312 Big Wilful Defaulters Owe Rs1.41 Lakh Crore to Public Sector Banks; Here Is the List of Bank Defaulters
While public sector banks (PSBs) continue to refuse to share names of big defaulters citing 'confidentiality of customer data', information shared by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), reveals that just 312 big defaulters owe more than 76% or Rs1,41,583.50 crore of the total bad loans. 
According to data obtained under Right to Information (RTI) and analysis done by Pune-based Vivek Velankar, as of 31 December 2021, nearly 2,237 wilful defaulters have an outstanding of Rs1,84,863.32 crore. While RBI had shared a list of names of 2,278 wilful defaulters, there are 41 borrowers against whom there is zero outstanding. 
Mr Velankar also asked for the names of all wilful defaulters of PSBs, who have a bad loan of Rs1 crore and above.   
"The information shared by RBI shows that there are 312 big wilful defaulters who have defaulted on loans of Rs100 crore and more. Their collective outstanding comes to nearly Rs1.41 lakh crore. While banks claim that they have filed cases against all these defaulters to recover the loan, the ground reality is quite shocking. We have seen how PSBs are made to take a big haircut while recovering bad loans," he says. 
As per the data provided by RBI, several big defaulters have obtained loans from different PSBs which have now become bad debt. "I found 11 defaulters have obtained a loan from State Bank of India (SBI) and other PSBs. These wilful defaulters are ABG Shipyard Ltd, Concast Steel & Power Ltd, EMC Ltd, Rohit Ferro-Tech Ltd, Best Foods Ltd, Coastal Projects Ltd, Wind World (I) Ltd, Era Infra Engineering Ltd, BS Ltd, Rei Agro Ltd and Raj Rayon Industries Ltd," Mr Velankar says.
These 11 big wilful defaulters have a bad debt worth Rs37,108 crore, including Rs11,755 crore obtained from SBI and Rs25,353 crore from other PSBs.
Mr Velankar, who is also president of Pune-based Sajag Nagrik Manch, says, "How were these wilful defaulters allowed to borrow money from different public sector banks-PSBs? For a common borrower, who wants to take a loan of a few lakh rupees, banks ask for several things, including securities. Further, if you have obtained a loan from one, other lenders are reluctant even to accept the loan application from common customers. So how did these big wilful defaulters obtain these loans? Will there be any investigation in these cases?"
"Especially when the loan amount is beyond the stipulated limit, the decision to grant a loan is taken by the director board of the bank. In a way, the board is also responsible for these defaults. Who will fix the responsibility and take the board to task for sanctioning loans to wilful defaulters? Will agencies like the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Directorate of Enforcement (ED) ever probe these big defaults," he asks.
Information provided by RBI shows that there are 26 big defaulters who have outstanding loans of Rs1,000 crore and above. These wilful defaulter groups, together, owe Rs60,425.71 crore to PSBs. 
The next group on the list is wilful defaulters with an outstanding of Rs500 crore to Rs1,000 crore. There are 40 companies on this list with bad debts worth Rs28,297.99 crore.
There are 246 wilful defaulters who have an outstanding between Rs100 crore to Rs500 crore. This group of defaulters owe Rs52,859.80 crore to PSBs. 
The highest number of wilful defaulters have an outstanding between Rs1 crore and Rs100 crore. This list has 1,914 companies who, together, have bad debt of Rs43,273.86 crore. 
The list shared by RBI also has names of 11 wilful defaulters whose outstanding is less than Rs1 crore. Also, there are 41 wilful defaulters on the list, who have zero outstanding, but RBI has included their names in the list shared with Mr Velankar. 
Here are the names of wilful defaulters of PSBs...
1 month ago
Part of the money comes to political parties by way of electoral bonds and BJP is the largest beneficiary of all
2 months ago
Informative data, even though it is recent. I am sure it must have been a very hard work to obtain from the reluctant govt. bodies. I believe these borrowings are only a part of the loot. Apart from this, there must be statutory dues like GST, PF, TDS etc. , suppliers, utilities, salary and wages payables etc. Together, these could be humungous. It would be interesting to know if promoters of these companies have foreign connections e.g. investments in tax heavens, establishments outside India, non resident relatives ,where they salted away the loot.
2 months ago
What hypothicated to bank,any outcome of that ,against these bad debts
2 months ago
How could these FOOt note Companies raise so much money from Banks. a company with balance sheet of 10 crores could raise 1000 crores some thing wrong in Nether land
2 months ago
How could these FOOt note Companies raise so much money from Banks. a company with balance sheet of 10 crores could raise 1000 crores some thing wrong in Nether land
2 months ago
Hi can any body elaborate - how this defaulters effect common man, please redirect any article about how a common man get effected - Thanks
Kamal Garg
Replied to mjnasar comment 2 months ago
All bad debts/written off amount by a public sector bank has to be 'funded' or 'capitalised' by GoI as GoI is the principal promoter and has to keep on giving funds/capital infusion to all PSBs to keep them alive. The revenue of GoI is nothing but the taxes paid by you and me and all common citizens in the form of direct tax (income tax), indirect tax (GST, etc.).
Replied to Kamal Garg comment 1 month ago
Thanks, Appreciate your understanding .
2 months ago
All these loans are sanctioned by a Committee or Board directly and the Boards of PSBs have representatives of the RBI. Committee approach and machine based assessment enabled banks to skip responsibility and accountability for the credit decisions. Every one's baby is no one's baby. Tax payers take the hit and banks' senior executives enjoy the perks of high order - including LFC abroad. DFC of the Ministry, the overseeing body, is a mute spectator, satisfied with routine meetings, for, they are not equipped with the skills to put right questions at the right time. Congratulations Money Life Research team and Yogesh Sapkale for bringing this to light.
Kamal Garg
Replied to yerramr comment 2 months ago
It is a fact that a loan above a threshold limit would go to a director level approval. And that means that directors are also equally liable for the loan turning foul. Why not take action against every body who was involved in the entire decision making process and all the persons who signed on the loan approval file.
2 months ago
It’s a well known secret as to how these loans are sanctioned. Public sector banks need to be denationalized and handed over to private sector. It would be interesting to see the statistics of bad debts ratio of private sector and public sector banks.
Replied to umeshs62 comment 2 months ago
How can you make it sure Denationalization is the only resolution to overcome the issue? There are many Private Sector Banks who have lent to these defaulters who are not free from Political and Dictatorial
bondage. Besides, the SBI is largest Lenders to these Defaulters who also serves the marginal people in the remotest areas of our country. If they are also Denationalized who will serve these people?
2 months ago
This about default of borrowings. What about retails shareholders investments in publicly listed companies like geetanjali, western paques group, ABG shipyard etc.? It's a complete loss of hard earned money, which Govt encourages
2 months ago
That's how some (or all) political parties are already trying to justify their electoral freebies which may cost a few hundreds of crores when compared to no holds barred write offs of "NPAs"(bad loans) by banks to the tune of thousands and lakhs of crores of rupees.
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