The Indian market is likely to witness a cautious opening today on unsupportive global cues. US housing data was lower-than-expected pulling down key indices in major US markets overnight, while markets in Asia were lower in early trade concerned about key economic data in China. The SGX Nifty was down 47 points at 5,650 compared to its previous close of 5,697.
Yesterday, the market opened with modest gains on positive cues from global markets. The indices fluctuated on both sides of the neutral line, amid a high degree of choppiness. They touched their day's high in noon trade-but a sharp bout of selling saw them breaching their psychological levels a short while later. Volatility continued with the market touching the day's low in late trade. However, the indices witnessed a minor bounce-back, but ended in the red, erasing nearly half the gains accrued in the previous session. The Sensex ended 114 points lower at 18,978 while the Nifty stood at 5,691, down 33 points.
Wall Street closed lower on Wednesday on disappointing housing data. Housing starts fell 4.3% in December to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 529,000 from a downwardly revised 553,000 in the previous month, the Commerce Department reported. On the other hand, building permits, a measure of future construction, surged 16.7% to an annual rate of 635,000.
Projections of lower fourth quarter earnings by financial majors Bank of America and American Express and tepid results from Goldman Sachs, Northern Trust and Wells Fargo, pulled down the banking sector.
The Dow declined 12.64 points (0.11%) at 11,825.29. The S&P 500 fell 13.10 points (1.01%) at 1,281.92 and the Nasdaq lost 40.49 points (1.46%) at 2,725.36.
Markets in Asia were in the negative terrain in early trade on Thursday on concerns over Chinese economic indictors. Weak housing starts data from the US also dampened investor sentiments. In news that just came in, China's annual gross domestic product growth rose to 9.8% in the fourth quarter from 9.6% in the third quarter, the National Bureau of Statistics said today. Consumer prices rose 4.6% in December from a year earlier, slowing from a 28-month high of 5.1% in November. The CPI rose 0.5% in December from the previous month after a 1.1% month-on-month rise in November. This apart, the producer price index rose 0.7% between December and November after a 1.4% rise in November.
The Shanghai Composite declined 0.57%, the Hang Seng fell 0.91%, the Jakarta Composite was down 0.31%, the Nikkei 225 tanked 1.13%, the Straits Times lost 0.39%, the Seoul Composite was down 0.19% and the Taiwan Weighted declined 0.28% in early trade.
Back home, a committee appointed by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday suggested that microfinance institutions (MFIs) be allowed to charge a maximum interest of 24% on small loans which cannot exceed Rs25,000. The committee, headed by RBI’s central board director YH Malegam, also pitched for creation of a separate category of non-banking financial companies (NBFC-MFI) for the microfinance sector.
The panel also said small loans of up to Rs25,000 could be given to families having an income up to Rs50,000 per annum. On repayment, it said, the borrowers be given the option of weekly or fortnightly or monthly return of the loan.
New Delhi: The blueprint for the National Broadband Plan (NBP) to connect 160 million Indian households with high-speed Internet connections by 2014 will be ready by the end of this fiscal, reports PTI quoting telecom minister Kapil Sibal.
“The framework for the NBP will be finalised by the end of this fiscal (31st March),” IT & telecom minister Mr Sibal said at a roundtable meeting here with various stakeholders.
Earlier this month, Mr Sibal—while announcing his 100-day agenda after assuming stewardship of the telecom ministry—had said the ministry will take concrete steps towards finalisation of the NBP, including the strategy for implementation and roll-out of optical fibre networks.
The meeting was attended by various operators including Bharti Airtel, Aircel, MTS and SSTL. Mobile operators’ associations, including COAI and AUSPI, were also a part of the discussions.
“The minister has discussed various issues related to NBP and the service providers have shared our views and concerns regarding the issue. This is in line with the 100-day agenda which Kapil Sibal had announced. We welcome this step and many more such discussions would be held by the minister in future also,” COAI director general Rajan S Mathew said.
Last year, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) had recommended setting up a national broadband network at a cost of about Rs60,000 crore in order to achieve 160 million broadband connections by 2014.
TRAI said the ‘National Broadband Plan’ should be financed through a universal service obligation (USO) fund and loans given by the government.
TRAI’s recommendations came amid the government’s failure to meet its target of 20 million broadband connections by 2010. At present, the number of broadband connections is only 10.3 million.
In addition, the recommendations on the ‘National Broadband Plan’ are expected to facilitate inclusive growth of the country by including the large rural population in governance and the decision-making process, as well as extend better education, health and banking facilities to rural areas.
To be established in two phases, this network will be an open-access optical fibre network connecting all habitations with a population of 500 and above and will be completed by 2013.
TRAI has also recommended the formation of a government-owned holding company—National Optical Fibre Agency (NOFA)—to establish the nationwide networks.
In addition, TRAI had also recommended the formation of a State Optical Fibre Agency (SOFA) in every state, with 51% equity held by NOFA and the rest by the respective state governments, for setting up the network.
Both the government holding companies are expected to ring in revenue to the tune of Rs26,000 crore per year once the network is established.
Filing your tax return is only a part of the income-tax procedure that could get more troublesome if the officer decides to pick your return for scrutiny
Click here for more pictures of the workshop
Perhaps no other domain in finance involves as many hassles and complications as does taxation. The salaried class knows how cumbersome tax matters are-weighed down by endless paperwork and having to stand in long queues to submit returns. After the hard part is done and over, there's still a chance that your tax return may be the one handpicked for scrutiny. So, how should one deal with the issue? Is there a simple way out? Moneylife Foundation invited Ameet Patel, tax partner at SKP Group, to address these and other concerns of taxpayers at the Moneylife Knowledge Centre on Tuesday.
Mr Patel said that the main objective of his address was to help people understand the difficulties that could crop up after filing tax returns. The problem arises when a tax-payer's return is picked up for scrutiny by the Income-Tax officer. The aim of the scrutiny is to determine whether all the income earned during the year is duly reflected in the tax return, whether deductions claimed are genuine and whether the appropriate tax has been genuinely paid or not. (Read Mr Ameet Patel's article, 'Pay Tax, Na Karo Relax' in the edition of MoneyLife magazine dated 27 January 2011, now on the stands.)
He pointed out that to avoid getting caught in the scrutiny, one must have at hand all documentary proof relating to the return. Among the documents required to be produced are the bank statement or pass book. Other important documents that a taxpayer must preserve are dividend receipts, records of salary, interest income, gifts received and loans taken, proceeds from sale of shares/mutual fund units credited to the bank account and other credits.
The audience listened intently as Mr Patel described issues that could create problems for taxpayers. He pointed out that a salaried person should match the salary deposited in the bank with the amount entered in Form 16. The gross salary in the salary certificate, minus recoveries such as provident fund, profession tax, loan, TDS, etc, and non-monetary perks should ideally tally with the amounts deposited in the account. He also explained the importance of Form 26AS, which contains details about tax payments credited in the investor's name in government records.
Another major issue that he addressed was AIR or Annual Information Return. Tax officers can access this information on the basis of a taxpayer's PAN. Mr Patel said that an investment is to be reported only if it crosses Rs2 lakh.
Another stumbling block is TDS information. Taxpayers are expected to match every TDS entry-gross amount, date of deduction, etc, with their records. He also talked about business income versus capital gains, which has been a bone of contention for several years.
Mr Patel also answered questions from the participants in a lengthy Q&A session. The queries ranged from how a particular file is picked up for scrutiny, to the debate over the classification of capital gains and business income.
One participant inquired what differentiated a 'trader' from an 'investor'. Mr Patel explained that it is the tax officer who decides whether a taxpayer is a 'trader' or an 'investor'. While some IT officers consider even 10 share transactions in a year as indicative of business, others might decide that even 100 such transactions constitute investment. The main points that differentiate a trader from an investor are the frequency and volume of transactions, whether funds use are owned or borrowed, and the holding period of the investment.
Another participant asked whether one could set off a loss from speculative trading against gains from other investments. Mr Patel clarified that such losses could only be set off against speculative gains.
Mr Patel is a former president of the Bombay Chartered Accountants Society, which has over 8,000 members. He is a tax partner at SKP Group and was earlier partner at Kanu Doshi Associates. Mr Patel is an occasional columnist for Moneylife.