UID/Aadhaar
UIDAI dismisses doubts over accuracy of unique ID system

According to the UIDAI study, it has been affirmed that the authority’s biometric enrolment system is ready to handle high throughput of up to 10 lakh registrations per day and has 99.965% accuracy in terms of duplication detection

New Delhi: Dispelling fears that the biometric technology being employed for the Aadhaar project is flawed, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) on Monday asserted that its system is reliable and can achieve the task of providing unique ID cards to the entire population of the country, reports PTI.

“Based on the analysis, the UIDAI confirms that the enrolment system has proven to be reliable, accurate and scalable to meet the nation’s need of providing unique Aadhaar numbers to the entire population,” the UIDAI said.

Amid concerns raised by the home ministry about the quality of data collected by the UIDAI, which could be a security threat, the body today released a report titled, ‘The Role of Biometric technology in Aadhaar Enrolment’, which confirms the high degree of accuracy of biometrics used in the UID project in the context of the large-scale enrolment across India.

The Planning Commission and the home ministry are at loggerheads over the need for the UID project, with both putting forward their respective points of view to prime minister Manmohan Singh.

The controversy is centred on the collection of biometric data of all residents. While the home ministry has maintained that data collected by the Registrar General of India for the National Population Register should form the basis for issuance of unique ID cards, the Planning Commission has reposed faith in the data collected by the Nandan Nilekani-led UIDAI.

The Union Cabinet is likely to discuss the proposal for allowing the UIDAI to continue its work beyond the mandated 200 million enrolments on Tuesday.

According to the UIDAI study, it has been affirmed that the authority's biometric enrolment system is ready to handle high throughput of up to 10 lakh registrations per day and has 99.965% accuracy in terms of duplication detection.

The system meets the country’s requirements in terms of scale as well, with the database capable of accommodating 1.2 billion people.

“The UIDAI biometric system is processing over 100 trillion biometric person matches with a high degree of accuracy each day, capable of issuing 10 lakh Aadhaars daily.

This makes it not only one of the most accurate, but soon to be the largest biometric system in the world,” UIDAI chairman Nandan Nilekani said in a statement here.

“This certainly gives us a high degree of confidence in executing this project of national importance with scale and accuracy,” UIDAI director general RS Sharma said.

 

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COMMENTS

David Moss

5 years ago

The Unique Identification Authority of India's report, Role of Biometric Technology in Aadhaar Enrollment, claims that a biometric failure to enrol rate of 0.14%, a false positive identification rate of 0.057% and a false negative identification rate of 0.035% were all achieved by their Aadhaar scheme while there were 84 million people's biometrics on the register.
These figures are staggering. No respectable expert has ever claimed that such reliability could be achieved.
Equally, these figures are merely asserted. They have not been audited. There is no independent opinion available, only UIDAI's.
It is to be hoped that someone will audit the figures. They deserve a lot of independent, academic attention because, if they are correct, the state of the art has been transformed, biometrics has gone through a revolution. And if they are incorrect, then they need to be withdrawn quickly, before they take on the authority of scientific truth.

Vaidya

5 years ago

It is more than 6 months since we completed the formalities. We have not received the Cards. Where do I do the follow up.

Samir Kelekar

5 years ago

Accuracy of UID system can be undermined at the input level itself. Put on a fake fingerprint of someone else, and you have a new identity. No de-dup algo can catch it because it is not a duplicate. Steal someone's biometric data and you can impersonate that person. Hackers undermine systems in such ways too. Check out the ATM machine frauds that are happening every day in India.

REPLY

Vaidya

In Reply to Samir Kelekar 5 years ago

Is it so simple and easy to copy 10 fingures and iris. I do not thing so. There are countries which are using only thumb impression and iris for immigration for years. And the countries are known for their rigidity. The only diffierence I guess I know is, in those guilties are punished severely and definitely. In India the major concern is even if you are caught, you are set free, and if you are set free, even on bail, you will a shameless hero's welcome. Probably readers have guessed my city of residence.

Samir Kelekar

In Reply to Vaidya 5 years ago

Yes, it is not difficult. Besides, one doesnt have to fake 10 fingers and iris as the authentication depends on just one finger. There is a youtube video on how one can fake one's own finger. The process to pick up another person's finger from a glass is slightly more complex but not difficult. Besides, the ration card shop owner could pick up the digital versions of this on his computer. Remember fingerprints are not picked up encyrpted. They get encrypted later.

Higher dependence on market borrowings by govt worrisome: RBI

The Centre has twice revised its borrowings target in the H2 of FY11-12, leading to over Rs92,000 crore of excess borrowings over and above the budgeted Rs4.2 lakh crore, which has put a severe strain on the budgeted fiscal deficit estimate of 4.6%

Mumbai: Flagging the issue of growing fiscal deficit, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Monday termed as ‘worrisome’ higher dependence on market borrowings by the government and called for fiscal prudence, reports PTI.

“Tighter adherence to fiscal rules (is) necessary as increasing dependence on market borrowings is worrisome,” the RBI said in its macro-economic and monetary developments review released on the eve of monetary policy announcement.

The Centre has twice revised its borrowings target in the H2 of FY11-12, leading to over Rs92,000 crore of excess borrowings over and above the budgeted Rs4.2 lakh crore.

This has put a severe strain on the budgeted fiscal deficit estimate of 4.6% with even the finance minister admitting that meeting the target will be difficult.

The RBI said the government has been borrowing from the open market through Ways and Means Advances due to lesser accumulation in the National Small Savings Fund.

The increased government borrowing, along with rate hikes, has had an impact on liquidity conditions and the apex bank said it had to resort to buy back of Rs61,400 crore of government securities in what it terms as open market operations (OMO) to inject liquidity in the system.

The RBI also made it clear that though the OMO is the instrument of choice, it can resort to adopting other measures to infuse liquidity “as and when required”.

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Growth moderating more than expected in 2011-12: RBI

“Growth in 2011-12 is moderating more than what was expected earlier. The business climate has weakened. The slack in investment and net external demand may keep the pace of recovery slow in 2012-13,” the RBI said

Mumbai: Amid concerns over gross domestic product (GDP) expansion, a survey of professional forecasters by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has projected that growth will slow down to 7% in FY11-12 and will pick up only marginally at 7.3% next fiscal, reports PTI.

The downward revision of the projection to 7% is startling, as a similar survey three months back had pegged the median forecast for growth at 7.6% in FY11-12 and at 7.7% in FY12-13.

“Growth in 2011-12 is moderating more than what was expected earlier. The business climate has weakened. The slack in investment and net external demand may keep the pace of recovery slow in 2012-13,” a statement from the RBI said.

The RBI pointed out that the manufacturing sector’s reliance on global demand, investment uncertainty and high interest rates were denting the growth.

Volatility in the exchange rates, which affects fund flows and company bottomlines, is a challenge as the country enter the next fiscal, the RBI said, noting there were some positives in the resolution of structural issues faced by the economy.

On inflation, which has been above the comfort level—prompting prompted 13 consecutive rate hikes by the Reserve Bank from March 2010 till October last year—the survey said average Wholesale Price Index (WPI) inflation for the whole fiscal will be 8.8%.

The RBI has given a guidance that WPI inflation, which stood at 7.5% in December 2011, will cool down to 7% by March 2012.

In its Macroeconomic and Monetary Policy Developments report released ahead of the policy review on Tuesday, the RBI said the sentiment of the industry also remains weak.

“Weakening demand, increased global uncertainties, lower availability of credit and higher input costs are seen to be the significant factors affecting the overall business sentiment,” it said.

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