COVID-19: Time To Transcend Narrow Political Expediency for National Interest
“The truth is this pandemic has shaken the very pillars of our collective complacency. We either agonized about hunger, want, population, land, power, one-upmanship, evidence-based medicine, economics and acquisitions wherever the fancy of the month took us! This little virus has brought us crashing to our arrogant knees. We have woken up to a cleaner environment, a contained world, an era of near zero economy, mental dependency, physical distancing, fear and helplessness…The only free 'bird' is the living creature the virus does not latch onto… C'est la vie.”
 
Someone sent this out on WhatsApp, as often happens, without credit to the author. But it neatly summarises the new world that we need to prepare for. 
 
Some like to see it as a ‘post-COVID’ world, assuming that we will beat the killer virus soon and life will go back to normal. That smacks of arrogance and of lessons not learnt. 
 
At best, one can hope for a post-lock-down scenario and prepare for a new reality by discarding several old paradigms. COVID-19 has shown us that our ‘connected’ world that crashed geographical boundaries may be safe as long as we are ‘online’ and not physically connected. After all, with germs weaponised in laboratories by brilliant scientists, we don't know where the next pandemic will come from. Nations will, inevitably, have to work at ring-fencing themselves from the devastating consequences of unknown and fast-spreading killer diseases. 
 
Will it be limited to the physical world? Who is to say that a technology virus as deadly as COVID-19 won’t bring us to our knees by wiping out wealth, stashed in paperless vaults on tech-clouds and ostensibly protected by walls of impenetrable encryption? Why, we could even lose our tech-dependent identities blocking access to our own wealth. Are we really prepared for such a possibility? 
 
As individuals, we have no influence over national policy decisions that affect us. COVID-19 has amply demonstrated the destruction unleashed by wrong or delayed decisions. We have seen it in the death toll in the US and Italy. We have also seen how a clueless World Health Organization (WHO) is, starting with accepting China’s initial assertion that COVID-19 does not spread by human-to-human contact! It turned out to be 10 times more contagious as influenza. WHO’s stance—that healthy people should wear masks only if they are taking care of a person with COVID-19—contradicts the advisories being issued by countries—from India to Germany—that everyone should wear masks outside, especially when they are in a group.
 
If the death toll alone is a yardstick, then the Indian government’s quick decision to announce a hard lock-down may have helped contain the numbers, but only time will tell the human and economic cost of this lock-down. 
 
The economic impact of COVID-19 is unfolding before us in multiple ways – job losses, the crash in oil prices and the declaration of recession by several countries. As a media entity, we are also flooded with detailed economic analysis and forecasts for various countries, industry segments and companies. 
 
This column will look at some of the human costs of COVID-19, a disease that was spread by the most affluent people on the planet; but, as always, has ended up shattering the lives of the poorest people. 
 
Let us look at two examples—those of migrant workers stranded away from home and sanitation workers who are expected to clean up after us.
 
The biggest impact of the lock-down is on migrant workers and the self-employed. Overnight, millions of Indians, with respectable sources of livelihood, from roadside hawkers and vendors, persons ironing clothes, working as self-employed drivers, mechanics, painters, carpenters, plumbers, beauticians, hair dressers, or offering other services, have turned destitute. There are also hundreds of fishermen from the coastal states who are stranded away from home due to the suddenness with which the lock-down was imposed. 
 
These are people with aspirations, scraping together a living and hoping for a better tomorrow for their children. Overnight, they are living on charity and donations. 
 
EAS Sarma, social activist and former secretary to the Union government, has written to the prime minister pointing out how “there is one set of laws for those advantageously placed in life and another for the downtrodden majority.” The worst affected are migrant labourers, whose treatment brings out the stark inequality in India.  
 
The government sent airplanes to bring back Indians stranded overseas, and sent over 500 buses to bring back pilgrims or students stranded in other states, but did nothing for migrant workers other than beating them up when they protested. Indeed, the government exposed them to ‘community spread’ of the virus through a forced lock-down, which does not allow room for physical distancing. 
 
Mr Sarma points out, with many examples, how the Centre and state governments have openly adopted a different attitude and perspective about ‘voiceless migrant workers’ trying to reach home, as opposed to the more affluent middle-class who are similarly stranded. And, yet, when the lock-down was first imposed, COVID-19 was a disease that originated abroad, and was brought to India by those who could undertake international travel. 
 
 
When COVID-19-related deaths began to first surface in Mumbai, we learnt that sanitary workers on permanent employment with the municipal corporation initially refused to touch the bodies. They wanted the task assigned to ‘contract’ workers, who are also unionised, but less in a position to bargain. 
 
We already have a notorious record of sending desperately poor contract labour to their deaths by assigning them to tasks like cleaning sewers and polluted wells without proper safety equipment or precautions. Once again, the hunt was on for expendable lives, when it came to dealing with a virus. 
 
Will this change? Sanitation work, including sweeping of streets, is not mechanised because of protests by municipal unions, whose concern was that it would lead to a reduction in employment. It was a political hot potato that nobody wanted to touch.  
 
Over time, technological solutions have come in via private initiatives and funding through corporate social responsibility (CSR) allocations. But they have only added the existing solutions, without touching the existing workforce. 
 
So, we have an incongruous situation where ‘temporary contract workers’ are used to do the work that permanent employees won't, while mechanisation is opposed for fear that it may reduce employment at the lowest end of the government pyramid. 
 
Illegal sub-contracting of work to needy ‘contract’ labour is rampant even at the individual level and accountability is extremely low. All of this is aided by politicians, because there is plenty of money to be made in providing government jobs which also builds strong vote banks. 
 
Last week, a group of academics wrote an open letter demanding a mechanisation of sanitation work. They have, correctly, asked for sanitation workers to be treated as health workers who should be covered by health insurance. All of this, including technology solutions for the most dangerous jobs, such sewer cleaning robots, is possible, even without adding to more government jobs. 
 
The academics correctly say, “The hope is that as a nation, perhaps we have, finally, understood the importance of public hygiene. If we wish it to become a feature of the nation, we have to go far beyond mere tokenism.” 
 
It is a chicken-and-egg situation. Without adopting large-scale mechanisation of manual work, we are not going to tackle the hygiene issue which is of national importance in the face of pandemics. Our infamous tolerance for filth around us is not only about our own habits but the inability to demand and enforce mechanised cleaning. The ban on contract work can only follow. This requires government to look beyond vote banks and union interests and put the nation’s interest first. 
 
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    COMMENTS

    yerramr

    4 weeks ago

    Migrant workers - safety and rehabilitation are big issues. But those who engage in good times - Don't they have any responsibility? Remember, it is they who would be looking for welcoming them without paying their dues or any other benefits. Second, should we not ask from all employers that those who employ shall maintain good record of them and also enroll them for benefits under EPF and ESI? Why are not these supporters giving them ID cards when engaged? Sympathisers of their plight should also think of permanent solutions.

    I may have engaged only one migrant worker at home. Her address and other particulars were available with me. She told me and my wife that she wanted a month's leave on February 20. The understanding is - if she applies for leave she will be entitled for full pay for the services she renders at home. If she stays beyond the leave she is not entitled. The purpose for which she took leave was to secure MNREG wages by working on farm in her village. After the expiry of leave, she got stuck. She and her family had to stay back. Her husband phoned to tell us they could not come back and they wanted relief. I just told them to stay at their home. They also have a piece of land in the village. This is the case of maid servant. Both I and my wife past 77 are doing our household work at our own pace with comfort. The idea in narrating this story is - the persons or firms who engage the migrant workers have a responsibility to take care of them. When firms are closed, where they worked, these firms should have spoken to the government authorities for housing them. They could not because they did not maintain their record of work!! Let us prevent migration. If we can't let us take care of them within our means. It is obvious that migrant workers are engaged at a cost lower than the other regular workers for the same job or other jobs. The enterprises gained marginally. They should articulate their case and seek special funding for both their re-location when they are back to work with the promise that they will be put on permanent rolls!!

    nadeemajshaikh

    4 weeks ago

    Among other things utmost priority should be done to improve public health system, presently in a pathetic state. In fact it should be the number one agenda in the local, state and central government.

    m.prabhu.shankar

    4 weeks ago

    Good Article

    mahesh.bhatt

    4 weeks ago

    Narrow Political interests Make Large Economic Gains Narrower the interest better the Gains Ma'am Simple Think Business Times technically not HumanlyMahesh Bhatt

    Harish C Kohli

    4 weeks ago

    Very well written. The first paragraph says it all and Sucheta ji you have well elaborated the situation now. What lies ahead, if the situation is not tackled with whatever with whatever resources are at our disposal! The poor will not just sit, watch and suffer.
    Many will disagree, but the silver lining is that we have a person like Modi. He may not be right in whatever he does, but he has acted fast and to the best he and his team could do at that point.
    Does anyone believe he could have done better? Yes they do. Old habits die hard, there are people who believe they always do better. For example; First change clothes, then assess the situation and then forming a committee which will report quickly. How many were killed by then? Couldn't help but remind myself of 26/11?
    What will happen in the coming days, weeks ......... I cannot say. But our life will change, for the better, hopefully. People will ponder on issues that affect our lives, as shiram64 has written; population, literacy, slums, corruption, discipline, forget "me first", value other life, respect others. I recall, for my driving licence test in UK, I was taking lessons on driving ethics. At one point the trainer told "take a turn only when sure the incoming driver does not have to brake". Be considerate to the other.
    There may be other Indian states too but an example of respect for the other people, other religions are respected, people are disciplined is Goa.
    To be clear I am not promoting any party, person or state.

    REPLY

    RVR

    In Reply to Harish C Kohli 4 weeks ago

    Good point raised. Let us learn to be kind and considerate to each other, of our fellow citizens and residents, regardless of caste and creed.

    Stop using words like "termites" to refer to other human beings, even if they are from neighbouring lands. Indians migrate abroad in millions in humanitys common search for a better life.

    Hope the honourable PM stresses on this aspect more often in his speeches.

    Then as Rabindranath Tagore prayed India will truly awaken to a "heaven of freedom".

    suneel

    4 weeks ago

    Whenever I read any article on national development, ultimate suggestion comes out that political class shd rise above vote bank politics. Is there no tesponsibility of voters. Voters will have to develop long term vision and vote accordingly.Political class will start functioning according to voters.

    suketu

    4 weeks ago

    Super article.Narendra' Modi's attitude is "I have full majority 303 seats.I wl do whatever I want.No one can question me.".People are not willing to accept it anymore.If he is so great at solving corona as he claims how come 2 of bjp rules stated -Gujrat and Mp are worst affected and they have hardly tested.There is faulty leadership at the top and India wl have to tolerate it upto 2024.

    shivram64

    4 weeks ago

    Nice piece. However things will not change till
    1. Population is controlled (demographic dividend be damned)
    2. Literacy improves (Thrust on primary education)
    3. Pension is stopped for all Govt employees except police and armed forces. (triple the pay)
    NO political party has the inclination to do this.

    Meenal Mamdani

    1 month ago

    Excellent opinion piece.
    The writer points out so many facts that we readers, mainly middle/upper middle class, are simply unaware of because it does not impact our lifestyle. Or if we are aware, then we say let the govt fix the problem.
    But, we are the govt and each one of us must put in the effort to correct the wrongs that exist.
    Even we NRIs have a duty towards the country that gave us the knowledge and skills to make a success of our lives in other more prosperous countries.
    If we do not wake up and start on the path to putting things right now, I guess we never will.

    Maharashtra Minister Jitendra Awhad tests COVID-19 positive
    In a shocking development, Maharashtra Housing Minister Jitendra Awhad has tested COVID-19 positive, official sources said here early on Friday.
     
    Awhad, along with a dozen of his family members had been in home quarantine since past 10 days.
     
    The decision was taken as a precaution after one of his security personnel had tested positive. The matter was first highlighted by IANS on April 13.
     
    Earlier, the minister had tested negative, but a subsequent report on Thursday had come positive, alarming the state health authorities.
     
    The senior Nationalist Congress Party was admitted to a hospital on Wednesday for further tests.
     
    It's suspected that the Minister may have unknowingly passed on the infection to several persons who are now under treatment.
     
    The minister had come in contact with a policeman in Thane's Mumbra town during the search for persons who had attended the Tablighi Jamaat event in Delhi earlier this month.
     
    Among other contacts if the infected policeman were several other police personnel, mediapersons, officials, including Awhad, sending shockwaves in state circles.
     
    While a senior minister confirmed the development to IANS, there's no reaction from the NCP or the government so far.
     
    Earlier this month health authorities went into a tizzy after a tea-seller.outside the Bandra residence of Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray had tested COVID-19 positive.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
  • User 

    DA for Central govt employees frozen till July 2021
    In view of the crisis arising out of COVID-19, government on Thursday decided to freeze payment of additional instalment of dearness allowance (DA) to the Central government employees and dearness relief (DR) to pensioners falling due from January 1, 2020.
     
    The decision comes after the Union Cabinet on March 14 approved a four per cent hike in DA to 21 per cent in a bonanza for 1.13 crore Central government employees and pensioners applicable from January, 2020 costing the exchequer Rs 14,595 crore. 
     
    In an office memorandum, department of expenditure, ministry of finance said that additional instalment of DA and DR falling due from July 1, 2020 and January 1, 2021 will also not be paid. However, the allowance will continue to be paid at current rates.
     
    The Central government employees will also not get any arrears in any future revision of DA/DR from from July 1, 2021. However, If a decision to revise DA rates is taken for July 1, 2021 period, the rate of allowance as effective from January 1, 2020, July 1, 2020 and January 1, 2021 will be restored prospectively and will be subsumed in the cumulative revised rates effective from July 1, 2021, the office memorandum said. 
     
    Though the government did not give an estimate of how much it would save by disallowing DA revision for its employees, a four per cent raise approved by cabinet last month meant additional expenditure of around Rs 15,000 crore. For three half yearly periods, going by this yardstick, would result in savings of close to Rs 45,000 for the Centre. 
     
    Any change in DA rates benefits about 48 lakh Central government employees and 65 lakh pensioners.
     
    DA is paid by the government to its employees as well as pensioners to offset the impact of inflation.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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