Telenor dumps Unitech; to form new Indian venture

“Telenor Group has issued to Unitech a notice of voidance of the current shareholders’ agreement with Unitech on account of fraud and misrepresentation on their part as established by the Supreme Court judgement,” Telenor Group director communications (Asia) Glenn Mandelid said in a statement

New Delhi: Virtually dumping its partner Unitech, Norwegian telecom major Telenor Group today announced plans to set up a new company for carrying out its Indian operations post Supreme Court quashing its 22 licenses, reports PTI.

Telenor also sought damages from Unitech accusing it of “fraud and misrepresentation” of facts based on which it had invested over Rs6,000 crore in the joint venture with the real estate firm.

“Telenor Group has issued to Unitech a notice of voidance of the current shareholders’ agreement with Unitech on account of fraud and misrepresentation on their part as established by the Supreme Court judgement,” Telenor Group director communications (Asia) Glenn Mandelid said in a statement.

The Norwegian firm wants to transfer the business that was being done under the Uninor brand to the new company, where it will hold 74% stake and may rope in a minority Indian partner.

Expressing shock at Telenor’s announcement, Unitech in a statement said, it “cannot be held responsible” for cancellation of licenses and shareholders agreement “cannot be terminated by any party unilaterally”.

Telenor said the new entity will serve as the platform to approach the upcoming auctions for fresh licenses as mandated by the Supreme Court.

“As a part of this process, the new entity will also seek requisite approvals from the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) to allow Telenor Group to take up 74% ownership," Mr Mandelid said.

Telenor will seek to transfer Uninor’s business, and seamlessly migrate its customers and employees, to the new company, Mr Mandelid added.

“Till such a time, Uninor operations continue as before,” he added.

Telenor said it does not need “the 75% shareholders vote” for transfer of the business to the new company as “Uninor is a private company”.

On the ability to unilaterally void shareholder agreement, the Norway-based company said “in case of a fraud and misrepresentation, Telenor can unilaterally declare the shareholder agreement void”.

Mr Mandelid said Telenor Group has, for more than a year, tried to secure Uninor’s long-term funding needs through a rights offer but the process has been blocked by Unitech.

“Telenor Group has taken full responsibility for the financial security of Uninor by solely and fully guaranteeing for all short-term funding needs,” he said.

Telenor Group said it has invested Rs6,135 crore through equity and over Rs8,000 crore in debt through corporate guarantees for ramping up Uninor’s operations.

Uninor, over period of two years, has secured over 40 million customers, a workforce of over 17,500 and a distribution network with more than 4 lakh points of sale, the statement said.

“In order to ensure a smooth transition for Uninor’s employees, customers and stakeholders, we expect that the Uninor board would, with prior consent from the Indian authorities, transfer Uninor’s business into this new company at a fair market value,” Mr Mandelid said.

Mr Mandelid added that this voidance will take place with a prospective affect and all rights that have accrued in the past shall consequently stand preserved.

“Till such time that Uninor’s business is transferred to the new Indian company, Uninor operations will continue as before. We now trust that the Indian authorities will conduct a swift and fair process such that new competition remains in the market,” Mr Mandelid said.

The Unitech stock trailed 0.14% at Rs35.45 apiece on the Bombay Stock Exchange in late morning trade today.


Are Public Information Officers really overburdened?

Is there a solution to the lack of will by government department heads in voluntarily providing information under Section 4 of the RTI Act, because of which information is primarily delayed? PricewaterhouseCoopers along with IMRB which conducted a study at the behest of the central government makes some valid observations and suggestions

The Supreme Court in a RTI judgment on 9 August 2011 made an observation that, “the nation does not want a scenario where 75% of the staff of public authorities spends 75% of their time in collecting and furnishing information to applicants instead of discharging their regular duties.”

It further states that, “the threat of penalties under the RTI Act and the pressure of the authorities under the Act should not lead to employees of a public authorities prioritising information furnishing, at the cost of their normal and regular duties”.

Central Information Commissioner Shailesh Gandhi states that, “if 75% of the government employees spend 75% of their time to provide information, it would imply that 56% (0.75x0.75) of the total time would be spent on giving information. If this possibility ever comes about it would be scary and undesirable.”

So Shailesh Gandhi decided to do a reality check and following are his observations:

  • According to the most optimistic estimate not more than one crore RTI applications are likely to be received in 2012 in all public authorities in the states and central government together.
  • The average time to attend each RTI application would be less than three hours. This means no more than three crore hours spent by all officers
  • If we assume that an average government employee works for just six hours a day for 200 days a year, it would mean he would work for a total of 1,200 hours in a year
  • Three crore hours divided by 1,200 hours is 25,000 which means 25,000 employees would be required full time
  • The central government and all state governments have about 1.2 crore employees totally. This means that the total time spent by government employees would be 0.208%. (25,000 divided by 1,20,00,000=0.208%)
  • To put this in the idiom of the Supreme Court’s observation, no more than 4.6% officials are spending 4.6% of their time presently on giving information. The Supreme Court’s observation has no connection with reality

In addition to these observations, the resistance by most government departments in not abiding by the norms of Section 4 of the RTI Act which mandates suo moto disclosure which includes majority of information which citizens desire and have the right to know, has compelled citizens to file RTI applications.  Subsequently, lack of systematic documentation in government offices also leads to unnecessary time being spent on gathering information for the applicant and leads to procrastination and hesitation in providing information by the Public Information Officers (PIOs).

In 2009, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), along with IMRB (market research partner), had been assigned by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) to assess and evaluate the level of implementation of the Act with specific reference to the key issues and constraints faced by the “Information Providers and Information Seekers”.  The final report “Final Understanding the Key Issues and Constraints in implementing the RTI Act” has been published but most of the recommendations are gathering dust.  PwC has provided some noteworthy observations and recommendations.

I restrict myself to the section which highlights how well-equipped are government departments in dealing with RTI applications filed by citizens, in terms of training, usage of IT, basic infrastructure like Photostat machines and budgets.

The study states:

Record Management 

  • More than 38% of PIOs stated ineffective record management system for delay in processing
  • Approximately 43% of the PIOs were not aware of the record management guidelines


  • Approximately 45% of PIOs mentioned that they had not been provided training in RTI
  • Approximately 43% of PIOs were not aware of the proactive disclosure of their Pas
  • Approximately 39% of the PIOs were not aware of key SIC judgments
  • Training was limited to the provision of the RTI Act. Key aspects related to public dealing, motivation, technology, service levels, etc were not addressed
  • Usage of Information technology
  • Lack of software application

Low motivation of PIOs

  • Most of the PIOs have taken up the role unwillingly, leading to low motivation among them. Often, junior officers have been given the role of the PIOs and first appellate authority
  • There was a perception among PIOs that lack of adequate budget and infrastructure hampers RTI implementation
  • Approximately 89% PIOs said that there was no additional allocation of staff for RTI, while their work has increased 

The study observes: “The gaps highlighted above, are partly due to lack of clear accountability established through appropriate government rules and lack of controls to measure the level/effectiveness of implementation. This has been addressed in the report through detailing the roles and responsibilities of various entities and establishing a control mechanism through the use of IT.” 


  • Re-organisation of record management system to promote information management. A separate study is recommended to improve the current record management guidelines and make them “RTI friendly”
  • The following interventions in training to be taken
  • Knowledge Resource Centre should be the owner of developing and updating the training content
  • At the state level, the state nodal department agency should design a training implementation plan with support from the state administrative training institute and national training agency
  • Head of the public authority should own the responsibility of training the officials in its department through state administrative training institute or state empanelled agencies
  • Preparation of RTI ready plan
  • It is suggested that each public authority should do a self evaluation and identify areas of improvements and budget requirements. This would help in meeting the infrastructural needs thereby meeting the requirements of the Act

In order to ensure good performance of PIOs in implementing the RTI Act:

  • Allocation of responsibility of PIOs and AAs to senior level officials in a public authority is required
  • A mandatory column on the PIO’s performance must be added into the forms of Annual Confidential Reports (ACRs)/even if the posting as PIO is only a part of the overall responsibilities handled by him/her
  • A monetary incentive for the PIOs may be considered at a PA level. Often, the PIOs are liable to pay penalty, for reasons beyond their control. So while a penalty has been mandated by the Act, the PAs should also get rewarded for a good performance. This is important at places where PIOs handle a high volume of RTI applications
  • Specific software applications/“information request management” for implementation at public authority level and at the information commission
  • Usage of a RTI compliant standard template (Annexure 6) for quick and rationale responses to the applicant
  • The ARC report had suggested that as a one-time measure, GoI should earmark 1% of the funds of all flagship programmes for a period of five years for updating records, improving infrastructure, creating manuals etc (an amount not exceeding 25% of this should be utilised for awareness generation)
  • On the same lines, it is suggested that all central and state ministries/departments should earmark 1% of their planned budgets for implementing the recommendations suggested in this report

The PwC study also observed:

  • Submission at the PIO office is the most prevalent channel. However, over 26% of the citizens had to pay more than three visits to submit applications and 47% said no sign boards were present to help them with the process
  • Lack of an updated list of PIOs, which leads to citizen inconvenience (providing updated list of PIOs as per Section 4(1)(b) (xvi))
  • The payment of cash is the most prevalent channel. However, it has the inherent limitation of requiring the applicant to be present physically, whereas as per the Act, there is no such restriction. Most of the payment modes accepted by the public authorities have this inherent limitation
  • Inadequate help was provided to applicants or the attitude of PIOs was non-friendly (assistance is expected from PIOs as per section 5(3) and 6(1))
  • Approximately 89% of the PIOs were not using the provision of inspection of records by citizens, which led to delay in providing information. (As per section 2(j)(1), “inspection of work, documents, records” is a means to provide information under Right to Information Act)
  • Over 75% of the information seekers were dissatisfied with the quality of information provided
  • Encouraging accessibility to information is one of the major change management issues among government employees. For a government servant, there has been a significant shift from the “Official Secrets Act” mindset to the “Right to Information Act” mindset.

(Vinita Deshmukh is a consulting editor of Moneylife. She is also an RTI activist and convener of the Pune Metro Jagruti Abhiyaan. She is the recipient of prestigious awards like the Statesman Award for Rural Reporting which she won twice in 1998 and 2005 and the Chameli Devi Jain award for outstanding media person for her investigation on Dow Chemicals. She co-authored the book “To The Last Bullet - The Inspiring Story of A Braveheart - Ashok Kamte” with Vinita Kamte. She can be reached at [email protected])




TD Sharma

5 years ago

Sir, how much one must pay in bribes to elicit a response from a govt. servant, like IAS, MCD Commissioner and his officers, DDA chiefs, BSES people, DJB people, PSU Bank managers? Are there rates specified? Can some samaritan please give the info. for us the commoners?


5 years ago

Quite an useful article with a fund of information.SC's 75%X75% theory exposes the hollowness of the Sc's lack of depth of this subject at least.And Shailesh Gandhi has brought this out fairly strongly, by his enlightened work out of the time spent by the PIOs in dealing with RTI Applications.
The fact of the matter is that the Governments and the political masters are least concerned about the successful implementation of the ACT.Obviously it is to their disadvantage.
The RTI Activists over the country have to come together and do some thing quickly before the ACT gets an indecent burial.


P M Ravindran

In Reply to ARASU 5 years ago

Mr Arasu is being magnanimous while restricting the ignorance of the SC to RTI Act only. In fact the way the courts are designed in our country, you can have the biggest idiots sitting as judges and they can decide whom to favour with their decision and just copy/paste the arguments of the concerned party and grant that party's prayers without anybody having any opportunity to raise even an eyebrow. There after it is a matter of relative financial strength of the affected parties to pursue appeals after appeal and waste their time and money enriching only the unscrupulous advocates and judges. Of course one can plagiarise Constantin Demiris in Sydney Sheldon's The other side of Midnight and easily say that more crimes have been committed in the name of justice than by those who have been branded as criminals. Also it is only a truism that behind every successful criminal is an even more successful criminal lawyer and with every successful criminal lawyer is a successful criminal judge. In the Indian context these judges are also known as uncle judges and the process of advocates getting their services is called bench hunting!

C Jyoti

In Reply to P M Ravindran 5 years ago

Thank you, Mr. P M Ravindran for your very accurate hit. I salute you for these words, despite the so called "sensitivity quotient" of our judiciary, as one of the commentators wrote in this site.
Yes, our entire system has become a hoax, its transparency having become conspicuous by its nakedness! In fact, even people running media empires along with management teaching shops are not free from all these malaise, as I happened to find in another site relating to consumers'rights. And, in that case, the MCD cannot touch the media magnate for fear of exposure in print! RTI Act in India is worse than an eyewash. People will keep voting for bullets, money, wine and free sex and assemble at Ramlila Grounds in the name of anti-corruption movement while paying bribes under the threat of death every moment at every step all their lives. The rich do not mind, as they merely their loot with the bribe-takers (and in the process buy out the bribed officers/politicians), since this is all √ľnearned income"for all! But for the commoners, the bribe must come out of their hard earned money! Unjust enrichment is the unwritten right of the rich and the powerful. the bureaucrats, the politicians, the social butterflies, the entertainers of VVIP grade security, the cronies of the ruling elite and, of course, the media barons!

MK Gupta

5 years ago

I want to take advantage of this site to warn of the menace called the MCD. If any MCD staffer comes for inspection for any purpose, please get their names/designation, and see the IDs. They will say that they will issue a challan just for a meagre sum of Rs. 100/- (unless you offer them a fixed amount of Rs.3000) which has to be paid in the office. Actually, when the affected person goes to pay the sum of Rs. 100, he is faced with a court demand. The bribe is for the DC of the area in particular.


TD Sharma

In Reply to MK Gupta 5 years ago

This is the established practiice in the MCD and has been going on for years, as in the DDA too. The collections made through the bribes (read: forced payments taken under threat) are distributed among all, from top to bottom, including the area councillors. This is known to the CBI but since they also are in the same boat, no one can afford to take action. Usually, these are preceded by a visit by a Dy Commr. of the MCD, under intimation to the police and the MCD Commissioner and, at the slightest pretext and even for no fault of the householder, the roaming MCD goons come for collection. The rule is, the householder must offer a sum as the goons will only issue a challan in default of not offering anything. Once offered, depending on the size of the house and the standard of the householder, the rate will be disclosed and these people have the audacity of taking the money in the open. Once, someone respectable, told me that, on refusal to pay the demanded suim, the MCD staff (usually 3-5 at a time, some in flashy cars too) even tjhreatened that there would be a dacoity in the house and the youngmen in the house would be left murdered. When that gentleman tried to write the vehicle numbers, one of them took out his pistol and smiled. The gentleman was alone, the house construction was going on, there was no security, and he could not take the number of so many vehicles. One of them was carrying a walkie talkie and reporting to the DC, as boasted by the others. In India, it is only idiots or the most influential having political and bureaucratic support who can talk of RTI, anti-corruption, etc. The ordinary, common citizens, without any political clout and IAS/IPS support, must perish. This is the essential price for their life in a democracy.
MK Gupta need not feel sorry for initiating this debate, though a bit out of direct context, in this regard as the RTI hoax has really exposed that the entire system is corrupt. Not even a million Anna Hazares, a billion IAC supporters and a few Godmen aklong with some self-serving ex-civil servants can deliver any respite from atrocities. Anna should actually have targeted organizations like DDA, MCD, etc. instead of attacking the political power as the ruling people must be corrupt by rule. It is open secret that, for the last DDA allotments inter alia in Vasant Kunj area, the houses though complete are NOT being handed over UNLESS the allottees approach the JE in the area with the offer money of Rs. 25,000 and then top it up, at the time of taking possession, with a further sum of Rs. 25,000. The JEs have been authorised by the DDA top bosses to collect these "fees" and a refusal means the house/flat would be reallotted to someone else on the basis of false documents. MCD is also involved in this by way of refusing to give water connection (bribe Rs. 20000) and BSES, etc. charges Rs. 30000 per connection. All in the open.


In Reply to TD Sharma 5 years ago

I am aghast at the incredible feats of the MCD, DDA, BSES, etc., right under the nose of a proposed LOKPAL and the existing CBI, CVC, CIC, etc.! We indeed are a thriving and truly transparent democracy!

P M Ravindran

5 years ago

The RTI Act, its implementation or more precisely its subversion, is proof that the more threatening enemies of this nation are in its offices of government than beyond its borders!


Tira T

In Reply to P M Ravindran 5 years ago

Absolutely right. Yes, our enemies are all inside this country--ruling elite, including the political leaders, the bureaucrats, the public utility service providers, the huge companies, all those in authority and power to deliver/render service/justice, et al. In fact, India's invasion by foreign powers over thousands of years was possible only due to the internal and domestic enemies!


5 years ago

PIOs do nothing at all. This is just another paraphernalia created to hoodwink the public/taxpayers, not by the politicians but by our pampered and parasitic lot of bureaucrats so as to acquire more powers in their hands. With the politicians engaged entirely in building the financial future of their family in India and abroad, the top heavy administrative machinery
is busy finding ways of crippling the lives of the nameless nobodies whose only job is to merely lend their names for voting.In the CBDT, applicants seeking info. on the reasons for mindless rejection of their applications for sec.35CCA, despite their rightful claims and the yeomens service being rendered over three decades in the healthcare sector. In the4 field formations, the ITOs, the officers threaten any tax payer seeking to file any RTI application asking for copies of ordersheets, files, etc., straightaway reminding them that they have to approach the officers again.MCD, for instance, does not even care to respond to any application under the RTI and, unless the applicant is a VIP or rich, the officers send instead official goons to the houses of the applicants and openly threaten them. It is safer to keep quiet about the Delhi Police for reasons of life. There is not one PIO having any sense of duty to the taxpayers/citizens and all their action has got t6o be purchased. Not only lack of will, theseincompetent and inadequate--and corrupt--set of officers are under instructions to obstruct the efficacy of the Act. Of course, the super law of bribe giving overrides all their inertia!



In Reply to Nisban 5 years ago

Yes, rightly and succinctly said, in response to a brilliant piece. Bureaucrats are time servers, and those giving up the service and becoming wiser and starting anti-corruption and RTI campaigns are even more unreliable. Bureaucrats still strive the Parkindson's law of increasing the number of posts, extending the date of superannuation, getting pay commissions cut to size and making the reports for them, etc. They are by rule and nature, and also by training, just burdens on the society and must thus be redundant. Given the powers, they will nullify the rule of death too!

A Soulless Science or Boondoggle?

Cure rarely, comfort mostly but, console always should be our motto when one is ill. Patient care simply is caring for the patient

“A reasoning, self-sufficing thing, an intellectual all-in-all!”— William Wordsworth

The quote below is one of the many brilliant sayings of that great brain, Sir William Osler. “One of the first duties of the physician is to educate the masses not to take medicines.” In the twenty-first century, I could only echo that great sentiment as a truism, despite all the tall talk about the “so called” evidence based medicine. Napoleon Bonaparte went one step further, but one could argue that as he was not a physician. Napoleon was at the receiving end of such a medical practice in Persia where he died. “Medicine is a collection of uncertain prescriptions the results of which, taken collectively, are more fatal than useful to mankind." Napoleon, though, was more accurate scientifically today. Latest science says that uncertainty is the only certainty in the world. This is truer in medical science, if there is one. A proverb is a short sentence based on long experience. If that were so, this one from Voltaire takes the cake: “The art of medicine consists in amusing the patient while nature cures the disease.” 

Time and again I had written in my articles elsewhere that our evidence base has been built on loose sand. (  Of course, no one seems to take it seriously. They would have, if it had any financial interest behind it. The present Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) and linear relations help generate billions of dollars in chemical therapeutics even if that results in thousands dying of our efforts directly or indirectly. 

A study by researchers in a  respectable US university of the placebo based RCTs did show that the contents of the placebo capsule, which need not legally be made known to the regulating agencies like the FDA, were very potent substances that would show the company drug as very effective in comparison. To cite an example, anti-diabetic drugs are usually compared with sugar-filled placebo capsules! Many such glaring criminal activities have come to light now in the field of “Evidence based medicine” of today!) 

This morning I had a message from one of my old students who is a leading dermatologist in India doing innovative research in his area. “I always wondered when I used to listen to you during my student days and respected your views all along. In dermatology, evidence is found only in 28% of published studies. All molecular biology companies come with an offer to give authorship if we buy their equipment for our laboratory! Doesn’t that mean that most molecular biology studies are prototype and try to find out how what is known fits into their study?”  

Foundations of our evidence in modern medicine like the statistical risk calculations, (especially the relative risk reductions in place of absolute risk reductions that are sold to gullible doctors in most of the “scientific” articles without mentioning the NNT figures) and, the RCTs, which have no true science base, are very shaky, indeed. We need to have a new science of man, which is sadly missing in this whole bargain. Physics changed in 1925 and there is no more solid state physics, but we still use the same old physics laws for our statistics. Matter is not made up of matter. Matter and energy are interchangeable. 

( Human molecules communicate with one another which can now be documented through the photon lights emitted from each DNA. 

What is the science base of our reductionism, organ-based specialization and our reliance on Mendelian inheritance? Instead of trying to rehash the existing evidence base it is better to think of a new evidence base for health and illness. Health is a state where each human body cell is in sync with other cells. Illness is when this communication breaks down. ( We need a new non-linear, holistic, dynamic, scientific base for future medical research. Nature has provided a robust repair mechanism inside the human system which has been weakened by our modern life style. Even though both Claude Bernard and Louis Pasteur did note that the “terrain is more important than the seed” we have gone whole hog on the seed, risk factors, and what have you. Modern medicine has forgotten the essence of illness care which is basically to strengthen the terrain.

Indian Ayurveda and many other complementary systems stress just that fact to strengthen one’s immune system. Ayurveda has many immune boosting modalities in its armamentarium. Many simple methods which have stood the test of time are being forgotten now, thanks to the brainwashing of the masses through mass media advertisements about the wrong approaches to keep one healthy. The leading one among them is goading people to have regular a “health” check up. Nothing could be more dangerous than that to apparently healthy people. When one is healthy one should NEVER ever go for a check up! Common man will have the doubt as to how s/he could know about health. One is healthy when one has a) enthusiasm to work and b) enthusiasm to be compassionate. One of the ancient exercises could be the most potent modern medicine— a daily walk if one is not a physical labourer. Universal love is another life giving elixir. Recent studies have shown daily walk can reduce the risk of premature death and disability by 80%!

After twenty-five years follow up of one of the largest ever studies of risk factors (which are being sold to the gullible public day in and day out as silent killers), the MRFIT study (Multiple Risk Factor Interventional Trial) came to the strange conclusion that: “in conclusion, we have shown that it is possible to apply an intensive long-term intervention program against three coronary risk factors, high blood pressure, cholesterol and smoking with considerable success in terms of risk factor changes. The overall results do not show a beneficial effect on CHD or total mortality from this multiple risk factors intervention trial. (Zukel, Paul and Schnaper, 1981). In other words, they found that changing the “risk factors” does not apparently change the risks. This necessarily means that the “risk factors” are not as important as was thought. Indeed, it should be concluded that the “risk factors” were no such thing, at least as far as this trial is concerned. At the University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Roger Sherwin was Principal Investigator of the Baltimore Center of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). He served on several national MRFIT committees and was the first chairman of the intervention committee, which was responsible for the implementation of the complex intervention program. He was disappointed that the MRFIT turned out to be only a boondoggle. 

An audit by Uffe Ravnskov of the 17 leading hypertension intervention trials in the world literature showed hardly any significant difference in the outcomes at the end of the day in mortality between the groups where the blood pressures were tightly controlled with drugs compared to the groups that changed their mode of living to a healthier one. Recent CADD study did show that very tight control of blood sugar with powerful drugs in diabetics only increased the micro-vascular complications. Most of our studies, based on which we model our treatment plans, show only a decrease in the surrogate end points like blood sugar report improvement in diabetics; they have never shown in the long run any fall in mortality. Surrogate end point research could, at times, be dangerous especially in medicine where the NNT (a statistical term denoting the number needed to treat) is prohibitively high. One example will suffice. The large MRC study on mild to moderate hypertension treatment showed that to save possibly one stroke death in the next five years in society we will have to unnecessarily treat 850 healthy human beings with powerful anti-hypertensive drugs whose side effects could seriously damage the health of at least 75 healthy people with some of them meeting their maker prematurely! The NNT in heart ailment drugs and cancer treatment could be much more than in hypertension. 

I am sure the reader by now would have realized the significance of what William Osler’s prophetic statement of 1905 meant when Osler did not have any of these powerful drugs that we have today. Cure rarely, comfort mostly but, console always should be our motto when one is ill. Patient care simply is caring for the patient. Let me make a fervent plea for parsimony in using drugs in the healthy segment of the population, by labeling these so called risk factors as silent killers, in the fond hope of averting major problems in the future. We simply do not have any scientific evidence for their benefit as of now.

I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided; and that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judging the future but by the past”—Patrick Henry (1736-1799) US patriot

(Professor Dr BM Hegde, a Padma Bhushan awardee in 2010, is an MD, PhD, FRCP (London, Edinburgh, Glasgow & Dublin), FACC and FAMS. He is also the editor-in-chief of the Journal of the Science of Healing Outcomes, chairman of the State Health Society’s Expert Committee, Govt of Bihar, Patna. He is former vice-chancellor of Manipal University at Mangalore and former professor for cardiology of the Middlesex Hospital Medical School, University of London. Prof Dr Hegde can be contacted at [email protected])





5 years ago

Yes, this should be a must read for the health care administrators and the aggregators operating as social workers in this money-making field.


5 years ago

Good article. Just wondering, how doctors would subscribe to this view in today's age?

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