The local market is likely to see a flat-to-positive opening today. Wall Street closed in the green overnight on earnings boost from Citigroup and economic data. The Asian pack was mostly higher on Citigroup’s positive earnings report and ambiguous economic news from the US. The SGX Nifty was up seven points at 6,140 against a close of 6,133 on Monday.
Opening with marginal gains, the Indian market soon dipped into the red on profit taking yesterday. A sharply volatile session saw the indices trade in a narrow range in the negative terrain till the post-noon session. A green opening of the key European markets gave the much-needed boost helping the domestic market closing near the high-point of the day.
The Sensex finally ended the day up 43.84 points (0.22%) at 20,169. The benchmark touched an intraday high of 6,115 and a low of 5,985.
Earnings report from Citigroup propped US financial stocks resulting in the indices closing in the green on Monday. Investors braced themselves for earning reports from Apple and IBM, which were announced after trade closed for the day. Besides, the National Association of Home Builders said its housing-market index rose three points to 16 in October, the first improvement in five months.
Citigroup’s third-quarter earnings topped analysts' estimates. Revenue rose 2%, meeting expectations, as the company managed to grow its core businesses broadly. After regular trading hours, Apple tanked 6.3% despite reporting stronger earnings, as gross margins missed analysts' expectations and iPad sales disappointed.
IBM tumbled 4% in late trading after reporting that its signed service contracts fell 7%. Microsoft slipped 2.4% after-hours on reports that Ray Ozzie, its chief software architect, is retiring.
The Dow gained 69.63 points (0.63%) to 11,132. The S&P 500 added 5.56 points (0.47%) to 1,181. The Nasdaq added 5.03 points (0.20%) to 2,474.
Markets in Asia were mostly higher in early trade. While banking stocks received a boost from Citigroup’s earnings report, weaker-than-expected industrial production for September ignited fresh worries about the global recovery.
The Shanghai Composite was up 0.35%, Hang Seng gained 0.85%, Jakarta Composite was up 0.63%, KLSE Composite was up 0.40%, Nikkei 225 was up 0.53%, Straits Times was up 0.27%, Seoul Composite was up 0.05% and Taiwan Weighted gained 0.10%.
Interim pension regulator PFRDA on Monday said that Bajpai-headed committee report on overhauling the structure of all citizens' pension scheme is expected next month.
"The Bajpai committee report we should be having in a month or so," Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) chairman Yogesh Agarwal told reporters on the sidelines of a PHD chamber event.
PFRDA has appointed a committee headed by former Securities and Exchange Board of India chairman G N Bajpai to look into the fee structure and suggest changes of New Pension System (NPS).
Reliance Super InvestAssure Plan will assure that 80% of your first year premium is pocketed by Reliance, and Max New York Life Secure Dreams plan will unsecure your dreams by securing 30% of your first year premium
After Unit-linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), ULPs (Universal Life Policies) are going to be reformed inside out by the insurance regulator. ULPs are a combination of ULIPs and 'traditional' insurance products.
Like ULIPs, the premium amount in ULPs is invested in bonds and equities after deduction of various charges. Like traditional products, there is no unitisation of funds, which means the fund value is not declared as in traditional plans. Also, one wouldn't know where the money has been invested and what return it has obtained. If ULIPs, which were more transparent, came under IRDA's reformist moves, there is no reason why ULPs won't - since ULPs are far worse than ULIPs.
Reliance Life Insurance, Max New York Life and Bharti Axa are some of the private life insurance companies that offer ULPs. If ULPs are cut down to size, Reliance Life would be hit the most. Consider Reliance Super InvestAssure Plan. It must be the worst plan anyone would buy. A hefty 80% of first year premium is swallowed by the insurer as allocation charge. And Reliance sells this dubious product quite aggressively. It has been reported by the media that 40% of Reliance Life Insurance's new business premium came from sales of ULPs during the first quarter of the current fiscal ending June.
Interestingly, some of these companies have been telling the media that growth in premium income has been coming from ULIPs and not ULPs.
Another insurer to get hit would be Max New York Life. Secure Dreams of Max accounts for more than 10% of new business income. The minimum ticket size of Reliance Life's ULP and MYNL ULP is Rs5,000 and Rs15,000 per annum respectively.
None of the ULP products mention 'ULP' or 'Universal' anywhere in the policy document. How far is that mis-selling? To add to the confusion, Reliance ULP has market-linked returns whereas MYNL ULP is a non-linked insurance policy. The gullible customer today does not even know whether the policy is traditional or ULIP - let alone ULP - because of lack of proper classification and documentation.
Reliance Super InvestAssure does not allow policy surrender for the first three years. The surrender charge for the fourth year is 5%, fifth year is 3%, and nil from sixth year.
MNYL Secure Dreams does not allow policy surrender in the first year. The surrender charge for the second year is 90%, third year 80%, fourth year 70%, fifth year 50%, and nil from the 10th year.
There is no separate guideline for this complex, hybrid product where confusion is galore. IRDA is planning to cap the charges on ULPs, which are similar to ULIPs and also have a component of traditional plans. IRDA has received complaints from various sections of the industry claiming that some companies are selling ULPs under the guise of ULIPs and overcharging policyholders.
Speaking on the sidelines of a recent CII insurance seminar, J Hari Narayan, IRDA chairman said, "These are new products and pose some challenges. We will shortly come out with guidelines for ULPs including capping of charges. We do not want too much play in ULPs which are detrimental to customers."
The regulator may be trying to ensure that companies don't try to compensate for lower margins from ULIPs, post 1st September by pushing more ULPs. IRDA has not cleared any ULPs in the last three-four months and the product remains under the regulator's scanner even as agents are pushing them to earn higher commissions. A similar view was expressed to Moneylife by a senior official of another large life insurance company, which has no ULP products.
The regulator's warning on ULPs has gone unnoticed by investors as none of the ULPs declare themselves as such. It has surely triggered fear among insurers selling ULPs because they see it as an end to their lucrative product. Life insurance companies have been lobbying with IRDA not to cap charges on ULPs.
"The regulator should wait for three-four months to see how ULIP sales have picked up before taking any call on ULPs. In a free market, prices should be determined by the market," a Max New York Life official has been quoted in the media.
Another official has been quoted as saying, "There is no need for separate guidelines for ULPs. This is not a very complex product. We don't disclose the net asset value like ULIPs, but the expenses are explained upfront."
ULPs abroad come with advantages in terms of flexibility on the premium payment and sum assured, withdrawal and loan from accumulated account value. But the products offered by Indian companies don't have these facilities. The insurance regulator wanted insurers to launch fixed premium plans initially to test the market response and introduce variable premium/sum assured later on. The disadvantage of variable premium is that investors run the risk of the policy lapsing if they are not able to pay premiums that keep rising during the tenure of the policy.
Bharat Diamond Bourse, built at a cost of Rs1,100 crore, opens at Bandra-Kurla business district, nearly 20 years after it was planned
Union Commerce and Industry minister Anand Sharma is hopeful that diamond exports will see a huge growth with the opening of the Bharat Diamond Bourse (BDB), which he inaugurated in Mumbai on the auspicious occasion of Dassera yesterday.
"In 2009-2010, the export of diamonds from Mumbai was Rs61,000 crore and I am hopeful that within a year, this bourse will achieve a turnover of over Rs1,00,000 crore," Mr Sharma said in his address at the inaugural function. That's a growth of over 60% that hasn't been seen recently. In 2009-10, gems and jewellery exports from India registered a growth of 18.23% at $29 billion (about Rs1,30,000 crore). Cut and polished diamonds make up a majority 60% of this business.
BDB, touted as the world's largest diamond trading centre, took nearly two decades to build and nearly twice the amount of money estimated at the start, on account of various issues and changes in plans. The new diamond trading centre in the suburban Bandra-Kurla business district has nine interlinked nine-storey towers, spread over 20 acres. It has 2,500 offices, 24,500 safe deposit boxes and a 6,200 square foot trading floor. It was designed by architect Balakrishna Doshi and cost Rs1,100 crore to build. There is a 12,000 square foot Customs area and spaces for agents, banks, food courts and parking space for about 2,200 vehicles.
"The objective is to establish necessary infrastructure facilities for the promotion of diamonds, diamond jewellery from India and provide all support and service facilities to traders, importers, exporters and other stakeholders," said BDB president Anoop Mehta.
Maharashtra chief minister Ashok Chavan, petroleum minister Murli Deora, and member of parliament Priya Dutt also attended the function.
For many years now, the diamond trade has operated mainly from Panchratna building and Prasad Chambers in the old, crowded Opera House area in south Mumbai. It is expected that traders will move into their offices at the new exchange by December. "BDB would have an inflow of over 20,000-27,000 people a day when it is fully operational in the next few months," Mr Mehta said. Customs operations got started today.
India has the largest share of the world diamond trade today, in terms of the number of pieces manufactured and maximum carats exported. But China has being making serious inroads into the business and poses a serious threat to India's dominant position. Now, the industry is hoping that the new trading centre will bring more foreign business. "India is a major diamond manufacturing centre; 11 out of 12 diamonds in the world are cut, polished and processed here. BDB will ultimately help make India an international trading centre for gems and jewellery and towards creating a Brand India in the world of diamonds," Mr Mehta said.