According to analysis done by ADR and NEW, on an average, BJP received Rs13.19 lakh per unique donor, Congress received Rs11.70 lakh, NCP received Rs1 crore while CPI and CPM received Rs3.23 lakh and Rs4.03 lakh, respectively per unique donor
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has received the largest chunk of donations above Rs20,000 from corporate and business houses before the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The top three donors of BJP are Bharti Group's Satya Electoral Trust, Sterlite Industries India Ltd and Cairn India Ltd, reveals an analysis done by Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR) and National Election Watch (NEW).
According to ADR report, a total of 704 donations from corporate/ business sectors amounting to Rs157.84 crore were made to BJP during 2013-14. Satya Electoral Trust, donated the highest Rs41.37 crore from three donations, followed by Sterlite Industries India Ltd that donated Rs15 crore from four donations and Cairn India which donated Rs7.50 crores from two donations to BJP.
“It is to be noted that none of the above three donated to BJP during FY 2012-13”, ADR said in a release.
According to ADR, total donations received by BJP, Indian National Congress (INC), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) and Communist Party of India (CPI) during FY2013-14 showed an increase of 158% from previous year. Total donations to BJP during the same period jumped 105% to Rs170.86 crore. Donations declared by BJP during FY14 is more than twice the aggregate declared by the INC, NCP, CPI and CPM during the same year, ADR said.
The donations declared by BJP amount to 69% of the total donations declared by all the national parties together, ADR said, adding that the total amount of donations above Rs20,000 received by national political parties during 2013-14, calculated from the donations report submitted to the EC annually, stood at Rs247.79 crore.
ADR said on an average, BJP received Rs13.19 lakh per unique donor, INC received Rs11.70 lakh per unique donor, NCP received Rs1 crore per unique donor, while CPI and CPM received Rs3.23 lakh and Rs4.03 lakh, respectively per unique donor.
“It is to be noted that three donations from individuals from Singapore (Ashish Todi, Vikas Dhanuka, PC Prasad) were made to BJP, amounting to a total of Rs8.50 lakh. These were the only declared donations from outside India,” said ADR, adding that the PAN numbers were not given in all three donations, which were paid through cheques.
The ADR analysis also found some discrepancies in the declaration. “Donations made by A to Z Online Services Pvt Ltd (Rs84 lakh) and Jumana Goolam Vahanvati (Rs20 lakh) were through the same cheque number (957). Similarly, donations made by Ravi Developers (Rs7.50 lakhs) and Ravi Development (Rs7.50 lakhs) were through the same cheque number (7939569).”
Noting that PAN details of the first four donors were not declared in the contributions report of the party, ADR said full details of all donors should be made available for public scrutiny under RTI, as in some countries abroad.
Political parties were required to submit their contributions report for 2013-14 to the Election Commission before October 2014. The report from BJP was received only on 20 December 2014.