Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
Smartphones, tablets should have 'bedtime' mode
Smartphones, tablets and e-readers should have an automatic "bedtime mode" that stops them disrupting people's sleep, a study revealed.
 
Researchers from Evelina London Children's Hospital sleep medicine department, King's College London and the University of Surrey, measured short-wavelength blue light devices like tablets (iPad Air), e-readers (Kindle Paperwhite first generation) and smartphones (iPhone 5s) emit when displaying text or a game.
 
According to earlier research, short-wavelength blue light may disrupt the production of melatonin, a hormone that helps us sleep.
 
The new study confirmed that the three devices do produce short-wavelength blue light, with text producing slightly more intense light levels than the popular Angry Birds game, BBC reported.
 
It also found special orange safety glasses filter out some of the blue light, and a sleep app for children -- called Kids Sleep Dr -- produces less blue light.
 
"Since this type of light is likely to cause the most disruption to sleep as it most effectively suppresses melatonin and increases alertness, there needs to be the recognition that at night-time 'brighter and bluer' is not synonymous with 'better'," the researchers were quoted as saying.
 
They suggested future software designs are better optimised when night-time use is anticipated, saying devices could have an automatic "bedtime mode" that shifts blue and green light emissions to yellow and red, as well as reduce backlight and light intensity.
 
The researchers also said that Harvard Medical School suggests avoiding blue light two to three hours before going to bed, while the National Sleep Foundation suggests turning all electronic devices off at least an hour before bed.
 
Parents can remove devices from the bedrooms of young children or turn them off before they go to bed, the researchers suggest.
 
The study only tested widely used tablet, smartphone and e-reader devices for short wavelength blue light and its findings did not measure people's sleep duration and quality when they did or did not use these devices before sleep.
 
The research findings have been published online in the peer-reviewed medical journal Frontiers in Public Health.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Singapore bans gutka, khaini and more
Singapore has banned a wide variety of tobacco products including gutka, khaini and zarda.
 
The health ministry said on Monday that the decision was taken to ensure that such products do not gain a foothold or become entrenched in the city state, reports Xinhua.
 
If they come in, they could increase tobacco consumption, the order said.
 
"This is part of the ongoing efforts to protect the public against the known and potential harms of emerging tobacco products," it said.
 
In June, the ministry announced that the ban on emerging tobacco products would be implemented in two phases.
 
The first phase, starting on Tuesday, targets smokeless cigars or cigarettes, dissolvable tobacco or nicotine, any product containing nicotine or tobacco that may be used topically for application, by implant or injected.
 
It also bans any solution or substance which constitutes tobacco or nicotine that is intended to be used with an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapouriser.
 
The second phase will take effect from August 2016. The ban will include nasal snuff, oral snuff, gutkha, khaini and zarda.
 
The ministry said anyone who breaks the ban can be fined up to 10,000 Singapore dollars or jailed up to six months or both.
 
On second and subsequent conviction, the fine will double and so will the jail term.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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HC seeks Centre, TRAI's response on call drops
The Delhi High Court on Monday sought a response from the centre and the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India on a plea by telecom operators for a stay on TRAI's compensation policy for call drops, under which a rupee will be credited to the mobile users' account for every call drop (restricted to three per day) starting January 2016.
 
A division bench of Chief Justice G. Rohini and Justice Jayant Nath asked Centre and TRAI to file their response by December 22 on the plea of two telecom industry bodies, Cellular Operators Association of India and Association of Unified Telecom Service Providers of India.
 
Companies termed the order of TRAI as contradictory and destructive and sought quashing of the October 16 order mandating services provider to pay subscribers Re. 1 per call drop experienced on their network, subject to a cap of three a day.
 
They said the TRAI does not have the power to grant compensation to end-subscribers under the TRAI Act and the decision to grant compensation is "without authority of law, without jurisdiction and is illegal".
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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