SNEHA: Helping mothers for child care

SNEHA is an organisation that offers friendship and help to young mothers and children to eradicate malnutrition and infant mortality

From their experience of saving the lives of newborn babies…

From healing the physical wounds of battered women…

And wondering what happened to them once they went back to the environment from which they came… was born an organisation which offers friendship and support.

Every Wednesday, a group of doctors would meet in Dharavi (one of Asia’s biggest slums) and discuss how to help mothers and reduce infant mortality and malnutrition. They included Dr Armida Fernandez, a neonatologist and former dean of Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital and Medical College, Mumbai and Dr Soans. While Dr Fernandez wanted to set up a structure to offer help, Dr Soans offered to finance it. The sudden demise of Dr Soans may have been a setback, but his wife Patricia decided to fulfil her husband's wish and provided the seed capital to start SNEHA.

SNEHA was born in the Mumbai slum of Dharavi on 27 November 1999—the perfect destination to help address the special needs of nutrition, health and education of women and children, especially newborns, but offering quality and standardised healthcare. The need for Sneha is evident in the statistics.

One out of two children in India is malnourished; 54% of Mumbaikars live in slums and 450 mothers out of every 100,000 die during childbirth. Dr Fernandez was to change these numbers. SNEHA works with poor women to help them understand basics of personal hygiene, importance of breastfeeding, nutrition for expectant mothers and babies. The work begins with adolescent girls, who are told about the ill-effects of early marriage and motherhood. Expectant mothers are also contacted through house visits and group counselling, given lessons in first aid and taught how to help out during childbirth. These activities are conducted under a programme called ‘City Initiative for Newborn Health’.

SNEHA encourages women to work within their ecosystem by using Appreciative Inquiry, a process that explores the power of sharing success stories and positivism. It encourages individuals to look for possible solutions and facilitates behavioural change in a process that has positively changed many lives. Such counselling is offered across its 30 facilities.

In the area of child health and nutrition, SNEHA has initiatives like ‘Aahar’ and ‘Nutrition Day Care Centres’ to deal with child nutrition. Mothers are made aware of nutrition and dietary changes which don’t deviate drastically from the family’s food habits. There is also regular screening to identify children with congenital heart disease and to provide medical assistance. 

SNEHA also offers counselling and rehabilitation to victims of domestic violence. Even today, 66% of women face physical & mental harassment in their own homes. These women are encouraged to share their trauma through counselling and group therapy. In most cases, the first step is to get all the parties involved together and interact. If communication doesn’t help, then SNEHA’s volunteers help the woman file a police complaint and take the matter forward.

SNEHA also provides regular health services through OPDs, and also offers holistic healthcare to senior citizens. It encourages senior citizens and young girls to attend activities held at its centres, which also conduct social, recreational and skills-oriented activities and vocational training. These life skills are aimed at helping them earn higher incomes to support themselves and their families.

SNEHA's activities are funded through donations, corporate sponsorship and fund-raising events. Like most NGOs, it requires monetary support as well as volunteers in order to expand its work, especially in the areas of preventing transmission of HIV/AIDS from mother to child, and sexual harassment at work, for women living in slums.

SNEHA is registered as a voluntary organisation, under the Bombay Public Trust Act, 1950. Contributions are eligible for exemption under the Income Tax Act and the Foreign Contributions Regulation Act for overseas donations. You can help SNEHA by contacting it at the address below:

Urban Health Centre, 4th floor,
60 Feet Road, Dharavi,
Mumbai 400017
Telephone: 24042627/24086011




7 years ago

Dear Chairperson Sneha,
I've witnessed the good work you are doing in the slum areas of Santacruz and Dharavi.
Just wanted to wish you good luck!

Gregg Tully

7 years ago

Dear Aparna Ramchandra,

Thank you for this excellent article. SNEHA is a very impressive organization. In Nepal, the Nepalese Youth Opportunity Foundation (NYOF) has rescued close to 5000 children from severe malnourishment, while educating their mothers to provide nutritious food for their families.

NYOF builds Nutritional Rehabilitation Homes (NRHs), small home-like hospitals, throughout Nepal. A malnourished child and their mother live at an NRH for an average of five weeks. During this time, the NRH staff restores the child to health, including treating any medical problems they have. The child’s mother is trained to properly care for her entire family, and she is taught to share this knowledge with her friends and neighbors when she returns home. As a result, the impact of this pioneering program spreads throughout villages all across Nepal.

Last year, NYOF’s Nutritional Homes treated more than 1000 malnourished children, and provided free health exams to more than 5000 impoverished people at outreach camps.

I’m the development director of NYOF and can send you background information about our pioneering Nutritional Rehabilitation Homes. I can also provide photos and arrange interviews with our staff in Nepal.

Take care,
Gregg Tully
[email protected]
Tel: +1 415-331-8585

Food inflation eases, but fuel prices keep up pressure

The easing in food prices has been marred by rising fuel inflation, giving no respite to the overall inflation level that has been consistently rising since it came out of sub-zero levels in September last year

Food inflation fell to 16.3% for the week ended 6th March on easing prices of pulses and vegetables, but fuel inflation shot up to 12.68%, reports PTI.

For the previous week, food inflation was at 17.8% and fuel inflation at 11.4%.

Vegetable prices showed a marked decline of more than 10% over the week, followed by about 4% fall in prices of pulses. Urad and arhar prices were down 6% each during the week.

However, the easing in food prices has been marred by rising fuel inflation, giving no respite to the overall inflation level that has been consistently rising since it came out of sub-zero levels in September last year.

The fuel index comprising fuel, power, light and lubricants saw an inflation of 12.68% over the week led by 16.8% inflation in petrol prices and 14.99% in diesel prices.

The rise in fuel prices is a result of the budgetary announcement of a hike in excise and customs duty on petrol and diesel.

Overall inflation has risen to 9.89% for February from a low of 1.34% in October last year, primarily led by high food prices.

Inflation has already breached the RBI's projection of 8.5% for the fiscal-end in January when it touched 8.56%.


UBI in talks with ARCs to sell Rs 100 crore of bad loans

The Bank plans to sell off Rs100 crore of its bad loans by end-March and has already sold Rs200 crore worth of bad assets so far in this fiscal

United Bank of India (UBI) is negotiating with a clutch of asset reconstruction companies (ARCs) to sell bad loans worth Rs100 crore for cleaning up its loan book, a senior bank official said on Thursday, reports PTI.

The Bank plans to sell off Rs100 crore of its bad loans by end-March and has already sold Rs200 crore worth of bad assets so far in this fiscal, UBI's executive director TM Bhasin told reporters at the bank's listing ceremony in Mumbai.

"We have received bids from ARCs to sell our bad assets. We are currently evaluating bids and expect to sell Rs100 crore worth of bad loans by the end of this month," he said.

The decision to sell off bad loans is part of the restructuring of the bank's advance portfolio and will also reduce the non-performing assets (NPAs) burden, Mr Bhasin said, without outlining the segments which have incurred most of the losses.

Kolkata-based UBI has a gross NPA level of 2.4%, while its net NPAs stand at 1.21%. This is slightly higher than its peers.

UBI currently has a loan book of Rs43,000 crore, while its total deposit base stands at around Rs67,000 crore. UBI today got listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange with a 17% premium at Rs77 against an issue price of Rs66 per share. On the NSE, the shares were listed at Rs74.9, a premium of 13.48%.

With UBI going public, Punjab & Sindh Bank is the only unlisted public sector lender now. Central Bank of India was the last state-run bank to get listed.

To purge their balance sheets by this fiscal-end, many banks either opted for one-time settlement of their defaulted advances or sold them off to ARCs.

NPA levels started rising in the system, particularly in the last one year, post the financial crisis that hit many businesses and resulted in job losses.

Top bankers, including State Bank of India chairman, OP Bhatt, had recently indicated that the slippages are likely to rise in the coming months and a substantial economic recovery is yet to take place.

However, rating agency CRISIL had recently said that the pace of rise of NPAs is likely to slow down in the approaching months as companies are now in a better position to repay their loans.

The agency, which projected that gross NPAs in the system would grow to 5% of the total assets by end-FY11, now expects the ratio to be around 4.5%.


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