The new tool-Data Warehousing and Business Intelligence System (DWBIS)-will significantly enhance SEBI's investigation and surveillance functions
Mumbai: Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) on Monday said it has implemented a new tool for speedy analysis of data and identification of possible violations like insider trading, reports PTI.
The new tool-Data Warehousing and Business Intelligence System (DWBIS)-will significantly enhance SEBI's investigation and surveillance functions, the regulator said in a statement.
"The Data Warehousing tool will allow SEBI to exploit the power of modern technology in terms of computation and speed of data analysis," it added.
DWBIS will also allow SEBI, along with the similar tools available with the exchanges and depositories, to expedite the investigation and completion of its quasi judicial orders arising from cases of violations pertaining to the securities market.
SEBI said the new tool in next one year will host "pattern recognition algorithms" to monitor the trade and order data received by the market regulator in order to identify networked clients who possibly collectively indulge in violations of securities laws.
The tool has software functions aimed at addressing "crimes like insider trading, front running, etc," SEBI said.
The existing databases across departments of SEBI will get linked with this new tool in a way to enable the efficient utilisation of the stored data for SEBI's investor protection and regulatory roles, the regulator said.
SEBI has signed a contract for this project designed and to be delivered by TCS, as the system integrator. The rollout of the project took place yesterday with chairman CB Bhave receiving the first set of reports from the system.
The new tool is expected to be used extensively by SEBI in its various investigations into possible irregularities in the market dealings.
As per the requirement of the German central bank, Deutsche Bundesbank (DBB)-which had permitted payment in euros through EIH -each drop of oil bought from US-sanctioned Iran is being certified
New Delhi: Days after India put in place a mechanism to pay for Iranian crude oil, payments to the nation's second largest oil supplier are yet to begin as the tedious process for certification of the oil bought is still underway, reports PTI.
After the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in December stopped the use of a long-standing clearing mechanism for payments, India had on 3rd February decided to pay for the Iranian oil using euros through Germany-based Europisch-Iranische Handelsbank AG (EIH Bank).
Sources said as per the requirement of the German central bank, Deutsche Bundesbank (DBB)-which had permitted payment in euros through EIH -each drop of oil bought from US-sanctioned Iran is being certified.
First, the oil companies are certifying the crude oil they bought from Iran and payments that are due. This is being counter-certified by the ministry of petroleum and natural gas.
Furthermore, State Bank of India-the banker which is to route the payments-is also affixing its seal on the transactions, sources said, adding these will be presented to DBB, which will then authorise the transfer of euros to the bank account of National Iranian Oil Co (NIOC).
SBI had refused to facilitate payments for Iranian oil after the RBI on 23rd December disallowed payments for Iranian crude using a long-standing clearing house system run by the central banks of nine countries-including India and Iran-dubbed the Asian Clearing Union (ACU).
However, Iran, which makes up for over 12% of India's oil needs, had continued to supply oil on credit despite the outstanding amount crossing a staggering $3 billion.
Sources said payments for crude oil bought since September are due. Currently, certification of the crude oil bought since September is being done and once the backlog is cleared, certification would be done on a monthly basis.
After the certification, oil companies like Essar Oil will transfer money to SBI, which in turn will use its Frankfurt branch to route payments to EIH.
Sources said import of crude oil from Iran has not been banned by either the UN or European Union.
India imported 21.3 million tonnes of crude oil from Iran in 2009-10 and imports in 2010-11 are expected to amount to around 18 million tonnes, as Reliance Industries has totally stopped using crude oil from the Persian Gulf nation.
The nation imports 12 million barrels of crude oil every month from Iran, which is the nation's second-largest supplier after Saudi Arabia.
Sources said regulations endorsed by the EU in October required deals involving Iran and the euro to be accompanied by a certificate outlining payment details for each and every transaction.
Under the ACU mechanism, payments for all trade deals between member countries are settled every two months, with individual transactions not being accounted for separately.
MRPL is the biggest importer of Iranian crude oil in the country, sourcing about 4 million barrels every month, which amounts to 7.1 million tonnes every year. Mumbai-based Essar Oil imports roughly 3 million barrels every month (about 5 million tonnes a year) and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation (HPCL) about 3 million tonnes each.
ACU, based in the Iranian capital of Tehran, settles trade transactions between Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, the Maldives, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.
Till 2008, payments to Iran under the ACU mechanism were done in US dollars, but after the United States imposed sanctions against the Middle East country over its suspected nuclear weapons programme, the currency was switched to the euro.
United Nations' sanctions do not forbid buying Iranian oil and recently the European Central Bank (ECB) asked the RBI to provide certificates that the euro is being used to import products that are not on the US sanctions list.
Sources said while certification for crude oil imports was easy to provide and track, the RBI chose to scrap the system altogether.
With the communication sticking to pure emotions, SBI Life fails to register the ULIP product even after repeated exposures
SBI Life's promise has always been simple in its communication: Enjoy life to the fullest and the lastest. Nothing technically wrong with that, but the positioning works only at the thematic level and it must do more than that in the brand ads. Anyways, let's examine the creative first.
The commercial features an elderly couple enjoying a ride on their ancient scooter. The wifey wants to know why the two are riding a rundown scooter, instead of enjoying in their car (a reference to Nano?). The zinda dil hubby, whose romantic streak hasn't died yet, suddenly applies the brakes and the missus falls all over him. A clear message that this sort of mischief isn't possible in a car. The voice-over reveals the reason behind their ageless lives. SBI Life's 'Saral' and 'Smart' ULIPs. 'Kyunki zindagi hai jeene ke liye' is the message.
Two very serious issues with the ad. The first, as I mentioned earlier, is that for brand campaigns, it's not going to be enough for SBI Life to use pure emotions, as in, simply feature joys of life. While that can work as an umbrella positioning, brand-centric ads for stuff like ULIPs have to tell the consumers a lot more, specifically in terms of why they must invest in these particular products.
On what makes the brand unique and interesting. In fact, with the communication sticking to pure emotions, I failed to even register ULIP even after repeated exposures. Clearly, the ad agency has been unable to come up with exciting ideas for brand communications, and so the client hasn't bothered to go beyond the corporate. Dangerous, I say.
Secondly, an aged couple living a rocking life is a route that's now been done to death, especially in the financial products category. Every other advert these days features them oldies behaving like juvenile teens. In this scenario, brand recall becomes extremely tough, as all the ads appear to be like carbon copies of each other. So, even the emotional route doesn't work out here.
Net net: A huge problem for SBI Life. No branding, no distinctiveness, no memorability. I seriously think all ad agencies that handle financial corps need to take a long weekend brainstorm break at a holiday resort. This busy business sector is screaming out for are-think in terms of communication strategies.