Taxation
Tax Benefit for Differently-abled in India
There are many tax benefits available to the differently-abled, parents who have dependents who are differently-abled, and for the private sector providing employment opportunities to them
 
There are more than 80 million people in India who are differently-abled. The challenges and hardship which they face are enormous form getting basic education, rehabilitation, continuous cost of medical requirements and getting job or practising a profession or vocation. The government of India has provided various concessions and reservations to empower differently able person and their families.
 
There are many disabled individual and families who are tax payers and there are many individuals who have dependents who are disabled, but are not aware of the provision of the Income Tax Acts which provides various benefits and concession in tax.  Further government has also provided concession to private sector to encourage them to appoint differently able person.
 
The article highlights the benefits government provides in Income Tax Act, Professional Tax and a scheme to encourage private sector to provide employment opportunities to differently able. 
 
The deduction under section 80U, 80DD, 80DDB and 10(14) under Income Tax Act and Professional Tax Act are direct deduction were as through proper tax planning one can claim benefit under section 64(1) of Income Tax Act. There is also one scheme introduce by Government to encourage private sector to employee person who are differently able. Lets us go through in details all 7 different benefits.
 
1. Income Tax Act, Section 80U – Deduction in case of person with disability
 
Who can claim the benefit: Individual who is resident during previous year and is certified by Medical Authority to be a person with Disability.
 
Deduction allowed: In case of Person with Disability (at least 40%) Rs75,000 is allowed. In case of Person with Severe Disability (80% of one or more disabilities) Rs1,25,000 is allowed.
 
Important Definitions:
 
“Disability” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (i) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996), and includes “autism”, “cerebral palsy” and “multiple disabilities” referred to in clauses (a), (c) and (h) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 (44 of 1999).
 
“Medical Authority” means the medical authority as referred to in clause (p) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996), or such other medical authority as may, by notification, be specified by the Central Government for certifying “autism”, “cerebral palsy”, “multiple disabilities”, “person with disability” and “severe disability” referred to in clauses (a), (c), (h), (j) and (o) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 (44 of 1999).
 
“Person with Disability” means a person referred to in clause (t) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996), or clause (j) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 (44 of 1999).
 
“Person with Severe Disability” means—
 
(i) a person with eighty per cent or more of one or more disabilities, as referred to in sub-section (4) of section 56 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996); or
(ii) a person with severe disability referred to in clause (o) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 (44 of 1999).
 
Important Points to be noted:
 
In a few cases, medical certificate will be valid up to a limited period, say five years and requires individual to reassess himself with the medical authority for fresh certificate. The deduction can only be claimed when the medical certificate is live. In case it is expired, a new certificate is required to claim the deduction.
 
Individuals whose income is from salary, Tax is deducted from source (TDS) by employer from monthly salary. The tax is computed after considering estimated gross total income of the individual for the entire year and divided by 12 months. Individuals can inform the employer regarding the benefit under this section, which can be reduce from gross total income and hence TDS is deducted on the lesser amount.
 
For prescribed Forms, see Form No. 10-IA and Forms prescribed under Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act, 1995. Medical certificate can be issued by Neurologist having a degree of Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Neurology (or, in case of children, a Paediatric Neurologist having an equivalent degree) or A Civil Surgeon or Chief Medical Officer (CMO) of a government hospital.
 
2. Income Tax Act, Section 80DD – Deduction in respect of maintenance including medical treatment of a dependant who is a person with disability
 
Who can claim the benefit: Individual or Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) who is resident during previous year, and has incurred expenditure in relation to maintenance or treatment of depended disable or has invested in a particular scheme of LIC for benefit of the depended disable.
 
Deduction allowed: 
 
Rs75,000 for the medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a dependant, being a person with disability. Or Rs1,25,000 for the medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a dependent, being a person with Severe disability having medical certificate granted by prescribed Medical Authority
 
Any amount paid or deposited under a scheme framed by the Life Insurance Corporation or any other insurer or the Administrator or the specified company for the maintenance of a dependant, being a person with disability or person with Severe disability (subject to over all limit of Rs75,000 or Rs1,25,000 as applicable)
 
Important Definitions:
 
“Dependent” means—
 
(i) in the case of an individual, the spouse, children, parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them;
(ii) in the case of a Hindu undivided family (HUF), a member of the Hindu undivided family dependent wholly or mainly on such individual or Hindu undivided family for his support and maintenance, and who has not claimed any deduction under section 80U in computing his total income for the assessment year relating to the previous year
 
Other definitions of “disability”, “medical authority”, “person with disability” & “person with severe disability” will be same as mention in section 80 U.
 
Important Points to be noted:
 
In the case of an individual the deduction is available to spouse, children, parents, brothers or sisters of the individual. In the case of HUF the deduction is available to any member of the HUF.
 
Currently LIC is offering Jeevan Aadhar Plan for claiming benefit under this section.
The nomination in case of insurance taken should be in favour of dependent for receiving the benefit in lump sum or annuity in event of death of individual or Members of the HUF in whose name subscription of the scheme is taken. Alternatively nomination can be in favour of trust for the benefit of dependent
In case the dependent predeceases the individual or the member of the Hindu undivided an amount equal to the amount paid or deposited under the insurance scheme shall be deemed to be the income of the Individual or HUF in the year in which such amount is received and shall accordingly be chargeable to tax as the income of that year.
 
In a few cases medical certificate will be valid up to a limited period, say five years and requires individual to reassess himself with the medical authority for fresh certificate. The deduction can only be claimed were the medical certificate is live, in case it is expired new certificate is required to claim the deduction.
 
Salaried individuals have their tax deducted by employers from the monthly salary. The tax is computed after considering estimated gross total income of the individual for the entire year and divided by 12 months. Individuals can inform the employer regarding the benefit, which can be reduce from gross total income computation and hence TDS is deducted on the lesser amount
 
For prescribed Forms, see Form No. 10-IA and Forms prescribed under Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act, 1995. Medical certificate can be issued by Neurologist having a degree of Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Neurology (or, in case of children, a Paediatric Neurologist having an equivalent degree) or A Civil Surgeon or Chief Medical Officer (CMO) of a government hospital.
The benefit under this section will be not be available in cases were dependent has avail benefit us 80 U.
 
3. Income Tax Act Section 80DDB Deduction in respect of medical treatment, etc
 
Who can claim the benefit: Individual or HUF who is resident during previous year, and has paid any amount for the medical treatment of such disease or ailment, for himself or dependent in case of individual or any member of HUF in case of HUF
 
Deduction allowed: Rs40,000 deduction shall be allowed or amount actually paid, whichever is less. In case any of the above is a senior citizen (65 years or more), an additional deduction of Rs20,000 shall be allowed towards payment of the senior citizen. i.e. in case of senior citizens the above limit of Rs40,000 shall be upgraded to Rs60,000. Further in case of Super Senior Citizen (80 years or more), the limit is Rs80,000.
 
Important Definitions:
 
“Government hospital” includes a departmental dispensary, whether full-time or part-time, established and run by a Department of the Government, for the medical attendance and treatment of a class or classes of Government servants and members of their families, a hospital maintained by a local authority and any other hospital with which arrangements have been made by the Government for the treatment of Government servants.
 
“Senior Citizen” means an individual resident in India who is of the age of sixty-five years or more at any time during the relevant previous year.
 
Important Points to be noted:
 
The deduction shall be reduced by the amount received, if any, under the insurance from the insurer or reimbursed by the employer
 
For availing the deduction a certificate in the prescribed form from a neurologist, an oncologist, an urologist, a haematologist, an immunologist or such other prescribed specialists, working in a Government hospital, has to be submitted.
For the purposes of section the following shall be the eligible diseases or ailments:
 
(i) Neurological Diseases where the disability level has been certified to be of 40% and above,—
(a) Dementia
(b) Dystonia Musculorum Deformans
(c) Motor Neuron Disease
(d) Ataxia
(e) Chorea
(f) Hemiballismus
(g) Aphasia
(h) Parkinson’s Disease
(ii) Malignant Cancers
(iii) Full Blown Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
(iv) Chronic Renal failure
(v)  Haematological disorders:
(a) Haemophilia
(b) Thalassaemia
 
4. Income Tax Act Section 10(14) Rule 2BB Transport Allowance
 
Who can claim the benefit: Salaried Individual
 
Deduction allowed: Rs3,200 per month
 
Important Points to be noted: 
 
Transport allowance is granted to an employee, to meet his expenditure for the purpose of commuting between the place of his residence and the place of his duty. Most of employers pay Rs1,600 per month as the same is exempted. However, for employee, who is blind or orthopedically handicapped with disability of lower extremities, the exempted amount is Rs3,200 per month
Employee can request employer to structure their pay in such a manner that they receive Rs3,200 as monthly transport allowance to claim the benefit
Tax Exempt is irrespective of actual expense. (No bills/receipts needed)
 
5. Income Tax Act Section 64 Income of individual to include income of spouse, minor child, etc.
 
Who can claim the benefit: Individual who has a minor child suffering from any disability of the nature specified in section 80 U.
 
Deduction allowed: There is no direct deduction, but the income generated by minor child who is disabled will not be clubbed with individual.
 
Important Points to be noted: 
 
As the income of the child is not clubbed, the child is treated as a separate entity and can file an independent return with all its benefits. For example, Individual can transfer their revenue generating asset like fix deposits in the name of disabled child and the interest earned will not be clubbed with the income of individual but will be assessed separately, which provides significant scope for tax savings.
Further, the disabled child while filing own return can claim benefit under section 80U
 
6. Profession Tax Act, State Maharashtra Section 27A Exemptions 
 
Who can claim the benefit: Any person suffering from a permanent physical disability (including blindness), being a permanent physical disability specified in the rules made in this behalf by the State Government, which is certified by a physician, a surgeon or an oculist, as the case may be, working in a Government Hospital.
 
Deduction allowed: Complete amount of professional tax payable
 
Important Points to be noted: 
 
The individual shall forward the certificate to employer who will produces the aforesaid certificate before the prescribed authority in respect of the first assessment year for which he claims deduction.
As the professional tax is subject matter of state, which is responsible for collection, making rules and provide exemption, individual need to check with respective states for rules if any for exemption. (the above exemption is in relation to Maharashtra State). In most states, the professional tax is exempted for disable person.
 
7. Scheme For Providing Employment To Persons With Disabilities In Private Sector
 
Who can claim the benefit: Private Sector Employers who are employing person with disability on or after 1 April 2008.
 
Deduction / Benefits: Payment of the employer's contribution to the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) and Employees State Insurance (ESIC) for the first three years by Government.
 
Important Points to be noted: 
 
Employees with disabilities, with monthly wage up to Rs25,000 per month, working in the private sector would be covered. Those earning above Rs25,000 per month will not be eligible.
 
The scheme will be applicable to the employees with disabilities employed covered under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities. Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act. 1995 and the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple disabilities Act. 1999.
 
The employers would submit a copy of the disability certificate including statement, issued to the disabled employee by the Competent Authority, first time when such benefit under EPF and ESI is claimed.
 
The Government will directly provide employer's contribution for the schemes covered under the Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act. 1952 and the employment State Insurance Act 1948. This will be done in respect of employees for a maximum period of three years.
Though the government has provided some relief in tax, however much can be done to further empower the differently able people. The exemption under 80U and deduction for expenditure incurred for medical treatment under 80DD should be increased to Rs2,00,000 , considering rising cost of living and increasing cost of medicine supplies and rehabilitation.  
 
One of the major problems that a person with disability faces is in travelling. Most of them spend a huge amount on commuting to work places as the public mode of transport is not accessible for wheelchair users and for most other users; considering this, the government should increase the limit of transport allowance exemption for salaried class up to Rs5,000 every month. The introduction of scheme to encourage private sector to employee differently able person is good step by government. As per annual report 2009-10 by ministry of social justice and empowerment, under the scheme, 144 and 261 persons have been registered by Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) and Employees State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) respectively till 30 September 2009 though the initially target was to create one lakh job every year. Though the response has been dreadful, the government needs to increase the incentive for further participation by private sector. For example, the government should link incentive for private sector to create work places accessible, increase the limit from three years contribution to life long. With the budget and the election coming, we can hope for some more promises from government.
 
(For any query, you can write to [email protected] Before taking any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. The author does not take any responsibility for misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability neither for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document nor for any action taken in reliance there on.)

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COMMENTS

Piali Chatterjee

5 months ago

i wanted to know if a PwD can ask for a deduction on tax on fixed deposits in banks

shashank

11 months ago

Thanks for highlighting the provisions of deductions, as many may not be knowing. Please tell about, is there a income limit for claiming deduction by an individual/parents/guardian and is there a way to claim medical expenses incurred more than 1,25,000 on the dependent disabled person by parents.

PACL group chairman Nirmal Singh Bhangoo, three others arrested
The CBI has arrested four officials of PACL including its CMD, MD, and two executive directors in the Rs45,000 crore scam
 
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Friday arrested four officials of PACL (earlier Pearls Agrotech corp), including Nirmal Singh Bhangoo, chairman and managing director (MD), Sukhdev Singh, MD and promoter-director and two executive directors Gurmeet Singh and Subrata Bhattacharya in the Rs45,000 crore collective investment scam. 
 
Last month, market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), as part of its recovery proceedings, had attached all bank and demat accounts, mutual fund portfolios of PACL Ltd and its eight directors and promoters. Besides PACL, its promoters and directors against whom SEBI initiated the proceedings, are Tarlochan Singh, Sukhdev Singh, Gurmeet Singh, Subrata Bhattacharya, Nirmal Singh Bhangoo, Tyger Joginder, Gurnam Singh, Anand Gurwant Singh and Uppal Devinder Kumar.
 
SEBI said, the recovery proceedings have been initiated for their failure to comply with its order issued on 22 August 2014 directing, PACL and its directors and promoters to wind up the schemes, and refund Rs49,100 crore to the investors within three months from the date of the order. 
 
According to SEBI, the amount due to investors of PACL would be over Rs55,000 crore. This  includes promised returns, further interest, all costs, charges and expenses incurred in respect of all the proceedings taken for recovery of Rs49,100 crore from PACL. 
 
PACL (earlier Pearls) is a Delhi-based company, proclaiming itself as a real estate company which has collected huge money for the last 13 years from almost six crore people from all the states in India.
 
The mobilisation of funds by PACL traces back prior to 1997. Upon receipt of a complaint, SEBI on 30 November 1999 and 10 December 1999 issued letters asking PACL to comply with the provisions of the collective investment scheme (CIS) Regulations. 
 
PACL challenged these letters before the High Court of Rajasthan in December 1999, claiming that its scheme does not fall under the definition of CIS as defined under the CIS Regulation and SEBI Act. PACL also challenged the constitutional validity of the CIS Regulations. 
 
The Rajasthan High Court on 28 November 2003, held that PACL's schemes were not CIS as defined under Section 11AA of the SEBI Act. The HC also quashed SEBI's letters issued to PACL.
 
SEBI filed an appeal before the Supreme Court against the order of Rajasthan HC. The SC on 25 February 2013, while allowing the appeal upheld the constitutional validity of CIS Regulations, and directed SEBI to investigate the matter and take appropriate actions. 
 
After conducting inquiry, SEBI on 22 August 2014, issued an order directing PACL, its promoters and directors to wind up all the existing CIS and refund the monies collected by the company to investors as per the terms of offer within a period of three months from the date of the Order. 
 
PACL filed an appeal before the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT), which was dismissed on 12 August 2015. The SAT directed PACL and its promoters-directors to refund the money within three months. Since the company and its promoters-directors failed to refund the money to the investors as per the directions of SEBI and SAT, the market regulator said it has initiated the recovery proceedings.
 

User

COMMENTS

Albert

2 months ago

[email protected]

Albert

2 months ago

My want business yes

ashish kamat

2 months ago

Hi

ashish kamat

2 months ago

Hi

ashish kamat

2 months ago

Hi

Bhavana Jain

4 months ago

What are the regulations required to run a apps download company like champcash. There i no money rotation involved in it as company is paid for apps downloads and in turn distribute the portion to its users.

Lindy Nquma

5 months ago

I think I like everything I read about you can't wait to be part of the family

PPM

11 months ago

I am really surprised about the people who had invested in PACL and asking the government to get the money back.

- Did they check the authenticity of the company before investing?

I am sure most of the investors of PACL did not even read the application form and they put the money based on the advise of the agents.

One question, suppose the PACL investors make big money out of it, will they give it to GOI?

In my opinion, investors are responsible for their actions and GOI (SEBI) can only check for the systemic faults. That too, going by the experience of SEBI (since 1992), will not do any thing against the scamsters, rather SEBI support them.

SEBI will close the barn only after all the cattle left. SEBI do not want small investors to invest in the market and will do any thing to shoo away the retail investors.

Sangram Rath

11 months ago

what is the next procedure...how we get oyr money?

Subramani P K

11 months ago

This type of cheats should not be let out on bail and all their properties should be confiscated forth with and action taken to return the dues to the investors. They would have transferred all the money collected to binami a/cs and all that should be traced & the money deposited in such accounts also confiscated without delay. It has already taken from 1997 till 2015 to find out the fraud & recovery and further delay will jeopardize the settlement of claims.

Probe ordered into bigamy charge against Punjab SP
Chandigarh : The Punjab Police on Friday ordered a probe into the bigamy charge against its superintendent of police Salwinder Singh, who has been questioned by the NIA over his alleged abduction by terrorists who later attacked the Pathankot air force base.
 
The Punjab DGP marked the probe to Hoshiarpur Senior Superintendent of Police Dhanpreet Kaur after Karanpreet Kaur of Tanda Urmur in Punjab claimed she was married to Salwinder Singh in April 1994 when he was posted as an assistant sub-inspector in Amritsar.
 
"A fact-finding enquiry has been instituted by the DGP, Punjab, on the news reports regarding statement of a Tanda-based woman who has levelled accusations of bigamy against SP Salwinder Singh," a Punjab Police spokesman said here.
 
The SSP has been asked to submit a report at the earliest, the spokesman said.
 
National Investigation Agency officials are already questioning Salwinder Singh since Tuesday evening over his claims that he was abducted by suspected Pakistani terrorists who later attacked the Indian Air Force base in Pathankot, 250 km from here, in a pre-dawn attack on January 2.
 
The NIA team took the police officer on Wednesday to various spots to reconstruct the sequence of events before the terror attack.
 
His jeweller friend Rajesh Verma and cook Madan Gopal are also being questioned.
 
The SP is being questioned as a suspect due to inconsistencies in his version of his alleged abduction and the statements of his two companions, a police source said. 
 
Seven security personnel, including an officer of the National Security Guard, were killed in the Pathankot attack. All six terrorists involved in the incident were also killed. 
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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