Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
What energy drinks could do to your heart
The high levels of caffeine in energy drinks may lead to cardiac complications, suggests a case report.
 
The case, reported in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), adds to previous reports of adverse cardiovascular events related to consuming energy drinks, including abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) or improper beating of the heart, whether irregular, too fast or too slow.
 
The patient was a 28-year-old man seen in the emergency department after developing vomiting with blood. 
 
On examination, the only abnormality (other than obesity) was a very fast heart rate -- about 130 beats per minute.
 
An electrocardiogram revealed an abnormal heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation: a common type of arrhythmia that can lead to serious complications if sustained. Further tests showed no other heart problems.
 
The patient said he routinely drank two cans of energy drinks per day -- for a total caffeine content of 320 milligrams -- along with two or three beers. No other common causes of his heart rhythm abnormality were apparent.
 
With medications, the atrial fibrillation resolved over 48 hours. Endoscopy showed a tear of the stomach and esophagus, probably caused by forceful vomiting. The patient was sent home in stable condition. At one year's follow-up, he had no further symptoms of arrhythmia.
 
Although several factors might have contributed to the patient's atrial fibrillation, the researchers said, "We believe that energy drink consumption played a key role." 
 
Maryam Sattari of University of Florida, Gainesville is the lead author of the report.
 
A review of the medical research identified at least eight cases of cardiovascular events linked to energy drinks.
 
The researchers discussed several mechanisms by which the high caffeine content of these products might lead to cardiovascular events. 
 
These include other ingredients, such as taurine, that might heighten the effects of caffeine; using energy drinks along with alcohol or illicit drugs; or high stress levels.
 
Energy drinks have become increasingly popular in recent years, especially among adolescents and young adults. 
 
Marketed as "nutritional supplements," these beverages are not subject to the caffeine limits on soft drinks, or to the safety testing and labeling required for medications.
 
"We suggest that arrhythmia could be a complication of energy drink consumption," Sattari and coauthors wrote.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

 

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India Inc welcomes GST Bill with a few concerns
As the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday finally took up discussion on the Goods and Services Tax (GST) bill, with Finance Minister Arun Jaitley moving it for consideration and passage, industry stakeholders welcomed the move but also expressed some concerns.
 
Former Finance Minister P. Chidambaram batted for 18 per cent GST rate during the debate.
 
Here are the voices of the industry stakeholders:
 
* Harshvardhan Neotia, President, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry:
 
GST is one of the most awaited reform measures by the industry. It is heartening to see that there is consensus emerging in passage of crucial GST bill. It is noteworthy that the principal opposition party has played a constructive role by articulating some of the concerns which have been noted by the government and would help form base of a robust GST framework for India.
 
* Mahesh Gupta, President, PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry:
 
Make in India programme would also get a boost with improvement in ease of doing business by doing away with multiplicity of taxes and their cascading impact. GST will enhance production possibilities, attract foreign direct investments and increase employment opportunities in the economy.
 
* Anshul Jain, Managing Director, India, Cushman & Wakefield:
 
The clearance of the Goods and services tax (GST) Bill in the Rajya Sabha is a laudable step that would remove cascading taxes and make India's manufacturing sector more competitive.
 
* Anuj Puri, Chairman and Country Head, JLL India:
 
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is the most radical taxation reform that is set to alter India's economic prospects. A single indirect tax, encompassing all goods and services, is surely a welcome change. GST is built into the value-added structure that would eliminate the cascading effect of taxes and is expected to boost tax collection by making compliance easy for retailers and other businesses as also reduce overall taxation levels.
 
* Ashish Goel, CEO and Co-founder at Urban Ladder:
 
Introduction of GST will be a huge step by the government in backing it's promise of ease of doing business. As a consumer e-commerce brand, our focus is on building a seamless supply chain and logistics network that helps us fulfil customer orders in different parts of the country. GST will help create a single unified market across India and allow free movement and supply of goods in every part of the country.
 
* Anshuman Magazine, Chairman, CBRE - India and South East Asia:
 
This is a major tax reform for our economy, which will transform India into a single market. The passage of this Bill is likely to positively impact the real estate sector, which has linkages with over 250 ancillary industries. Unified taxation will also infuse the much needed transparency into our taxation system.
 
* Internet and Mobile Association of India:
 
The Internet and digital industry has been looking forward to the implementation of GST as the ‘one tax, one market' principle of GST is in accordance with the industry's ‘one country, one market' business model. GST is expected to help ease of doing business and promote free-play for market dynamics allowing deeper penetration of digital services. 
 
* Nitin Kunkolienker, Vice President, Manufacturers' Association of Information Technology:
 
The IT-electronics industry at large welcomes the proposed move to the GST regime, as the same would herald a new beginning in the indirect taxation landscape of modern India, paving the way for a simplified and homogenous tax structure for goods and services.
 
* Deepak Garg, Founder, Rivigo:
 
The ensuing GST regime will make India a unified market that will facilitate smooth movement of goods and eliminate numerous border hurdles at different points for surface logistics service providers. Currently, Indian inventory spend (losses, obsolescence, wastage) can be up to 50-60 per cent of the overall logistics spend. Seamless movement of goods across the country could mean this lost inventory spend being available to deploy in productive value creation to further propel economy's growth. 
 
* A.K. Rastogi, GM Finance, Nippon Audiotronix:
 
GST will be positive for the automotive sector primarily because of the removal of cascading effect of tax on the cost of goods and services that is expected with GST. Currently most of car manufactures are located in few of the states in India.
 
* PropTiger:
 
With the uniform tax, developers will have free input credits on GST paid for services and goods purchased by them which will reduce cost for them and can be passed as reduction to buyers. For commercial property, GST will reduce taxation as developers will be able to get input credit of GST paid for construction services against the GST charged on lease rentals.
 
* Navin Gupta, Founder & CEO, Autoload:
 
GST will be a game changer for logistics start-ups like Autoload. There will be a shift from traditional inefficient way of undertaking transportation to transparent and efficient platforms like us. This transparency and efficiency will reduce costs and increase visibility.
 
Anil Yendluri, Director & CEO, Krishnapatnam Port:
 
As a port operator, we welcome the implementation of GST as there would be tremendous reduction in the overall transportation and logistics costs. This translates to lower transit time and high rail-road utilisation by way of seamless inter-state movement of goods.
 
* Manish Sharma, President, CEAMA India:
 
GST Bill ushers in a sentiment of positivity in the consumer electronics industry and is a further step towards increasing the ease of doing business in the sector. Moreover, it unites India into one economic entity making it a common market place thus, making our cost of production and competitiveness far more effective. GST will further contribute to the economic growth by uplifting the overall stature of local manufacturing by cutting down the logistical and transactional costs.
 
* Sunil D'Souza, Managing Director, Whirlpool of India:
 
"We believe that GST is a welcome move as it will not just help in removing economic distortions but will also build transparency. The consumer will be the beneficiary as it will help drive consumption and simultaneously fuel growth for the consumer durables sector. The GST will help the industry in optimising warehousing and inventory carrying costs."
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

 

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Rajya Sabha shows rare camaraderie over GST
As the Goods and Services Tax Bill got the parliamentary nod to end a stalemate that lasted almost 10 years, the Rajya Sabha saw a rare camaraderie and unanimity when all members present voted in favour of the statute.
 
After the AIADMK walkout, the only party which opposed the bill, voting for The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Second Amendment) Bill, 2014, and the amendments introduced by the government saw not a single vote against the proposed law.
 
Interestingly, the number of votes in the affirmative kept changing as Deputy Chairman P.J. Kurien put the different clauses, and finally the bill, to vote, with some opposition members even raising concern as to how the numbers changed after lobbies were cleared.
 
The votes in affirmative ranged from 197 to 205, and not one in opposition, except for one clause when nine members from the ruling benches voted in negative, much to the amusement of opposition members. 
 
The members, however, soon after asked for chits to correct their mistake. 
 
Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar, Minister of State for Commerce (Independent Charge) Nirmala Sitharaman and Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi rushed to instruct them on how to vote correctly.
 
When it was time for voting on the next clause, a voice from the opposition benches emerged saying "press the green button".
 
Clearing the lobby is a routine act before a division, or when voting on the bill is sought. After this, the gates of the house are shut, and all members are in their seats from where the voting buttons are used.
 
While Kurien clarified that the votes were subject to correction, he also joked: "There is a magician in the house."
 
An official from the Rajya Sabha later told IANS that some votes may not get recorded as some particular members may have stopped pressing the button before the voting time was over.
 
As per procedures, every member has to press a red button at their seat along with the yes/no/abstain button for 10 seconds. Vote is recorded only from the button which is pressed at the end of the 10 seconds.
 
A consensus had long been eluding the bill, which was first announced by the then Finance Minister P. Chidambaram in his budget speech for 2006-07.
 
Chidambaram, recently elected to the Rajya Sabha, started the debate on the bill on Wednesday, as members from the ruling and opposition parties noted that he was speaking from the opposition benches in the upper house for the first time.
 
The former minister also joked that it was his maiden speech, to which Kurien remarked he would still get only 15 minutes. Chidambaram's speech, however, lasted around half an hour.
 
Communist Party of India-Marxist leader Sitaram Yechury even remarked that Chidambaram, his "old friend", sounded "much better from the other side".
 
The Congress leader, meanwhile, out of habit, even called the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley as "leader of opposition", and was corrected by one of his colleagues.
 
Anticipating delay in the proceedings, the Parliamentary Affairs Ministry had arranged a dinner for the MPs, journalists and Parliament staff on the occasion.
 
However, as the debate reached its fag end around 7.30 p.m., members preferred to stay in the house. When the voting was finally over after 9.40 p.m., a remark was heard from members on how "hungry" they were.
 
After the bill's passage, Jaitley and Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ananth Kumar were seen walking to the opposition side, and shaking hands with Leader of Opposition Ghulam Nabi Azad and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
 
As the upper house was adjourned, ruling and opposition party members could be seen walking out together, smiling for the media's cameras after the "historic moment" that leads to one of the biggest tax reforms in the country.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

 

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