51% Indians Admit Paying a Bribe in Past 12 Months: Survey
Over the past several decades, corruption has been apart and parcel of daily life in India. While the introduction of systems in public services has largely reduced corruption in centralised services like securing a passport or buying a railway ticket, most citizen services at the state and local levels are still ridden with bribery and kickbacks.
 
No wonder, as many as 51% of Indians admitted paying a bribe in past 12 months. The survey shows that top three corruption prone departments are property registration and land issues, police and municipal corporation. 
 
 
According to a survey jointly conducted by LocalCircles and Transparency International (India), 24% citizens admitted to giving bribes several times in the last 12 months and 27% admitted to paying bribes once or twice. About 16% said they always managed to get work done without paying a bribe while 33% said they did not have a need.
 
 
This survey called ‘India Corruption Survey 2019’ received 190,000 responses from people located in 248 districts of India has brought out citizen pulse at the national level at for 20 states. According to the Prevention of Corruption Act 2018, giving a bribe is an offence with up to seven years of imprisonment or fine or both.
 
India’s ranking in the Corruption Perception Index 2018 released by Transparency International, had improved three places compared to last year and now stands at 78th position out of 180 countries.
 
 
As per the survey, cash is still the primary mode used to pay bribes with 35% saying they paid cash as bribes in the last 12 months to get their work done.
 
"About 44% citizens said that they paid a bribe in an office that had computerisation while 16% said that they paid a bribe despite the office having a functional close circuit television (CCTV) system in place. This is very concerning as it indicates that despite the introduction of systems, bribery is continuing," says LocalCircles and Transparency International, in a release.
 
The survey revealed that 38% citizens had to pay a bribe as it was the only way to get work done while 48% said their state government or local administration did not take any steps to reduce corruption in the last 12 months.
 
 
Property registration and land issues turned out to be the largest authority where citizens had to pay a bribe, with 26% citizens voting for it, the survey reveals, adding only 12% citizens said bribery in property registration and land issues has reduced in the last 12 months. Around 49% said bribery is continuing like before and 8% said it has increased, while 9% said they did not need to pay a bribe.
 
When it came to demanding of bribes for work related to the municipality or local bodies, 10% citizens said it has reduced while 44% said it is continuing like before.
About 11% said bribery to police has reduced while 11% said it has increased. 
 
 
Delhi, Haryana, Gujarat, West Bengal, Kerala, Goa and Odisha turned out to be the states where citizens reported low instances of corruption, while Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand and Punjab were the states where citizens reported higher instances of corruption.
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    COMMENTS

    MOHAN BHASKAR WAGH

    2 months ago

    POLITICIANS WHO ARE RULING ARE ENCOURAGING CORRUPTION. AND MAKE BIGGEST MONEY

    shadi katyal

    2 months ago

    Bribery is in our blood and thus it is not going to be easy to clean the system. Modi promised to clean up but even he is a victim of his own talk of transparency ads no accounts of cleaning Ganges has been given thus far.
    Bribery has been a part of our nation for centuries and whether one presented some high value gift to rulers or sent some wheat etc to Patwari but with time Money is all it counts. Modi is part of such game as he has favored Adani and Ambani . Tje plight of roadside sellers and some traffic issues are in police hand and thus they get their part and thus shows highest in the data

    REPLY

    Meenal Mamdani

    In Reply to shadi katyal 2 months ago

    Please, I am not a Modi fan but to blame what has been happening on Modi or Cong or any other political party is to miss the forest for the trees.
    Do you think that the WASPs who set up the institutions in USA were not averse to bribes? Of course not. But fortunately, the people at the top realized that they had more to gain from the tsunami of trades once the people had realized that no one was gaming the system.
    If only the people in India realized this!!
    Honest trading will generate far more income for everyone if only we in India give it a chance.

    shadi katyal

    In Reply to Meenal Mamdani 2 months ago

    I fail to understand that h0ow instead of facing the present situtagtion why we keep changing the subject and try to compare ourselves with USA or anyother countries. It seems our culturalm attitude to change the subject is precious part of our lives.
    Are you aware that Indian busineszsman is not considered honest and there aremore cases of arbitration and thus having problem to get MAKE IN INDIA.
    It may sound ugly and hurtful but truth is bitter and one must face that we have this in our DNA

    Meenal Mamdani

    In Reply to shadi katyal 2 months ago

    I have not changed the subject. The subject still is dishonesty. The difference is I have pointed out how strengthening institutions helps to curb dishonesty.
    People become more honest when they see the wrong doers are punished and they are afraid the same may happen to them.
    Indians in USA are no more or no less dishonest than others. The difference is that they are caught and punished and therefore overall, USA has less dishonest businessmen of all ethnicity.
    We in India can improve our justice system, punish the wrongdoers quickly to hold them up as an example to others and slowly inculcate the habit of honesty in Indian society.

    shadi katyal

    In Reply to Meenal Mamdani 2 months ago

    I am sorry to disagree with you as you did change the subject and now even accusing Indians in USA being dishonest by comparing to what?
    The dishonesty and corruption is part of our DNA but every political leader promised to do better. Do you think giving Rafael contract to Ambani is not corruption,
    Have you seen anyone punished being dishonest in India or is most of enquirers are against opposition as Judiciary in our nation is also corrupt,
    When if ever will it change when it has no integrity but sold out to party which rules. As for our ethics we have long way to learn what it is.Sorry for my negativity but we must face the Truth another enigma

    MOHAN BHASKAR WAGH

    2 months ago

    DURING MODI PERIODS CORRUPTION HAS INCREASED. ONE HUNDRED TIMES

    Meenal Mamdani

    2 months ago

    I suppose these bribes were for legitimate work as those who wanted something illegal would never report it.
    I am sure that at least some of you are aware of the website ipaidabribe,com There are constant updates on this website by people describing the incident, name of the person who took the bribe and the purpose of the bribe.
    All govt depts that want to reduce corruption should visit the website regularly to see if they have figured in the reports. They should take disciplinary action and report it to the website.
    The new Maharashtra govt should do this and get kudos for being the first to do it.

    Ritesh SARAF

    2 months ago

    Property registration related bribes have almost high ratio even in Gujarat. This has even increased with extension of Disturbed Area Act. Thus, if you are selling your property under this act, you have to take care right from Police, Talati, Mamlatdar and etc etc. Based on recent experience of one known acquaintance. He/She was of the opinion that knowingly he/she would never sale it to someone from another caste where this law will trigger.

    Sandeep More

    2 months ago

    The consequence of not paying a bribe is too heavy - Consider this - Our Housing Society, Mittal Emerald CHSL at Gundge Village at Karjat, Raigad at Maharashtra decided not to pay any bribes to secure a regular Municipal water connection . 41 months passed since OC recd, the municipal water connection is nowhere in sight. We've even complained at the website of MyGov. No use at all. We only received a msg to the effect that the matter has been resolved. However, the actual situation is just the opposite. So, the conclusion is one has to pay bribes in order to have even basic facilities like water or else keep on suffering like our Society

    nadeem

    2 months ago

    Does the survey include buying MLA and MP ? Or ... is that not included in corruption..???!!!

    Nagaraju Bommanahalli

    2 months ago

    Corruption is increasing 500%during Modi period

    Ranbir Lamba

    2 months ago

    Survey is wrong

    Name a department which is a Corruption free

    Maharashtra: High Revenue Deficit of Rs20,293 Crore Stares At New MahaVikasAaghadi Govt
    If the Sena-NCP-Congress government makes it after the floor test on Thursday, they will have to take steps to check the widening revenue deficit of the largest state of the country.
     
    For 2019-20 (BE), revenue receipts have been estimated at Rs 3.15 lakh crore while revenue expenditure has been estimated at Rs 3.35 lakh crore. The state continues to estimate a revenue deficit for FY20 (BE) and it stands at Rs. 20,293 crore. This is the only FRBM norm that has not been adhered to in the second successive year, according to rating agency CARE Ratings. 
     
    While most key macro stats are stable, the worrying factor is widening Revenue Deficit. The state government continues to record a revenue deficit during FY20 (BE) and was at Rs 20,293 crore, 35.6 per cent higher than a year ago. The revenue deficit of the state has widened by Rs 509 crore compared with the revenue deficit of the Interim Budget. 
     
    Maharashtra's loan burden is set to balloon to Rs 4.7 lakh crore in 2019-20, -- 62 per cent jump in five years since 2014-15. Government liabilities stood at Rs 4.14 lakh crore in 2018-19 and are steadily mounting upwards. The state government had implemented the seventh pay commission for all its 20.5 lakh employees and pensioners from January 1, 2019, pushing up the state salary bill to inflate and so was up the revenue expenditure , as per state government budget for 2019-20.
     
    Revenue expenditure is an expenditure incurred by the government on its departments on various services, interest on debt, subsidies, etc. Broadly speaking, expenditure that does not result in creation of assets is treated as revenue expenditure. 
     
    Maharashtra is currently spending Rs 1.4 lakh crore on salaries, which is a 125 per cent jump from 2014-15 when the salary bill was Rs 62,123 crore. Just before the state elections in October 2019, the state cabinet the Maharashtra cleared a proposal to implement the seventh pay commission for municipal corporations, municipal councils and nagar panchayats in the state from September 1 which according to the state finance minister Sudhir Mungantiwar will cost Rs 409 crore. 
     
    Revenue Expenditure has been budgeted at Rs 3.35 lakh crs for FY20(BE), 11.1 per cent higher than a year ago. The budgetary announcements made on various expenditure has led to expanding the total revenue expenditure by Rs 660 crore compared with the Interim Budget.
     
    Total receipts (excluding borrowings) for 2019-20 are estimated to be Rs 3,16,930 crore, an increase of 9.8 per cent as compared to the revised estimate of 2018-19. In 2018-19, total receipts (excluding borrowings) are estimated to be higher than the budgeted estimate by Rs 512 crore.
     
    Revenue expenditure for 2019-20 is proposed to be Rs 3,34,933 crore, which is an increase of 11.1 per cent over the revised estimate of 2018-19. This expenditure includes payment of salaries, pensions, and interest, among others. Revenue expenditure accounts for 83 per cent of the total expenditure proposed for 2019-20.
     
    CARE Ratings on its state update has said The total committed expenditure of the government which includes salary, pension and interest is budgeted to be at Rs 1.87 lakh crore, 24 per cent higher than the revised estimate a year ago.
     
    Committed expenditure (includes also subsidies) is at 59.4 per cent of the revenue receipts while it was higher at 62.6 per cent in FY15. Capital expenditure estimated at Rs 43,667 crore in FY20(BE) accounts for 10.3 per cent of the total budget size, has seen an increase of Rs 928 crore compared with the Interim Budget. The capital expenditure has grown by less than 1 per cent (0.8 per cent) in FY20(BE) compared with the revised estimates of the previous year. 
     
    The revenue receipts for FY20 (BE) has been estimated at Rs 3.15 lakh crore, 9.8 per cent higher than the revised estimate of FY19. The revenue receipts have been budgeted higher by Rs. 151 crs than the Interim Budget 2019-20. Out of the total revenue, state's own tax revenue accounts for 52.1 per cent, followed by internal debt (18.9 per cent) and share in central tax (11.5 per cent). A higher share of state's own tax revenue indicates that the state has been self-reliant. 
     
    There hasn't been a change in the outstanding debt of the Maharashtra government and is at Rs 4.72 lakh crore for FY20(BE). The outstanding debt of the government rose by 13.8 per cent over the revised estimates of the previous year. The outstanding debt is 15.8 per cent of GSDP duirng FY20(BE). The outstanding debt has seen a sustained increase during the last 4 years, CARE said.
     
    The state has budgeted a fiscal deficit of Rs 61,670 crs during FY20 (BE) which is 2.07 per cent of GSDP which is higher than 1.92 per cent budgeted for FY20(BE) in the Interim Budget. The ratio of fiscal deficit to GSDP which had declined to less than 1 per cent (0.96 per cent) during FY18 but had increased to 2 per cent based on the revised estimates of FY19(RE). Since FY11, the state has adhered to the fiscal consolidation norms and maintained fiscal deficit below the 3 per cent of GSDP.
     
    Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
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    COMMENTS

    valentine barboza

    2 months ago

    Reverse the pay commission.. can’t keep taxing citizens for your own miscalculations.. don’t promise for votes .. when u can’t give them.. now face the music ..in the end the poor common man has to suffer... what a government!!!!!

    MT

    2 months ago

    Taxes on fuel and alcohol can be raised to make up for deficit

    Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis Resigns, Says Have No Majority after Ajit Pawar's Resignation

    Adding new a twist the ongoing crisis in Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis, who took the oath as chief minister (CM), has on Tuesday resigned from his post citing lack of numbers after the resignation of his deputy Ajit Pawar.

    Speaking with media persons at the Sahyadri Guest House in Mumbai, Mr Fadnavis says, "Ajit Pawar handed in his resignation this morning. So we do not have the requisite numbers to continue. Accordingly, I have decided to quit. I will go to the governor and submit my resignation today."

    Mr Fadnavis took charge of his new assignment on Monday morning; but Ajit Pawar, who did not take charge, decided to quit and gave his resignation letter to CM on Tuesday morning. He said, "I will go to Raj Bhavan and tender my resignation. I wish them all the best whoever will form the government. But that will be a very unstable government as there is a vast difference of opinions," Mr Fadnavis says referring to the new MahaVikasAaghadi of Shiv Sena, Nationalist Congress Party and Congress.

    He said the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will now sit in the opposition and perform in a constructive manner, raise the issues of the farmers, the poor and other sections of society.
     

    This is the second time in 80 hours that the state was rocked after Mr Fadnavis and Ajit Pawar were quietly sworn in during an early morning ceremony on Saturday at Raj Bhavan by governor BS Koshyari, sparking a nationwide furore.

    The next day, Sunday, the Shiv Sena, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) and Congress moved the Supreme Court for an urgent hearing which was granted and the matter posted for Monday.

    Earlier today, the Supreme Court directed open floor test with live telecast of the Fadnavis government in Maharashtra at 5pm on Wednesday after administering NOT administrating elected representative.

    Giving specific directions, the apex court had said, "pro-tem speaker should be solely appointed immediately. All elected members should take oath on 27 November 2019, which exercise should be completed before 5pm. Immediately thereafter, the pro-tem speaker should conduct the floor test in order to ascertain whether the respondent no3 (Devendra Fadnavis) has the majority, and these proceedings should be conducted in accordance with law. The floor test will not be conducted by secret ballot. The proceedings have to be live telecast and appropriate arrangements are to be made to ensure the same."  

    The three-judge bench of Justice NV Ramana, Justice Ashok Bhushan and Justice Sanjiv Khanna, said, senior-most member of legislative assembly (MLA) of the house should be nominated as the pro-tem speaker and he will administer oath to all elected MLAs on 27th November.

    The pro-tem speaker will administer oath to and then conduct floor test without secret ballot, the apex court has said, adding the proceeding of the floor test would be telecast live on TV channels, the bench said.

    It said, "We may note that in the present case, oath has not been administered to the elected members even though a month has elapsed since the declaration of election results. In such emergent facts and circumstances, to curtail unlawful practices such as horse trading, to avoid uncertainty and to effectuate smooth running of democracy by ensuring a stable government, we are of the considered opinion that it is necessary to pass certain interim directions in this case. In this context, it is necessary and expedient to conduct the floor test as soon as possible to determine whether the chief minister, who was administered the oath of office, has support of the majority or not."

    Last week, in a stunning political development, Maharashtra governor Mr Koshyari had administered the oath of office to BJP leader Mr Fadnavis as the new chief minister and NCP leader Mr Pawar as the new deputy chief minister.
     
    The two were sworn-in at a function in the Raj Bhavan held around 8am in the presence of a few leaders from both BJP and NCP leaders, and other government officials.

     

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    COMMENTS

    Nakul Kumar Reddy

    2 months ago

    They are useless people ,scrap looting all public money and assets .
    Better to forget about them.

    Parimal Shah

    2 months ago

    I am a citizen residing in the state of Maharashtra.
    ShivSena breaking alliance with BJP is an act of cheating with the people of Maharashtra. Most people who voted for ShivSena candidate did so because there was no BJP candidate.
    Had the people known that ShivSena would be joining NCP and Congress they would have rather voted as NOTA.
    Hence those Shivsena candidates who are elected in constituencies where there was no BJP candidate should be declared disqualified and fresh election needs to be held in those constituencies.
    I therefore urge the Supreme court to take a suo motou cognizance of this fact and pass appropriate judgement on the issue.

    Ramesh Poapt

    2 months ago

    final thrilling match tomorrow evening. hidden surprises
    tomorrow?!

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