Companies & Sectors
SBI to dilute stake in life insurance wing by 10 percent
Following passage of the law increasing the maximum limit of foreign direct investment in the insurance sector from 26 percent to 49 percent, the State Bank of India (SBI) on Tuesday said it is reducing its existing stake in SBI Life Insurance by a maximum of ten percent.
 
"The Executive Committee of the Central Board (ECCB) has on March 30, 2015 authorised divestment of SBI's stake in SBI Life Insurance Co. Ltd. by upto 10 percent," the bank said in a regulatory filing with the National Stock Exchange.
 
SBI Life Insurance is a joint venture between SBI and French insurer BNP Cardif where SBI has a 74 percent stake with the 26 percent holding belonging to the foreign partner.
 
Last week, SBI, India's largest bank, said it would also be reducing its existing stake in the general insurance venture, SBI General Insurance from the present 76 percent to 51 percent. It is likely that stakes of the foreign partner for this venture, Insurance Australia Group would rise from 26 percent to 49 percent.
 
From April to December last year, SBI Life Insurance's net profit grew by 14 percent to Rs.615 crore while SBI General Insurance suffered a loss of Rs.63 crore for the same time period.
 
The life insurance wing has an authorised capital of Rs.2,000 crore and a paid-up capital of Rs.1,000 crore.

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NPS: The Tax Axe
Dhirendra Swarup, architect of NPS wants to you to be taxman’s guinea pig
 
The National Pension Scheme (NPS) was launched in 2004, as a defined-contribution-based pension system, which would nudge people into long-term savings, that would provide a comfortable retirement income. Eleven years later,  even those involved in the launch of NPS seem confused about its design, marketing and taxation.
 
Initially, this excellent savings product failed to take off because no one would market it: the pension regulator had decided that no sales commission would be paid to distributors. At Moneylife magazine, we still thought that NPS was worth recommending to savers, until a new chairman at the pension regulatory body began to fiddle with its structure and sent out mixed signals on commissions.
 
Ever since its launch, the finance ministry has struggled to find ways to make the product more attractive. One finance minister decided to credit Rs1,000 into each new account opened in 2010, for five years. Even that has not attracted ordinary people. Then, the 2015-16 Budget not only increased the tax-deductible investment limit for NPS under Section 80CCD—from Rs1 lakh to Rs1.5 lakh—but offered the provision that an additional Rs50,000 invested in NPS can be claimed as a deduction under the new Section 80CCD (1B). Will this drive people to invest in NPS? Yet another finance minister, it appears, does not understand what makes people choose long-term investments. 
 
On 23rd March, Dhirendra Kumar, an investment expert, asked and answered this question in his column in The Economic Times: “Will NPS (National Pension System) investors be hit with a tax surprise when they retire? The unfortunate answer is that no one knows with certainty, and no one in the government has bothered to clarify.” Unlike other long-term investments, like public provident fund (PPF), the NPS corpus cannot be entirely withdrawn by the saver—40% of it has to be compulsorily invested in buying an annuity and the pension earned on it is taxable. The remaining 60% can be withdrawn; but it will be taxed, too. 
 
Dhirendra Kumar argues that NPS should logically be treated like a debt-oriented hybrid investment scheme with regard to its tax treatment—in effect, investment return from NPS should be treated as a capital gain with the benefit of indexation. Since there were contradictory views on the issue, he checked with Dhirendra Swarup, a former Union secretary and the first Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) chairman. Mr Swarup, he writes, thought that it made sense for indexation benefit to be available for NPS, but “it would actually get tested only when someone would file an income-tax return with such an assumption, and then the assessing officer would reject it and then there would be a round of appeals and cases and arguments and so on.”
 
The absurdity of this situation is only rivalled by the shocking comment of Mr Swarup. The architect of NPS and the investment expert are both wrong, apparently. There is no need to wonder about tax treatment on NPS. A government circular has clearly clarified that the entire corpus will be taxable  without any indexation benefit. Astonishingly, not only does the former pension regulator not know this but, as a bureaucrat who earns a hefty, inflation-adjusted pension from the government, Mr Swarup is nonchalant about a senior citizen having to become a guinea pig to test out the tax treatment on a long-term retirement product he has created. The middle-class investor should thank his lucky stars that s/he has steered clear of NPS.

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COMMENTS

Mahesh S Bhatt

2 years ago

Problem is Govt consciousness of Social well being is killed somewhere by brutal Corporatization of Government.

Americans failed the world with capitalism & we are on the same track.

Government doesnot want any security but already loaded us with 84+ types of taxes.

More laws more corruption.Shall lead to anarchy followed by revolutions.

"Jiska Raja Vyapari Uski Praja Bhikari"

Kings should not act as Businessmen.

Balance is crucial & this is missing. God Bless Mahesh

REPLY

Prakash Patel

In Reply to Mahesh S Bhatt 2 years ago

Govt.is not concerned with social security of its employees by starting NPS,it only wants to shift burden of mammoth pension of its employees to market as it is not able to handle this burden on its own.
Why blame it on capitalism,the problems in US since 2008 and later in EU are not due to capitalism but are due govt interference in economic affairs of these countries.

Milind Karnik

2 years ago

It would be interesting if Mr. Swaroop is asked whether he himself has invested in this scheme.

Any guesses?

REPLY

Mr Jitendra

In Reply to Milind Karnik 2 years ago

D Swaroop retired from the IAS services and is well served with the government. He may claim he is not eligible to invest in NPS.This is like asking Mutual Fund Managers to buy their own schemes. None of them maybe buying their own schemes.

Prakash Patel

2 years ago

Unless it is treated as EEE it is difficult to take off.

Mr Jitendra

2 years ago

NPS has various agencies involved and a complex architecture. Eg PPF has a single window interaction i.e your bank, you and your PPF passbook. NPS is far more complicated. The person whom you pay money, the person who credits the money, the person who invests the money are all different with no grievance redressal mechanism in place at any level. It may have been done on purpose that way.
Moreover when you take corpus and ask for pension from a insurance agency entitled to pay annuity, the annuity providers may join hands and offer only a paltry rate of interest. Today that thing is difficult to imagine but once there are lakhs of NPS retirees the fun will begin.

Mr Jitendra

2 years ago

This is a classic case of "passing the buck". Everyone pretends that they dont understand what Dhirendra Kumar or investment experts are saying. They understand quite well pretty well what is the wish of the workers. However they pretend not to understand. This is a classic red tape behaviour especially with the officers. I dont even know if a proposal was mooted by anyone from PFRDA to get the NPS as EEE. And even if it was made it may have been a half hearted attempt by not meeting the PM and FM and no followups. EPFO is going the same way. They want to deduct 12% of all allowances entire salary and nothing from employee. When asked what made you people come up with such idea in 2015, they replied back with six words only which are not relevant. Somehow the system is not working in favour of citizenry.

Alex D

2 years ago

Being a young Central Govt. employee I have to deal with this situation day in and day out. The older employees who are not covered under the New Pension Scheme are not bothered about the NPS and we,the younger lot, are kind of left in the lurch as to the nuances of NPS.Moreover the NSDL steers clear of any policy related queries as they are only the manager of the money.

Vishal Modi

2 years ago

How I thank my lucky stars that at least one media company has the guts to call a pig a "pig!" A grateful reader,

REPLY

Gandu Naresh

In Reply to Vishal Modi 2 years ago

But this has been flagged in a column in the Economic Times by Dhirendra Kumar, which is quoted in this article by Sucheta Dalal.

Vishal Modi

In Reply to Gandu Naresh 2 years ago

Sadly, I do not understand your feelings. What are you feeling hurt about?

Realty Blues
Unsold flats, incomplete projects but still a lack of sensible pricing and clear regulation
 
There is no sign of achche din for India’s middle-class home-buyers. Property prices have spiralled so high that few have been able to afford an apartment within a reasonable commute to work, in the past two years. Consequently, you see empty towers (fully completed) looming over major metros, while thousands of buyers complain that under-construction projects are not being completed. And, yet, property prices are not cracking, as much as they should, to make homes affordable again for those who desperately want to own them. Developers have moved from offering incentives and freebies, like gold coins and iPhones, to serious price discounts, concessional loans and modular kitchens and air-conditioners thrown in with apartments. But the discounts are not deep enough to kick-start a buying cycle. It is probably because benevolent (or beholden?) bankers are not pushing hard enough for debt-recovery from over-extended realty giants. 
 
A Reuters report puts the unsold inventory of only the leading Mumbai developers at Rs5,340 crore. Ironically, it also says that property prices have more than doubled between 2009 and 2012. This means that, while the world was dealing with a global financial crisis, a bailout facilitated by the Reserve Bank of India through the banking system was allowing developers to push up prices while holding on to unsold inventories.
 
In Bengaluru, The Economic Times reports that unsold residential inventory is at an all-time high of over one lakh units valued at over Rs85,000 crore. In Delhi, or the National Capital Region, Knight Frank India, a leading realty brokerage firm, had put the unsold stock of residential homes at 192,568, in January this year. It also says that property sales and new project launches have dropped in all six leading metros of India. It is only the small market for super-luxury housing that remains relatively unaffected. 
 
So all eyes are now on whether banks and other lenders will force some re-rating of property prices in a bid their recover debt. Realty industry sources say that the pressure on developers is, indeed, mounting. This is evident in reports of leading property owners beginning to sell off small parts of their land banks to reduce their debt burden. The Housing Development and Infrastructure Ltd (HDIL) plans to raise Rs750 crore though the sale of non-core assets and land to reduce its debt which stands at over Rs3,000 crore. Omaxe Limited plans to raise Rs50 crore from land sales. The Royal Orchid Hotels is selling a plot of land to reduce debt. 
 
More recently, Tata Capital won a winding up petition against Hiranandani Palace Gardens after it defaulted on a loan; predictably the single judge’s order has been challenged before a divisional bench. This is just one of the many petitions filed against the Hiranandani group. DLF Ltd, which has run into problems with the capital market regulator and the Competition Commission, has been offering deep discounts on properties in 16 cities, to push sales. Then there is the expectation that a massive sale of real estate assets by the beleaguered Sahara group, in order to comply with the Supreme Court order may be in the offing too. 
 
Unfortunately, the sum total of these sales is unlikely to see the property market picking up in a hurry. And this does not even begun to address the problem of incomplete projects that have been held up for failure to obtain appropriate clearances or because actual construction was not in accordance with municipal sanctions. Or, the massive shopping malls dotting our cities which have turned into white elephants and are emptying out. Industry sources privately admit that things are looking bleak; but nobody is willing to admit that sensible pricing, clear regulation and good governance may be the way forward for developers and customers.

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COMMENTS

manoharlalsharma

2 years ago

Realty Blues./What is basis of land cost this the only commodity what can not produced in any kind of factory , can not Imported or stressed any extant only more & more F.S.I. can be introduced in vertical so only available land be utilized and shared present occupants do not leave without any profit.

Shyam Singh

2 years ago

There is a very comfortable cushion of black money to support builders and developers... that's why they are sustaining this dull market..otherwise they should have gone bankrupt a long time ago.

Vaibhav Dhoka

2 years ago

Balanced pricing is need of time.There should be NGO like organisation to look into fair pricing of flats in area.

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