Citizens' Issues
Targeting 50 crore internet subscribers in 6-7 months: Prasad
Mumbai : The government plans to reach up to 50 crore internet subscribers in next 6-7 months, besides installing 2,500 Wi-Fi hotspots at 256 places by the next fiscal, Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said on Sunday.
 
"Today mobile penetration is 100 crore, while internet penetration is 40 crore. It took more than 3-4 years to become from 20 to 30 crore. It took less than a year to become from 30 to 40 crore and I have fixed a target of 50 crore," Prasad said at the launch of the Bombay Stock Exchange's (BSE) free public Wi-Fi service started in partnership with Tata Docomo.
 
"God willing, we will cross 50 crore in coming 6-7 months," he said.
 
The minister said the state-run BSNL aims to install 2,500 Wi-Fi hotspots at 256 places by the next fiscal.
 
The Digital India programme includes projects which aim to ensure that the government services are available to citizens electronically and people benefit from information and communication technology.
 
"Digital India will transform the country, and it is more for people like chaiwallas and paanwallas so that they can enhance their skills," Prasad said.
 
He also announced that the BSE, which is Asia's oldest stock exchange with 3 crore registered investors, would get its own postage stamp.
 
"In acceding to your (BSE) request to have postal stamp, I am feeling happy as it is the official recognition of the work you are doing," he said.
 
"Launched Free Public WiFi at @BSEIndia Mumbai," Prasad tweeted later.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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'Villages on the Moon' can be reality by 2030: Scientists
New York : Villages on the Moon, constructed through cooperation between astronauts and robotic systems on the lunar surface, can become a reality as early as 2030, a group of scientists has predicted.
 
Scientists are exploring the idea of "moon villages" that can serve as a potential springboard for future human missions to Mars and potentially other deeper space missions.
 
In order for that vision to become a reality, scientists must first determine if the resources on the Moon are as significant as we think they are.
 
"We keep talking about lunar resources but we still need to demonstrate they can be used a (that) they are, in fact, reserves," said Clive Neal, a planetary geologist from the University of Notre Dame in the US.
 
The ground truth verification of deposit size, composition, form and homogeneity requires a coordinated prospecting programme as a first step.
 
"The next step would demonstrate extraction techniques followed by refinement of the product into usable commodity. A successful programme would then clearly demonstrate that lunar resources can enable solar system exploration," he said.
 
Neal's research explores the origin and evolution of the Moon, focusing on the petrology and geochemistry of returned samples coupled with geophysics and other remotely sensed datasets.
 
It looks at the geophysical instrumentation and investigations of the Moon, formation of impact melts, and more basalt petrogenesis.
 
In this regard, the European Space Agency (ESA) hosted a symposium titled "Moon 2020-2030 -- A New Era of Coordinated Human and Robotic Exploration", in the Netherlands recently.
 
According to Neal, who attended the conference, the ESA meeting highlighted technology development in terms of precision landing, robotic sample return, and cryogenic sampling, caching, return and curation.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Smartphones to turn into pancreas, treat Type 1 diabetes
New York : US researchers have developed a system that treats Type 1 diabetes automatically and effortlessly -- with the help of a smartphone -- ditching constant finger pricks and manual insulin injections.
 
Combined with a tiny sensor and wearable insulin pump, a smartphone can stand in for a pancreas, automatically monitoring blood-sugar levels and delivering insulin as needed, Ars Technica published citing the researchers' report.
 
"We have been working on this specific artificial pancreas as it is called since 2006. We show that it is not only possible, but it can run on a smartphone," lead researcher Boris Kovatchev, director of the Centre for Diabetes Technology in the US University of Virginia, said.
 
The system works with a readily available pen drive-sized blood-glucose sensor that can be worn in a variety of places on the body, such as an arm, leg, or the abdomen.
 
The sensor reads blood-glucose levels every five minutes and wirelessly reports the results to a specially designed app on a nearby android smartphone.
 
The app's algorithm analyses the data and wirelessly controls a discreet, wearable insulin pump, which can be hooked to a belt or other piece of clothing. The pump has a very fine needle that delivers insulin into the blood stream.
 
"If it is working, you do not know that it is there," Francis Doyle III, dean of Harvard's Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, who is collaborating with Kovatchev on the system, said.
 
Together, the "closed-loop" system should act much like a home thermostat, automatically sensing and adjusting the temperature to match preset targets.
 
The ultimate goal is to make managing Type 1 diabetes effortless and automatic, easing the daily lives of the 1.25 million people who suffer from the disease, Doyle said.
 
The system, backed by a $12.6 million grant from the US National Institutes of Health, will enter two final phases of international trials this year that will take place at various clinics in the US, France, Italy, and the Netherlands.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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