PAN card data has become essential for certain transactions, which makes PAN card identity theft more likely than ever
Waving a PAN (Permanent Account Number) card as a form of identity, when such a document is required with a photograph, has become second nature to many of us. Keeping a laminated copy as a spare, and placing the original in safe-keeping, is the strategy adopted by many. But now, with more and more transactions requiring a copy of a PAN card, or at the very least the number, it appears that the role of this essential piece of plastic, and its consequences, are rapidly changing, in a way and manner not anticipated by the authorities.
Tipped off by a message in an amateur railfans group (IRFCA) and prodded by a couple of anecdotal experiences, this is what we discovered about the widespread misuse of PAN card data. If you are using it to book Tatkal tickets, then you have to provide the number. This number then reflects on the booking chart, which is displayed openly on the carriage, at the departure station and elsewhere.
In some cities and states, hotels demand copies of PAN cards. Similarly, if running up huge bills at restaurants, and paying in cash—you can be asked for a PAN card. Then at jewellers, second-hand car dealers, property brokers, landlords, tenants, and many more entities, they all want a copy of your PAN card. Travel agents and visa facilitation centres are also not averse to asking for this detail.
All this is fine in normal situations. But if you have ever seen determined looking young men taking down details of name, age, gender and origin/destination, along with the PAN card number, from railway reservation charts, know that they are paid anything between Rs5 and Rs10 per detail collected. And if you have ever received strange phone calls or telegrams/emails from weird people after applying for a visa, then it worries you even more. Very often they appear to have copies of all the documents you placed with the visa centres.
This PAN card number then becomes a tool for benami transactions in a variety of hands. And it appears that this problem is growing very rapidly. Including, it seems, with credit cards issued, new cars purchased, or similar.
What happens, then, if you are a victim of PAN card identity theft, and data emerges which shows you as having transacted a vast amount of money somewhere? Which may also match with your actual travel?
# From the trader’s point of view, a penalty of Rs10,000 per wrong PAN card information provided can be levied and so it becomes incumbent on the trader to try to ensure that correct data is collected and provided, preferably with an additional identity proof.
# From the tax-paying PAN card holder’s point of view, if despite checking the Form 26AS online some benami transactions take place, and you do not spot it till it is too late, then the Income Tax department will ask the PAN card holder to prove that he did not carry out the transaction. The Income Tax department can also ask the PAN card holder to explain the source of the funds used. Resolution can take years.
# From the non-tax-paying PAN card holder’s point of view, there may not even be the option of checking Form 26AS online, and the first he will come to know is when he receives a notice from the Income Tax department. Again, the common man suffers—and God help you if somebody takes a dislike towards you.
Obviously, the quoting of a PAN card for cash transactions is not a fool-proof method and needs to be fine-tuned some more. That is for the finance ministry to consider and implement and one method would be to insist that additional steps like signed photocopy of PAN card, signed photocopy of additional identity document and possibly video/photo record of the transaction be retained by traders/customers taking part in high-value cash transactions.
On your part, try not to use the PAN card as an identity document or for other casual transactions, and have control over photocopies given out.
(Veeresh Malik had a long career in the Merchant Navy, which he left in 1983. He has qualifications in ship-broking and chartering, loves to travel, and has been in print and electronic media for over two decades. After starting and selling a couple of companies, is now back to his first love—writing.)
Hit by tight liquidity conditions, banks are still borrowing on an average about Rs80,000 crore from the central bank every day and cut in CRR, repo rate may help them
New Delhi: The Reserve Bank of India may cut interest rate by about 0.25% and release more liquidity in its annual credit policy on Tuesday in the light of sagging factory output and moderation in economic growth, say bankers according to a report from PTI.
"My personal stance is that cut cash reserve ratio (CRR) ... I would expect 75 basis point cut in CRR," SBI Chairman Pratip Chaudhuri said.
Last month, RBI slashed CRR -- the percentage of deposits that banks have to keep with the RBI -- from 5.5% to 4.75%. With this, the central bank had infused Rs48,000 crore into the economy.
Indian Overseas Bank chairman and managing director M Narendra said, "Given the microeconomic condition, there is expectation that the RBI would cut both repo and CRR by 25 basis points (0.25%)".
Showing persistent sluggishness in the economy, industrial production growth slowed to 4.1% in February this year, mainly due to poor performance of the manufacturing sector and consumer goods segment.
At the same time, inflation has been hovering around 7% and global crude oil prices are still over $100 per barrel, adding to inflationary pressures. The inflation was 6.89% in March much above the RBI's comfort level.
RBI, which increased the key policy rate 13 times between March 2010 and October 2011 to tame inflation, did not hike the repo rate (short term lending rate) in the last three policy reviews.
On the other hand, India's GDP grew by the slowest pace in the last 3 years to just 6.1% in the third quarter of 2011-12.
The GDP growth rate for the third quarter was lower compared to 6.9% in the previous quarter and 8.3% in the same quarter last financial year.
Since October 2011, the repo of RBI has stood at 8.5%. Repo rate is the signalling rate. Other policy rates like reverse repo and bank rate adjust automatically with change in the repo rate.
On the possibility of repo rate reduction by the RBI, Mr Chaudhuri said, "I am not too hopeful and frankly I don't think this is material".
According to Bank of Baroda chairman and managing director MD Mallya, "We saw last year that growth was not very substantial. We have seen the overall interest rate scenario reigning high. So, perhaps some policy measures are required to ensure growth is also catered to without compromising on inflation."
Mr Mallya said overall liquidity is likely to improve after Government spending starts.
Hit by tight liquidity conditions, banks are still borrowing on an average about Rs80,000 crore from the central bank every day.
Punjab National Bank chairman and managing director KR Kamath said on the one hand there is an issue of inflation and on the other economic growth is moderating.
"So, I find its difficult task for the governor to select between the the growth and inflation," Mr Kamath said.
Punjab & Sind Bank executive director PK Anand said "There could be some token cut by RBI to prop up growth. It could be about 25 basis points".
Inflation eased in March due to sharp decline in prices of onions, fruits and protein-based items. However, during the month, vegetables and pulses turned costlier
New Delhi: The overall inflation in March eased to 6.89% on account of sharp decline in prices of onions, fruits and protein-based items, even as vegetables and pulses turned costlier, reports PTI.
Inflation, as measured by the Wholesale Price Index (WPI), was 6.95% in February. In March last year, it was 9.68%.
As per the official data released on Monday, inflation in food items was 9.94% in March, as against 6.07% in February. Onion prices declined by (-)24.23% in March. The rate of decline was (-)48.50% in February. Besides, eggs, meat and fish prices rose 17.71% during the month, lower from 20% in February.
Pulses turned expensive by 10.05% and vegetables by 30.57% during March. In February, the rate of price rise in vegetables was 1.52%. Milk became expensive by 15.29%, while rice and cereals turned costlier by 4.73% and 4.41% respectively. Prices of potato too rose by 11.60%. Food articles have 14.3% share in the WPI basket.
The manufactured goods showed moderation in inflation to 4.87%, from 5.75%. This may have a bearing on the annual monetary policy to be announced by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Tuesday.
The inflation number for March remained marginally above the projections made by Finance Ministry, which had expected it to be around 6.5%.
The headline inflation number for January was revised upwards to 6.89%, up from the provisional estimate of 6.55%.
Inflation in overall primary articles rose sharply to 9.62% in March, from 6.28% in February. In manufactured items, it has been high since February 2011, when it crossed the 6% mark.
Year-on-year, among manufactured items, iron grew dearer by 17.18% and edible oil prices rose by 9.78%. Inflation in tobacco products and basic metals was 8.22% and 9.51% respectively.
Non-food primary articles, which include fibres and oilseeds, was however lower at (-)1.20% in March. In February, it was (-)2.56%.
Inflation in the fuel and power segment was 10.41% on an annual basis. The rate of price rise was 12.83% in the previous month.
Experts said the inflationary pressure, driven by prices of food articles, will keep the pressure on the government to remove supply side bottlenecks.
Headline inflation was near double digit for most of 2010 and 2011. The apex bank hiked key policy rates 13 times, totalling 350 basis points between March 2010 and October 2011 to tame inflation.
Since January, RBI has resorted to injecting liquidity into the financial system, by reducing Cash Reserve Ratio for banks. Besides, it has called for fiscal steps by the government to combat inflation.