issues related with Aadhaar, the UID project.

    In 2010, the new government in UK scraped its National ID (NID) project citing higher costs, impracticality and ungovernable breaches of privacy as reasons for cancellation of the entire project.

    While announcing the abolition of NID in the UK, Theresa May had said, “This Bill is a first step of many that this government is taking to reduce the control of the state over decent, law-abiding people and hand power back to them. With swift Parliamentary approval, we aim to consign identity cards and the intrusive ID card scheme to history within 100 days."

    Over eight years, the UK government spent around £250 million on developing the national ID programme. However, its abolition means the government will avoid spending another £800 million over a decade. The NID was launched in July 2002 and as of February 2010, its total costs rose to an estimate of £4.5 billion.

    The cost of the UID (aadhaar) project may not be a hindrance for the Indian government, whose accounts are flush with money (!), but what about its impact on civil liberties? Will there be a comprehensive discussion on the subject?

    M Muralidharan

    4 years ago

    Like any other massive new effort, this will have bumps on the way which needs to be fixed. I believe things can be faster using AADHAR with adequate checks and balances.

    Abhijit Gosavi

    4 years ago

    Bio-metrics are often more unreliable than photographs, thereby increasing the risk of incorrect identification. Anything as black-box as a computer algorithm, which collects information from your hand, essentially information that changes rapidly over the course of the individual's lifetime, and codes it into a computer-generated data structure, is not a robust mechanism to generate a unique ID. You can often recognize an individual from an old photograph, but is the same possible from a bio-metric code generated some time back? Till date, these questions have not been answered in a satisfactory manner.

    Dr Anantha K Ramdas

    4 years ago

    Please go to any bank with Aadhaar card and open an account - if you can!

    They will ask for proof of identity for your "address" of residence and followed by original electricity. water bill etc.

    In fact, the application form itself is incomplete. Anybody with all the "relevant" local Ids can get an Aadhaar card - but he/she may be a foreigner! Is there any question in the form that asks a simple question:

    Are you a foreigner? If so, what
    is nationality? All Overseas
    Citizens of India (OCI) hold an
    Indian ID of OCI; also called as
    NRIs but can obtain Aadhaar card
    on application.

    In any case, why is the Aadhaar card not issued in colour?

    As for comparing the Aadhaar Card to be "would be" distant cousin of the US Social Security, it will take decades before it can be done because of a lot of infrastructural work, mostly computer based systems, have to be in place before such a possibility can occur.

    However, a start has been made, and this has to be improved upon.

    REPLY

    Ravindra Shetye

    In Reply to Dr Anantha K Ramdas 4 years ago

    I appreciate the constructive approach, instead of armchair criticism.

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    4 years ago

    its not correct that there are no benefits. In a recent case a child was traced to its parents thru Aadhar Card. Child was lost it was sent to a child care and when they applied for Aadhar it was noticed that it already had a Aadhar card.The child was united with its parents. Why this case was not highlighted in SC is a mystery. There is a huge benefit where children are kidnapped or lost.

    Gopalakrishnan T V

    4 years ago

    It is true that AAdhaar alone cannot be a fool proof to identify a person and all his details as the people are highly mobile and the details undergo change. While aadhar helps definitely in the case of people who are some what permanently settled and do not move from place to place, but in the case of others,aadhar is of not much use. But if some efforts are made to link aadhaar with the the PAN number, some of the deficiencies in establishing the identity can be to some extent removed. Those who are having PAN Number should not be eligible for any subsidies. This itself will remove a big chunk from the list of subsidy entitlement. Further AADhaar also should ensure to take note of change in the address of the person at the earliest. The present system of issuing multiple aadhaar cards to the same person has to be eliminated at any cost. It will take some time to get the aadhaar card system stabilised but it is better to study the deficiencies and get them sorted out. It should not be discarded under any circumstances.

    REPLY

    c r paranjape

    In Reply to Gopalakrishnan T V 4 years ago

    Please note Adhar is not a proof of address but proof of identity.If I have addar no and I shieft anywhere in India and if I wanted a driving licence or open bank account or want to buy a property my Adhar proves that I am same person in whose name the licence is daughter. If I want to register as voter and if the entire voters lists of the country are Adhar linked in mater of second the authority will know if I am registered in some other state and that can delete that entry before adding new entry at new address.Adhar when it is fully implemented will act as a huge tool in Prevention, control and investigation of regular as well as financial crimes. I suggest to all critics to visit the various government sites to understand how simple they have made to register and also effect any changes in your details like address etc through online.

    MDT

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    Thanks for your comment. Hope you had read the news about an illegal immigrant availing subsidy benefits through Aadhaar.

    In December 2012, Police in Mumbai have found an Aadhaar letter with an illegal immigrant from Bangladesh, who had been residing in Gowandi area. This man used the Aadhaar letter for subscribing to several government schemes meant for poor Indian citizens. This also raises big question of for whom the direct cash transfer scheme is being aimed, is it the Indian citizen or residents or simply the voters.

    There are lakhs of such people and we will come to know only if there is an audit of the entire Aadhaar scheme. Hope you can convince the UIDAI to do an audit, a forensic one of the scheme.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    Aadhaar (as conceived and implemented by Nandan Nilekani) is neither proof of address nor proof of identity. It's only a proof that "the former accidental prime minister" was a thumb-sucker.

    c r paranjape

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    In healthy discussions and sharing of views such subjective and baised comments should be avoided.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    The comment "accidental prime minister" is not mine. That was how Sajaya Baru who left a successful career as chief editor of the Financial Express to join Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as his media adviser in UPA 1 has described in his book [see http://goo.gl/5Z0YSW ]

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to Gopalakrishnan T V 4 years ago

    its not correct that there are no benefits. In a recent case a child was traced to its parents thru Aadhar Card. Child was lost it was sent to a child care and when they applied for Aadhar it was noticed that it already had a Aadhar card.The child was united with its parents. Why this case was not highlighted in SC is a mystery. There is a huge benefit where children are kidnapped or lost.

    Jyoti Dua

    4 years ago

    The article high lights the short comings of AAdhaar card. There is need to remove these short comings instead of scrapping the card all together. A single identity card for each Indian must be created.

    Ravindra Shetye

    4 years ago

    The article is totally biased and lists down real and imaginary misuse of Aadhar. The basis of Unique Identification Number is the Fingerprinting and the EYE SCAN. If randomly some of the Aadhar card holders are checked (say 1 person per 10000 cards), and crosschecked with the original records, not only the extent of misuse of Aadhar card will come to light, but will also be useful in strengthening the Aadhar. We should not hesitate to modify Aadhar based on the outcome of such Investigation. The Investigation should cover metrpolitan cities, district places as well as the villages.
    The Eminent author very unfortunately has only concentrated on criticism and no possible solutions to improve Aadhar and its utility. One of the advantages of Aadhar, e.g. is to ensure that the wages paid to MNREGA workers in villages will be directly credited to the Bank Accounts of the workers with the help of Aadhar Cards. This would avoid the rampant corruption when the wages are paid in cash through the bureucratic channels. Very interestingly the article does not say a word about what can be done to improve Aadhar or what is the alternative to Aadhar especially to the poor in the Villages.
    MoneyLife should be also careful while publishing such totally negative articles. That is not the image of MoneyLife. Moneylife image is helping the people though helplines and other means.

    REPLY

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to Ravindra Shetye 4 years ago

    AGREE TO THIS REPLY

    Deepak Mahulkar

    In Reply to Ravindra Shetye 4 years ago

    I completely agree to Sh. Ravindra. Why such after thought when UPA and now NDA have spent more than Rs. 5000 crores towards implementation? Mere criticism cannot be a appreciated unless it is backed better alternative.

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to Deepak Mahulkar 4 years ago

    I agree, its not correct that there are no benefits. In a recent case a child was traced to its parents thru Aadhar Card. Child was lost it was sent to a child care and when they applied for Aadhar it was noticed that it already had a Aadhar card.The child was united with its parents. Why this case was not highlighted in SC is a mystery. There is a huge benefit where children are kidnapped or lost.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to Deepak Mahulkar 4 years ago

    Let Nandan Nilekani suggest a better alternative AFTER answering all shortcomings of his original idea of Aadhaar. I hope he does not come up with an "alternative" to fingerprinting like this idea http://goo.gl/wbWtxT and http://goo.gl/1Ucfw1

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to Ravindra Shetye 4 years ago

    The author has not suggested any solution "to improve" Aadhaar system because Aadhaar was born with a genetic defect - to rely on fingerprints and iris scans to uniquely identify a person. Fingerprints are scientifically proven to be unreliable as identifiers (glamorized only by Bollywood movies), while implementing iris scans for routine identification is impractical.

    Often, the best way to move forward is to bury or burn the dead. Aadhaar (as conceived by Nandan Nilekani) is a dead idea. RIP.

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    AGREE

    c r paranjape

    4 years ago

    I feel it is motivated or totally biased attack on Addar scheme by some people.Till now there was no fulproof system to prove ones identity.and that is a reason for rampant white collar crime.tax avoidence .corruption,one could have as many PAN CARDa, or driving licences or bank accounts to avoid taxes or hide black money.or businessmen could open hundreds of pvt ltd companies having benami directors. I have heard people with crores rupees in different bank accounts in different names and pan nos.Also for electionspeople have registered in many places as voters.this can not be identified unless there is unique identity.criminals on parole from jail change identity and move around freely.this can not happen if there is unique identity.Also there are. Bogus doctors,lawyes Arictects who steal identity of someone and cheat people. Even in case of pensions how to find out if someone is claiming pension of dead by impersonation. One can writep
    Pages on the need and reason for having biometric identity of every individual. In Today's world no country can afford to not to have such data for the economic and physical security of the nation and. It's citizens.Privacy issue is big false propoganda created by the opponents of udi.These people when they go abroad and if that country wants fingerprints before issuing visa they don't crib.when we want to open bank account or apply for movie phone or driving licence we give same info like photo,address proof,etc.Adhar contains same info only. The difference with adharone is sure of the persons is the same.In what way my privacy is affected.on the contrary for most of people much more information isavaible on the public domain through face book, internet.SO PLEASE RETHINK and do not oppose this scheme which is needed for building future of this country

    REPLY

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    I totally agree with your views, there are benefits and govt can easily use it to curb black money.Why not make aadhar compulsory for all transactions above rs 100000. For all real estate transactions

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    AGREE

    Shirish Sadanand Shanbhag

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    I fully agree with the views on Adhar Card expressed by C. R. Paranjape.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    So, where is the "unique" identity in Aadhaar system for all the benefits you have listed? Was your fingerprint or iris scanned before you cast your vote? Was your fingerprint or iris scanned before you took your LPG subsidy? Was your fingerprint or iris scanned before you filed your IT returns?

    c r paranjape

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    Adhar is a proof of identity of a person means onde can't not have more than two Adhar nos.and this when Adhar is fully implemented one and Adhar cards are linked to Pan cards voter identity cards driving licences the system will immediately identify duplicates and remove them .If my driving licence is suspended by police I can not get other one from different place .similarly voter can not vote in three different elections in the different states.there is absolutely no need to fingerprint or Iris phot identification every time one votes or file it return. Online on can check if required if the person is same who has produced the Adhar no.In America sosial security no is accepted as proof of identity and every time no one asked to. Give fingerprint.I suggest to all critics of Adhar to go through the Adhar site in detail and understand it.UNIQUE identity scheme when fully implemented will act as great tool in Prevention ,control as well as as investigation of regular as well as financial crimes. And as far as so called privacy issues only criminals should be worried and not peolel like you and me.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    [Quote]...the system will immediately identify duplicates and remove them...[Unquote]

    There is no such thing called 'the system will immediately identify duplicates and remove them'. When any non-human system identifies a conflict of identities, either (a) the system should be programmed to accept or reject data from one database over another, or (b) a human being will have to resolve the conflict of identities.

    As designed and implemented by Nandan Nilekani without adequate testing, verification or validation, how many false positives are expected to happen when fully implemented (using biometric micro ATM identifiers)? "A sea of false positives" is how David Moss describes. See http://goo.gl/eqnK3v

    c r paranjape

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    Thanks for the reference of the arrival 'Asea of false positives.'published 4 years ago in March 2011. Though I have some reservations since I am not technically competent I accept the views in total.But four years have passed and the country has spent thousands of crores rupees to collect biometrics I understand of about 90 crore population.should we discard the entire deta and scrap the scheme.As a professional manager there is solution for everything and I hope the people Heading must have worked on it.One of the result of linking pan cards,driving licences,voter ids with the Adhar will create composit id of a person including financial,demographic,I'd along with biometrics and the with fast progress in data processing techniques will overcome some of the shortcomings. People might have made mistakes either in overenthusiasm or for whatever reason I feel a way con and must be found to achieve the basic aim.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to c r paranjape 4 years ago

    [Quote]...As a professional manager there is solution for everything...[Unquote]

    This is more of a wish, at best, a philosophy. As a professional manager, I've learnt to accept mistakes whenever the evidence is overwhelming, accept, apologize, cut losses and let the mistakes be part of my lifelong learning process. As a professional manager, I never live in a world of denial and magical solutions.

    Incidentally, the much-touted UID program of Nandan Nilekani was not even his original idea. He copied from a disastrous experiment in UK aimed at tackling fraud, illegal immigration and identity theft. But the moment UK realized that the scheme was a failure, they didn't waste time to live in a state of denial. They axed the scheme and cut further losses. See http://goo.gl/tupMf2

    Ravindra Shetye

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    If you are a professional manager, GOD bless your Company and Shareholders.
    A Professional manager studies the shortcomings, be they of the System or the People under or OVER him and finds solutions to make it work.
    And in case of Aadhar, it is definitely possible. In fact the basics of Aadhar, Fingerprinting and Eye scan are followed even in India for Passport. Please ry to get a Passport without fingerprinting and Eye scan. If you refuse to be fingerprinted or refuse eye scanning you cannot get a passport even from any Agent or for that matter the Ministry issuing the Passport. Same applies for many VISAs. You will be sent back from the US Visa Center if you do not want to be finger printed or eye scanned. And at US immigration they check your Fingerprints and eye scans. This also you should try.
    Your question as to how the eye scanning be done at Banks etc. for all transactions is ridiculous and not worth even touching.
    Then you, or someone has talked about 90% people having two valid identities to open a Bank account. No one has specified what these are for obvious reasons. I am sure it must be a reference to Ration Card and Voters card. I guess you are aware that for illegal immigrants, like Bangladeshis, the easiest thing to get by paying money to the agents is Ration Card and Voter Card.
    And you talk about Aadhar card being useless.

    PRADEEP SATHYE

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    its not correct that there are no benefits. In a recent case a child was traced to its parents thru Aadhar Card. Child was lost it was sent to a child care and when they applied for Aadhar it was noticed that it already had a Aadhar card.The child was united with its parents. Why this case was not highlighted in SC is a mystery. There is a huge benefit where children are kidnapped or lost.

    M S Prabhakar

    In Reply to PRADEEP SATHYE 4 years ago

    Was the child's identity confirmed by recording the child's biometrics and authenticating that against what was recorded in Aadhaar database? If not, Aadhaar had no role to play in the reunion.

    M S Prabhakar

    4 years ago

    The entire basis for Aadhaar's promise (including its fingerprint logo) was biometric identification to uniquely deliver benefits. Till date, I have not come across a single scheme of the government (LPG subsidies, IT returns, etc.) which identifies the uniqueness through either a fingerprint scanner or an iris scanner. Even e-filing of IT returns depends on your mobile number as a unique identifier -- not the Aadhaar number. Hence, Aadhaar is actually used only a derived trust system -- not a primary trust system.

    REPLY

    Leo

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    In Tax Filing there are two options one with your phone as a Unique id, and the other is by using Digital Signatures. The only problem is the cost of the Digital Signature - affordable for salaried individuals but the validity is 2 years, which makes the cost part little high.

    Mukesh kamath

    In Reply to M S Prabhakar 4 years ago

    Lo Prabhakar muttala kanaiah neenu, uniqueness establish madodu enrollemnt time nalli. Authentication madbekagirodu rare case nalli. Gas company ond sala verify mad bittidare. Ast saaku. DBT ge ond sala verify. Yenikk andre aadhaar numberu yaardu change agalla. Unique meaning dictionary nalli odko and jasti kuy beda. BBye.

    Aadhar Not Mandatory: SC
    The Supreme Court today ruled that Aadhar card will not be mandatory for availing benefits of government's welfare schemes. The government has, however, ignored similar orders before
     
    The Supreme Court ruled today that Aadhar card will not be mandatory for availing benefits of government's welfare schemes. It also barred the authorities from sharing personal biometric data collected for enrolment under the scheme. However, the Supreme Court has ruled this several times in the past. The government refuses to pay heed to it. In fact, Aadhaar is the central piece of the government’s financial inclusion architecture called JanDhan Aadhaar and Mobile, JAM.
     
    A Constitution bench of the apex court will separately decide the larger question of whether collecting biometric data for preparing Aadhar cards infringed an individual's privacy and if right to privacy was a fundamental right.
     
    "No personal information of Aadhar card shall be shared by any authority," a three-judge bench told Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi. UIDAI/Aadhar will not be used for any other purposes except PDS, kerosene and LPG distribution system ruled the apex court, and made it clear that even for availing these facilities Aadhar card will not be mandatory. 
     
    The three-member bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar and comprising Justices S A Bobde and C Nagappan, directed that information received by UIDAI shall not be used for any other purposes, except in criminal investigation and that too with the permission of the court. 
     
    It, however, did not allow the interim pleas of the petitioners, who have challenged the Aadhar scheme, to stop the process of ongoing enrolment. 
     
    Senior advocate Gopal Subramanium, appearing for Mathew Thomas, one of the petitioners, had filed an application seeking initiation of contempt proceedings against the Centre and others, including RBI, and the Election Commission.
     
    The states have been making Aadhar cards compulsory from payment of salary, provident fund disbursement, marriage and property registration. 
     
    Subramaniam alleged that the government had violated earlier orders that had ruled that no person should be denied any benefit or suffer for not having Aadhar cards.
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    Aadhaar: Nagrik Chetna Manch files contempt petition against RBI, CEC, Cabinet Secretary
    The Manch has prayed for prohibition on linkage of Aadhaar number to any benefits, to end the discrimination of persons into Aadhaar and non-Aadhaar residents and restrain the Government from transferring biometric information of any person
     
    Pune-based Nagrik Chetna Manch (NCM) had filed a contempt petition against Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and the Cabinet Secretary for violating orders passed by the Supreme Court on Aadhaar.
     
    "Despite these orders (from the Supreme Court) neither the Government of India nor States and their functionaries have been complying with the orders of the Supreme Court in letter and spirit. They have continued to cause suffering by continuously mandating more and more for registration and linkages to the Aadhaar," the Manch pointed out in a release.
     
    Nagrik Chetna Manch has prayed for prohibition on linkage of Aadhaar number to any benefits, to end the discrimination of persons into Aadhaar and non-Aadhaar residents and restrain the Government from transferring biometric information of any person from or to any other agency without specific written permission.
     
    The Manch, in its petition has named Pradeep Kumar Sinha, Cabinet Secretary, Dr Raghuram Rajan, Governor, RBI, Nasim Zaidi, Chief Election Commissioner, and Swadheen S Kshatriya, Chief Secretary of Government of Maharashtra as contemnors. 
     
    There was a spurt of directives in the last few months by both the Central and State governments violating the orders of the Supreme Court by mandating linkages of benefits to the possession of Aadhaar number, the Manch said.
     
    According to the Manch, the Department of Electronics and Communication Technology integrated Aadhaar to draw benefits in the newly launched Digital India Program. The Ministry of Labour and Employment made Aadhaar number compulsory for Employees' State Insurance (ESI) services. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy made Aadhaar mandatory for receiving capital subsidy. The Ministry of Rural Development made Aadhaar compulsory for services under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA). The Government of Maharashtra made Aadhaar compulsory for ration services at Fair Price Shops and for school admissions and the Election Commission of India issued instructions for linking Aadhaar number with Elector's Photo Identity Card.
     
    As the common man continues to suffer the Aadhaar, the Manch in its Petition 932 of 2013, has alleged that the linkage of Aadhaar to various databases is destroying governance and ability to govern. NCM has also highlighted that it will end the rule of law and perhaps even compromise the sovereignty of India. Such linkage of bank accounts to Aadhaar is facilitating money laundering. Linkage of Aadhaar to the EPIC and NPR is destroying the ability to distinguish citizens from residents and giving citizenship to illegal immigrants as well as anti-nationals. 
     
    Earlier in March 2015, a bench of Justice J Chelameswar, Justice SA Bobde and Justice C Nagappan reiterated it was incumbent upon the Central government to ensure that the States complied with the Supreme Court's order of not making Aadhaar mandatory for availing social benefits under various schemes.
     
    The apex court by its 23 September 2013 order, had said "no person should suffer for not getting the Aadhaar in spite of the fact that some authorities had issued a circular making it mandatory and when any person applies to get the Aadhaar voluntarily, it may be checked whether that person is entitled for it under the law and it should not be given to any illegal immigrant."
     
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    COMMENTS

    manoharlalsharma

    4 years ago

    Aadhaar: Nagrik Chetna Manch files contempt petition against RBI, CEC, Cabinet Secretary./ To get some betterment ANGER is no solution & If u do understand as u believe do not PARTICIPATE in to the schemes brought by the Government of STATE/CENTRAL is the only solution COURTS r already BURDENED.

    anil vanjpe

    4 years ago

    Thanks for highlighting latest developments. S.C Directions are based on several aspects and not just one or two. It also has highlighted verification need which Govt. appears to have thrown to dustbin in spite of relating to non Indians, Anti nationals,and NRIs who do not stay in India and do not need any subsidy.It is like Maha. Govt. stating new law will be enacted to bye pass Bombay High Court verdict, to protect Festivals celebration on roads, noise pollution. BJP is no better than Congress. Height of Cheapness by an educated Chief Minister. Rather appears worst than even U.P. Govts over the years.Drastic checkis required on BJP Govts especially after VYAPAM DAY LIGHT Murders.

    Ragavan

    4 years ago

    Aadhaar is the BEST thing to happen to the country. Please see the savings which the government has got due to linkage of LPG which is to the tune of 12,700 cr in just one year. Nearly 3 cr bogus LPG connections came to the forefront. Aadhaar is helping weed out corruption and anyone who is opposing this are majorly the people who were earlier benefitting from the leakage.

    For the first time technology is being used for the benefit of common man. associations and individuals must understand this before filing PIL.

    REPLY

    Mahesh Khanna

    In Reply to Ragavan 4 years ago

    There must be some reasons where the SC has decided not to make itr compulsary,do you want to say that the SC without application of mind has decided the issue.

    Ankit

    In Reply to Ragavan 4 years ago

    Ragavan,
    The savings are not due to Aadhar. Please correct yourself.
    It was PAHAL that facilitated the benefits you highlighted.

    MOHAN SIROYA

    4 years ago

    Thanks for making this important PIL public, which so far no mainstream media has done. BJP Government indeed does not know what is Governance. It is just following the same discriminatory policies which were espoused by the UPA /Congress Government and which the BJP had opposed vociferously when they were in opposition . And Apex Court rulings or not , being in a brute majority in the lower house of Parliament , BJP will continue to indulge in such discrimination in other areas too at the cost of genuine Indian Citizens
    One more such discrimination is enshrined in the Public Provident Fund (PPF)Scheme; where the eligibility is defined as "any Indian resident except the NRI" can open or continue PPF account. Laughable it is ,when we see this in the context of prevailing Indian situation where many non-Indian illegal immigrants ( Bangladeshi, Pakistani etc.) have acquired the status of Indian "Residents" or even Citizenship by getting Aadhaar Cards or Ration cards . But our own Natural Indian citizens who were born and brought up in India but have now gone to other countries for greener pastures, have been deprived of even opening or contributing in the PPF schemes. In other words, India is denying the right to contribute in the development of their own country, whose citizens such NRIs are .

    REPLY

    nginx

    In Reply to MOHAN SIROYA 4 years ago

    I think its perfectly fine to deny any benefits to NRIs. Why should Indians who have left the country for greener pastures expect any benefits from the Indian government?

    Mahesh Khanna

    In Reply to nginx 4 years ago

    Do you agree with benefits to the illegal bangladeshi and Pakistan through AAdhar enrollment?

    MOHAN SIROYA

    In Reply to nginx 4 years ago

    What a logic? Let 'NON Indians', who have illegally migrated to India and got a proof as RESIDENT can jolly well draw the benefits and not the Natural citizens of India . And it does not require a law degree to observe that the word "Resident" used in the scheme should have been used as "Citizen". Then let the NRIs be excluded.

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