The iPad’s human tragedy

Violations involving child labour, falsified records and disposal of hazardous waste have been uncovered at the vast Foxconn facility near the southern Chinese boom city of Shenzhen, where the iPad is made.

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PMO likely to take final call on fate of delayed Sarguja power project

Following the stand-off between the environment and coal ministries regarding the coal block for the ultra-mega power project, the PMO is likely to step in to resolve the issue

The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) is likely to take the final decision on the fate of the 4,000-MW ultra mega power project (UMPP) at Sarguja in Chhattisgarh, which has been delayed due to the non-receipt of environmental clearance, reports PTI.

The environment and forests (E&F) ministry has declared the Hasdeo coal block in Chhattisgarh—which was allotted by the coal ministry for the Sarguja UMPP—as a 'No Go' area, where coal mining cannot be done as it will adversely impact the environment.

The coal block was awarded by the ministry of coal to the ministry of power for captive use of the 4,000 MW UMPP in the state.

"As the matter has now become inter-ministerial, it may go to the PMO," a source close to the development said. He did not provide any further details on the matter.

The environment ministry has maintained that it was not consulted by the coal ministry before the coal block was allotted.

"The coal ministry should have consulted the environment and forest ministry before allotting the coal block," an official in the E&F ministry said.

Power Finance Corporation (PFC), the nodal agency for the ultra-mega power project, invited preliminary bids for the execution of the Sarguja project in March this year. The last date for submission of bids was 3rd May, which has now been extended till 5th July due to objections raised by the ministry of environment and forests.

PFC forms a special purpose vehicle (SPV) for all the UMPPs, the SPV acquires the land, provides water availability and coal linkage for the project.

Sarguja is the fifth UMPP in a series of such projects planned by the power ministry.

The government has already allotted four UMPPs to the successful bidders. Reliance Power has bagged three of the four UMPPs at Sasan (MP), Krishnapatnam (AP), and Tilaiya (Jharkhand), while Tata Power has been awarded the Mundra UMPP in Gujarat.

These projects are likely to provide a thrust to the government's capacity addition programme in the Twelfth Five Year Plan, starting April, 2012.


3G impact: RBI opens additional borrowing facility for banks

The RBI late Wednesday allowed banks to draw additional funds from it by opening a second window to meet the expected cash crunch in the system on account of Rs1 lakh-crore demand of corporates to meet their 3G fee and advance tax payment requirement

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) late Wednesday allowed banks to draw additional funds from it by opening a second window, to meet the expected cash crunch in the system on account of Rs1 lakh-crore demand of corporates to meet their third generation (3G) fee and advance tax payment requirement, reports PTI.

At present, RBI offers only one window—the Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)—to banks between 9.30 am and 10.30 am everyday to lend or borrow from it against government securities.

The central bank manages daily money supply in the system through LAF.

Starting from May 28, the apex bank will allow banks to avail of the second such measure for half an hour between 4 pm and 4.30 pm.

The facility will allow banks to borrow more from the central bank to the tune of 0.5% of their deposits.

In the first LAF of the morning hours, banks can borrow or lend as much as their requirements. However, RBI sees money supply in the system before accepting or rejecting their demands.

The second window may inject up to Rs25,000 crore—0.5% of the total bank deposits of Rs50 lakh crore at present.

"Scheduled commercial banks may avail of additional liquidity support under the LAF to the extent of up to 0.5% of their net demand and time liabilities," the Reserve Bank said in a statement.

Banks towards the close of the day would know exactly how much is their actual demand for cash after taking money from each other in the call money market.

The central bank also allowed banks to seek waiver of the penal interest if they have less government securities when they borrow more from the RBI.

At present, banks are required to have 25% of their deposits in government securities, cash and gold (statutory liquidity ratio or SLR).

"For any shortfall in maintenance of SLR arising out of availment of this facility, banks may seek waiver of penal interest," the RBI said.

Terming the measure as temporary, RBI said the facility would be available till 2nd July this year.

Earlier, RBI had announced second LAF after funds dried up due to deepening global financial crisis in 2008.

This time, it announced the measure due to pressure on money supply due to expected Rs1 lakh crore payment for 3G auction and advance tax outgo.

The fiercely competitive auction of 3G spectrum, which ended last week, offers Rs67,719 crore to the exchequer, almost double of the Rs35,000 crore projected in the budget.

This together with payments for broadband wireless access (BWA) and expected advance tax for the first quarter of this fiscal may result in Rs1 lakh-crore outgo from the system.

The Rs1 lakh crore demand has raised apprehensions of interest rate hike as it has come on the top of RBI sucking out liquidity and making credit dearer since January.

"The latest assessment of liquidity conditions suggests that there could be temporary liquidity pressures in the market largely due to changes in government balances on account of advance tax payments and 3G auctions," RBI said.

Commenting on the move, Bank of Baroda executive director R K Bakshi said, "Liquidity in the market has really become tight in the last few days. 3G auction taking double the amount which was expected earlier will put pressure in the liquidity in the market...this (RBI's step) will definitely help."

The RBI announcement came a few hours after its deputy governor K C Chakrabarty assured enough liquidity support to make up for any cash crunch in the system.

"Yes, definitely...maintaining adequate liquidity is the job of the Central bank...why the markets should fear," Mr Chakrabarty said on the sidelines of RBI Rajbhasha function in Mumbai.

SBI chairman O P Bhatt also admitted that surplus liquidity is gradually disappearing from the system that has forced it to raise certain segments of short-term corporate loans by 0.25%-0.50%.

However, Mr Bhatt indicated that there would not be general interest rates hike immediately as liquidity is enough despite expected payment for 3G auction and upcoming advance tax.

To a query on whether the 3G money will help the government to cut down its borrowing target, Mr Chakrabarty said that may be a possibility 'if all other things remain the same'.

In Delhi, finance secretary Ashok Chawla also said better than expected revenue generation from 3-G spectrum auction would have favourable impact on the government borrowing plans.

If the government reduces its borrowings from the expected over Rs4.50 lakh crore this fiscal, this may raise the resources available for private sector and may not impact interest rates.

In its annual monetary policy, RBI had asked banks to keep more cash—0.25% of deposits—with the central bank.

It had also raised key short term lending (repo) and borrowing (reverse repo) rates by 25 basis points.

Wednesday’s measure cannot be termed purely as reversal of tight monetary policy by RBI as it is a temporary measure to meet ad hoc cash imbalances of banks.


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