Bollywood stars like Amitabh Bachchan, Shah Rukh Khan, Salman Khan and sports icons like Sachin Tendulkar influence our food choices by fueling our desire to consume more sugar leaving in its wake an epidemic of obesity and its associated complications. This is the second of the two-part series
The consequences of sugar far in excess of one’s daily requirements are well documented in scientific literature. Otto Warburg, the German biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in physiology in 1931 for his seminal work on the metabolism of cancer remarked: “Cancer, above all other diseases, has countless secondary causes. But, even for cancer, there is only one prime cause. Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by fermentation of sugar.”
Sugar—which is in excess of one’s daily requirements when consumed on a daily basis thanks to beverages and snacks—results in an increased glycemic load on the body leading to insulin resistance, adiposity and ultimately diseases like diabetes, Alzheimer’s, declining cardiovascular health, declining hepatic health including fatty liver and possibly liver cancer, kidney problems.
Let us look closely at certain TV commercial food advertisements all starring our ‘icons’ and how they help trigger a reflex in us which influences our and especially our children’s wants and purchasing decisions.
CASE 1. Shahrukh Khan 'Magic Of Frooti' Commercial With Kids, 2013:
The advertisement shows a cine actor with much mass following, in fact an icon, Shahrukh Khan playing the role of a club football coach engrossed in completely consuming a 500ml bottle of Frooti (16% sugar=80gms of sugar) supposedly after a grueling coaching session, in full view of his fatigued and thirsty wards and club players; all of whom are intently staring at the streams/rivulets of Frooti making their way down from Shahrukh’s lips to his cheek and throat. The very act of watching Shahrukh guzzle 80 gms of sucrose at one go triggers a Pavlovian salivary reflex amongst the young wards.
Now, consuming 80 gms of sugar through liquid calories is unhealthy and is far above the daily sugar intake for any age group or gender recommended by ICMR and way too much above the added sugar intake levels for any age group or gender recommended by the AHA. Surely as an owner of “Kolkota Knight Riders” cricket team in the IPL, Shahrukh should know a thing or two about healthy food choices and lifestyle; a person who has his own personal gymnasium and cares so much about his physique, flaunts six packs et al, cannot be this irresponsible in leading the youth and children of India into embracing empty calories!
CASE 2. Tang 2013 New TVC; Mummygiri nahi Chalegi:
The advertisement portrays a group of school children who protest and demand of their mothers that since they have to study a lot, they be allowed to play for at least two hours every day and more importantly that they get a glass of Tang every day before they go to play. The mothers get into a huddle and discuss the virtues of Tang saying that it has ‘fruit’ and vitamins A, B, C and the mineral iron; therefore implying that this product is good for children.
Now, a 19 grams sachet of Tang contains 17 gms of sugar and is used to make a glass (150ml) of drink. This translates into an 11.33% of sugar arithmetically but you consume 17 grams of sucrose as you drink the whole glass. As far as the ‘fruit’ part of it goes, it is nutritionally irrelevant and highly exaggerated. Tang is just an excuse to consume added flavored sugar in the form of liquid calories such habits tend to become addictive and fuel obesity in our children. The worst part of this TVC is using the medium of ‘mothers’ to build a brand as an excellent nutritional choice for school-going children when the fact that Tang is just empty calories stares you in the face!
CASE 3. Parle Goldstar cookies 2013 TVC:
The TVC shows the iconic megastar Amitabh Bachhan patronizing and belittling his servant for serving him biscuits unfamiliar to him. However, this is just a charade; for Amitabh clearly likes the Goldstar cookies that he is biting into and asks his servant to henceforth stick with this brand while serving him biscuits for tea.
Now, Sweet biscuits/cookies satisfy our sugar addiction. Goldstar cookies contain 26% sugar. Keep in mind that as a product of high temperature baking, biscuits in general contain Advanced Glycation End-Products, which are implicated in diabetes, digestive diseases, renal disorders, vascular problems and cataract formation.
The really sad part of this TVC is to see Amitabh endorsing this brand. For a person with a compromised (cirrhotic) liver and issues such as diverticulitis, this megastar is not proactive about the role of healthy food choices in the quality of human life and endorses extremely unwholesome food choices.
CASE 4. Salman Khan Thumbs Up AD – 2013:
Salman Khan the macho icon of millions of movie going youth enters a restaurant and asks a Thums Up of the man at the counter. The man informs Salman that there simply isn’t any Thums Up as no stocks of the beverage have arrived.
Meanwhile, the Thums Up container van is held up in a severe traffic jam on a flyover across a river. Salman arrives in a massive cargo-hauling helicopter asks the driver of the van whether he wants a lift; to which the driver nods in agreement—Salman then connects the container van with ropes and hooks to the helicopter. The helicopter carries the van with Salman astride it, deposits the vehicle outside the restaurant. Salman informs the counter man that the Thums Up stocks have arrived and instructs him to distribute the ‘thunder’ i.e. ‘Thums Up’. Salman then quips “there’s thunder inside every one; you need only remove the cap” this, even as he removes the cap from a 500 ml Thums Up bottle and takes a swig from it.
Salman Khan, as an icon of the bollywood crazy youth of India, should be setting healthy examples before his audience encouraging people into consuming 500 ml Thums Up i.e. 55gms of added sugar is certainly not a healthy lifestyle choice.
Health issues from which Salman Khan suffers, such as aneurysm and trigeminal neuralgia are also in no small measure due to inflammation caused by Advanced Glycation End Products formed as a consequence of prolonged sugar consumption. In the light of Salman suffering from these problems it is sad to see him promote sugar consumption disguised as a form of macho expression.
CASE 5. Khelte raho khush raho Cocacola TVC 2013:
The ‘God of Indian Cricket’ turned Rajyasabha MP Sachin Tendulkar has endorsed his fair share of sugared fizzy drinks in his cricketing lifetime. The latest Coca-Cola TVC from Sachin in 2013 is the one shot in a Rajasthan desert locale. In this TVC, the narrator informs us in Hindi, as a group of village children play cricket:
“Temperature 42oC, no cap to protect the head, no chappals to protect the feet, no coin for the toss (a Coca Cola bottle cap serves that purpose), no grass on the ground (only hot sand), no rubber sleeve for the bat handle, no sunglasses (while taking an aerial catch under the glaring sun), no roofed pavilion (a ramshackle dilapidated open truck serves that purpose); yet, there’s plenty of happiness! Not just a game, but true happiness connected with the soil!”
Tendulkar concludes the narrator’s commentary by interjecting “khelte raho khush raho” and gulps out of a Coca Cola bottle which he prominently displays to the audience.
Now, playing cricket in a searing 42oC Rajasthan desert heat and glaring sunlight without any protective gear is inviting dehydration and sunstroke; the solution to avoiding such a mishap is protective clothing and gear and of course adequate hydration using plain water rather than guzzling a 11% sugar-laced 300ml Coca Cola (33 grams of sugar) bottles that Tendulkar endorses in the TVC.
Coca Cola contains caffeine which exhibits diuresis (urination), phosphoric acid which has demineralizing properties and 11 gms of sugar per 100 ml of the drink consuming added sugars in the form of liquid calories is against the principles of healthy nutrition as researchers all over the world are finding out. Such unabated consumption of sugared beverages has in addition to being addictive, a chronic toxic effect on human health which results in adiposity and a host of metabolic consequences.
That Tendulkar, who has been a professional sportsperson for over two decades, should even be endorsing an unhealthy lifestyle advocating consumption of fizzy sugared beverages is rather unfortunate. More so, since now he is a Rajya Sabha MP, the fact that a law maker should be endorsing products and influencing consumer tastes and whether this leads to conflict of interest is another important issue that just cannot be wished away!
CASE 6. Cadbury Dairy Milk Silk TVC 2013 :
The Cadbury Dairy Milk Silk chocolate TVC, 2013 shows a young man and a young woman in their respective cars adjacent to each other in a traffic jam, each blissfully lost in enjoying a 160gms bar of Cadbury Dairy Milk Silk chocolate, the soft chocolate leaving its mark on their respective lips, chin and corners of the mouth. The man and the woman point out to each other their respective chocolate marks amidst smiles and much bonhomie.
The point to consider here is that Cadbury Dairy Milk Silk chocolate contains 55% sugar this means consuming 160 gms bar (which both the models in the advert are eating) works out to consuming 88gms of added sugar at one go! This easily surpasses the recommendations by AHA and ICMR for added sugar for any gender or age group by several folds! Such advertisements portray nutritional disasters as innocent acts laced with sweet romance!
CASE 7. Vadilal Gourmet Ice-Cream TVC 2013:
The Vadilal Gourmet TVC shows a gorgeous woman emptying the contents of a 200 gm Vadilal chocolate ice-cream tub sitting on a sofa and then reclining on it, enjoying the product and going into raptures and then pretending to go to sleep even as her boyfriend/husband walks into the room, the emptied out 200gms ice-cream tub besides her.
Throughout the 30 seconds TVC, there is a background Hindi track song, the meaning of which translates as “you have provided me with an excuse/reason to exist”; apparently the raison d’être for the gorgeous woman model is Vadilal Gourmet ice-cream!
Endorsing a disastrous nutritional lifestyle by using elements of glamour and romance in a TVC is rather atrocious! A 200 gms tub of Vadilal Gourmet ice-cream delivers 37.6 gms of added sugar! Way above the AHA/ICMR recommended norms for daily added sugar consumption levels.
Clearly, excessive added sugar (sucrose) intake is a massive unacknowledged health problem of our age. For those of you who have the patience and interest to listen to scientific presentations I recommend that you visit YouTube and see Dr Robert Lustig’s “Sugar: The bitter Truth”. Dr Robert H Lustig is a pediatric endocrinologist at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) where he is a Professor of Clinical Pediatrics; he specializes in childhood obesity.
Read the first part here…
(Dr Arvind Shenoy is an MSc (Organic Chemistry) and PhD in Biochemistry from UDCT, Mumbai. He has 43 years of experience in the analysis, R&D and marketing of foods, organic and inorganic chemicals, plastics, rubber, paper, textiles, waxes, leather, pharmaceuticals, etc. He is the only person from India to have been trained in Belgium, the Netherlands and England in comparative product testing.)
Each truck with 15 people on board was carrying around 35 bags, allegedly stuffed with cash and valuables
Four trucks carrying over 150 bags of cash and other valuables have been seized by the investigating wing of Income Tax (I-T) department and National Investigation Agency from outside Mumbai Central Railway Station.
The amount of the seizure is yet to be ascertained and NIA officials are probing the money trail.
The trucks seized on Monday night, after a tip-off received by the NIA, were on their way to Gujarat, I-T officials said on Tuesday.
"Four trucks containing more than 150 bags have been seized and around 40 people have been detained," they said.
According to sources, each truck with 15 people on board was carrying around 35 bags, allegedly stuffed with cash and valuables.
I-T officials said that so far, 50 bags containing cash have been scrutinised and they are looking into the contents of the remaining.
Prima facie the cash appears to be part of a hawala transaction, to be carried to Gujarat from Mumbai, they said.
While I-T sleuths impounded the truck and bags, NIA picked up the occupants, who were supposed to board a train to Gujarat with the bags.
The first unit of the ONGC Tripura Power Company is set to go on stream in the next few days. Besides supplying power to the seven eastern states, the Tripura government had committed supplying power to Bangladesh
ONGC’s gas-based Tripura Power Company (OTPC) set up at Palatana in Tripura with an installed capacity 2 x 363.3 MW is likely to go on stream in the next few days, starting with the first unit.
Based on the APM (or administered pricing mechanism) applicable to gas sourced from oil, it is expected that the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission may approve a tariff of Rs3 per unit, said to be cheapest in the country.
This is primarily due to the fact that ONGC, in line with the long-term agreement signed in 2006, will be supplying 2.65 mmscmd (million metric standard cubic metres of gas per day) at Rs4.40 per cubic metre. As per the agreement, this rate will increase by 4% every year.
It is planned that OTPC will supply power to all the seven north-eastern states. A 600 km transmission line will cover this region, which will also be connected to the national grid.
Earlier, in order to assure transportation of heavy power equipment to the land-locked Tripura, the Bangladesh government had extended its whole-hearted support, and has been demanding a share of power generated from the OTPC plant. The chief minister of Tripura has shown his support that its request be met and has taken up the issue with president Pranab Mukherjee during his recent visit.
Bangladesh’s requirement of 500 MW of power is likely to be met by ensuring supplies of 250 MW from NTPC and the rest from the open market. Full details are expected soon, including the pricing policy, considering the recent changes approved, but which will be effective from April 2014. Also, the pricing mechanism must clearly stipulate the exchange rate applicable so as to avoid any ambiguity.
One must also bear in mind that India itself is in short supply of power. Since the 600 km transmission lines are also to be connected to the national grid, should there be any surplus power available from this plant, and while some quantity may be supplied to Bangladesh as a matter of political expediency and support, our own needs are just as important. Increased cost of fuel in the months ahead must also be borne in mind.
Again, India has shown keen interest to assist Bangladesh in its hour of need, and supply power up to 500 MW though the West Bengal border, due to inadequate grid network in that country, this process of supply may take some time to achieve.
In fact, this is the time and opportunity for Indian tower manufacturers and infrastructure contractors to pursue the matter with Bangladesh authorities if they can obtain contracts to set up their power grid network. Perhaps, the Indian government can politically pursue this also.
(AK Ramdas has worked with the Engineering Export Promotion Council of the ministry of commerce and was associated with various committees of the Council. His international career took him to places like Beirut, Kuwait and Dubai at a time when these were small trading outposts; and later to the US.)