Citizens' Issues
Strong quake overdue in India, but not any time soon
Indian scientists pointed out that no two strong earthquakes have come in the Himalayas immediately after one another
 
Amid reports that a massive earthquake is overdue in some parts of the Himalayas, a section of Indian scientists say no unusual seismic activity or abnormal increase in changes in the earth's surface have been detected in India's northeast.
 
In addition, they pointed out that no two strong earthquakes have come in the Himalayas immediately after one another.
 
Saturday's strong earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter Scale has killed thousands and caused widespread destruction in Nepal. The tremors also caused deaths and damages in India besides Tibet.
 
The 2,500-km-long Himalayan arc extending from Kashmir in the northwest to Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast is seismically "very active", experts from the Gandhinagar-based Institute of Seismological Research (ISR) said.
 
The movement of tectonic plates generates stress over time and rocks at the surface break in response. When the strain accumulates, every 150-200 km stretch of the 2,500-km-long Himalayas can be hit by a high magnitude earthquake in 150-200 years.
 
Based on historical data, they say a strong quake was overdue in Uttarakhand or Assam but other indicators have not shown any abnormal spikes.
 
"Statistics and historical earthquake list say that an earthquake of magnitude 8 or above is overdue in Uttarakhand or Assam. It is, however, not possible to say that it may happen today or 50 years from now as we neither know where the accumulation of stress has reached the elastic limit nor when," A.P. Singh, scientist, ISR, told IANS.
 
He said: "It is to be mentioned that there is no unusual increase in seismicity and the GPS (Global Positioning System) network spread all over northeast India has not shown any abnormal increase in crustal deformation in recent years. Hence no sign of large earthquake coming is observed."
 
According to the US Geological Survey, crustal deformation refers to the changing earth's surface caused by tectonic forces that are accumulated in the crust and then cause earthquakes.
 
So understanding the details of deformation and its effects on faults is important to figure out which faults are most likely to produce the next earthquake. But Singh said current technology can't help predict when the quakes will strike.
 
"It has been observed in the past that aftershocks are lower in intensity compared to the original shock. Secondly, in Himalaya no two strong earthquakes had come immediately after one another. So, the report that a bigger earthquake may come soon is not scientifically founded," clarified Pallabee Choudhury, another scientist at ISR.
 
There are three thrust belts in the Himalayas and all are seismic in nature.
 
The Nepal quake emerged from the main boundary thrust, said senior scientist Sankar Kumar Nath at the IIT Kharagpur, adding all Himalayan earthquakes are severe.
 
"If you look at the Himalayas, we have had large earthquakes and greatest of the great earthquakes are still possible. Whenever there is an earthquake, it generates a slip of about several meters. This is due to a large magnitude (around 8). The Himalayas has the potential to generate a 9 magnitude earthquake," Nath said.

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Insurance regulator's proposal pose brand equity challenge for banks
Currently, banks as corporate agents can sell policies of only one insurer each in life, general or health insurance sectors
 
The Indian insurance regulator's proposal to make banks sell policies of at least two insurers of each category - life, general and health - has thrown up an unexpected brand equity challenge for the banks, insurance experts say.
 
Currently, banks as corporate agents can sell policies of only one insurer each in life, general or health insurance sectors.
 
In India there are three types of insurers - those promoted by banks, those who have appointed banks as their corporate agents and insurers not having any banks to distribute their policies. Banks such as ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, State Bank of India and others that have floated insurance companies sell only the products of the group companies.
 
"It would be interesting to note how the banks would choose their principals. This is more so for private banks that have promoted insurance ventures," a senior insurance official told IANS.
 
"It is highly unlikely to see ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and State Bank of India selling the products of insurance companies promoted by each of them as their brand equity would be affected," he added.
 
Industry officials said while the proposals would open up new channels for several private insurers, Life Insurance Corp of India (LIC) too would benefit as more banks would sign up with the market leader.
 
"The selection of new principals by banks would depend on factors like their strengths in different market geographies and whether they are direct competitors," Ramanujam Sridhar, founder and CEO, Brand Comm, a brand consulting company, told IANS over telephone from Bangalore.
 
The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has been attempting to make banks turn into insurance brokers but has not succeeded.
 
Banks have not shown interest as broking involves higher risks than being an agent.
 
IRDAI's attempt to make banks sell insurance policies of more than one insurer is part of its draft regulations for corporate agents issued recently.
 
As per the regulations, each corporate agent shall represent a maximum of three insurers in each category of insurers - life, general and health.
 
The regulator has proposed some fetters on corporate agents like limiting the maximum premium per insurer to 90 percent of the total in the first year. The cap gradually drops to 50 percent in the fourth year.
 
In addition, IRDAI has proposed that a corporate agent shall sell products that are exclusively designed for the corporate agency channel.
 
"In other words, corporate agents including banks will not be able to sell complex products like unit linked insurance policies (ULIP). If anybody wants to sell the whole suite of products, then becoming a broker is the way forward," said an official.
 
Welcoming the IRDAI's proposals, Anup Rau, CEO, Reliance Life Insurance, told IANS: "Many players in the industry favour the proposals."
 
Added a senior industry official: "Our only submission is the stipulation that a corporate agent should sell products of minimum two insurers in each category should be mandatory.
 
"There is a school of thought that the proposal could be made optional. If that is done, then the whole proposal is not worth a piece of paper," he added.
 
More than compelling banks to become a broker through direct or indirect regulations, a different approach should be looked at to achieve the objective, another industry official told IANS.
 
He told IANS: "Compulsion through regulations may not stand the test of law. Instead the banks should be incentivised to sell polices of more than one insurer."
 
According to him, a differentiated compensation scale based on the number of insurer's products a bank sells could be one option to be looked at.
 
Similarly, a regulator can use the stick approach against banks that have promoted insurance companies and refuse to sell the products of other insurers.
 
"The insurance regulator can stipulate that such bank promoted insurance companies cannot sign up non-promoter banks to sell their products," the official said.
 
Rau said: "Materially such an idea will not change the existing situation. Those banks that have promoted insurance firms will continue to sell the products of their group venture."

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16 million American kids battle hunger, says Johansson
About 16 million American children battle hunger, unsure when their next meal will come from, actress Scarlett Johansson says, calling for an end to hunger in the country.
 
The 30-year-old actress also drew on her own experiences to raise awareness about an issue that is often swept under the carpet in the US.
 
"My family grew up relying on public assistance to help provide meals for our family," femalefirst.co.uk quoted her as saying. 
 
"Child hunger in America is a real and often overlooked problem, but one that together, we can fix.
 
"The are 16 million children struggling with hunger in America. 
 
"That's one in five daughters, sons, neighbours and classmates who don't know where their next meal is coming from, yet billions of pounds of good food go to waste every year. It's time we do something about it.
 
"Together we can solve hunger. Together we're feeding America," Johansson added.
 
The actress' “Avengers” co-star Jeremy Renner has also recorded a message for charity Feeding America. 
 
"As an American, it's hard to hear that we have a serious hunger issue in our country. And as a parent it's even harder to hear one in five of our kids struggles with hunger, especially when billions of pounds of good food are wasted every year," he said in his video clip.

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COMMENTS

MG Warrier

2 years ago

This short piece does not just highlight the mismanagement of resources by the oldest democracy in the world. If 20 per cent of children in America are uncertain of their next meal, world organisations like United Nations and UNICEF should study the issue. America is one of the countries which destroy produce to ensure competitive price! The country also borrows for staying ahead in arms race and fighting wars outside its territory. High time world took note of the happenings in US.
M G Warrier

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