Public Interest   Exclusive
Aadhaar: The story of mistrust and misuse

Biometrics is not the only problem, the enrolment process and authentication systems are also emerging as serious issues with the UID or Aadhaar identification project. This is also forcing banks to search for other alternatives for payment authentication

Lost cards, fake and frivolous enrolments and difficulty in reading biometrics of the really poor on whose name the expensive project was started, are just a few of the issues plaguing Aadhaar, the Unique Identification (UID) number project, the brainchild of Nandan Nilekani. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) appears to be happy to enrol more people who already have some identification rather than those who do not have any.

This has evoked strong criticism from a top official from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Dr KC Chakrabarty, deputy governor, RBI, in a report said, “Aadhaar was to give ID to people without cards, but it is giving to those who don’t need one. Even if it signs up 500 million people in the next five to six years, and they are all people like you and me, it will not serve any purpose.”

Several poor people, who do not have any ID, are also finding it difficult to enrol for Aadhaar. Many of them, like housemaids and construction labourers, are finding it difficult to provide a clean fingerprint sample. Some could not even submit sample of their iris due to cataract. After failing to provide clean samples for registrations, these people may be deprived the Aadhaar number or enrolled in physically-disabled category. People also have been complaining about the long time taken for registering for the Aadhaar.

According to media reports, even the finance ministry is looking at an alternate system of payment validation. While, the government and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked banks to accept the Aadhaar number as one of the identification proofs for opening an account, the lenders are not sure about the authentication and verification of these numbers for the payment system. The RBI does not appear to be confident about Aadhaar as it feels that the UID project is not ready for handling secure payment transactions.

Last week, an initial probe by the Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS) in Hyderabad revealed that its staff indulged in fake enrolments and dispatch of the UID numbers.
Mohammad Ali, a data entry supervisor of IL&FS, told the police that he was sacked in September 2011 and surrendered his login ID and password to his seniors. The company, however, gave this login ID and password to others, who in turn registered about 30,000 people in just six months from 17 enrolment centres in Hyderabad. They even dispatched the letter mentioning the UID number. However, majority of the registrations were fake and UIDAI admitted that it never received any data for these Aadhaar enrolments. Out of these 30,000 enrolments, about 800 were registered under the physically-disabled category, which may make it easy for  a fake user to obtain other documents like a passport.

This is completely in contrast to the UIDAI claims. Earlier in January, UIDAI said, “… based on the analysis, it can be stated with confidence that UIDAI enrolment system has proven to be reliable, accurate and scalable to meet the nation’s need of providing unique Aadhaar numbers to the entire population. It is now safe to conclude that the system will be able to scale to handle the entire population”.
 
This again may be the reason, why the finance ministry and bankers are searching for other avenues for a payment authentication system. In Mewat district of Haryana, the Department of Financial Services has started its own pilot project for biometric authentication. The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has created routing systems for payments in the pilot project.
 
Even, the request for proposals (RFPs) issued by State Bank of India (SBI) for enrolling banking correspondents (BCs) in Maharashtra says that the technology solutions can be based on authentication system other than those of UIDAI (Aadhaar, what else?). Bankers, especially, belonging to state-run banks, have expressed reservations about the legality of Aadhaar.

Last year in December, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance, headed by Yashwant Sinha had rejected the National Identification Authority of India Bill (NIA Bill). The finance ministry, the home ministry and the Planning Commission, further strengthening the committee's reservations to the big-ticket scheme, have also opposed the project.

The committee also raised concerns about security, data theft and privacy. “Considering the huge database size and possibility of misuse of information, enactment of a national data protection law, which is at a draft stage, is a prerequisite for any law that deals with large scale collection of information from individuals and its linkages across separate database… The committee is afraid that the scheme may wind up being dependent on private agencies…,” the committee noted in its report.

According to a potential class action suit filed by Bengaluru-based Col (retd) Mathew Thomas of Citizens’ Action Forum and VK Somasekhar, founder-trustee of Grahak Shakti, every day the UID project continues, several crore of rupees of taxpayers’ money would be lost. Apart from this, the continued gathering of people’s data would be an unacceptable security risk both to the people and the nation itself.

“It is respectfully submitted that while millions are dying of hunger, starvation and deprivation be it children, women, men or aged persons, spending such huge amounts of money to benefit and make it possible for many to pocket the money at the expense of the citizen in the name of Aadhaar even without any legislative sanction is illegal. Plaintiffs are affected by the conduct of the defendants and so are many millions of Indians,” said Col (retd) Thomas and Mr Somasekhar in the petition.

Social activist and writer Arundhati Roy, in an interview to the New Internationalist magazine expressed reservation about the Aadhaar scheme. “Imagine a government that cannot provide food or water to its people, a government whose policies have created a population of 800 million people who live on less than Rs20 [about 45 US cents] a day, a country which has the largest number of malnourished children in the world, which has, as a major priority, the desire to distribute UID cards to all of its citizens.”

“The UID is a corporate scam which funnels billions of dollars into the IT sector. To me, it is one of the most serious transgressions that is on the cards. It is nothing more than an administrative tool in the hands of a police state," the activist had said.

The UIDAI is also been accused to make false claims about the reliability of biometrics used in the Aadhaar project. (Read: True lies of biometric technology in Aadhaar enrolment).

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COMMENTS

A BANERJEE

6 years ago

How relevant this story has become now in the context of my experience!
As a retired govt. employee, I have a Pensioners' ID card as well as the AADHAAR card (original issue). Confident that my existing connection entitles me to the portability facility, I applied for the same migrated to Airtel on the basis of the aforesaid two documents. Airtel refused to accept the validity of AADHAAR (and ID card issued by the central govt.). As TRAI is NOT accessible, and never responds to any mail, and the authorities do not care whether AADHAAR is accepted or not as a valid document for ID, I requested the PMO to take up the issue to ensure that AADHAAR card is given its proper recognition by the private operators in the telecom arena, with no result. Even for the recent repeat enumeration exercise for the AADHAR project, my existing Aadhaar card was accepted and, as far as I understand and advertised by the Railways, it is a valid ID proof.
As a citizen of this country, it is insulting to me (and to my country) that a private party (that too an Indian entity) would refuse to accept the Aadhaar Card as a legally valid ID/Residence Proof. In fact, the govt. should take action against Airtel for this utter disrespect of the sovereign govt of India. Or, else, the Govt. (i.e., Mr. Nilekani) should explain the legal status of the AADHAR card in the context of the recent statement of Mr. Nilekani and the reports on direct cash transfer (under welfare schemes) on the basis of this card.

Prashant

6 years ago

The misuse of bio metric identity can be a very serious problem because after that there is no chance that you are punished for what you had not done. Government should think about this seriously cuz it can create some real trouble for anyone and even can help terrorists. Nice read thanks for such a informative article.

Bhamy Shenoy

7 years ago

Every new initiative of far reaching importance is likely to face the kind of problems highlighted in your article. Does it mean that we should not start any new initiative.

The potential benefits from an Aadhaar type program are far more than some of the problems you have highlighted.

Will you be interested to publish my article where I have written why I support aadhaar outlining 10 reasons. Instead of selectively quoting only those who are biased against aadhhar it will be useful and credible if you can also publish the views of those who support it.

Suraj Jain

7 years ago

I have applied aadhar card on 12th June 2011 but still not received. They are just cheating people by taking all the details of a person.

My Enrolment ID/Number : 1216002110002920110612140117

Ram Das

7 years ago

You write, "They even dispatched the letter mentioning the UID number. However, majority of the registrations were fake and UIDAI admitted that it never received any data for these Aadhaar enrolments. "
implying that ILFS dispatched Aadhaar letters and UIDAI did not receive enrollment data of majority of these enrollments.
Both of these charges are misleading at best and lies at worst.
UIDAI has never claimed that it did not receive the data. In fact, it is UIDAI's internal system that flagged this fraud after issuing Aadhaar numbers. All Aadhaar letters were sent by UIDAI through its normal process.

Your write, "The UIDAI is also been accused to make false claims about the reliability of biometrics used in the Aadhaar project". You cite Mr. David Moss. Anyone can accuse anyone else. But it is the responsibility of a good journalist to separate false accusations from the valid ones. You will find that Mr. Moss does not provide any tangible evidence to show that UIDAI report is inaccurate. Please check with any biometric experts for validity of UIDAI report which was prepared with help of biometric experts and not lawyers like Mr. Moss.

REPLY

Team MLD

In Reply to Ram Das 7 years ago

ARe you representing IL&FS? If yes, please be open about it. We have a lot of questions to ask them about a string of projects in physical and IT infrastructure that they have handled over the years. This goof up is just one of them. Please tell us if should email you questions about IL&FS or put them up in public domain for your responses.

Ram Das

In Reply to Team MLD 7 years ago

Team MLD,
I know you will be disappointed to know that I have to connection to ILFS or any other enrolling agency. If you read my statements accurately, you will notice that I am not defending ILFS.
I am simply pointing out that you are mixing facts and personal opinions. UIDAI has accepted that all of the enrollments were sent to UIDAI. This is precisely how they detected the fraud.
Please accept error in reporting when it occurs.

Hanumantaiyya

In Reply to Ram Das 7 years ago

If you have personal problem with Moss, then let it be. Here is another expert, a renowned security expert......
In an essay published at Forbes.com, security technologist and author Bruce Schneier, says, "As long as privacy isn't salient, and as long as companies are allowed to forcibly change social norms by limiting options, people will increasingly get used to less and less privacy. There is no malice on anyone's part here; it is just market forces in action. If we believe privacy is a social good, something necessary for democracy, liberty and human dignity, then we cannot rely on market forces to maintain it. Broad legislation protecting personal privacy by giving people control over their personal data is the only solution."
Before commenting kindly read this article first... http://www.moneylife.in/article/78/11862...

aradana

7 years ago

"Mohammad Ali, a data entry supervisor of IL&FS, told the police that he was sacked in September 2011 and surrendered his login ID and password to his seniors. The company, however, gave this login ID and password to others, who in turn registered about 30,000 people in just six months from 17 enrolment centres in Hyderabad. They even dispatched the letter mentioning the UID number. ". WHAT IS MEANT BY SURENDERING THE LOIN ID AND PASSWORD. TO ALL THE FELLOW PPL. THERE IS NO SUCH THING IN UID ENROLLMENT. LOGIN ID IS THERE. BUT THE PASSWORD OR EQUIVALENT TO AUTHORISE AN ENROLLMENT IS THEIR OWN FINGERRINT. SO IT CANNOT BE COMPRIMISED.. OR ATLEAST NOT SO EASILY. SECONDLY, ISSUE OF AADHAAR IS DONE BY UIDAI AND NOT BY ANYONE ELSE. SO WHAT FAKE?? WHO DESPATCHED THE LETTER?? DEAR EDITOR, PLEASE LEARN WHAT S BEHIND, BEFORE PUBLISHING SOMETHING TO THE PEOPLE..

REPLY

MDT

In Reply to aradana 7 years ago

Dear Aradana,
Thanks for your comment. Unfortunately you appear to not understanding the context. Mohammad Ali was employee of IL&FS, which was assigned the job as registrar to enroll people into Aadhaar by the UIDAI. Many data entry operators, who were enrolling people in the UID scheme are required to use login ID and password to use/operate their system and the enrolment software. Secondly, although UIDAI is supposed to have assigned the Aadhaar number and dispatched the letter, here in this particular case, Mr Ali and IL&FS did the job. Isn't this a serious issue?
Thanks again,
Moneylife Team

Aban

7 years ago

Thanks for this article. Having sunk hundreds of crores of rupees of the poor taxpayers, just to satisfy the ego of a highly connected but disgruntled person, the bogus scheme is now proved to be all false. And, meanwhile, the contractors who were awarded the job of doing this work, have made their money! So many IAS officers have made repeated study tours abroad to study their systems, like the people connected with PAN of the IT deptt., considering the fact that anyone can any number of PAN cards in any place without ever being caught by the corrupt officers who just want their bribes!

When will the bureaucracy acquire some dignity?

Public Interest   Exclusive
No information on MLMs, says MCA

RPN Singh, minister of state, MCA in written reply in Lok Sabha said that, “There is no separate activity code to identify multi level marketing (MLM) companies.” Surprisingly, such a reply from MCA comes at a time when ministry of consumer affairs is drafting guidelines for MLMs

While many multi-level marketing (MLM) companies continue to mushroom, targeting gullible people and amassing several thousand crores, the government seems to have no solution to stop them. Recently the ministry of company affairs (MCA) said that that there is no separate activity to identify MLMs and it has no information on any action taken on such companies.

RPN Singh, minister of state, MCA in written reply in Lok Sabha said that, "There is no separate activity code to identify multi level marketing (MLM) companies. Therefore, these companies cannot be separately identified from the list of companies registered under the Companies Act, 1956. Also, there are no separate guidelines for MLM companies. Hence information on action and tax collection is not available."

Mr Singh was replying to written questions on whether the government is aware that the MLM companies are prevalent in India; details and total number of such companies, if the government has proposed any guidelines for these MLM companies along with details of any action against any MLM company and the tax collected from such companies in last three years.

Surprisingly, such a reply from MCA comes at a time when ministry of consumer affairs is drafting guidelines for MLMs. Sources confirmed to Moneylife that acting on the order from the Prime Minister's office (PMO), the ministry is consulting stakeholders to formulate detailed guidelines on MLMs and for direct selling companies.

Recently, Veerappa Moily, minister of consumer affairs, had said that it has written to the ministry of home affairs stating that it has no reservation if such regulatory body, as suggested by Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO), is set up within the ministry of home affairs to check the cases of frauds by MLMs as is being done of chit funds.

SFIO is a fraud investing body. Famous scams by MLMs such as SpeakAsia Online and Gold Quest International (a chit fund company) are being investigated by the SFIO. Currently, India bans MLMs and Ponzi schemes under the Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act, 1978, which is grossly inadequate. However, considering menace of these schemes, the state of Meghalaya implemented its own Act which completely banned Ponzi and MLM schemes from the state. Rajasthan is also planning to draft its own legislation, apart from the central Act.

The Kerala government, which in the past admitted noticing frauds amounting to over Rs1,000 crore by MLMs, framed guidelines to distinguish a genuine direct selling company from a fake one. However, experts pointed out that these guidelines were grossly inadequate and misleading.

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COMMENTS

Nagesh Kini

7 years ago

A classic case of the right hand not knowing what the left is doing.
Does the MCA reply mean that MLM are not controlled by any authority? It could have taken the trouble to approach the Ministry for Consumer Affairs where Veerappa Moily has moved to from MCA. Are they trying to protect any MLM lobby?

Vineeth

7 years ago

Madam/Sir,

Sad to note that you have already passed your verdict against SpeakAsiaOnline as Scam.

You know very well that the matter is subjudice and heard by Honorable Supreme Court of India. Since, the matter is subjudice & me being law abiding citizen, I would refrain from further comments.
You are also aware that the management of SpeakAsia has acted as per the direction of the Honorable Supreme Court.
You are also aware that, this organization is not going anywhere or vanish which was the history of MLM Companies in India.

You are a Respectable team, I am following all your news because I had unconditional trust in your reporting after Madam Sucheta Dalal's exposure of Harshad Mehta scam.

You must report & that is your "Dharma", but, how can you conduct a trial in your media and without any EVIDENCE rate a PROACTIVE Company as SCAM?
Till the law of the land confirms a scam based on presented EVIDENCE by EOW/SFIO or any other INVESTIGATION agency in INDIA, SpeakAsia cannot be said as SCAM but, allegedly being investigated for its business model and operation. After a complete investigation for an year, the said authorities are yet to file an FIR based on Scam report.

I request you to provide with Evidences in your position to the Honorable Supreme Court of India, which will ensure what you are reporting, if you are not in a position of having any EVIDENCE, YOU ARE DOING GREAT INJUSTICE TO 20 LACS * 3 (PEOPLE/FAMILY) = 60 LACS and more POOR PEOPLE of India.

I challenge you to produce a single EVIDENCE to prove that its a SCAM. Its an OPEN CHALLENGE to you & your armchair journalists. If you are able to do that, I WILL APOLOGIZE AND PROSTRATE in front of you and and the respectable common man of India and am ready to accept any punishment as per the law of the land.

Otherwise ARE YOU READY TO PRESENT AND CORRECT THE FACTS & APOLOGIZE PUBLICLY?

Keep me Informed, I am always at your service as a LAW ABIDING COMMON MAN of INDIA.

Truth Alone Prevails.

Warm Regards

Vineeth A Kumar
An Ordinary Indian Citizen and a PROUD SPEAKASIAN

REPLY

Vinu

In Reply to Vineeth 7 years ago

Consult a Psychiatrist, Vineeth, the Proud Speakasian !!

Prakash

In Reply to Vineeth 7 years ago

Bhai, mera paisa kab milega. Ab proud to be ke naare laga ke thak gaye hai. Zaldi se mera paisa lauta do

Haren

In Reply to Vineeth 7 years ago

Thanks for 'enlighting' us on legality and judiciary. For the evidence part, just show or ask your ceos Manoj and Haren to be physically present in the courts. If people like you think they have not done anything wrong then why are they hiding abroad? Why not come and personally resolve the matter? Samazhdaronko ishaara kafi hota hai....

Vineeth

In Reply to Haren 7 years ago

Ohh, you need to be "enlightened' not only in legality and Judiciary, but, also on ethics of discharging your own duty, which you seem to have forgotten.
As an True Indian, I want my fourth pillar to be fearless, robust and not a TOOL in the hands of corporate, political, mafia lobby. My request to you was, is it correct (ethically and Legally) on your part, to paint the company as "SCAM" or "FRAUD" unless proved by highest law of the land.
I prefer a strong & ethical media, you MUST write fearlessly, provided you have concrete evidence of the said people in the management alleged to be involved in illegal activities as reported by "PAID" media and some armchair journalists.
Now, the said matter is in the purview of Honorable Supreme Court of India and if they are convinced of whatever evidence, submitted by the EOW and other investigating agencies and media (if any), Mr. Manoj and Ms Haren will follow the verdict of Apex Court as and when it demands. As of now they have exactly followed as advised by the court, mediator, Honorable Mr. Lahoti Ji on every aspect.
Yes, you are spot on 'Samazhdaronko ishaara kafi hota hai'...I can understand the interest of other media houses 'proactive' role in this entire affair, but, fail to understand the interest of Monelife Team.
People like me are conditioned by the "Law of the Land" to think with CLARITY that unless one is proved to be guilty based on evidence he/she or corporate cannot be painted as fraud or scam. Let the court prove that and I assure you I will be in the front with you in your "ETHICAL" journey to cleanse Indian Corporate Industry of corruption and fly-by-night operators. Until then, kindly refrain from writing jingoistic, so called moral and unethical reports. The Indian citizen understands the nexus of media-corporate-babus-politicians-mafia.

Regarding the number of members in SAOL 12/13 or 20 lacs or 125 getting their money back (Mr. Balamurali) time will prove what is the truth and TRUTH ONLY PREVAILS.
And my mental condition is not biased and will go as per the law applicable.
Lets wait for some time.
Kindly be here when your mindset gets a shock to tune it as unbiased.

Regards

Ramsharan

In Reply to Vineeth 7 years ago

Yeh sab bolne ki cheeje hai. Faltu bakwas hai. Yeh natak ab band karo aur hamara paisa wapas karo. Ek sal se futi kaudi bhi nahi mili hai, to mangadhan bate bananeka kya matlab. Bhale hi vineeth, manoj kumar aur haren kaur sahi ho, lekin humko to sirf hamara paisa wapis chahiye.

Vinu

In Reply to Vineeth 7 years ago

only one truth prevails - MLM is cheating.

raj

In Reply to Vineeth 7 years ago

Very well said Vineeth. I am waiting for Moneylife's reply.

Balamurali

In Reply to raj 7 years ago

Hey...before challenging Moneylife, dont you think you need to check your mentality. You are claiming 20 lakh panellists, but SAOL is saying just 12-13 lac in the courts, while only 125 will get their money back from the SAOL panellist association. So what is the truth?

Public Interest   Exclusive
Health ministry sets up committee to examine report on irregularities in drugs approval

The ministry of health and family welfare has set up a three-member committee to examine validity of the scientific and statutory basis adopted for approval of new drugs without clinical trials. The committee has been asked to submit its report within two months

The ministry of health and family welfare has set up a three-member committee to examine the report of the parliamentary panel which had accused the regulatory body-Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI)-of favouring pharmaceutical companies by approving drugs without conducting mandatory clinical trials. The report had also pointed lapses in the approval procedure for new drugs.

Ghulam Nabi Azad, minister for health announced that the committee consisting of Dr VM Katoch, secretary and director general of Indian Council of Medical Research, Dr PN Tandon, president, National Brain Research Centre, (department of Biotechnology, Manesar) and Dr SS Aggarwal, former director, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow will examine the validity of the scientific and statutory basis adopted for approval of new drugs without clinical trials.

The committee has also been asked to outline appropriate measures to bring about systemic improvements in the processing and grant of statutory approvals and suggest steps to institutionalise improvements in other procedural aspects of the functioning of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). The committee has been asked to submit its report within two months.

The report tabled in the parliament on 8th May by the Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare pointed the laxity in India's drugs regulation and stated that the DGCI is approving one drug every month without trials.

Based on information provided by the ministry, the panel said that 31 new drugs were approved in the period between January 2008 and October 2010 without conducting clinical trials on Indian patients. It also said, "There is sufficient evidence on record to conclude that there is collusive nexus between drug manufacturers, some functionaries of CDSCO (Central Drugs Standard Control Organization) and some medical experts." The CDSCO is headed by DCGI.

The panel revealed that many such drugs which are banned in developed countries like the US, UK, Australia are sold in India. The panel, which investigated and reviewed the drug regulation in India for 18 months, randomly picked up 42 medicines for scrutinising its approval status. Apart from approving drugs without mandatory clinical trials, the panel found that in case of Novartis' Everolimus, UCB's Buclizine, Eli Lilly's Pemetexid and Theon's fixed dose combination of Pregabalin, no expert opinion was sought and they were approved by the non-medical staff of CDSCO. While in case of case of 25 drugs opinion of medically qualified experts was not obtained before approval.

The report also mentioned that pharmaceutical majors like Ranbaxy, Cipla, USV and Lundbeck are advertising prescription drugs, falling under Schedule H, which is not permitted in India. (Advertising of prescription drugs by pharma companies shocks govt panel)

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COMMENTS

Aban

7 years ago

Angispan-Tr is a drug for cardio-vascular diseases. The capsules are usually prescribed, depending upon the condition of the patients, once/twice/thrice a day. In other words, any patient, at any one time, is required to procure 30/60/90 capsules for one month.
Until 2004, the medicine was being sold in packs of 50s, with all retailers refusing to sell 30/60/90 caps to any user. In other words, a buyer was being forced to buy either 20 caps more, or 10 caps less or 40 caps more as reckoned with the prescribed 30/60/90 caps a month.
The matter was referred to the Dy. Drugs Controller of India, South Zone, Shastri Bhavan, Annexe (II Floor), 26 Haddows Road, Chennai-600006. By a letter No. 34/SZ/2004-921 dt. 11.05.2004, he referred the matter to the Commissioner, Food and Drugs Control Admn., Gujarat, with a copy to the Dy. Drugs Controller (India), West Zone, Mumbai (exact postal address NOT known).
Later, without any concern for the actual users, the company changed the packaging and started selling the drug in packs of 25 caps, with an increase in price. In other words, the actual users are now compelled to buy, at a time, either 5 less (one pack) or 20 more (two packs), 10 less (two packs) or 15 more (three packs), or 10 more than the prescribed dosage of 30/60/90 respectively.
This would clearly appear to be a restrictive trade practice and against the interests of actual users, since retailers refuse to sell as per prescriptions. The Drug Controller also does not appear to have acted on the reference made to him in May, 2004. This was also taken up with a few consumers’for a who also did not care to act!
Thus, while the Drug Controller’s office never bothered, the company also kept following its own business model as usual! What then can be expected of this committee?
It is thus no use blaming the drug manufacturers who will show thousands of reasons for their packaging and pricing strategies. But is the govt. really concerned?
May I refer to a very brilliant analysis in the Sakaal Times: http://epaper.sakaaltimes.com/SakaalTime... to all your readers in this context?

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