RTI Judgement Series
RTI Judgement Series: Suo moto disclosures by all public authorities under Section 4

The CIC asked health departments of GNCTD and MCD, which run and maintain a large number of hospitals and clinics in Delhi, to suo moto publish all information as required under Section 4 of the RTI Act. This is the 76th in a series of important judgements given by former Central Information Commissioner Shailesh Gandhi that can be used or quoted in an RTI application

The Central Information Commission (CIC), while allowing a complaint, asked

the Additional Commissioner (Health) at Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) and Principal Secretary (Health) at Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) to make available suo moto the details of Public Information Officers (PIOs) and First Appellate Authorities (FAAs) at all offices and hospitals under its control.


While giving this judgement on 4 November 2010, Shailesh Gandhi, the then Central Information Commissioner said, “These boards (showing detailed information about Public Information Officers—PIOs and First Appellate Authorities-FAAs)—shall be installed at all hospitals, maternity centres, polyclinics, dispensaries and all other non-administrative and administrative units and offices of the departments.”


New Delhi resident Sushma Prasad, had filed a complaint to the Commission under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. Here is what she said in her request to the CIC...


"Section (4) of the RTI act, envisages suo moto disclosures by all public authorities. 

The Department of Health Services, GNCTD and Department of Health, MCD, run and maintains a large number of hospitals and clinics in the city.  However, if one wishes to make a request for information under the RTI act, it is practically impossible to find out the details of the PIO, etc. It is welcomed that this information is available on the website of the departments; however the Commission may take into consideration the fact that a majority of patients coming to these hospitals hail from economically weaker sections of the society and thus, it cannot be assumed that all of them have access to the internet."


Mr Gandhi, the then CIC, while allowing the complaint said the Commission considers this as a bona fide request and observes that this information is a basic requirement under the Act and that the concerned departments ought to have done this earlier. However, that is not the case. There is a clear and unambiguous provision for the same in the Act, in the form of explanation to Section 4 of the RTI Act.


In his order, Mr Gandhi, said, “A sign-board of appropriate dimension shall be installed, mentioning the name(s), designation(s), contact details including the office address/room number, availability hours and telephone numbers of the PIOs, APIOs and FAA, as the case may be, who have been notified under the RTI Act, 2005 (in case of a change of PIO or Appellate Authority, the sign-board will be updated within ten days of the said change.) Information regarding the requisite fees to be paid under various provisions of the RTI Act 2005, modes of payment and the office where such fee will be accepted. Information regarding information handbook/manuals published under Section 4 (1) (b) of the Act; their location and time when they can be accessed should be also mentioned on the board. The exact link/URL to the page on the website of the department where the information handbook can be viewed will also be mentioned. No acronym/ abbreviation should be used. This information shall be inscribed both in Hindi, English, and shall be installed at a location having maximum public view. This will be maintained by the head of the public authority/head of institution as the case may be, or the officer(s) so directed by them in writing, so long as the RTI act is in force. This should be done by the 15 December 2010."


The CIC also asked the Additional Commissioner (Health), MCD and The Principal Secretary (Health), GNCTD to send a consolidated report of compliance of the above directions to this Commission by 20 December 2010.




Decision No. CIC/SG/C/2010/001324/10035


Complaint No. CIC/SG/C/2010/001324


Complainant                                : Sushma Prasad,

                                                            New Delhi - 110 087


Respondents                            : (1) The Additional Commissioner (Health),

                                                        Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD),                                                                                            Room No. 28, Town Hall, 

                                                        Delhi - 110 006


                                                        (2) The Principal Secretary (Health),

                                                        Govt. of NCT of Delhi,

                                                        Room no. 907, A - Wing, Delhi Secretariat,

                                                        I.P.Estate, New Delhi - 110 002


What should be the value of Fresenius Kabi Oncology’s shares?

The world-class oncology drug manufacturer has decided to delist its shares from the bourses at Rs130 instead of complying with SEBI’s mandate of 25% public float. The cunning manner in which it has done this may set a dangerous precedent. Incidentally, what should be the fair value of the company?

Fresenius Kabi Oncology (FKOL) the Delhi-based multinational firm and subsidiary of Fresenius Kabi Singapore Pvt Ltd (FKSL), which is into oncology and chemotherapeutic drugs, has adopted a new albeit harmful tactic to delist itself from the bourses. As SEBI’s mandate to keep public float at over 25% nears deadline, it has made a voluntary delisting offer of Rs130 to its shareholders. According to the latest filing with exchanges on 17 April 2013, the company said: “Fresenius Kabi (FKSL) intends to pay an indicative price up to Rs130 per share to acquire the shares offered to it in the delisting offer, subject to FKSL’s right under the Delisting Regulations to accept or reject any price discovered under the reverse book building process set forth therein.” However, there is more than meets the eye in this delisting offer. More than this, is this a fair price and is it fair to minority shareholders?

The promoter’s holding in the company was 90%. It had to increase public float to 25% to comply with SEBI’s new regulations or be delisted. Hence, it decided to offer its shares for sale. On 30 May 2012, the company notified the exchange of its offer for sale (OFS) on the bourses. It said, “The objective of the proposed OFS is to increase the public shareholding of the company. Under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957, the company is required to increase its public shareholding to at least 25% by June 3, 2013. The current public shareholding of the company is 10%.”

The stock had reached a high of Rs175.75 on 16 April 2012. However, after it announced its OFS scheme the share price careened to a low of Rs78.30 on 18 October 2012. The OFS price of Rs80 took place on 12 October 2012. Right now, the share price is hovering around Rs132.

Now, instead of complying with the SEBI’s norm of 25% public float, it has decided to delist all of a sudden, citing “a change in its strategy”. From OFS it has now resorted to delisting. In the letter disclosed to the exchanges it said: “During an inspection conducted by the US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) at FKOL’s API plant located at Kalyani, the US FDA made certain observations relating to GMP non-conformities in relation to manufacturing, documentation practices and product testing. FKOL took immediate steps to implement remedial measures and has voluntarily put its production on hold in February 2013. Given the GMP non-conformity issues observed at the Kalyani plant, FSKL needs to focus on the operations of FKOL as opposed to maintaining investor relations”. Minority shareholders be damned. This is a sudden U-turn from the earlier intention to keep public float of 25%.

Earlier, the offer for sale to comply with the public float of 25%, was picked up by four entities: The Royal Bank of Scotland Asia Merchant Bank (Singapore), Macquarie Bank, Morgan Stanley Asia (Singapore) Private Limited and Nomura Singapore. They each bought 30,52,625 shares, 29,47,375 shares, 25,10,841 shares and 23,24,852 shares respectively—all at Rs80 floor price. FKOL sold a total of 14,240,489 shares in the OFS scheme totalling over Rs113 crore, which represented 9% of its share capital and brought down its promoter shareholding from 90% to 81%. Now, it is not known whether the entities who participated in the OFS will tender their shares at Rs130 (thus taking clean profit of Rs50 per share) while leaving minority shareholders in the dark. Or these four could be holding the shares on behalf of this unscrupulous company. After all, name lending by international merchant banks is common.

How the so called ‘indicative’ price of Rs130 was arrived at by the company is unknown. For a company with healthy sales and operating profits, it seems undervalued. According to the Moneylife database, over the past five quarters, the company’s average quarterly sales growth was 25%. Its market capitalisation to sales ratio was 2.41.

The company is into the manufacturing of world-class oncology drugs. A multinational drug company like Pfizer's market capitalisation is  2.91 times the sales while Glaxo is valued at 7.04 times sales. Surely, a company intending to delist should be prepared to pay the top end rather than the bottom end of valuation, especially when its sales and profits have been rising.

FKOL has adopted unscrupulous means to diddle the minority shareholders and delist from the bourses cheaply. Will SEBI take any action?




3 years ago

The posponement of the delisting offer now gives us, the minority shareholders, to get together and form a forum and do not accept this FORCED CEILING rather than the norm of DISCOVERED PRICE by reverse book building. Let us get together and not be made SUCKERS by this MNC !


4 years ago

Sebi should certainly look into the matter. Many such Placements to the selected investors are just planned deals to circumvent the rules.In the past there has been many such buybacks which though proven to be successful were apparently organised and small shareholders were paid negligible amount in comparison to the company's true worth.
If the share market is to be revived in the true sense then more efforts should be made to frame the policies which bring the small investors at Par with promoters and make small investors true partners of the company. This may decrease a few IPO's but would surely make people more willing to participate as Shareholders and returns would flow to small shareholders also. In the present scenario while the promoters grow through pref. allotments, creeping acquisitions, open market sales, Hefty salary, commissions etc as per their choice which is like unofficial insider trading as they are best known of the company's working and can easily change the companies displayed performance as per their plans to suit these activities.


4 years ago

Thanks for the article. Even I was invested in it with a delisting view in mind. But due to unscrupulous tectics by the management, I had to book loss in the scrip. And now all of a sudden they are coming up with the delisting offer. Similar is the case with Chettinad Cement, When it was ruling 900 Plus levels, many shareholders tendered shares @720 with a view to delist. Why anyone would like to sell @720 when market price was 900 Plus. Sebi has not taken any action.

Gold ETFs: Were fund houses pushing the right product?

Gold ETFs witnessed massive inflows over the last few years. These inflows came in from ETFs launched by just 14 fund houses. If gold goes down further, how would these fund houses face the savers who led to believe that gold ETFs are safe? Here is a live example of why savers end up mistrusting financial services companies

With the recent crash in gold prices would the interest in gold exchange traded funds (ETFs) fade now? Most certainly investors would think twice as over the past year the price of gold ETFs has gone down by more than 8% and as much as 13% in the past three months. In the last three days ETFs have crashed by nearly 8%. Gold ETFs have always been a risky idea not only because gold is a purely speculative product—it neither generates income nor it is clear under what circumstances it creates wealth. Gold ETFs are gold acting as stock and they would naturally behave like one—turning volatile and even going down for months together of gold prices decline. If so, those who have invested in gold ETFs thinking that they have invested in a safe product will be in for a rude shock. The question is, did not fund companies know this essential flaw in gold ETFs? Why did they launch them?

We have always brought out a simple fact of the fund management business: their income is fixed and dependent on the amount of money they manage. The amount of money they manage is dependent on the number of schemes they launch and when they launch. Interestingly, fund houses launch the largest number of schemes when a particular investment idea is hot: This is why we have 19 infrastructure schemes. When equity schemes witnessed a rally post 2003, we saw fund houses rushing to launch new fund offers. Nearly 200 different equity schemes were launched during the period from January 2003 to December 2007. Even in the five-year period post December 2007 up to December 2012 we saw nearly 100 equity schemes being launched.

Gold has been hot for a few years now and no wonder fund companies jumped in to offer gold ETFs. But it is instructive that many houses have avoided gold ETFs too. Out of the 40+ fund houses 14 have launched gold exchange traded funds.

From April 2010 to March 2012 saw massive inflows in gold ETFs. A majority of the gold ETFs were launched post March 2010. Gold ETFs in FY11 and FY12 saw an addition of over 3 lakh folios bringing in a net inflow of nearly Rs6,000 crore. This was at a time when equity mutual fund schemes were losing folios and facing high redemptions. Over the two financial years, equity schemes witnessed an outflow of over Rs13,000 crore and lost nearly 35 lakh folios.

Schemes like Goldman Sachs Gold BeES, R* Shares Gold ETF, SBI Gold ETS and Kotak Gold ETF currently have the largest corpus going above Rs1,000 crore. However, on the list are Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund, HDFC Mutual Fund, ICICI Mutual Fund and Reliance Mutual Fund. These fund houses have amassed a large corpus in their equity schemes and debt schemes. Gold ETFs seemed an attractive proposition as well to them. Some have gone on to launch gold savings schemes (gold mutual fund schemes which invest in gold ETFs) so that investors could skip the exchange route. It is surprising to see Quantum Mutual Fund join the gold rush, as it always promotes itself as pro-investor. It possibly does not understand that gold ETFs is a flawed product.

If gold is supposed to be a must-have asset class, acting as a hedge against inflation, why have so many fund houses, especially the large ones, abstained from launching gold schemes? In our view, it would reflect commendable clarity on their part that gold ETFs are not products for the masses. Top fund houses that have not launched gold ETFs include IDFC Mutual Fund, Fidelity Mutual Fund (the assets are now owned by L&T Mutual Fund) and Franklin Templeton.

According to data by Association of Mutual Fund in India (AMFI), the growth in the number of folios of gold ETFs from September 2011 to September 2012 was a mere 15% from 4.12 lakh folios to 4.75 lakh folios during these 12 months. This is highly subdued as compared with 75% growth in the number of retail folios registered from September 2010 to September 2011 period. Over the six month period, from September 2012 to March 2013, the number of folios grew by under 20% to 5.69 lakh folios. Surprisingly these folios come from just 14 schemes.



Siddharth Biswal

4 years ago

Just because something is going down is not bad per se.Gold fundamentals are intact but inverse relation may not be that much proportionate now because of mkt perception to safety.This is in fact an opportunity to invest when sentiments are down.If you have a time frame of 1 year dont invest but if you are planning for retirement it is good enough to be 15-20% in your portfolio.It may not have a income generating value but till Govt prints money rampantly & central govts of countries hoard gold it will never lose its attraction.What the Govt preaches it itself doesn't follows.So looking at the bigger picture this is a chance coming up your way if you have the courage to go through a tumultous ride.But that's what differentiates an intelligent investor who dont have a herd mentality.


4 years ago

There is no better option than FD which are TARGET of FINANCE-MINISTER is to DIMINISH rewards and divert to GREED like SHARE-BAZ.AR.


4 years ago

Once Warren Buffet said Gold doesnt earn interest and doesn't produce anything. Now everybody in this world has this wisdom. But one should always analyse the context before arriving at any conclusion. Buffet is smart, knowledgeable and experienced enough to identify good investment opportunities outside gold. But for people who cannot do that, it is not as bad an investment as it sounds. Here are the reasons why gold has been precious since time immemorial and why it will always remain so. 1. The world trade shall always need some common currency. Nothing can serve that purpose better than Gold in a hypothetical but probable situation of absence of paper currency. Even when united nations was formed and dollar was accepted as global currency, the US backed the dollar by Gold only. Reasons of gold being the most appropriate global currency: Gold has a unique property of not losing its quality over large periods of time i.e. thousands of years. It is easily storable and could be moulded easily to transport from one place to another without any change in its quality. Because of this gold has been used as trading currency even thousands of years ago. This is the only currency(object) which you could be sure of will survive even after 5000 years with the same quality(as found in pyramids also). 2. Ornamentation is an integral part of humans. The money spent on gold ornaments doesnt go waste since as an asset or as a piece of beautification it can be passed from generation to generation. 3. It is divisible. you can buy or sell as much you want without losing the value on the balance left over gold.
The idea of writing this is not to advocate blind purchase of gold but only to share views that it is not as useless as it is written about. There is a merit in purchasing gold. Prices of gold may fluctuate or stagnate for years but that doesnt diminish the utility of gold.


4 years ago

The fund houses that you have named Franklin, IDFC etc which are Large as per your understanding are 1/3rd in size of the AMCs which have launched Gold ETFs(check AMFI figures). On what basis are you saying they are large? You are just trying to make the issue sensational.


4 years ago

Just becoz gold price has crashed doesnt mean gold etf is a flawed product. Every product has a purpose. If it is bought for same purpose then it is fine otherwise useless. Gold etf allows one to buy gold in electronic form. So if one wishes to buy gold, he has two choices-physical or ETF. what is wrong about it? Gold ETF has always been pushed as a replacement of physical gold which it actually does.
Every product goes through positive and negative cycles. That doesnt make every product flawed.
By the way, would you disclose what is the qualification and experience of the team writing such articles? and also what kind of investments this team does which others can take guidance from. Investment products which are perfect as per your understanding.


4 years ago

The most frequently learnt lesson in investing is... anything that is popular is seldom a good investment.

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