The CAT fiasco and the virus story

The viruses being held responsible for the CAT 2009 fiasco can be easily detected and removed by any updated anti-virus software. Then why are the management gurus and 'masters of the online exam' acting like novices?

Computer glitches resulting from viruses continued to disrupt the Common Admission Test (CAT) 2009 for the third consecutive day on Monday amid indications that the exam could be extended beyond the 7th December deadline.

According to media reports, two viruses namely 'Conficker' and 'Nimda' are being held responsible for the fiasco. Due to this virus attack, nearly 4,000 students could not appear for the test during the first two days of the 10-day entrance examination process that started on Saturday.

However, both the viruses are not new and can be easily detected and removed by any well-known, updated anti-virus software like Norton, McAffee, AVG and Avast. So why was no anti-virus package installed on the computers on which the exams were being conducted? The second question is related with the very nature of the exams. The CAT 2009 was supposed to be an online (you have to solve the question paper while staying connected to the Internet) exam, but according to some students who took the test, this was not the case.

As per the plan designed by Prometric, one has to download the complete file of the exam and it can be uploaded back only after finishing the paper. So if you are using the Internet only to download and upload your exam paper, where is the online quotient in the test? That means students are not required to stay online for the entire duration while solving the exam paper, so how can CAT 2009 be called an online exam? Also, this whole episode of downloading and uploading the exam paper might have opened the door for virus attacks.

Cyber expert Vijay Mukhi, who is also head of IT for the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) has raised the question of using an obsolete technology for conducting a prestigious exam like CAT. Mr Mukhi said, "Had the CAT exams been conducted using cloud technologies, none of the servers would have crashed and students would not have had to go through such hardships. I cannot understand why the IIMs shy away from using the latest state-of-the-art technologies used by the likes of Facebook, Yahoo, Google and Amazon."

The so-called 'responsible' attacker 'Conficker', first detected in early November 2008, is a worm that primarily targets the Microsoft Windows operating system. 'Conficker' is also known as Downup, Downdup and Kido. Nimda, also a worm, was first discovered in 2001; it spreads quickly, eclipsing the economic damage caused by past outbreaks such as the Code Red worm.

Multiple propagation vectors allowed Nimda to become the Internet’s most widespread virus/worm within 22 minutes from its release on 18 September 2001. Both these worms can be easily detected, and destroyed by today's anti-virus packages. So the question remains, why didn’t Prometric and its partner NIIT have minimum security enabled on the computers on which they conducted the exam? One IT expert pointed out, "It is the height of negligence to have Windows computers on the Internet without a good anti-virus package."

"For a critical test such as the CAT, there needs to be highly reliable infrastructure (in place) during the duration of the test, which was not there. Also, it seems if by chance you press a key (on the computer) which you are not supposed to, the software can go for a toss thus destroying your work again," said another expert.

Prometric Testing Pvt Ltd (Prometric India), a subsidiary of Prometric, was awarded a multi-year, multi-million dollar contract by the IIMs to conduct the CAT for entry into top management schools in India. IIM Ahmedabad director Samir Barua said that the contract is meant for conduct of the exam by the agency for about 20 years.

According to a statement, the IIMs were responsible for generating questions for the tests and Prometric was responsible for conducting the test. The delivery could not be executed flawlessly because of virus attacks at several test sites. Prometric is working to address the issues arising from the attacks.

The ministry for human resources development (HRD) has also sought a report from Satish Deodhar, convener of CAT, on the disruption of the test being conducted by Prometric for nearly 2.4 lakh candidates for admission into IIMs and a few other B-schools.

The test will continue till next Monday at 105 centres over 32 cities across the country. Students can appear in the test at these centres during the 10-day examination period. There are nearly 1,800 seats in the seven IIMs at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Indore, Kozhikode, Lucknow and Shillong.

The IIM authorities have also told Prometric that it should provide enough support systems at examination centres if there is something wrong with the computer on which the test is being given and strengthen the quarantine system to check any future virus attacks.

The blame game can continue between the IIMs, Prometric and NIIT, but what about the harassment of the students? Following the chaos during the first three days, many IIM aspirants—especially those who could not take the test—are feeling depressed.

Speaking about the agony these students have had to face, an IT expert said, "It is such a pathetic state, and aspiring young people of this country have been treated like guinea pigs. As it is, 1 out of every 100 students is selected. If you lose 15 minutes because your file is downloaded late, or due to noise (I am told that there was huge commotion in the hall when some students' servers crashed), you can easily lose a percentile point and thus lose admission to the IIMs."

The IIMs have put out a disclaimer on their site warning that anybody who attempts to leak the CAT questions will face three years of jail or a fine of Rs2 lakh. However, given the high stakes on IIM admissions and the long period of 10 days to conduct the CAT, there are chances that a lot of business and tech-savvy players may be making a killing by revealing question papers stealthily, another expert said.

A student from Jabalpur, whose test centre was Bhopal, is on the verge of losing his chance to appear for the exam. His first attempt to give the exam was cancelled due to technical problems. When he enquired with fellow students, almost everyone had the same 'terrible' experience to share. Some of the students were asked to strip in order to check whether they were carrying any technical equipment with them! Since this student could not appear for the test that day, he had to return to his home at Jabalpur. He was promised that he would be informed about the rescheduled date and time of his test by 6pm that day, but unfortunately there was no message till next day i.e., 30th November.

When at about 2pm he called the customer care centre, he was told that his test had been rescheduled on 30th November at 3.30pm and he was supposed to reach Bhopal within an hour!

When he protested, his call was transferred to other person who did not answer his query. Here is what the student told Moneylife,"My call received the same fate which my entire year’s hard work has faced. It’s almost 24 hours after my complaint and there is still no response. I have the highest respect for the IIMs but outsourcing doesn't mean you outsource your reputation as well. It was a terrible experience." One friend of this student, based at Lucknow, had his exam cancelled three times, till Tuesday.

"It seems that the systems were not tested for the scale at which they were deployed. Yes, our students did face issue. The issues faced were-exams were rescheduled- test environments were far from conducive- questions took long to load- biometrics did not load and test got cancelled-delayed. We have been counselling students to stay calm in such situations. Getting over anxious is only detrimental," said Anand Bhatia, general manager, Career Launcher India Ltd.

The whole CAT fiasco has turned out to be a matter of shame—not just for Prometric but for the IIMs too.
-Yogesh Sapkale with Lorain Viegas


IBA, bank employees signs wage hike, pension benefits agreement

After much deliberation, the Indian Banks Association (IBA) has settled on a 17.5% salary hike for roughly 700,000 bank employees. IBA signed an agreement with the United Forum of Bank Unions (UFBU), an employee union comprising 9 union at the industry level and covering officers and clerical staff.

The salary hike which becomes effective from November 2007 for a period of five years, would entail additional outgo of Rs4,816 crore annually. This ninth bipartite wage negotiation settlement covers 27 public sector banks, almost all private banks and some foreign banks including Citibank, Standard Chartered Bank, HSBC and ABN Amro.
Besides, the agreement has also provided for pension benefits for around 332,000 serving and retired employees. The pension scheme would involve an additional outgo of nearly Rs6,100 crore from the banks. This is the second pension option for public sector banks, covering 272,000 serving employees and 60,000 retired employees who did not opt for the scheme in 1993.
Vishwas Utagi, secretary of the All India Bank Employees Association (AIBEA) confirmed, “This settlement would require an additional corpus of Rs6,100 crore to cover 272,000 present employees and around 40,000 retired employees. In that, employees have agreed to contribute Rs1,800 crore, which forms 30% of the corpus while the bankers would contribute the remaining balance of Rs4,200 crore.”
However, SBI unions refused to ink the pact stating that there interests were not being served. SBI union representatives of National Confederation on Bank Employees (NCBE) and All India State Bank of India Officers Association (AISBIOA) refused to sign the minutes of the meeting.
Mr Utagi added, “The SBI leadership walked away saying that this will not be applicable to them, but then the fact remains that their own organisation presidents have signed the pact. So, even though the general secretaries of these two unions did not sign, their respective presidents have ratified. Although SBI unions were negotiating along with the rest on the wages front, they had a different stand with regard to the pension scheme. SBI has a different pension settlement since the beginning, separate from the pension scheme covering other banks. They were arguing to introduce a separate clause in the settlement to enable them to improve pension system within the bank. However, both IBA and the government refused and directed them to hold talks with their management.”
Those employees joining public sector banks from April 2010 would be covered by the New Pension Scheme (NPS) with 10% of their basic salary and dearness allowance deducted as their contribution. Banks in turn would pitch in with the same amount.
Sanket Dhanorkar [email protected]


Adani gets shareholders’ nod to raise Rs4,000 crore

Adani Enterprises Ltd on Friday said that it has received approval from its shareholders for upsizing the amount to be raised through share sale to qualified institutional buyers (QIBs) to Rs4,000 crore from Rs1,500 crore which was planned earlier, reports PTI.

The members of the company have given their approval for enhancing the present limit of issue of shares or instruments convertible into shares to QIBs to the overall amount up to Rs4,000 crore, Adani Enterprises said in a filing to the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
On 18th June this year, shareholders had given their approval for issue of shares or instruments convertible into equity shares to the QIBs for an amount not exceeding Rs1,500 crore.
In today's shareholders meet, the company also received approval from the issue of bonus shares in the ratio of one new equity share for every one share held by investors, it said.
Shares of Adani Enterprises closed at Rs810.60 on the BSE, down by 1.4% from the previous close.
–Yogesh Sapkale



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