Rising e-commerce leading to frauds: RBI deputy governor

“Increase of e-commerce and information technology-enabled transactions has led to quite a few cyber crimes,” RBI deputy governor HR Khan said while speaking at a seminar on ‘Trends in Economic Offences’ organised by the Mumbai Police

Mumbai: Stating that the increased usage of e-commerce transactions is leading to an upsurge in frauds, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) deputy governor HR Khan on Wednesday said there are ‘loopholes’ in the present statutes, which need to be strengthened, reports PTI.

“Increase of e-commerce and information technology-enabled transactions has led to quite a few cyber crimes,” Mr Khan said while speaking at a seminar on ‘Trends in Economic Offences’ organised by the Mumbai Police.

“We fortunately have the Information Technology Act of 2000 which governs Internet and mobile phones-based financial transactions. But, there are quite a few loopholes in the law that is a major area of concern,” Mr Khan told the audience comprising law enforcement officials without elaborating.

Even though the IT Act exists, quite a few districts in the state are yet to designate dedicated agencies like the cyber crime investigation cell formed by Maharashtra, he said.

On counterfeit notes, Mr Khan expressed concern over the habit of not reporting on discoveries and said RBI has worked out a plan with the Union home ministry that entails having nodal police stations at every district to track fake notes.

“To encourage people, it has been decided to not file a first information report, which is considered tedious, till a limit of five pieces of fake currency,” Mr Khan said, adding that the nodal body will send the data to the country’s financial intelligence unit.

Touching on different financial frauds, the deputy governor pointed out to the instances where colour photocopies of a single set of documents were taken out to get multiple mortgage loans.

He said the National Housing Bank was in the process of creating a national registry of advances on housing loans to reduce such frauds.

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YV Reddy calls for Tobin tax again

Former RBI governor YV Reddy said, “Since currency holders are mostly the market intermediaries, there is an element of volume play in the market. Since higher volume brings in higher fees, we need to look into this and introduce banking transaction charges or Tobin tax to curb this volatility”

Mumbai: Former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor YV Reddy on Wednesday called for taxing banks saying such a step can curb volatility in the entire financial markets, especially in the currency segment, reports PTI.

“Tobin tax should be imposed to control currency volatility as there is an element of incentives behind these wild fluctuations in the forex markets,” Mr Reddy told reporters on the sidelines of a meet on the financial stability organised by the RBI set-up Centre for Advance Financial Research and Learning (Cafral) and the Bank for International Settlement (BIS) here.

Explaining further, he said, “Since currency holders are mostly the market intermediaries, there is an element of volume play in the market. Since higher volume brings in higher fees, we need to look into this and introduce banking transaction charges or Tobin tax to curb this volatility.”

The former central banker is credited with firmly anchoring the domestic banking system from the 2008 global financial meltdown.

Speaking to reporters, former IMF deputy managing director John Lipsky also supported the view saying taxing banks can help curb the irregularities in the system.

Ever since the 2008 crisis, Mr Reddy has been a vocal critic of the way banks are being run and has been calling for more prudential steps to curb mal practices in the system. He also called for simpler financial products.

The last time Mr Reddy had called such a tax was way back in 2005, when he was at the helm of the RBI. His statement then had resulted in markets getting into a free-fall and was roundly criticised by all market participants.

In his 2005 speech, the concept was not in acceptance in global policy circles. But he had underscored the need to constantly revisit the relevance of the objectives, desirability and the feasibility of Tobin tax.

He had said the tax could be applicable not only to currency markets, but also to other markets, particularly in the aftermath of the global financial crisis.

The tax on cross border transactions was named after its original proponent American economist James Tobin, who in the 1970s, had argued that a tax on short-term capital flows would make exchange rates reflect long-term fundamentals relative to short-term expectations and risks, to some extent.

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IRDA hints at curbs on NAV-based products

“The high guaranteed NAV products can be misunderstood and it requires regulatory call soon. We cannot keep it hanging for long,” IRDA chairman J Hari Narayan said

Mumbai: The insurance regulator Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) on Wednesday said it was examining the high-guaranteed net asset value (NAV) products and will take a decision on them soon, reports PTI.

“The high guaranteed NAV products can be misunderstood and it requires regulatory call soon. We cannot keep it hanging for long,” IRDA chairman J Hari Narayan said here on the sidelines of a CII Insurance Summit.

When asked about the expected time-frame for the non-life IPO guidelines, he said, “The norms for non-life will come out shortly.” 

Earlier in June, the regulator had issued draft IPO norms for life insurers. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has already finalised the guidelines, however, there is some technical work left after which the final norms will be out soon, Mr Narayan said.

Replying to a query on de-tariffing the third party motor pool, Mr Narayan said there are no immediate plans for it.

“We don't have any immediate plans to de-tariff the third party motor pool,” he said.

Highlighting the importance of increasing the penetration of micro-insurance products, Mr Narayan said, even as the industry has done excellent work in this segment, there is a need for continuity of transactions as at present there are only annual products. 

There is also a lack of efficient delivery of the products by the industry and hence the rural and social sector obligations may suffer, he added.

About pension products, he said, most of them were financial accumulation offerings.

“When we sell a pension product it should be that.

However, the industry should also have financial accumulative products designed for the young people,” Mr Narayan said.

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