Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
Why Olympian Sakshi Malik is important for 'gender-critical' Rohtak
Former India cricketer Virender Sehwag's tweet after wrestler Sakshi Malik became the first Indian to win a medal at the Rio Olympics is particularly relevant because Malik's home district of Rohtak in Haryana is one of 262 Indian districts and cities listed as "gender critical" areas where the sex ratio is below 900 females for every 1,000 males.
 
One of 17 Haryana districts classified as gender-critical, Rohtak has 867 females for every 1,000 males. This is an improvement over 847 in 2001. The sex ratio should ideally be between 940 and 980, according to various estimations.
 
The child sex ratio -- the proportion of female to male children under six years -- has also improved to 820 per 1,000 from 798. One reason could be the much-publicised rise of Haryana's female wrestlers as role models, although both ratios continue to be critical.
 
Sehwag's tweet set off a social-media debate on the relevance of Malik's medal to female foeticide.
 
About 2,000 girls die -- aborted or starved, poisoned or otherwise killed after birth -- every day in India, according to Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi, who provided this data in April 2015, as IndiaSpend reported. The estimates of women missing range from two million to 25 million.
 
Not only do missing women take a toll in terms of fewer brides and increased trafficking of women, India loses workforce talent and diversity. For instance, economists have struggled to explain the fall in women in India's workforce -- contrary to global trends -- over the 2000s, despite a rise in industrialisation and prosperity.
 
Indeed, prosperity appears to worsen the sex ratio. Some of India's most prosperous areas in its richest cities, including Mumbai and Delhi, have the country's lowest sex ratios. Female foeticide increases with easy access to medical facilities, ability to pay doctors and the availability of good roads, which cut down travel time, according to demographer Ashish Bose in his book Sex-Selective Abortion in India, based on fieldwork in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
 
A wealth of laws and programmes instituted to protect girls are failing them in India's two most economically-developed states, Maharashtra and Gujarat, IndiaSpend reported in June 2015.
 
India's child sex ratio, the ratio of male to female children under six years, is now the worst in the 70 years for which data are available. If it does not improve, by 2030, India will have 23 million fewer women (aged 29-40) than it should, according to a United Nations Population Fund projection.
 
India's child sex ratio is 919 girls for every 1,000 boys, according to Census 2011, down from 927 in 2001, 945 in 1991 and 962 in 1981.
 
More male children tend to be born than female. But girls are hardier and tend to survive better than boys. So, the sex ratio at birth tends to mirror the child sex ratio, which should ideally be between 943 and 954 females for every 1,000 males.
 
"The decreasing sex ratio in this age group has a cascading effect on population over a period of time leading to diminishing sex ratio in the country," according to a Census of India study, which warned that the imbalance at this early age is hard to remove and "would remain to haunt the population for a long time to come".
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Bolt leads Jamaica to 4x100m gold
Usain Bolt on Friday led Jamaica to the men's 4x100 metres relay gold medal at the Rio Olympics.
 
Jamaica clocked 37.27 seconds, beating second-placed Japan by 0.33. The United States came third in 37.62 but was disqualified, Xinhua news agency reported.
 
Canada finished third with a timing of 37.60 seconds to take the bronze medal.
 
Bolt has won an Olympic sweep of 100m, 200m and 4x100m for the third straight time.
 
Surprise World Championship 2015 runner-up China was fourth.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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US swimmer Feigen fined USD 10,800 for lying about attack in Rio
Brazil's justice system imposed a fine of 35,000 reais (around $10,800) on the United States swimmer James Feigen so that he could leave the country after falsely stating he had been a victim of an armed assault along with three of his other teammates in Rio de Janeiro, local media reported on Friday.
 
According to information announced via television channel Globo, Feigen was accused of "communicating a false crime" and after testifying for four hours before the court, Feigen agreed to pay the set fine. The money will go towards a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that teaches judo to children and teenagers in a Rio de Janeiro slum, Xinhua news agency reported.
 
Feigen, along with his teammates Gunnar Bentz, Jack Conger and 12-time Olympic medal winner Ryan Lochte testified to having been attacked in the early hours of Sunday morning while returning to the Olympic Village in a taxi after attending a party.
 
Repercussions from the case led to Brazilian police investigating and proving that the swimmers lied about what happened. The swimmers actually caused a fight in a gas station close to the Olympic Village as they arrived drunk and ended up brawling with the security guards after damaging property inside the shop.
 
Due to suspicion surrounding what really happened, the justice system asked for the four swimmers to hand over their passport but Lochte, who made the initial allegation, was already back in the United States when the request was made.
 
Bentz and Conger were banned from flying back to the US on Wednesday evening and after providing a police statement admitting that the original accusation was a lie.
 
In their statement, Bentz, Conger and Feigen blamed the more famous and absent Lochte for inventing the story even though he had previously appeared on US television to talk about the alleged assault at gunpoint in Rio, where the swimmers had been competing in the Olympics.
 
Through the justice system, Feigen apologised to the Brazilians and the authorities that had been involved in solving the case which has generated a lot of controversy in Brazil.
 
The US Olympic Committee (USOC) also apologised to Brazil for the swimmers' behaviour.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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