Amarchand & Mangaldas: Understanding the Shardul versus Cyril Shroff battle

The Shroff brothers and partners, Shardul and Cyril, are involved in the one of the most public family battles in recent time. Both have agreed to mediation in the dispute over their mother Bharati Shroff’s stake in Amarchand & Mangaldas, India’s largest law firm


One of the most public family battles in the recent past, the Shardul versus Cyril battle will decide the outcome of India’s biggest law firm. With exclusive access to Shardul’s plaint as well as the late Bharati Shroff’s Will, we bring to you a detailed timeline of the events that have transpired so far.

13 October 1994: Suresh A Shroff, founding partner of Amarchand & Mangaldas & Hiralal Shroff & Co. (AMHS) and M/s Suresh A Shroff & Co, passes away. He leaves behind his wife, Bharati Shroff and two sons, Cyril Shroff and Shardul Shroff, all lawyers.

Bharati Shroff has 35% share in AMHS.

2 May 1995: Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co (AMSS) is constituted by a Deed of Partnership to include outsiders into the family Partnership.

Bharati Shroff has 22.5% share in AMHS

26 March 2001: The firm continues under an “Amended and Restated Partnership” executed by the then 13 Partners of AMSS including & ‘non-Shroff’ Partners i.e. MP Bharucha, Alka Bharucha, Sharad Prabhakar Mathkar, Nitu Potdar, Ritu Bhalla, L Vishwanathan, V Umakant and Ajay Roy.

Partnership Deed also established a Management Committee.

26 March 2001: A Family Framework Agreement (FFA) is executed amongst “A-Class” Partners of AMSS to establish principles of inter and intra family equality. “A-Class” Partners include Bharati Shroff, Shardul Shroff, Cyril Shroff, Pallavi Shroff and Vandana Shroff.

The FFA provides guidelines on nominations to the Management Committee and other family matters.

Under the FFA, Bharati Shroff’s share in the partnership is to be devolved equally. (Eventually leading to legal question as to which document would prevail – the FFA or the Will).

1 June 2012: Bharati Shroff executes her Will. Elder son Shardul Shroff appointed sole executor and trustee.

Quoting the Will:

“I have made a conscious decision not to appoint Cyril Shroff as a co-executor of my Will….and I direct that Cyril and Vandana and his family be totally kept out of the management of my Estate…In my lifetime Cyril had confiscated my fiduciary powers, my powers of signing cheques etc. in the affairs of the firm.”

Estate of Bharati Shroff includes

  (a) 35% share in Amarachand & Mangaldas & Hiralal Shroff & Co (AMHS), which has substantial immoveable properties and also the holder of the Brand, “Amarchand & Mangaldas”.

   (b) 22.5% share in Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff (AMSS) represented by 52,000 Founder Family units.

    (c) Fully paid 36,226 Class A shares of face value of Rs1/- each in the capital of Amarchand Tower Property Holdings Pvt Ltd (ATP)

    (d) Properties and jewellery owned by the family

Under the Will, Shardul and Cyril can each purchase half of Bharati Shroff’s shares in AMSS and AMHS. The money they pay for the shares will go to Bharati Shroff’s charitable organisations.

Same principles as applied in AMSS and AMHS to be applicable in the case of ATP; and non-payment by Shardul and Cyril would mean ATP shares to vest in her Trusts.

Quoting from the Will

“I am quite fed up with Cyril’s irrational behaviour – however, for the sake of and with the hope that Shardul and Cyril will still continue to remain joint in the professional practice…I have taken a positive decision that Cyril shall pay and so shall Shardul for acquiring my shares in the two firms and ATP.”

However, Bharati Shroff has bequeathed all her personal properties to Shardul Shroff including the family deity.

“Cyril does not trust me and I do not trust Cyril. It is a very pitiable relation between mother and a son that we lived with since 2003 onwards.”

“I want to make it clear that if for any reason or in any manner any aspect of the Will is disputed by Cyril or by any other member of his family, then none of her properties shall devolve on Cyril and his family but shall instead be bequeathed only in favour of my elder son Shardul Shroff except those properties which I have expressed in the Will to be bequeathed to my Trusts.”

25 January 2014: Codicil executed under which Bharati Shroff disinherited Cyril and his family entirely.

Quoting from Codicil:

“After execution of my last will, in the past two years much has happened, which has disturbed me to the core…I have been pushed aside and the treatment meted out to me by Cyril, his wife and children is as if I do not exist. I am deeply hurt.”

“I have come to a decision that if they have no value and respect for me, it is best that I cut them off and exclude them totally from all inheritance from my assets. I do not desire to give them anything at all.

I do know that I have been unfair to Cyril because of his and his family members’ arrogance and selfish arrogant behaviour towards me. But they have crossed all boundaries.”

24 August 2014: Bharati Shroff dies in Mumbai.

10 September 2014: Sealed bag containing testamentary documents opened in Delhi in the presence of Shardul Shroff, James Abraham, former Partner at BCG Consulting (Defendant 4 in the suit) and Vikram Bhalla, representative of BCG, with Cyril Shroff’s consent.

10 September 2014: Shardul Shroff delivers to Cyril Shroff a sealed envelope containing copies of testamentary documents.

19-22 September 2014: James Abraham, on behalf of Cyril and Vandana Shroff opens dialogue with Shardul Shroff.

Elder brother claims he is agreeable to a reasonable solution to settle family disputes.

20 September 2014: Shardul sends email to James Abraham, offers Cyril Shroff 50% of his mother’s share in the two firms and ATP subject, however to (a) Cyril and family confirming that they have no dispute to any aspect of her will and codicil and (b) Cyril’s willingness to make the payment as per terms to her estate for obtaining and purchasing 50% of her share in the two firms and ATP.

9 October 2014 (Disputed by Cyril): Shardul claims that Cyril did not accept the offer. However, Shardul made it clear that he still remained open to a reasonable solution after the Testamentary Dispositions had been implemented.

According to sources, HDFC Chairman Deepak Parekh and Birla group’s Chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla were also involved in the mediation process between the two brothers before the matter reached the Bombay High Court.

16 October 2014 (Disputed by Cyril): Shardul claims defendants collaborated with each other, Cyril and Vandana Shroff to appropriate to 50% of Bharati Shroff’s partnership share in AMSS, and also her share in AMHS.

17 October 2014: Cyril sends e-mail to Shardul in relation to ATP saying 18,113 Class-A shares in ATP are to be registered in the name of Cyril and Vandana Shroff. Remaining 18,113 shares in the name of Shardul and his wife, Pallavi Shroff.

19 October 2014: Shardul objects to these acts and asks that status quo is maintained.

5 November 2014: Legal counsel for Shardul, Bharucha & Partners write to Cyril and other Defendants, seeking confirmation that status quo is maintained.

6 November 2014: Shardul replies, says any distribution/ reallocation will be kept in abeyance.

11 November 2014: James Abraham and Gerald Goulding acting as “independent” members of the Management Committed write to Shardul; they say Management Committee has no interest in the estate of Mrs Shroff.

They also claim a circular is passed by resolution, allowing partial devolution of Bharati Shroff’s estate to Cyril and Vandana Shroff.

Shardul replies, by questioning the Management Committee’s decision. Abraham suggests discussion, albeit with preconditions. Preconditions rejected by Shardul.

12 November 2014: L Vishwanathan sends email to Shardul Shroff, says Management Committee should implement the resolution. Cyril, Abraham also provide legal opinions from senior counsels Abhishek Manu Singhvi and Virag Tulzapurkar.

Shardul replies, refuting these contentions.

Cyril informs Shardul that nothing will be done against the directions mentioned in Bharati Shroff’s Will (Disputed by Shardul).

Counsel for Cyril Shroff, Iqbal Chagla would later tell the Court that this fact has been suppressed.

14 November 2014: Shardul moves Bombay High Court for probate, injunction against Cyril and six others. Cyril Shroff and other defendants served with notice at 6.20pm.

15 November 2014: Vandana Shroff tells Bar and Bench,

“We are shocked. We are trying our best to make sure that clients don’t suffer and it’s business as usual. We will deal with things as and how things unfold.”

18 November 2014: Matter listed before Justice RD Dhanuka in Bombay High Court. P Chidambaram appears for Shardul Shroff, Iqbal Chagla for Cyril and Vandana Shroff. J Sagar Associates briefed Darius Khambata for James Abraham and George Goulding, DSK Legal represents L Vishwanathan.

Mediation suggested and accepted after two-hour long battle in which Cyril’s counsel Iqbal Chagla alleges that Shardul was deeply involved in the preparation of Mrs Shroff’s will and that the partnership deed and FFA should prevail over the will.

31 December 2014: The Court appointed mediators Justice BN Srikrishna, Harish Salve and Nimesh Kampani to complete proceedings.

19 January 2015: The next date of hearing is 19 January 2015.

Will all this lead to a split? According to sources in Mumbai, the firm is likely to split. One of the sources said, “It is not something that is not being talked about and the split only seems to be the way forward. However, only time will tell.”



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Suketu Shah

4 years ago

This makes sad reading for the no 1 legal firm in the country.Sad reading for how apparently one of the sons treated his mother more than anything.

'Mangalyaan' among Time's best inventions of 2014
India’s Mangalyaan is among the 25 'Best Inventions of 2014' listed by Time magazine that are 'making the world better, smarter and-in some cases-a little more fun'
India's maiden mission to Mars or Mangalyaan has been named among the best inventions of 2014 by Time magazine which described it as a technological feat that will allow the country to flex its 'interplanetary muscles.'
"Nobody gets Mars right on the first try. The US didn't, Russia didn't, the Europeans didn't. But on 24th September, India did. That's when the Mangalyaan ...Went into orbit around the Red Planet, a technological feat no other Asian nation has yet achieved," Time said about Mangalyaan, calling it "The Supersmart Spacecraft."
Mangalyaan is among the 25 'Best Inventions of 2014' listed by Time magazine that are 'making the world better, smarter and-in some cases-a little more fun'.
Developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Mars spacecraft cost India just $74 million, less than the budget for the multi-Acacdemy Award winning science fiction thriller film Gravity. Time said at that price, the Mangalyaan is equipped with just five onboard instruments that allow it to do simple tasks like measure Martian methane and surface composition.
"More important, however, it allows India to flex its interplanetary muscles, which portends great things for the country's space programme and for science in general," Time said.
The list also includes inventions by two Indians for developing an exercise space for prisoners in solitary confinement and a tablet toy for kids.
Nalini Nadkarni, forest ecologist and college professor helped develop the 'Blue Room' with Snake River Correctional Institution in Oregon for inmates in solitary confinement, who for 23 hours a day see nothing but a tiny, white-walled cell, an experience some research suggests heightens mental illness and makes prisoners prone to suicide attempts and violence.
Last year, officials began letting some of them spend their free hour in a first-of-its-kind Blue Room, an exercise space where a projector plays video of open deserts, streaming waterfalls and other outdoor scenes. Nadkarni says the imagery is designed to calm prisoners, 'much in the way we walk through a park' to relax.
Former Google engineer Pramod Sharma developed 'Osmo', a tablet toy that gets physical. Sharma got the inspiration when he saw his daughter playing with the iPad, but did not want her to be glued to the tablet all day long.
The toy, which debuted in October, has helped Osmo raise $14.5 million in capital and is now being sold in the Apple Store.
The other inventions are a reactor developed by aerospace company Lockheed Martin that could realize nuclear fusion, Apple's smart watch that besides telling time, can send messages, give directions, track fitness and make wireless payments and Microsoft's Surface Pro 3, a 'hybrid' that bundles laptop into a 12-inch tablet and can run desktop apps.


Fadnavis govt to wait for GST before scrapping LBT in Maharashtra

Scrapping of LBT was featuring prominently in BJP's poll manifesto for the recently concluded Assembly elections and yet Maharashtra government now want GST to be introduced first


The Maharashtra government is unlikely to scrap the local body tax (LBT) unless the union government introduces the goods and services tax (GST). However, scrapping of LBT was featuring prominently in BJP's poll manifesto for the recently concluded state Assembly elections.


"Yes, we did include scrapping of LBT and thereby bring cheer to traders in our poll manifesto. We remain committed towards fulfilling our promise. But at the same time how can we ignore the current financial condition of the state," state Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar told reporters.


He added that Maharashtra, which was once considered to be a financially sound state, is now reeling under a debt of Rs3.44 lakh crore. When the situation is so bad, shouldn't it be priority (of the government) to improve the fiscal condition of the state, he added.


Traders across the state have been demanding to scrap the LBT for some time and also held protests.


"We have the LBT and the octroi which is providing a revenue of Rs14,500 crore to the exchequer annually. When we abolish these revenue sources, we need to find out an alternate source of revenue generation first," Mungantiwar added.


He said the Centre is keen to implement the GST from 2016 and reimburse the state with the difference in the revenue once it is implemented here.


Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis said, "Say if we manage to collect only Rs8,000 crore from GST, the Centre will provide us with the remaining Rs6,500 crore so that we get the same revenue as we currently get from octroi and LBT."


"We have two options before us. Either we increase our tax collection by coming out with an alternative to LBT and octroi, or we wait for a year till GST will be introduced. I will explain the technical problems to the trade Union and try to convince them to wait for a year till we introduce GST," he said.


Mungantiwar echoed Fadnavis's views and said the state may consider postponing the scrapping of LBT and Octroi by a year.


Fadnavis has also called a meeting of traders after which he may announce his decision on LBT.


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