Citizens' Issues
Using science to usher in change

Science has become too powerful, too pushy and too dangerous to be left on its own. We need to have controls or else we will have more moon missions in preference to saving dying children in thousands from starvation

“An inventor is a person who makes an ingenious arrangement of wheels, levers and springs, and believes it civilization”— Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary, 1958

I think that science is only one of the many ways of understanding this universe while admitting that there are many other ways of doing so. The present craze and teaching that unless one has a scientific bent of mind this world can not progress looks like pure propaganda by the vested scientific lobby. Real scientific temper is a part of living; that is trying to look at everything critically before accepting it. Scientific temper does not simply mean studying BSc, PhD etc.  Their misplaced emphasis on evidence base in science is also shaky as the evidence itself is not pure and is based just on the five senses of the scientist. The whole world out there cannot be grasped with our five senses alone.

Unfortunately, today science seems to have acquired a new meaning of trying to teach nature a lesson or two. In the bargain, scientists look for methods to make money—big money at that—in the form of sponsorship by vested interests, funding by research organizations, patenting their findings and fattening their CVs, huge sums of money from the industry for advising them, and of course, occasionally the ‘great’ Nobel Prize, thanks to big money involved in technology which applies these scientific principles to make money. In addition, the star performers in the area get social status, media projection and many other perks.

The worst part of the enterprise is the fight over intellectual rights. If one gets an idea, how can one call it his/her own? Cell biology tells us that ideas do come to our antennae from the universal consciousness and they do not belong to any individual. The same ideas might have occurred to others at other times. One has only to look at the famous PhD thesis of 1956 written by Imre Lakatos published as Proofs and Refutations, which is one of the greatest twentieth century contributions to the philosophy of mathematics which forms the basis of all sciences as is known to the present generation. It was published and supervised by Karl Popper who ruled the London School of Economics those days. The greatest thinker on science was Popper himself. He was very fond of his pet theme Conjectures and Refutations which will show the science of today is just as hypothetico-deductive. A proposition is scientific only if it is falsifiable, as otherwise, it becomes metaphysical. One could sum up today’s definition of science by quoting two of their thought leaders—Marie Curie and John von Neumann. “Science is measurement and measurement is science” was Marie’s idea while Neumann defined science as “making models, mostly mathematical constructs, which, with verbal jargon, are supposed to work”! Even the great Albert Einstein wrote that “when it comes to reality, mathematics is not applicable.”

Science has become too powerful, too pushy and too dangerous to be left on its own. We need to have controls or else we will have more moon missions in preference to saving dying children in thousands from starvation and Nutritional Immune Deficiency Syndromes (NIDS), grand total of 67 million in all.

Two examples of how knowledge, including scientific knowledge, is universal and not personal are here. Keinzel, a professor Rustum Roy’s laboratory at Pennsylvania state, was working on radio waves to kill cancer cells. Serendipitously, the rays passed through one of the test tubes containing salt water. That test tube could burn like a flame from water. It was then confirmed by professor Roy that what came out of water when radio waves pass through it are hydrogen atoms (not molecules). The water still remained as water and the hydrogen that came out was fully hydrogen atom. Prof Roy, in fact, was inspired by the Vedic saying “poornam idam; poornam adaha…” which simply means that this is a whole and that is a whole. If a bit comes out of the whole the bit becomes a whole but the whole remains a whole! Prof Roy used to quote another sloka (stanza) from the Rig Veda—“Oorj”—which graphically describes water as the mother and father of fire! Amazing all-time wisdom indeed! They are able to run engines on water thus. This technique does not leave nascent oxygen behind like when one removes hydrogen molecules from water. The nascent oxygen would destroy any engine.

Hans Peter Durr, another great physicist who propagates E=M hypothesis calls the same as aduality. Hans, who is the Emeritus Director of Max Planck Institute, in his paper Matter is not made out of Matter, takes pride in mentioning that the Indian sages of yore knew about this when they coined the term advaitha!

“We cannot discover the world we presuppose when proceeding with it. We need an external standard of criticism, an alternate set of assumptions, an entire alternate world—a dream world in order to discover the features of the real world we inhabit (which may be another dream world)… the first step in our criticism of ‘facts’ must be an attempt to break the circle.”, writes Paul Feyerabend in his classic, Against Method, an epoch making book, nay a collage. This is better clarified by Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, an English physicist, in his “fish net hypothesis.” When ichthyologists went to sea to study fish scientifically, they collected samples from all the seas. Analysing their data they came to some vital theories. One of them was “that all fish in the sea are bigger than two inches.” The theory became science and the fish got sold in the market with this scientific tag. Every one concerned was happy. Closer scrutiny, of course, revealed the hole in the theory. If the ichthyologists had taken a net with smaller holes even smaller than two inches fish would have been caught!

The same fish net explains why there are so many ‘scientists’ and Nobel Laureates describing the electron in different ways. Come to think of it philosophers and spiritualists like Charles Leadbeater, Benjamin Guy Babington and Anne Beasant, one time physicists, had come to better conclusions about the atomic structure without any gadgets way back in 1920 in India meditating in yogic trance, described in Besant’s book, Occult Chemistry. The lepto-quark, the last bit of the sub-atomic particle, has been graphically described in a stanza in the Upanishads and the Bhagvad Gita, another point against patenting!

Modern medicine is another one of those pseudo-sciences, in fact, it is not even science, and it is just statistical science. Steven Milloy PhD, an epidemiologist in Washington DC, calls medical science “a science without sense,” in his book by the same name. Albert-Szent Gyorgyi, a Nobel Laureate biologist, in his magnificent publication, Sub-molecular biology, has torn the medical scientific base into pieces. One sentence from Gyorgyi would suffice to show the gravity of the problem. “I am not able to define cancer as I do not know the difference between a normal cell function and cancer cell function.” Writes James Dewey Watson, the Nobel Prize winning DNA man, about cancer research thus: “scientifically bankrupt, therapeutically ineffective, and wasteful” Another Nobel Laureate, Macfarlane Burnet, says that a comprehensive and unbiased survey of cancer research, “the surveyor would end up with a devastating sense of futility—the end-result of the hundreds of thousands of man-years of work on the various aspects of cancer has been precisely nil.”

Our problem in cancer starts from the very definition. Rudolf Virchow, the father of cell pathology, wrote that “no man, even under torture, could define cancer!” The medical sciences of other areas are still worse. I quoted cancer in some detail as this is the biggest research grant getting area attracting lots of young people who have only read their textbooks in medical school; the latter are now known to be ghost written by the vested interests! Medical scientists should, for a change, start thinking before doing. The end result of all the madness in the medical area, as shown by audits based on US governmental data, has been that modern medical establishment in all its ramifications, is the leading cause of human death and disability!

Our curse in India has been that from the time of political independence in 1947, we, unlike the Chinese in 1948, totally ignored the vast sea of medical wisdom that already existing in this country for eons in Ayurveda, and many other systems in preference of the colonial western science. This is like a religion, with a tight-knit hierarchy to keep it the way they want by rigid rules for publications, a ritualistic research style, and the “so called” peer review which is built in to curb all new knowledge. They are feeling the heat now in their own backyard. Lamenting on medical science, the chief of NICE, the highest body that keeps medical science activities under control in the UK, Sir Michael Rawlins, said that “RCTs, the benchmark of quality in medical research has been placed on an undeservedly high pedestal.”

The whole field of medical science smacks of a fanatical religion. “A great country with great traditions is subjected to western domination and is exploited in the customary way. A new generation recognizes or thinks it recognizes the material and the intellectual superiority of the west and traces it back to science. Science is thus imported, taught, and pushes aside all other wisdoms and traditional elements. Scientific chauvinism triumphs. What is compatible with that science should live, what is not compatible with science should die,” writes Paul Karl Feyerabend in his classic Against Method. This one paragraph in Paul’s book tells all that I have been saying for the last half a century. Nobel Laureate Peter Medawar, a great medical scientist, in his book The Limits of Science and John Bockris of cold fusion fame from A& M University in Texas, in his book The New Paradigm have argued more convincingly of the need for a change sooner than later.  Science has become a boondoggle.

“The most ordinary things are to philosophy a source of insoluble puzzles. With infinite ingenuity it constructs a concept of space or time and then finds it absolutely impossible that there be objects in this space or that processes occur during this time... the source of this kind of logic lies in excessive confidence in the so-called laws of thought.”— Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906) b Vienna, Austria

(Professor Dr BM Hegde, a Padma Bhushan awardee in 2010, is an MD, PhD, FRCP (London, Edinburgh, Glasgow & Dublin), FACC and FAMS. He is also editor-in-chief of the Journal of the Science of Healing Outcomes, chairman of the State Health Society's Expert Committee, Govt of Bihar, Patna. He is the former vice-chancellor of Manipal University at Mangalore and former professor for Cardiology of the Middlesex Hospital Medical School, University of London. Prof Dr Hegde can be contacted at [email protected])


Will solar power pull down overall power tariffs?

Maharashtra sells thermal power to industry and commercial units at Rs8-Rs12 per kWh, while solar power prices have dropped to Rs7 per kWh


Frenetic bidding for solar projects have brought down feed-in tariffs to just Rs7 per unit (or kWh), Union minister for renewable energy Farookh Abdullah confirmed this to a gathering in Delhi two months ago. Even power data released by the government confirm this fact.

That’s a big tumble from a few years ago, when solar photovoltaic (PV) prices were hovering at a stratospheric Rs19 per unit. Feed-in tariff is the money paid by a power distribution company to producers who supply electricity to the grid. This tariff covers all costs for power producers—recurring costs, interest, depreciation and also includes the profit that the producers would make.

While that’s great news for solar enthusiasts, it spells greater trouble for Maharashtra. This is because Maharashtra has the largest industrial and commercial base among all the states in India. Maharashtra’s state distribution company, Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company (MSEDCL) or Mahavitaran, earned Rs34,000 crore through electricity sales in the last fiscal. As much as 60% of this came from sales to industry (at Rs8-Rs10 per unit) and commercial units (shops, malls, etc, at Rs10-Rs12 per unit).

The biggest fear among state officials now is that industrial units will opt to set up rooftop solar power generation capacities and reduce purchases from MSEDCL by at least 20% or Rs5,000 crore. By saetting up rooftop solar, they could reduce their electricity costs from Rs8 (or more) per unit to less than Rs7 (because solar power producers also make profits when selling electricity at this price). In fact, power analysts are convinced that what happens in Maharashtra will spur a tariff revision across the country.

There’s merit in the argument. For perspective, take the example of Orissa, which recently awarded five solar photovoltaic projects worth a cumulative 25 MW to meet the requirements of the Solar Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) with feed-in tariff at Rs7 per unit.

Since this tariff includes costs such as interest, depreciation as also profit for the producer, it can be safely assumed that the actual cost of generation could be under Rs6 per unit, may be even Rs5.

This savings could translate into cost reduction of lakhs of rupees for each industrial unit in Maharashtra every month, while for commercial units, the gains could be more.

Conversely, revenues of the state would also decline, so the writing on the wall is clear: Unless Maharashtra revises all power tariffs downward immediately, Mahavitaran will be swimming in losses.

First murmurs about the need to do this are already being heard along official corridors. A senior bureaucrat said the refrain is about the need to bring about a uniform tariff of Rs5 per unit.

That would mean subsidised users who pay 20 paise to Rs1.20 per unit will have to shell out a lot more, while industry will get it cheaper.

To ensure this tariff does not result in a whiplash of protest from marginal users and from politically powerful agriculturists, bureaucrats have been mooting targeted subsidies to the deserving. This could change the way power is distributed to farmers, and also the way it is stolen by canny businessmen.

“This will allow the needy to get subsidised power—whether it will be through cash transfers to their account or through the issue of coupons,” said a senior state official.  So what’s the solution for the state?

Crisil, which rates the ability of companies to repay debt, said at a seminar on power tariffs in New Delhi in the first week of May that growth in income and the spending pattern of Indian households leads it to believe that consumers have the capacity to bear higher tariffs.

Crisil’s managing director and CEO Roopa Kudva said this indicates policymakers may have more flexibility to increase tariffs than they are currently exercising. “Had power tariffs kept pace with other household expenses, power utilities would have earned additional revenues of about Rs95,000 crore (during the last four years). Instead of making losses of Rs87,000 crore, they would have made an aggregate profit of Rs80,000 crore,” she pointed out.

For the industry, there could be more cheer as competitive bidding for solar projects are yet to take place in Karnataka and Rajasthan.

Considering the trend so far, solar power costs, and therefore industry power tariffs, could only slide further. That, and a profusion of solar rooftop facilities, may be what could break the state’s tariff regulatory back. Unless power tariffs get revised, and the manner of subsidy dispensation gets changed.


SUBSIDY CULPRIT: Agriculture consumes 22.7% of electricity generated, but contributes less than 10% of state's power revenues

POWER THEFT: Residentials consume 18% but generate only 16% of state’s power revenues

AND THEY PAY: Industrial and commercial clients consume 25%, but provide 70% of revenues


Personal Finance Exclusive
RBI’s directive on inoperative/unclaimed deposits violated

Karnataka Bank has made a mockery of RBI’s recent directive deadline to put up names and addresses of unclaimed and inoperative accounts. What about your bank? Check out and let us know

If you thought that the recent Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) directive to banks would make it easier for customers to retrieve long lost deposits of a deceased kin, think again. Apparently, one such bank has violated RBI’s directive, in spirit and word, one week before RBI’s 30 June 2012 deadline for compliance. This was brought to notice by a Moneylife reader. Karnataka Bank, instead of putting names and addresses of unclaimed deposit holders, has instead put the onus on the users to search for names.

In February 2012, RBI had directed banks comply with directives to put up names, addresses and the procedure with respect to unclaimed deposits/inoperative accounts. Vide its circular RBI/2011-12/389 dated 7 February 2012 , it said, “Keeping in view public interest, it has been decided that banks should, in addition to the instructions contained in the above mentioned circular, play a more proactive role in finding the whereabouts of the accountholders of unclaimed deposits/ inoperative accounts. Banks are, therefore, advised that they should display the list of unclaimed deposits/inoperative accounts which are inactive/inoperative for ten years or more on their respective websites. The list so displayed on the websites must contain only the names of the account holder(s) and his/her address in respect of unclaimed deposits/inoperative accounts.”

Further it said, “The list so published by the banks should also provide a “Find” option to enable the public to search the list of accounts by name of the account holder.” The original circular was actually published in 2008.

Do check out this link: You will only notice the search bar and nothing else. This means, in Karnataka Bank’s case, only the ‘Find’ option is provided and not the entire list of names and addresses, as the case should be, as per the RBI circular. Moreover, finding this search page took sometime, as it was neatly tucked away in a corner in the homepage; not everyone is Internet savvy. Will Karnataka Bank change and comply with the circular in spirit as well as word, before the 30 June 2012 deadline?

Moneylife had previously written a piece about the difficulty in retrieving unclaimed fixed deposits. Whether the RBI will take corrective measures to ensure its circular is complied with, both in word and spirit, remains to be seen only after 30 June 2012.

In a last updated release by RBI, on 14 November 2011, Karnataka Bank has had 57,151 unclaimed accounts amounting to Rs1,100 lakh as of 31 December 2010. While the total unclaimed accounts lying with Indian banks, both private, public and foreign, amounted to Rs1,723 crore with 1,03,45,857 accounts yet to be claimed or activated. This is a big number and should not be taken lightly by banks or the RBI. One can imagine the difficulties these account holders, or their kin, will have while trying to claim it or even be aware that they have the rights to claim these accounts.



Amit Jain

3 years ago

Still most of the banks provide only search facility e.g. canara bank which is very difficult.
Could you please write an article on this once again?


5 years ago

The author is sheer perverted.He has not checked the websites of other banks.He has made a very biased statement and is fearful of commenting about public sector banks like SBI or others.PITY!!!!

Rakesh Gujral

5 years ago

It seems the banks are least bothered about the RBI directives. Banks like SBI, PNB, HSBC and others also violating the RBI directives.


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