RTI Judgement Series
RTI Judgement Series: Food and Supplies Department corrects actions after RTI is filed

An RTI application led to proper re-examination of the actions of the Food and Supplies Department of the GNCTD in allotting licenses for kerosene oil depots. This is the 65th in a series of important judgements given by former Central Information Commissioner Shailesh Gandhi that can be used or quoted in an RTI application

The Central Information Commission (CIC), while disposing an appeal, appreciated the fact that the Food and Supplies Department of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) corrected its mistakes and adopting its policy properly.


While giving this important judgement on 10 September 2009, Shailesh Gandhi, the then Central Information Commissioner said, “...the Right to Information (RTI) application led to proper re-examination of the actions of the department in allotting kerosene oil depot licenses. The order by the assistant commissioner (East) appears to admit that the high court’s order has not been implemented properly earlier.”


Delhi resident Krisha Gupta, on 15 October 2009, sought information about policy for allotting kerosene depots to unemployed graduates from the Food and Supplies Department of the GNCTD.


He sought information on six points regarding copy of order by which preferences was given to unemployed graduates and according to the reply of FSO, copy of govt. order by which this policy had been discontinued, reasons for not listing the appellant’s application in the scrutiny list dated 8 February 2008, deficiencies in his application as per the check list, under which rules/law application form of Anjana Goyal were found legal or illegal and so on.


On 20 November 2009, the PIO sent his reply stating that...
1.     A) This is concerned with HQ (policy) Since concerned information was provided by  
Policy Branch.
        B) It is concerned with HQ.

          C) It is a decision given by the Food & Supply Commissioner.



2.       A) It is concerned with departmental process.

          B) -do-

          C) -do-


3. All concerned certificates/documents were presented before screening committee/selection board on which decision made by the committee/board. An explanation of the reason and bases of the decision made the committee cannot be done.


4.       (A)     It is the decision of the board/committee.

          (B)     -do-


5.       (A)     -do-

          (B)     -do-

(A) Due to remand of the CIC, there was to make decision after hearing Krisha Gupta   

(appellant) because the appellant was not heard on 20 February 2009.

          (B)     -do-

          (C)     It is the decision made by chairman (Selection Board).

          (D)    It is related departmental procedures.

          (E)     -do-            

          (F)     -do-

          (G)    -do-


Not satisfied with the reply, Gupta then filed his first appeal. The First Appellate Authority (FAA) gave an order on 14 January 2010, in which he stated...


“The appellant states that the Commissioner (F & S) (CFS) has himself stated in his order that preference can be given by order dated 25 September 2008. However, on reading the order it is the point No 3, whether an unemployed graduate can be given a preferential treatment in this case or not?


“The appellant has shown copy of Form No. A, wherein 2(d) is also notified for the information that other things being equal, preference will be given to the applicants belonging to (a), (b), (c), (d), unemployed graduate can be given a preferential treatment in this case or not.


“On character certificate, the appellant has shown a checklist, required at Serial No 4: Character Certificate from a gazetted officer, a copy of which is available with the appellant. The appellant states that there was an amendment as mentioned in the PGC order dated 17 September 2009. The appellant has shown a copy of the order available with him. Hence, Information has been provided to him.


“Now, the Selection Board in its minutes of meeting on 20 February 2009 has stated in para-2 to submit character certificate from two reputed persons of the locality. A copy of the minutes has been provided to the appellant by the department.


The vacancy was mentioned before the Delhi High Court. He has shown the order of Delhi High Court dated 13 December 2004, the appeal order of SS Rathore, No6/2008 stating that there is no requirement of notification of vacancy as the kerosene oil depot (KOD) one for more in excess of the numbers of cards. This was overruled by the CFS by order dated 23 September 2008.”


Gupta then filed his second appeal before the CIC.


During the hearing, Mr Gandhi, the then CIC, said Gupta had sent a letter to the Commission on 7 May 2010 stating that he received the information. Gupta further stated that the department has now adopted its policy properly.


“The papers attached by him show that the RTI application led to proper re-examination of the actions of the department in allotting kerosene oil depot licenses and the order by the Assistant Commission (East) appears to admit that the high court order had not been implemented properly earlier. The Commission records its appreciation of the fact that it appears the department has corrected its mistake on its own,” Mr Gandhi said.


He then disposed off the appeal.




Decision No. CIC/SG/A/2010/000777/7776


Appeal No. CIC/SG/A/2010//000777


Appellant                                  : Krisha Gupta,



Respondent                              : Anil Kaushal

                                                   APIO & FSO

                                                   O/o the Asst Commissioner, (East District),

                                                  Food, Supplies & Consumer Affairs,

                                                  Govt of NCT of Delhi,

                                                  DDA Complex,

                                                  Dayanand Vihar, Delhi-110092


A wake up call from Cyprus for “debt-ridden” states like Kerala

The Cyprus shock gives us an opportunity to trim our ambitions and tailor our projects and programmes in such a way as to harmonise them with resource availability. Taking a lesson, Kerala should also review its half-baked investment ideas that are being pushed through by the neo-rich and non-resident Keralites and stop taking guidance from arm-hair economists

Cyprus is a small country with a population less than 10 lakh and geographical area less than one-fourth of Kerala. The country with almost 100% literacy, life expectancy at 79 years and a per capita income of over $28,000 in 2012 (today’s position will be assessed by analysts in due course!) must be having a comfortable position in various human development indicators. Despite all this, Cyprus has recently attracted media attention for failure of its financial sector needing a ‘bailout’ involving $13 billion jointly supported by the European Union, the European Central bank and the International Monetary Fund. The pre-bailout days saw the failure of Cypriot financial sector sending shock waves to global markets and even Indian stocks sliding in a sympathetic vibration mode.


The cause of the failure of the Cypriot economy is attributed to unbridled functioning of banks in the country, not following prudential norms, offering interest rates on deposits (mainly accepted from Russian depositors) which were unrelated to return on investments and heavy dependence on external assistance for survival in times of crisis. The conditions of present bailout package announced on 25 March 2013 include:

•  Splitting the Popular Bank of Cyprus (also known as Laiki) into a good bank and a bad bank. The bad bank will be closed in due course.

•  The good bank will be merged with Bank of Cyprus (BoC).

•  BoC will be recapitalized through a deposit/equity conversion of uninsured deposits with full contribution of equity shareholders and bond holders. Simply put, major portion of large-size deposits which are not covered by insurance will become “non-refundable” in nature.

•  The conversion will aim at a capital ratio of 9% after implementation of the programme. The programme (bailout) money will not be used to recapitalize Laiki and BoC.


The Cyprus shock gives us an opportunity to trim our ambitions and tailor our projects and programmes in such a way as to harmonise them with resource availability. Cyprus suffered from an over-sized banking sector some eight times the size the country needed.


Taking a lesson from the failure of this country despite several positive factors in its favour, Kerala should review its ambitious projects involving massive investments dependent on borrowing and investments from outside.


 “God’s own country” (That is how the state’s tourism department is marketing Kerala in the international tourism market!) is going through a crisis, on almost all fronts. No. I am not referring to the sex scandals rocking the state assembly or the nasty outbursts by the leaders of various political parties or the weekly hartals and bandhs, which routinely affect the normal life in the state. People of Kerala take all these in their stride and have by now, learnt to live with them. After assumption of office nearly two years back, chief minister Oomen Chandy did not go to bed even on a single day with an undisturbed mind. This is on the assumption that his mind gets disturbed for things normally bothering ordinary human beings.


The last straw is the Comptroller and Auditor General of India’s (CAG) report on the state finances for the year ended 31 March 2012, presented to the state assembly on 18 February 2013. The increasing revenue and fiscal deficits and resultant growing fiscal imbalance were highlighted in the CAG report on the state finances for the year ended March 2012. Adverse features in the report included, among others:

  • Increase in the ratio of revenue deficit to fiscal deficit indicating the use of borrowed funds, largely for meeting current expenditure.
  • Disturbing maturity profile of debt. The state will have to repay 49.6% of debt during the next one to seven years.
  • Dwindling net availability of funds from borrowing, since a large chunk goes to debt servicing. During 2011-12, out of Rs8, 880 crore borrowed from the market, only Rs4, 426 crore was left after servicing debt. Even out of this a sizeable portion went for non-developmental purposes.
  • The average annual return on state’s investments aggregating Rs 4,206.43 crore in statutory corporations, own companies and cooperatives was 1.3% during the last five years.
  • Revenue expenditure which recorded a steep growth of 32.83% during 2011-12, accounted for 90.47% of the total estimated expenditure of Rs50, 896 crore. 70% of revenue expenditure was accounted by salaries, wages, pension, interest and subsidies.
  • Capital expenditure in absolute terms was a meagre Rs3,853 crore accounting for 8% of the total expenditure of the state. 


These observations, howsoever well-founded they might be, will be brushed aside by the combination of varying selfish-interests, which are these days coming together with the single agenda of staying in power and ‘sharing’ the benefits of power, as views of an auditor who should be checking the accuracy in figures rather than bothering about or suggesting how a government should manage the country’s/ state’s resources. The limited purpose of quoting CAG’s observations at the outset is to draw attention to the state of the state’s finances, which is relevant in the context of the discussion that follows.


Kerala, though the state came into being only in 1957, had the benefit of tasting the benefits of being governed by governments representing different permutations and combinations of different political and economic interests and periodic change in the ruling front, which has been a much later development at the Centre and in many other states. Thus, at least till the emergence of LPG (Liberalisation-Privatisation-Globalisation) politics. I differ with the economists who say that this LPG had more to do with economic development rather than politics—circa 1991—and usurping of power at the Centre by BPL (Businessmen-Politicians-Lawyers) combine—circa 2001. Kerala enjoyed the best of both the worlds namely a sprinkling of socialist ideology in policy formulation and capitalist practices in governance.


Kerala’s Sastra Sahitya Parishad, around 2002-04, did make some in-depth study on ‘How Kerala lives?’ and ‘How Kerala thinks?’ (Kerala padhanam—2006) and come out with some interesting revelations. By the time the Parishad team carried out the field study, the “Kerala Model” which had been by then received world acclaim had started showing signs of disintegration and was fading. At this stage, it would be worthwhile to recount the positives of “Kerala Model” briefly:

  • The underlying merit of the model was the fact that despite the relatively low income levels which did not show signs of rapid growth, there was perceivable improvement in human development indicators, especially when the comparison is with people in other geographical regions of India.
  • The focus and emphasis on equity and social justice acted as a catalyst for the state’s development experience.
  • The social leadership provided by leaders like Srinarayana Guru whose approach was humane, made the follow-up work easy for the Communist Party which gave economic and political dimensions to the thought process which was already embedded in the minds of the majority.
  • The revolutionary changes in land reforms and education initiated by the first Communist Ministry in Kerala was the continuation of a process, seeds of which had already been sown by an enlightened religious and social leadership. The leftist influence continued to dominate the state’s development process during the first four decades of the state’s existence.
  • Some of the longstanding results of these policies included lowering birth rate, reducing infant mortality, improving nutrition-availability for children, achieving almost 100% literacy level. An unwritten wage policy that ensured a much higher wage level for skilled and unskilled workers and  visible improvement in some of the crucial human development indicators in the state. Sometime last year, the RBI governor who visited Kochi, during his morning walk found daily wage workers from Andhra Pradesh on the street, who told him that they were paid about Rs600 per day and were able to save and send home ‘something’.


These commendable achievements are shadowed by near anarchy on the labour front, which has affected industrial progress and political instability. This resulted in assortments of political parties, with not much in common in terms of ideology except the greed to hang on to power, coming together to form alternating LDF (Left Democratic Front) and UDF (United Democratic Front) combinations governments after each election in the state.  This situation has resulted in governance being hijacked by vested interests within the state and outside, many a time, through inefficient and lazy leaderships of small political parties gaining more than their reasonable share of ‘responsibilities’(say, based on votes polled or number of legislators in the state assembly ) in the government of the day. When survival of the government is dependent on a couple of MLAs “not crossing the floor”, the ruling front compromises several democratic principles of governance. Much on the same way as Dr Manmohan Singh is carrying on at the Centre.


Historians will not pardon the political leadership of Kerala for messing up and destroying the gains and advances made during the closing years of the decade 1950s (Kerala came into being on 1 November 1957) by the governments which ruled the state from the formation of the state and successive couple of governments that followed. The choice of ministers by EMS Namboodiripad who was the first chief minister needs special mention. Ministers in the first cabinet like C Achutha Menon, VR Krishna Iyer and Joseph Mundassery brought glory to the first ministry by initiating far-reaching reforms in their respective areas of responsibility.


Last two years have seen policy prescriptions from several pressure groups influencing the approach of the Oomen Chandy government in several areas of the state’s economic development. Half-baked ideas for investment in industry, infrastructure and other development areas are pushed through by the neo-rich within the state, investing NRKs (Non-Resident Keralites) and arm-chair economists now guiding the state government. ‘Festivals’ like Emerging Kerala, conferences of NRKs and interactions with NRKs by state leaders when they visit countries like the UAE give an impression that the state is ripe to be transformed into another Dubai. When majority of the schools, hospitals, poverty alleviation programs, drought relief, unmanned level crossings on rail tracks, under-developed roads linking interiors of the state with towns, bridges, agriculture and so on wait for small allocations for years, the state government commits huge funds which involves long-term external borrowings for projects like Kochi Metro (Rs4,500 crore, with state and central participation), Trivandrum Metro (projected cost Rs5,100 crore), Calicut Metro (Rs4,500 crore) and several new airports. PPP (public-Private-Partnership) or attracting private investment from external sources have the inherent danger of leading the state into a debt trap which has been avoided because of the foresight shown by planners till the late 1990s.


Self-reliance is not a bad idea. Neither is borrowing for productive purposes. But, leaving everything to market forces or taking a short-term view of long-term liabilities may take the state into an irretrievably deep debt-trap. Sooner the state approaches planning with the seriousness the governments in the state perceived finances and economic development during the initial years of planning, the better for God’s Own Country!


Other stories by MG warrier


 (M G Warrier is a freelancer based in Thiruvananthapuram.)



Jagdish Balakrishnan

5 months ago

Very interesting article...

Thomas Kuruvilla

4 years ago

An interesting article. As a Malayalee I have always been concerned about the growth of Kerala economically, even though I have resided outside Kerala all my life. The lack of industrialisation has been an area of great concern. I'm not an economist & do not know how the state can come out of the stagnant growth which it is encountering. I have always felt that there is a limit beyond which labour laws should stop protecting unfruitful and/or disruptive labour. Industries cannot prosper in a climate where the laws are against investment & where laws protect labour unrest to any extent.

How to stop undesirable diesel subsidy to specific vehicle classes?

There is a clear need to reduce the subsidy provided to different classes of vehicles at the point of consumption rather that at the time of purchase
Problem Statement


Government finances are troubled.  Subsidy burden is proving a drag on the overall fiscal situation.  Fuel subsidy arising out of a wide gap between economic cost and price is straining balance sheets of oil companies and consequently the government.  Within the pool of fuel subsidy, diesel pricing has been kept artificially low to buffer the impact of global diesel price escalation to economically backward parts of the society.


This deliberate mis-pricing to accommodate the weaker sections of the society is resulting in a perverse subsidy to affluent consumers who are increasingly switching to diesel-powered vehicles across the price range—from an entry-level compact all the way to high-end imported SUVs.  In order to recoup or arrest the trend of a switch towards diesel cars (to partake of the fuel mis-pricing), the government has repeatedly tried to increase the upfront duty/tax/levy at the point of purchase of these vehicles. This promotes a clear fiscal mismatch through inadequate upfront revenues (in the year of vehicle purchase) and continued stream of subsidy outgo for the government for the next 15 odd years (especially in the era of consistently rising dollar price for fuel and the consistently depreciating rupee).  These measures have clearly not proven successful as the switching continues unabated leading to increased fuel subsidy burden in future years. 


There is thus a need to stanch the bleeding through a more targeted diesel subsidy that will meet both the fiscal and societal needs. The government has ideated and failed in bringing about a dual price regime for diesel and has indicated helplessness in addressing the same. 



There is thus a clear need to reduce the subsidy provided to different classes of vehicles at the point of consumption rather that at the time of purchase. It has proven near impossible to introduce dual priced diesel at the gas pump in a viable manner so that affluent consumers pay near full prices while there is a scaled increase in diesel subsidy for other classes of consumers.


My suggestion to tackle this dilemma is to switch the point of collection away from fuel pumps to another party.  The suggested collection agent for the diesel fuel subsidy is the insurance company.  Every vehicle in India is mandated to compulsorily have a third party insurance renewed every year. The government could introduce a diesel fuel adjustment tax based on a normative usage of a vehicle (say 10,000 km per annum) multiplied by the potential fuel subsidy (say Rs.10 per  litre) adjusted for fuel efficiency. A simple table can be created using the above parameters to arrive at a normative annual subsidy burden for each vehicle type. The government can also decide to have a sliding scale of subsidy on some of these vehicles over the higher-end model. This provides sufficient flexibility to the government to direct the tax and amount thereof to a specific segment/sub-segment of the vehicle population. 


Insurance companies can also prove to be efficient and easily manageable/assessable entities for the tax collection exercise. This could also be introduced in a staggered manner beginning with the higher end luxury vehicles being brought into the ambit for the first year, with progressively larger number of vehicles coming into the ambit over subsequent years.



The above suggestion of collecting diesel subsidies on vehicle owners at the time of annual insurance premium has the following advantages

  1. This would lead to specific well directed revenue collection
  2. This would reduce the perverse incentives given to certain class of diesel subsidy consumers
  3. This would better align government revenues and costs away from one-time, upfront revenues to match the recurring costs
  4. Insurance companies would prove to be efficient agencies to act as the collection agents for the government
  5. This can be introduced in a non-disruptive manner beginning with full subsidy collection on high-end luxury diesel vehicles and progressively embracing other classes and types of vehicles.



Manu Tandon

4 years ago

The percentage of diesel consumption by private cars is a miniscule percentage of the total diesel consumption of the country,the bulk being by trucks,buses,electricity generation,railways etc. There is a paranoia amongs certain economists(and environmentalists) about diesel cars .Imposing punitive taxes on these would be just symbolic and would hardly contribute anything to make up the diesel deficit.
The assumption that diesel cars are held for a period of 15 years is wildly exaggerated.



In Reply to Manu Tandon 4 years ago

Yes, you are right personal vehicles account for miniscule % but that has also risen but the main consumers are Heavy Vehicles, Railways and Power Generation and all that burden will be passed to the common man that is the catch!


4 years ago

ANY kind of subsidy is a drag on the economy, actually the society is put on the crutches intentionally with votes in mind and which should be shed and a permanent solution found-same will be found with POWER and there are many other items used to buy votes.

sivaraman anant narayan

4 years ago

Very good, 'out of the box' suggestion! The idea needs lobbying to get going.


4 years ago

No doubt there should be somebody to expose the misdeeds of the Govt, whether State or Central and feel MLF and its team is doing a fine work by exposing and then following unscrupulous acts and deeds conducted by the persons at the helm of affairs.

Harish Chandra Kohli

4 years ago

Well done Krishna. This suggestion is a classic example of how the simplest of suggestions having far reaching implications. I am sure that the Government will need considerable prodding by Moneylife to consider it seriously. But then there are the ever present lobbyists ready to scuttle it. So perhaps we will have a new GOM.


4 years ago

An Excellent idea. At last a solution was found to the fiscal deficit problem.


4 years ago

I don't want to say it but the Govt. is corrupting all whether Employees, Farmers, Business man Govt is at its lowest ebb. When treasury empty then why go in Food Security Bill, why Narega implemented?


4 years ago

Indeed an Excellent Suggestion, Tracking the vehicles also becomes easy.. Well Done..

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