Citizens' Issues
Voices grow to revoke permission required to file FIR against babus, netas
The Maharashtra government, in a shocking move has amended a provision of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) in which a citizen has to get written permission from the Speaker of the Assembly, if you want to lodge a FIR against a babu or a Neta. Voices to repeal it are only growing
 
So, the BJP promise of citizen inclusive governance has just been murdered in Maharashtra.
 
In a shocking and scandalous move, the Maharashtra Government has amended a provision of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), (156)(3) and 190, under which, no FIR can be registered against MLAs and bureaucrats without the approval of the speaker of Assembly, even if directed by a court!
 
Which clearly means that 57% of MLAs who have declared criminal cases against them in their affidavits before recent elections, are the first to be cozily protected by this amendment. Interestingly, Maharashtra has the dubious distinction of being the second highest state of having MLAs with criminal records, after Jharkhand. 
 
Voices of protest are only growing with the launching of an online petition and now the Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR), which works towards transparency in elections, urging Maharashtra Cabinet to repeal the amendment to the CrPC.
 
According to analysis by Association for Democratic Reforms of affidavits submitted by MLAs from Maharashtra at the time of election in 2014, 165 (57%) of the MLAs had declared criminal cases. Out of these 51 (31%) MLAs had declared cases where charges had been framed. 
 
In a press release issued by ADR,  Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd), Head, National Election Watch of ADR, states, "It is an unethical move which should be taken back immediately. This amendment directly encourages the politicians and bureaucrats to indulge in unlawful activities without any fear of getting caught, and on the other hand, it discourages the citizens to raise their voice against the powerful people. This is a direct attack on the basic principle of the Constitution, which is equality before the law. ‘’
 
What is laughable is that the government apparently has made this move because there are too many fake complaints being lodged against babus and netas, not realising that it is a reflection of the kind of bureaucrats and MLAs that we have. Verma questions, ``Now, the government says that without the sanction of the speaker, no FIR can be filed, but in most of the cases, evidence is collected after the lodging of an FIR. Without any evidence, on what basis will the government decide to approve or disapprove an FIR against any injustice done by politicians and bureaucrats? Everyone is equal in the eyes of law, but this amendment proves that everyone is not equal in the eyes of law. How is the court not capable enough to take action against someone? Does being a politician or bureaucrat make you above the law? ‘’
  
The press statement also quotes Professor Jagdeep Chhokar, founder member of Association for Democratic Reforms stating that, "This decision of the Maharashtra cabinet goes directly against Article 14 of the Constitution of India which guarantees 'equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws' to "any person within the territory of India.' This decision obviously gives 'greater protection' to MLAs and bureaucrats, and therefore makes them 'more equal' than ordinary citizens."
 
Association for Democratic Reforms has appealed to the Maharashtra government to repeal the amendments made in the CrPC as it goes against the basic tenet of the constitution i.e. equality before law and discourages common citizens to raise their voice against legislators and bureaucrats indulging in corrupt or unlawful activities.
 
 

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COMMENTS

Silloo Marker

2 years ago

By protecting its elected representatives from any investigation by the citizens, the Maharashtra Government is only showing us that ordinary citizens and their concerns can be ignored. The CM of Maharashtra has to most urgently reverse this objectionable amendment and make it possible to file and FIR against any politician without anyone's permission. If equality before the law is not respected, the High Court should intervene suo moto in public interest to have this amendment thrashed.

Suketu Shah

2 years ago

I am sure this law is going to be changed/scrapped.

Shirish Sadanand Shanbhag

2 years ago

No Police Complaints against Babus and criminal background Politicians, is murder of democracy in Maharashtra.
Maharashtra Government should re-amend CrPC and bring it to its earlier state, so that Fundamental Right under Article 14 of our Constitution is saved in Maharasahtra.

Genes decide how many hours you sleep
Most of us need seven to eight hours of sleep a night to function well, but some people seem to need a lot less sleep. The difference is largely due to genetic variability, new research says.
 
The researchers report that two genes are required for normal slumber in fly models of sleep: taranis and Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1).
 
"Our research elucidates a new molecular pathway and a novel brain area that plays a role in controlling how long we sleep," said senior study author Kyunghee Koh, assistant professor of Neuroscience at the US's Thomas Jefferson University.
 
"There is a lot we do not understand about sleep, especially when it comes to the protein machinery that initiates the process on the cellular level."
 
The researchers examined thousands of mutant fly lines and found a mutant, called Taranis, which slept a lot less than normal flies.
 
The researchers tracked how taranis interacted with other proteins and saw that taranis bound to a known sleep regulator protein called Cyclin A.
 
Their data suggests that Taranis and Cyclin A create a molecular machine that inactivates Cdk1, whose normal function is to suppress sleep and promote wakefulness.
 
Previous research has shown that Cyclin A is expressed in a small number of neurons including a cluster of seven neurons on each side of the brain.
 
Koh and colleagues showed that these neurons are located in an area of the fly brain that corresponds with the human hypothalamus - one of the sleep centres of the human brain.
 
They saw a reduction of overall sleep when Taranis was knocked down only in these 14 neurons and when these same neurons are activated.
 
"We think this may be an arousal centre in the fly brain that Taranis helps inhibit during sleep."
 
Although the taranis protein has a human cousin, called the Trip-Br family of transcriptional regulators, it is yet unclear whether a similar system is at play in humans.
 
The study was published online in the journal Current Biology.

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Sitting down leads to increased anxiety
If you are in a sitting job, you are more likely to suffer from anxiety as a new report shows that low-energy activities that involve sitting down are associated with an increased risk of anxiety.
 
These activities, which include watching TV, working at a computer or playing electronic games are called sedentary behaviour.
 
Anxiety is a mental health illness that affects more than 27 million people.
 
Earlier studies have shown a link between sedentary behaviour and physical health problems like obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis.
 
But there has been little research into the link between sedentary behaviour and mental health.
 
This is the first systematic review to examine the relationship between anxiety and sedentary behaviour.
 
"Our research showed that evidence is available to suggest a positive association between sitting time and anxiety symptoms - however, the direction of this relationship still needs to be determined through longitudinal and interventional studies," said lead researcher Megan Teychenne, lecturer at Deakin University's Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (C-PAN) in Australia.
 
Researchers analysed the results of nine studies that specifically examined the association between sedentary behaviour and anxiety.
 
It was found in five of the nine studies that an increase in sedentary behaviour was associated with an increased risk of anxiety.
 
In four of the studies it was found that total sitting time was associated with increased risk of anxiety.
 
The evidence about screen time (TV and computer use) was less strong but one study did find that 36 percent of high school students who had more than two hours of screen time were more likely to experience anxiety compared to those who had less than two hours.
 
The link between sedentary behaviour and anxiety could be due to disturbances in sleep patterns, social withdrawal theory and poor metabolic health.
 
The study was published in BMC Public Health.

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