100% Village Electrification: What do the numbers really say?
Moneylife Digital Team 28 September 2017
The speed and progress of rural electrification work going on under the Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) seems to be losing its steam. As per the latest performance report from DDUGJY , during FY2017-18, it has achieved 26% of its target or electrified 1,156 villages as against its target of 4,492 villages. But this does not mean electricity is available in every nook and corner of the village. For that, we need to check data for intensive electrification of villages. 
Here also, the report says, achievement in percentage terms for intensive electrified villages is just 31% during FY2017-18 till August. The government has completed intensive electrification of 26,702 villages as against the target of 85,000 villages. This means, there are still over 58,000 villages where electricity is not yet available for every rural household. The Central government has said that by May 2018, it will achieve 100% electrification of all villages identified for the DDUGJY scheme. 
This seems unachievable. Actually even the May 2018 target is a revised one. A presentation ( of 16 June 2016) still available at this URL http://www.ddugjy.gov.in/mis/portal/latest_news_pdf.jsp?NEWS_NO=88, shows that the 100% village electrification was supposed to be achieved by December 2016.
Talking about village level electrification, the app https://garv.gov.in/garv2/dashboard/garv shows that there are 2,981 or 16% of villages that still need to be electrified. During March 2017, the government completed electrification in 759 villages, but after that, the speed has come down. In fact, during August 2017, just 187 villages were electrified. At this speed, the DDUGJY may take another 10 months or so to achieve its target of 100% electrification.
But what would it mean to those who are living there? As per the definition issued by the Ministry of Power in February 2004, a village would be declared as electrified if the basic infrastructure such as distribution transformer and distribution lines are provided in the inhabited locality as well and electricity is provided to public places like schools, panchayat office, health centres, dispensaries, and community centres and number of households electrified is at least 10% of the total number of households in the village.
According to data from the Garv app, villages with 100% household connectivity are 1,180 or just 8%. So there is a long way to go before anyone can say that we have achieved 100% intensive electrification of all identified villages. As on April 2015, the government had identified 18,452 villages as un-electrified. 
Another interesting chart from the progress report shows that except Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and West Bengal, all other states experience power cuts ranging from few minutes to more than half a day. Mizoram suffers the worst state – it gets a supply of only for 11.50 hours out of 24 hours. Similar is the condition of many states from the North East. However, what surprises is even a state like Haryana faces power cuts for almost 10 hours every day, as per the data from DDUGJY. In sum, 100% electrification is not exactly 100% electrification and even where connections have reached, adequate power supply is another issue. So, how will voters feel when they hear politicians claiming 100% electrification?
Prasad Rao
5 years ago
The article must include root causes of delay by investigating what when wrong & solutions if possible. Just showing the problem leads to wrong opinions in the minds of reader.
Shirish Sadanand Shanbhag
5 years ago
Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands
5 years ago
As long as Modi thinks Babus are going to deliver, he's living in a fools paradise. That coupled with power-point master Piyush Goyal means everything is just another Jumla while emperor walks with his head in the clouds and parrots meaningless AccheDin homilies
Hemal Mehta
5 years ago
At least for the right intentions an honest effort is being made. Stretch goal is the need of the hour, which the current govt is trying to push administration and bureaucracy by setting high goals. Kudos.
5 years ago
Public should not be misinformed. Actual statistical status report of all BJP's promises should be made public so that the population at large can know where we actually stand.
sohan modak
5 years ago
Welli not enough but better than anything UPA ever dreamt of !
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