World
The NSA revelations all in one chart

ProPublica plotted the NSA programs, showing which ones fall squarely into the agency's stated mission of foreign surveillance, and which ones are more controversial

Illustrations by Alberto Cairo (special to ProPublica)

This is a plot of the NSA programs revealed in the past year according to whether they are bulk or targeted, and whether the targets of surveillance are foreign or domestic. Most of the programs fall squarely into the agency’s stated mission of foreign surveillance, but some – particularly those that are both domestic and broad-sweeping – are more controversial.

Just as with the New York Magazine approval matrix that served as our inspiration, the placement of each program is based on judgments and is approximate.

For more details, read our FAQ or listen to our podcast. Also, take our quiz to test your NSA knowledge.


 

 

Program Name

Description

Agency

Bulk?

Targeted?

Foreign?

Domestic?

Squeaky Dolphin

A British effort to monitor YouTube video views, URLS "liked" on Facebook and Blogger visits.

NSA

 

 

Optic Nerve

A British program to bulk collect images from Yahoo webcam chats: "It would appear that a surprising number of people use webcam conversations to show intimate parts of their body to the other person."

NSA

 

 

Honey Traps

A British spy effort to conduct covert Internet investigations, including sexual "honey-traps."

NSA

 

 

Hacking Anonymous

A British spy unit to monitor hacktivists such as the group Anonymous.

NSA

 

 

Royal Concierge

A GCHQ program to monitor hotel reservations for "governmental hard targets."

NSA

 

 

Swedish-American surveillance of Russia

A Swedish-American effort to spy on Russian leadership.

NSA

 

 

Turmoil

A large network of clandestine surveillance "sensors" to collect data from satellites, cables, and microwave communications around the world.

NSA

 

 

Turbine

A network of active command and control servers around the world that can be used for "industrial scale exploitation."

NSA

 

 

Internet Metadata

A program, ended in 2011, to sweep up domestic Internet metadata such as the To and From fields in emails.

NSA

   

SecondDate

A so-called man-in-the-middle attack for "mass exploitation" of traffic "passing through network choke points" as well as "surgical target selection."

NSA

 

 

Buddy List, Address Book Spying

An NSA effort to collect hundreds of millions of contact lists from email and instant messaging accounts.

NSA

 

 

Program to Discredit Militants

An NSA effort to spy on targets' online sexual activity.

NSA

 

 

HappyFoot

An NSA effort to use Web cookies and data from phone apps to identify users' devices and physical locations.

NSA

 

 

50,000 implants

An NSA map of the 50,000 computers worldwide it has implanted with surveillance malware.

NSA

 

 

Targeting Embassies

An NSA operation targeting the Italian embassy in Washington D.C.

NSA

 

 

Shotgiant

An NSA program to break into Chinese-owned Huawei networks and products.

NSA

 

 

Wellspring

An NSA program to collect images from emails for facial recognition.

NSA

 

 

Dishfire

An NSA program to collect up to 200 million text messages a day worldwide.

NSA

 

 

Gilgamesh

An NSA program to geolocate people's SIM cards via Predator drones.

NSA

 

 

WillowVixen

An NSA technique to deploy malware by sending out emails that trick targets into clicking a malicious link.

NSA

 

 

Tapping Underseas Cables

Companies - including BT, Vodafone, and Verizon Business - gave GCHQ access to their underseas cables.

NSA

 

 

LinkedIn Hack

Engineers at a Belgian telcom were infected with malware, via a technique called QuantumInsert, when they pulled up their LinkedIn profiles.

NSA

 

 

Cellphone Location Test

In 2010 and 2011, the NSA tested bulk collection of location data from Americans cellphones.

NSA

   

Bullrun

Joint NSA and GCHQ effort to undermine and weaken cryptography standards and tools.

NSA and GCHQ

 

Angry Birds

NSA and GCHQ efforts to intercept information transmitted by phone apps, including Angry Birds.

NSA and GCHQ

 

 

Hacking OPEC

NSA and GCHQ programs to infiltrate the OPEC oil cartel

NSA and GCHQ

 

 

Hacking Al Jazeera

NSA hacked into Al Jazeera's internal communications system.

NSA

 

 

QuantumTheory

NSA programs that inject spyware onto targets' computers through so-called "man on the side" attacks. Variants include QuantumInsert, QuantumBiscuit, and QuantumSmackdown.

NSA

 

 

Hammerchant / Hammerstein

NSA programs to spy on data sent through voice over IP calls and Virtual Private Networks.

NSA

 

 

Surveillance of 2009 U.N. Climate Change conference

NSA surveillance of the 2009 U.N. Climate Change conference.

NSA

 

 

EgotisticalGoat and EgotisticalGiraffe

The Egotistical animal programs are techniques to track users of Tor anonymizing software.

NSA

 

 

Muscular

The NSA and GCHQ have jointly operated a program to intercept data from Yahoo and Google networks.

NSA and GCHQ

 

 

Spying on Gamers

The NSA and GCHQ monitored games including World of Warcraft.

NSA and GCHQ

 

 

Co-Traveler/ FASCIA

The NSA collected 5 billion records a day of cellphone locations worldwide.

NSA

 

 

G8 and G20 Summit Spying

The NSA conducted surveillance during the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Canada.

NSA

 

 

Cracking cellphone encryption

The NSA has the capability to defeat a widely-used cellphone encryption technology.

NSA

 

 

Hacking Angela Merkel

The NSA targeted German Chancellor Angela Merkel's cellphone.

NSA

 

 

VictoryDance

The NSA tested a technique for using drones to map "the Wi-Fi fingerprint of nearly every major town in Yemen."

NSA

 

 

Prism

The Prism program collects data from the servers of U.S. technology companies.

NSA

   

NoseySmurf, TrackerSmurf, DreamySmurf, ParanoidSmurf

The Smurf programs get inside iPhones and Android devices, turning on microphones, tracking location, and managing power.

NSA

 

 

Upstream

The Upstream program collects communications transiting the Internet via commercial partners codenamed Fairview, Stormbrew, Blarney, and Oakstar.

NSA

 

Phone Metadata

The well-known and controversial program to collect of phone call records - aka metadata - of nearly all Americans.

NSA

   

Tracfin

Tracfin amasses gigabytes of data about credit card purchases.

NSA

 

 

ANT catalog

Various techniques - with names like IronChef and DropoutJeep - used to inject surveillance software into Apple, Cisco, Dell and other products.

NSA

 

 

 

 

 

Courtesy: ProPublica.org

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Sensex, Nifty may move higher – Monday closing report

Nifty should stay above 7,550 for it to gain further strength

We had mentioned in our Friday’s closing report that the S&P BSE Sensex and NSE Nifty may be up for a short rally. After opening with a big gap, the indices on Monday held the gains and rose higher. In the last hour, both the indices made a quick upmove to hit the day’s high.

The Sensex opened at 25,180, while the Nifty opened at 7,534. Sensex moved up to 25,461 and closed at 25,414 (up 314 points or 1.25%), while Nifty hit a high of 7,624 and closed at 7,611 (up 103 points or 1.37%). The NSE recorded a turnover of 98.51 crore shares. India VIX rose 1.39% to close at 17.8725.

All the other indices on the NSE closed in the green. The top five gainers were PSU Bank (3.42%), Nifty Midcap 50 (3.02%), PSE (2.57%), Infra (2.48%) and CPSE (2.26%).

Of the 50 stocks on the Nifty, 42 ended in the green. The top five gainers were BPCL (5.32%), IDFC (5.30%), PNB (4.31%), Sun Pharma (4.03%) and Tata Power (3.85%). The top five losers were United Spirits (3.87%), Maruti (0.70%), Bajaj Auto (0.61%), M&M (0.48%), Tata Motors (0.40%).

Of the 1,581 companies on the NSE, 1,140 companies closed in the green, 390 companies closed in the red while 51 companies closed flat.
India and China on Monday signed three key memorandums of understanding (MoUs). The MoU on industrial parks is aimed at attracting Chinese investments in India and provides an enabling framework for Chinese companies to invest in industrial parks and zones.

As crude prices dropped, concerns arising from the impact of high crude oil prices on India's macroeconomic situation eased. A monthly revision in diesel prices is due later in the day i.e. 30 June 2014.

PSU Banks are in focus these days. There had been news that the government is likely to take a decision on a proposal to create a holding company structure for public sector banks before the Budget and a roadmap for this is likely to be announced in the budget. Syndicate Bank (10.90%), Allahabad Bank (9.18%), Andhra Bank (7.69%), Canara Bank (6.77%), IOB (6.68%), Union Bank (6.18%), Bank of India (5.94%), Oriental Bank (5.84%), Dena Bank (5.64%) and Uco Bank (5.37%) were among the top 15 gainers in the ‘A’ group on the BSE.

United Spirits (4.21%) was the top loser in the ‘A’ group on the BSE. The company was recently in the news when UK-based Diageo Plc made an open offer to buy a 26% stake in the Indian company in April. The open offer, which ended recently, was made at Rs3,030 per share. Sun Pharma (3.87%) was the top gainer in the Sensex 30 pack. Taro, Israel-based subsidiary of Sun Pharma, recently hiked the price of 11 products. Sun owns a 70% stake in Taro. Maruti (0.47%) was among the top two losers in the Sensex.

US indices closed in the positive on Friday. The number of Americans seeking unemployment benefits declined last week, the latest evidence that a sharp economic slowdown earlier this year hasn't caused employers to cut jobs. Weekly unemployment benefit applications fell by 2,000 to a seasonally adjusted 312,000, the Labor Department said on Thursday.

Except for Hang Seng (0.13%), NZSE 50 (0.05%) and Straits Times (0.47%), all the other Asian indices closed in the green. Taiwan Weighted (0.93%) was the top gainer.

European indices are showing mixed trends, while US Futures are trading in the negative.

User

SEBI disposes representation of two involved in IPO manipulations

The market regulator disposed off representation made by Dushyant N Dalal and Puloma D Dalal, who have been restrained from securities market for seven years

Market Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has disposed of a representation made by two individuals, who had sought the vacation of restrictions imposed on them with respect to securities market dealings.

 

The representation made by Dushyant N Dalal and Puloma D Dalal, who have been restrained from securities market for seven years starting 21 July 2009, has been disposed of, SEBI said in an order.

 

After finding that they indulged in fraudulent, deceptive and manipulative practices in initial public offers (IPOs) of various companies, SEBI had directed them to pay a disgorgement amount of Rs6 crore. The amount included simple interest at the rate of 12% annum for four years (2005-09) on the unlawful gain of over Rs4 crore.

 

In its order on 21 July 2009, SEBI had said that in case Rs6 crore disgorgement amount is not paid within 45 days of the order, the two would be restrained from dealing in the securities market for a further period of seven years.

 

SEBI also said the request made by the applicants for vacating the restraint imposed on them for non-compliance with the disgorgement order within the time stipulated in the order cannot be acceded to.

 

"A view on the quantum of penalty to be levied on the applicants have already been taken in the SEBI order. The applicants are undergoing the restraint only because of their non-compliance with the disgorgement order and as directed vide the SEBI order," Prashant Saran, whole time member of SEBI said.

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