Moneylife Events
RTI activist Anil Galgali explains how to use the Act effectively for social good
Successful activism requires the use of multiple acts and strategies to achieve the goal of obtaining relevant information quickly and using it for the good of society. That was the message from Anil Galgali, an RTI activist whose prolific work, using information gleaned from government sources and backed by authenticated documents, has repeatedly made media headlines and exposé the misuse of power, corruption and diversion of funds by government officers and politicians. Mr Galgali generously shared his modus operandi with Moneylife Foundation members at a talk titled "Some Tips to Success in RTI on civic and infrastructure issues that affect us" on Wednesday.
 
One interesting observation was that filing appeals to under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, is time consuming. Instead, he has two suggestions. The first, is to take the opportunity to inspect documents, under section 4 of the Act, which allows the person filing the application to meet RTI officials and persuade them to part with the information, or collect authenticated photocopies on the spot. It easily eliminates the 30 days period under the Act to respond to a query and obviates the need to file an appeal. He also suggested that filing a fresh application, that is differently worded, often works better than an appeal. Sometimes activists themselves are not able to frame their query well leading to a lack of response, he said. Sometimes a recalcitrant information officer may have been transferred and a new official will look at a fresh application differently. The long pendency of cases at the appeal stage had made appeals less effective, he said. "Merely filing application may not give you relevant information. Sometimes, you need to visit the office from where you are seeking information and enquire about the status of your RTI application. This method has proved to be beneficial for me over the years", he said. 
 
 
He was also a strong votary of using mechanisms such as the Lok Shahi Din, to seek redress, when information was being deliberately denied or suppressed. 
 
Mr Galgali, who is a freelance journalist since 1994 as well as Editor of Agnishila, a monthly magazine, published in Hindi shared his experiences of using RTI Act to obtain relevant information from the authorities.
 
Using RTI, Mr Galgali had brought to the fore issues related with social environment and especially those close to the common man's heart. Through RTI, he has exposed several mischiefs played by various authorities like BrihanMumbai Municipal Corp (BMC), MMRDA, Mumbai Metro and Mumbai University. 
 
In one case, he filed an RTI application in April 2015, to expose how the BMC spent Rs1.70 crore on hiring retired officers as officer on special duty (OSD) and consultants. According to the RTI activist, by appointing and giving extensions to these officials, the BMC Commissioner had flouted the norms. He said, "In a special order passed by the Court in the Dr Jagganath Dhone v/s Government of Maharashtra, on 14 January 2010, the Court had directed to make such appointments but only after getting the necessary permission from the Government. However, the then BMC Commissioner, without taking any permission from the Government, made sure that these 40 officers are appointed." 
 
 
Mr Galgali says he received very positive reply from the present Municipal Commissioner Ajoy Mehta, who has now cancelled appointments of OSD and consultants in BMC. 
 
In another case in September 2016, the RTI activist exposed how Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), India's largest private sector company owe a whopping Rs1,576.90 crore as additional premium charges to the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) as a lease-holder of two plots at the Bandra Kurla Complex in Mumbai. 
 
RIL, has, however, said it is waiting for further communication from MMRDA as there was a court stay for almost five years on construction on plot no C/64. A report from The Hindu quoted RIL spokesperson as saying, “MMRDA had recognised the force majeure with regards to Plot Number C/64, as there was a court stay on construction between October 2007 and March 2012. MMRDA, in the last authority meeting, decided to appoint a committee and we are awaiting further communication from it on the same.” 
 

Mr Galgali also used the RTI to point out lacunae in the Mumbai University as well. In one case, he pointed towards foreign tours undertaken by several Vice-Chancellors across Maharashtra using public funds. In another case, Mr Galgali procured information about Mumbai University's VC Dr Sanjay Deshmukh's failure to clear LLB examination. Before being appointed as vice chancellor of Mumbai University, Dr Deshmukh had appeared for LLB examination, which he could not clear, the information procured by Mr Galgali revealed. 
 
Earlier in January 2016, the RTI activist, pointed out how a land admeasuring 2,000 Sq Mtrs had been allotted to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)'s member of Parliament (MP) and yester year actress Hema Malini for a pittance Rs70,000 (@Rs35 per Sq Mtrs) against its current market value in crores of rupees. Mr Galgali sought intervention from Maharashtra Chief Minister (CM) Devendra Fadnavis in the matter, while expressing surprise on the intentions of the Government to allot land on the basis of rates in 1976 rather than the current ready reckoner rates. 
 
"During our meeting, the Maharashtra CM has assured to look into similar matters as well. Hope soon, the state government takes back its land that is lying vacant for development purposes," Mr Galgali says.
 
Since the implementation of RTI Act in 2005, Maharashtra has witnessed 12 deaths and 24 assaults on activists. When asked, if he feels threatened while procuring information under RTI on several 'sensitive' issues, Mr Galgali says, "Ever since I have been using RTI, I never received any threat nor faced any intimidation from anyone. But this is how life is. Some people tried to bribe me through advertisement in my magazine. Nevertheless, I told them, ours is a small publication, whose turnover is lesser than the advertisements they were proposing. We rejected it. In my personal opinion, you need two hands for clapping. I may be wrong. But this may answer why there are attacks on some RTI activists."
 
He also advised RTI activists to be cautious and ensure that their work is done in public interest and not to push an agenda.
 
Like other effective RTI activists, Mr Galgali also expressed concern at the growing trend among politicians and bureaucrats to tarnish reputation of activists and accuse them of having ulterior motives. "I agree that there are few people, who may be misusing the RTI Act. One person even asked a query in over 6,500 words, which is quite huge for any public information officer (PIO) to respond in 30 days. But then we need to educate people on using RTI Act properly to get desired information and then using alternate forums, like the Lok Shahi Din or Lokayukt office, to take the matter to its conclusion," Mr Galgali, concluded.
 
Few days ago, Mr Galgali, using information obtained through RTI, revealed how Maharashtra's former minister Eknath Khadse has not paid the rent arrears worth Rs15.5 lakh for using the government bungalow, after stepping down as minister in June 2016. He says, "A minister can use his official residence free for a period of 15 days, from the date that he ceases to be a minister. After that upon obtaining permission from the Government, he can retain the residence or bungalow for three more months on a payment of Rs25 per square foot. After three months, this charge is doubled to Rs50 per sq ft. However, it appears, neither the minister nor officials, who allowed Mr Khadse to stay in the bungalow, are aware about these provisions."
 
An interesting observation that Mr Galgali made in this connection was that MLAs, bureaucrats and corporators are often unaware of the rules and GRs issued from time to time; consequently, they are sometimes caught on the wrong foot without meaning to violate the law. This is often the case when they refuse to vacate government bungalows after their term. Even here, the more savvy ones quickly pay up and avoid embarrassment in the media. But Mr Galgali's point was that the government itself ought to spend some time in educating and guiding elected representatives on their rights and responsibilities, especially when it came to perks and privileges. "Not all politicians are corrupt, some want to do the correct thing but don't know the rules and GRs", he said.  
 
Mr Galgali then replied to several questions asked by the audience and also offered his help in providing specific guidance on some cases.
 

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COMMENTS

Ramesh B Mhadlekar

3 days ago

Anil Sir, it is easy to expose MCGM because they provide you information, I am sure you will not be able to extract information from RBI in similar matter of recruiting retired officials through favoritism. Please try the same from RBI and then you will realize that procuring information from MCGM is easy.

Praveen Sakhuja

5 days ago

I congratulate Anil for his success stories. I counter it with my experience with ministry of commerce and an autonomous body under it known as Export Inspection Council. Instead of provide information those declared me as vindictive, and stopped provide me any information after I exposed illegal appointment of Director arranged byonistry as god to export Inspection Council. Ministry extends full support to him by denying the information by stating No Records, No information exists, it is voluminous thus cannot be provide, if inspection is allowed either it is deferred a day prior to fixed date or documents are so arranged that those or irrelevant to the information sought. So how can you say that RTI is a tool. Appels to CIC are also irrelevant as IC also supports respondents and advice applicant to approach HighbCourt. Is there any remedybto it?

REPLY

Ramesh B Mhadlekar

In Reply to Praveen Sakhuja 3 days ago

I have been fighting against illegal recruitments in RBI which is similar to Harayan Teacher Scam of Chauthals or IOB recruitment Scam. The RBI has absorbed private canteen boys working with private canteen run by union leaders and who are near and dear ones of the union leader who are goon.The recruitment is vide an private agreement and contrary to various Supreme court decision and also it is against an decision which RBI itself had got in its favour from SC., wherein SC said that the Private canteen boys cannot be absorbed or treated as RBI employee. It can happen only in India that RBI which proclaims itself to be having honest and dedicated officials is nothing but a drama. I have RTI documents proving the Deputy governor and Executive Director corrupt .

NITIN PATIL

5 days ago

Seems I lost on a very informative lecture as I could not make it to the venue on that day !
All the same many Thanks for providing the gist .

SRINIVAS SHENOY

5 days ago

The talk by Shri Galgali was regarding the practical side of usage of the RTI Act. I was personally not aware that it is futile to appeal and that a fresh new application should be preferred.

Would Washington’s FDA Fix Cure the Patients or the Drug Industry?

Update, Nov. 30, 2016: This week, Congress is taking back up a sweeping bill introduced last year that would expand medical research funding while also loosening the regulations for approving new drugs and medical devices. While the legislation has undergone revisions, it still includes many of the deregulatory provisions that have drawn criticism from some consumer safety advocates. Back in October 2015, we detailed the bill's origins and the massive lobbying push by the drug and device industry supporting it.

 

This might seem to be a rough political patch for the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. The exponential price increases of several drugs have brought scrutiny to the overall rise in drug costs and have prompted several 2016 candidates, most notably Hillary Clinton, to vow action to rein in the industry. Meanwhile, thousands of complaints are pouring into the Food and Drug Administration about a contraceptive implant made by Bayer.

 

In Congress, however, things are looking better for the manufacturers. Legislation is advancing that would speed up the FDA's approval process for medications and medical devices, offering a rare example of how major initiatives can get traction even in today's gridlocked Washington.

 

The industry has mounted a major lobbying and public relations push for the 21st Century Cures Act. The bill, in turn, has garnered an unusually broad range of support, ranging from Republican lawmakers and conservative think tanks to the White House, patient advocacy groups, Democrats and nonprofit organizations that are typically leery of deregulatory efforts by industry. One reason: Lawmakers softened up the usual opponents of looser rules with a big carrot — billions of dollars in new federal medical research funding for the National Institutes of Health. After years of austerity, that money is awfully difficult to turn down.

 

But the enthusiasts have left a small band of critics warning that bipartisan consensus does not necessarily affirm the bill's worth. Far from showing that Washington can still get big things done, they say, it shows how a lobby can blow past skeptics if the pot of resources is sweet enough. They maintain that the bill, which easily passed the House in July and has a counterpart soon to be introduced in the Senate, hasn't received the scrutiny that such sweeping legislation deserves.

 

"Expanding NIH funding in a substantive amount is a grand and wonderful thing," said Susan Wood, a former assistant FDA commissioner for women's health who is now a professor at George Washington University. "But the price of that expansion should not be the gutting of the FDA."

 

Wood's criticism is echoed by other former FDA officials including David Kessler, who was appointed commissioner by President George H.W. Bush, as well as by two Harvard medical school professors who argued in a leading journal that the bill "could lead to the approval of drugs and devices that are less safe or effective than existing criteria would permit."

 

For their part, the bill's proponents say it would spur innovation, particularly when it comes to finding cures for rare diseases — of the 10,000 or so known diseases, 7,000 are considered rare and treatments exist for only 500. Francis Collins, director of the NIH and a leading champion of the bill, says it now takes "around 14 years and $2 billion or more" to develop a new drug and notes that all but five percent of drugs fail during development.

 

If the legislation passes the Senate and is signed by President Obama, the FDA would be encouraged to develop faster routes to the approval of new products. Under the current system, most new drugs and devices must pass through multiple levels of clinical trials that can take years to conclude. One alternative would be to make more frequent use of so-called "biomarkers" that gauge physical responses to a drug rather than waiting for the final results from a patient trial.

 

To increase the incentive for drug makers to seek cures for rare diseases, the bill also would grant an extra period of exclusive marketing rights to a company if an existing drug were approved to treat a rare disease after having been previously approved for a different disease.

 

"The 21st Century Cures legislation is viewed very positively by both political parties and the public at large," said Michael Castle, a former House Republican from Delaware who is the vice chairman of Research America, an organization that lobbies for biomedical research funding. "If you get down to a list of substantive legislation that has actually a chance of passage now, something like 21st Century Cures is very high on that list."

 

The legislation is responding, in part, to the demand from many patients' groups for medical breakthroughs. "It doesn't mean you give the industry free rein, but are you really protecting the public if you're preventing real cures from getting to them?" said Brian Baird, a former Democratic congressman from Washington state who supports the bill.

 

The bill's critics have argued that the FDA has already greatly streamlined its approval processes. A recent analysis by Forbes found that so far this year the FDA has rejected only three never-before marketed drugs, and approved 25, an approval rate of 89 percent, up from 66 percent just seven years ago. "We're the fastest regulatory agency in the world," said Gregg Gonsalves, a prominent HIV activist now working as a research scholar at Yale Law School. "Pharma would just be very pleased to do less work for more gain."

 

Stephen Ostroff, now the FDA's interim commissioner, has said the agency initially had concerns about the House bill, but that officials were reassured by revisions. The version that passed would only encourage the agency to use the alternate approval methods, rather than require them. Still, critics note that the FDA would get only $550 million to administer the new approval processes, far less than it says it needs to do so properly.

 

The legislation has its roots in a longstanding push by conservative groups to liberate drug and device development from red tape. "Now, I don't want to get your hopes up, but Phase Three, maybe we'll take out FDA," said Newt Gingrich during the Republican Revolution of 1994, when he also called the agency the nation's "leading job killer." More recently, the deregulatory crusade against the FDA has been led by conservative think tanks such as the Goldwater Institute and Manhattan Institute, which launched its "Project FDA" to reform the agency so that it provides a "more predictable, transparent, and efficient pathway" for new medications and devices.

 

The cause was taken up in Congress over the last couple years by House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton, a Michigan Republican who will be giving up his gavel to term limits next year and is, his colleagues say, eager for a major legislative capstone before he leaves. Upton has received major backing from the drug and device industries—in the last election cycle, they contributed about $370,000 to him and his associated political action committee, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, more than all but two other business sectors.

 

Besides campaign contributions, the industry has invested in lobbying. The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturing Association, which represents drug makers, increased its quarterly lobbying from $3.96 million to $5.44 million as Upton prepared to release the legislation early this year. The Advanced Medical Technology Association, which represents device makers, increased its quarterly lobbying spending from $550,000 to $740,000 in the same period. Drug and device makers themselves also increased their lobbying expenditures, the records show.

 

But the key for the legislation's proponents has been to earn support beyond Republicans and the industry. Early on, Upton enlisted help in crafting the bill from Rep. Diana DeGette, a Colorado Democrat, for whom the legislation was a chance to make a mark on the Energy and Commerce committee, and Rep. Gene Green, a Texas Democrat whose physician daughter took great interest in aspects of the bill.

 

Then many other Democrats, including New Jersey's Frank Pallone, the ranking member on Energy and Commerce, lined up behind the legislation when Republicans in June added nearly $9 billion in new support for the NIH over the next five years. The agency has seen its funding essentially flat-line for more than a decade at about $30 billion per year. Pallone did manage to scale back many of the "marketing exclusivity" provisions.

 

The NIH money also brought the bill support from patient advocacy organizations, from the American Cancer Society to smaller groups seeking cures for rare diseases, which the bill's proponents say would benefit particularly from the deregulatory reforms.

 

"I don't see this as a pro-industry bill," said Ellen Sigal, the founder and chairwoman of the Friends of Cancer Research. "It's a bill for innovation and research at basic levels." She added: "It's hard, frankly, not to support it. There are very few people who are not supporting it."

 

The promised NIH money also brought on board major universities, which carry out about $15 billion of all NIH-funded research. "It was the investment in NIH that led everyone to get behind it," said Atul Grover, chief public policy officer at the Association of American Medical Colleges. "As soon as we talked about innovation, people said, look, you can try to grease the skids on the approval process, but if we're not investing as a nation in research, then this other stuff is not going to make much difference. You have to invest in cures to get them."

 

The list of entities lobbying on the bill now runs to about 1,800 quarterly entries in the Senate's lobbying database, with more than 1,100 lobbyists registered as working on it, which is staggering even by the standards of Washington. And what has been so beneficial for the legislation is that the vast majority of those entities are not companies or trade associations, which are motivated by bottom-line demands, but patient groups and universities, which have a far more neutral sheen.

 

"Members of Congress who wouldn't be responsive to pharma's lobbying did respond to universities' lobbying or to patients' lobbying," said Diana Zuckerman, president of the National Center for Health Research, an advocacy group that has spoken out against the legislation. "It was a perfect storm of lobbying."

 

In fact, there is considerable overlap between the sets of advocates. Drug and device makers have long provided financial support to many patient and disease groups—some of the money that those groups are spending in pushing for the legislation is also coming from industry coffers. Similarly, many academic researchers whose institutions are lobbying for the legislation in Washington have received consulting and speaking fees from the industry.

 

The lobbying has also gotten a big boost from Michael Milken, the former junk-bond king who took up the cause of medical research after surviving prostate cancer. Milken has been hosting events in Lake Tahoe, New York, and elsewhere to bring members of Congress together with researchers, patient advocates and industry executives who support the bill.

 

Meanwhile, an array of the bill's promoters, including industry representatives, patient groups and scientific associations, are monitoring the legislation's progress in weekly conference calls and monthly meetings at the office of the American Association of Medical Colleges, regular contacts that the association says it has been hosting for years to push for funding.

 

The overlap was on display recently at the annual luncheon for one of the nonprofit groups backing the bill, Research America. At the Newseum in Washington, dozens of industry officials, patient advocates and academic researchers mingled with the event's sponsors, which included the drug companies Astellas, Shire, Janssen, Celgene and Gilead, as well as AdvaMed, the device lobby. Various panel discussions ranged widely across the challenges facing medical research, but throughout the event there was a steady drumbeat urging those in attendance to keep pushing Congress to pass 21st Century Cures.

 

"We want them to hear us in the Capitol," said Research America director Mary Woolley as she kicked off the event. "Decisions made just a few blocks from here this fall will be consequential." (Research America itself receives support from the industry to help cover its costs, which includes Woolley's roughly $500,000 in annual compensation.)

 

She was followed by Jeffrey Bloss, Astellas' senior vice president for medical affairs, who hailed the "groundswell of support" and "massive effort" for the bill. "We need to count on your impassioned advocacy for these changes," he said.

 

In an interview afterward, Woolley hailed the coalition behind the legislation. "It's a very broad consensus—as broad as you can have," she said. "It's patient groups, it's physicians, it's industry, it's the academic community, it's everybody. It's a goal America can embrace. This is legislation that can make everybody look good."

 

And she dismissed the notion that concerns about the bill's impact on drug safety were being cast aside. "Industry are people too, and they're patients too," she said. "The idea that industry is just in this to peddle toxic drugs to sick people is absurd." She added, "You'd have to think that people from industry and their families are exempt from disease. It's preposterous. Mistakes hurt everybody."

 

Also buttressing the coalition are experts and organizations that in the past have sometimes cautioned against FDA deregulation. One of the bill's strongest early proponents was the Bipartisan Policy Center, which in January announced a one-year initiative to overhaul the FDA led by former Senate majority leader Bill Frist, the Tennessee Republican and physician.

 

The bill has also gotten vocal backing from the center-left Brookings Institution, whose director of health care policy, Mark McClellan, served as FDA commissioner under George W. Bush. "None of [the bill's reforms] is replacing or modifying the FDA's standards that it needs to be confident that a drug is safe before approval," he said. "It's just modifying the evidence that can be brought to bear in making that decision." McClellan said his support for the bill had zero connection to the funding Brookings receives from drug and device companies, which includes between $500,000 and $999,000 from Genentech and between $100,000 and $249,000 from Amgen. "Those are gifts to the overall institution and they are a small fraction of support to the institution," he said.

 

The bill has even gotten support from Pew Charitable Trusts, which has in the past taken the lead in advocating for drug safety. More recently, though, it has taken up the cause of developing antibiotics to combat dangerous infections, and the legislation includes language to speed the development of new antibiotics. Allan Coukell, Pew's director of health programs, says the organization has endorsed only that portion of the bill, along with a section on prescription painkiller abuse. "I have to limit myself to talking about the provisions we're working on," he said. But in promoting those sections of the bill, Pew has also not issued public criticisms of other sections of the bill, to the dismay of some of its usual allies.

 

"The most difficult thing for the consumer-protection groups has been seeing these seemingly nonpartisan groups sweeping in and embracing the bill as if it's good for science when everything shows it has the opposite effect," said Vijay Das, a health care advocate with the watchdog group Public Citizen.

 

The legislation passed the House by a lopsided 344—77 vote in July. All eyes are now on Lamar Alexander, the Tennessee Republican who chairs the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, which is expected to release its own version of the bill soon. Alexander has also spoken out for the need to speed up drug approvals—he co-authored a Bipartisan Policy Center report calling for an FDA overhaul—which leaves it likely that the deregulatory language in the Senate version will mirror that in the House. What remains to be seen is whether the Senate will match the House in mandating additional billions for the NIH, an approach that would break from the Senate's traditional appropriations process.

 

Meanwhile, the White House has also expressed support for the legislation, while suggesting some changes, lauding it as a rare example of bipartisan action and a breakthrough against GOP-led budget austerity.

 

But David Ross, a former deputy director of drug evaluation at the FDA who now oversees HIV, hepatitis and public health pathogen treatment for the Veterans Administration, still questioned the bill's underlying justification — that it would result in a higher number of effective drugs getting to market much faster.

 

"We definitely need more effective drugs, but just calling something effective doesn't make it so," Ross said. "It's a little like gluing some feathers together and calling it a duck. Most drugs that go into studies don't make it not because the FDA is too strict, but because they don't just work."

 

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India needs a Rs200 note, not a Rs2,000 note and the science behind it
What should be the size of the Apple Mac screen? Technically, Apple can produce hundreds of different sizes, but they have settled on four: 13.3 inch, 15.4 inch, 21.5 inch, and 27 inch. The four are spaced close enough, and far enough to satisfy most Apple consumers. 
 
Industrial design has a mathematical concept called preferred numbers. Way back in 1870s, a French engineer Charles Renard proposed a system based on logarithmic scale to produce a limited number of sizes to cover a wide range. A variant of that internationally accepted system is the 1-2-5 series, which is widely used in minting coins and printing notes.
 
The 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000… is that series. The beauty of the series is that any adjacent numbers differs by a product of 2 or 2.5. As a result, they are spaced close enough but cover a wide ground. How? Let us look at an Indian street vendor who still measures the fruit he sells on old-fashioned scales. If he has weights of 100gms, 200gms, 500gms and 1 kg, he can give you fruits in multiples of 100gms by using a maximum of three weights. E.g. 800 (500+200+100), 900 (500+200+200). In no case does the seller need to use four weights. If you must follow the decimal system, this is an extremely efficient system. 
 
Now look at the Indian banknotes. Until 8 November 2016, India had currency (notes or coins) with a denomination of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 rupees. Below Rs100, transactions were efficient. The gap between Rs100 and Rs500 (1:5) has been too large. Over the last few years, it has produced inconvenience (certainly) and contributed to inflation (probably). It is well known that bigger values and larger gaps can increase prices. In January 2002, when most European currencies converted to Euro, prices rose on many goods as a result of rounding up. This rounding up phenomenon has made coins below one rupee disappear from India. 
 
I had hoped that Reserve Bank of India (RBI) would use the demonetization to introduce a Rs200 note. That would have bridged the gap between Rs100 and Rs500 and made the cash economy efficient. What we got instead was a Rs2,000 note. 
 
With the death of the Rs1,000 note, the new ratio of Rs500-Rs2,000 (1:4) to follow the already inefficient Rs100- Rs500 (1:5) is not sustainable, now or in future. And since the new Rs500 note is as yet rarely available, the ratio currently is Rs100-Rs2000 (1:20). When the maximum prescribed ratio for efficiency is 1:2.5, in practice we have 1:20, which is catastrophic. That is why; we have millions of people with wads of Rs2,000 notes unable or unwilling to make a small purchase of Rs200.
 
This is pure and simple mathematical illiteracy. I expect the Reserve Bank to be aware of the Renard series, which is an ISO standard. Politics and economics can be subject to opinions, but not mathematics. You invite disaster when you do not follow the basic number rules. 
 
What India needs to do urgently is to introduce an Rs200 note. And if Rs1,000 is to be permanently abandoned, then to withdraw Rs2,000 as well. For efficient transactions, the ratio in the 1-2-5 series must never exceed 2.5. 
 
(Ravi Abhyankar is an independent analyst and strategic advisor.)
 

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COMMENTS

Sunil Harlalkaa

5 hours ago

There is a Golden Ratio of everything. Renard series is one of them. The govt will launch Rs 200 Rs note by September 2017. This launch will be to save on printing and transportation costs. Yes the govt wants to increase cashless transactions but Rs 200 would be launched too .
In 2018 a Rs 5000 would be launched ( 2.5 of Rs 2000 )
In 2021 Rs 10,000 would be launched ( 2 times of Rs 5000)
Only time will tell

Sunil Harlalkaa

5 hours ago

There is a Golden Ratio of everything. Renard series is one of them. The govt will launch Rs 200 Rs note by September 2017. This launch will be to save on printing and transportation costs. Yes the govt wants to increase cashless transactions but Rs 200 would be launched too .
In 2018 a Rs 5000 would be launched ( 2.5 of Rs 2000 )
In 2021 Rs 10,000 would be launched ( 2 times of Rs 5000)
Only time will tell

Sunil Harlalkaa

5 hours ago

There is a Golden Ratio of everything. Renard series is one of them. The govt will launch Rs 200 Rs note by September 2017. This launch will be to save on printing and transportation costs. Yes the govt wants to increase cashless transactions but Rs 200 would be launched too .
In 2018 a Rs 5000 would be launched ( 2.5 of Rs 2000 )
In 2021 Rs 10,000 would be launched ( 2 times of Rs 5000)
Only time will tell

Prateek Dalmia

17 hours ago

No doubt,it will cause efficient working of the economy.
There are many economists in our country. All have brief knowledge of ecomomics. Even our PM Namo also consulted to an economist before taking this step.
Many of them are supporting Namo and are saying its a nice move of the government to give a glimpse of better tomorrow while other are against it.
Whom to believe??

Rajesh Acharya

18 hours ago

The logic is sound but misses a very important point. The GOI is trying to do away with "cash based economy" and leap-frog to the digital, trackable world of cashless. This "₹200" or other filler notes would defeat the purpose. The strategy of GOI should be to keep "cash hoarders / tax evaders / criminals" guessing and every few years demonetizing notes, if they don't learn their lessons!

Gaurav Aggarwal

1 day ago

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=488430254555819&id=100001665450912

See what I told RBI in 2013

Ravi Khot

1 day ago

Has his suggestions reached RBI ? A friend has offered to help and therefore needs the email ID of Ravi Abhyankar.

Pankaj Jangid

2 days ago

One of the readers commented on bringing back Mr. Raghuram. While This article is not relevant to this matter but just want to let him know that RBI had proposed a ₹5000 note under Mr. Raghuram.

Rajesh Gupta

3 days ago

bring back raghu ram rajan ( R3) at the post of RBI governor is the only solution. there is always a difference between politician mind and academician mind. one can not perform both function at a time. do not try to make India equal to america or Europe in just 5 yrs time span.

Rajesh Gupta

3 days ago

bring back raghu ram rajan ( R3) at the post of RBI governor is the only solution. there is always a difference between politician mind and academician mind. one can not perform both function at a time. do not try to make India equal to america or Europe in just 5 yrs time span.

Dilip SK

3 days ago

I think it was intentional to create the gap so that people have a problem. Lack of availability of cash will push them to go cashless

REPLY

Pankaj Jangid

In Reply to Dilip SK 2 days ago

Probably, this is true. And probably ₹2000 note will go away in very short time.

Pradeep Kumar M Sreedharan

In Reply to Dilip SK 2 days ago

My line thinking too.

Anurag Kulkarni

4 days ago

Hi How can I get in touch with the author?

Pradeep Kumar M Sreedharan

4 days ago

Besides this, I wish RBI would ensure interoperability of various digital Wallets, for reasons obvious.

Sreedhar Souparnika

4 days ago

The damage has already happened and now it is time to think of alternate solutions to reduce the difficulties faced by common man. As suggested it would have been better to introduce Rs.200/- or Rs.250/- denomination currency notes instead of high value note of Rs.2000/- which has created the confusion and matters becoming worse for the common man. Yet another suggestion is to introduce Coins for all denomination currencies of Rs.20/- and below. Though the step for demonotisation was welcomed, I think Mody was ill-informed of the possible consequences by the bureaucrats in Finance ministry and RBI. Or even they do not want to be on the wrong side of Mody's books. Urjit Patel took over only a few weeks back and may crave for a post in the next ministry. What happened to the learned economists in Finance ministry and and DBOD ?. Now the worst is yet to come unless immediate proactive steps are not being initiated . To err is human but not with the lives of innocent millions in the country.

Ramesh Goradia

4 days ago

Very logical and precise scientific solution .Very well illustrated.

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