Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
Rely on aerobics for healthy brain function: Study
Young adults who have greater aerobic fitness also have greater volume of their entorhinal cortex, an area of the brain responsible for memory, research showed.
 
Better aerobic fitness, however, does not appear to impact hippocampal volume -- another area in the brain responsible for memory, the study found.
 
While aerobic fitness is not directly associated with performance on a recognition memory task, the participants with a larger entorhinal cortex also performed better on the recognition memory task.
 
"Our results suggest that aerobic exercise may have a positive effect on the medial temporal lobe memory system (which includes the entorhinal cortex) in healthy young adults," said principal investigator Karin Schon from Boston University School of Medicine.
 
"This suggests that exercise training, when designed to increase aerobic fitness, might have a positive effect on the brain in healthy young adults," Schon added.
 
The entorhinal cortex is a brain area known to show early pathology in Alzheimer's disease, which is characterized by profound memory impairment.
 
Researchers said this work could support previous studies that suggest aerobic exercise may forestall cognitive decline in older individuals at risk of dementia, and extends the idea that exercise may be beneficial for brain health to younger adults.
 
"This is critical given that obesity, which has recently been linked with cognitive deficits in young and middle-aged adults, and physical inactivity are on the rise in young adults," Schon said.
 
The study appeared in the journal NeuroImage.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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'Spiritual health key to the making of better physicians'
Wondering how the doctors in the hit American drama "Grey's Anatomy" deal with the daily stress of life-and-death situations with confidence? Well, a recent study by Indian public health experts has shown links between parents' education levels and coping skills of medical students - highlighting the need to focus on the spiritual well-being of budding physicians.
 
The way individuals deal with crisis comes under the umbrella of spiritual health, often referred to as the fourth dimension of health. So what drives spiritual health and mental resilience? Factors like parents' education, participation in social gatherings and family rituals and meditative practices play a key role in managing crises, experts said.
 
To analyse how spiritual well-being impacts adaptation to crisis, experts with West Bengal Public Health and Administrative Service and All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health chose third semester medical students in government medical colleges of Kolkata for the survey-based study.
 
"The results showed the coping skills and hence the spiritual health of medical students were greatly influenced by the education of the father. The better the father is educated, the better the students dealt with crisis during their stressful undergraduate days," Shibotosh Sen, medical officer with the state's public health and administrative service, told IANS.
 
"Spiritual health goes beyond spiritual and religious practices and is actually a reflection of one's control over emotions and the situations they are thrown in," Sen explained.
 
The study was published in September in the Indian Journal of Public Health and was conducted among 362 medical students of Medical College, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College & Hospital and R.G. Kar Medical College & Hospital.
 
However, in a rather puzzling observation, a reverse trend was seen in education status of mothers: students whose mothers were comparatively less educated coped better.
 
Explaining the disparity on the basis of the socio-cultural aspect of Bengal, Sen pointed out that while working moms were more adept at managing workplace conflicts, homemakers and those less educated tend to have better resilience because they efficiently tapped in available resources and made the best use of them.
 
"Conflicts in the workplace are usually better managed by more educated individuals. They can avail of resources like technology and other services, whereas those with limited means and education relied on their inner strength to adapt to difficult situations and this is imbibed by their children," Sen said.
 
This means its not just literacy that matters. Resourcefulness powers mental strength, noted the expert.
 
In addition, socialising had a positive role, the study found.
 
"Usually the tendency for students is to isolate themselves from any social activity to focus on studies. But being part of the social milieu and participating in gatherings broaden the mind and help in sharing ideas. Even annual rituals and family traditions show family support," he said.
 
Sen concluded that examining and harnessing the interplay of these factors can boost the medical students' spiritual health and make them better caregivers.
 
"Also, augmenting coping skills can go a long way in preventing depression and general anxiety disorder among adolescents," he said.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Bihar ban will be on all kinds of liquor: Minister
Bihar would have a 'total' ban on all kinds of liquor starting April 1, 2016 and not just on country-made liquor as some reports had suggested earlier, Excise and Prohibition Minister Abdul Jalil Mastan said on Friday.
 
"We will impose a liquor ban in Bihar. It will be for desi (country-made liquor), videsh (foreign-made liquor) or locally-made liquor," Mastan said here, responding to some reports that said the measure would be limited to country-made liquor only.
 
There was no truth in those reports, Mastan said.
 
"We are yet to finalise the modalities for a liquor ban in the state. (But) It will be a total ban".
 
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had said last month the government would ban the sale of alcohol starting April 1, 2016. The liquor ban was a key promise Nitish Kumar had made in his campaigning for the Bihar elections 2015.
 
Mastan said the poorest of the poor had been consuming liquor, destroying their families and their children's education.
 
Increasing liquor consumption was also a major cause for domestic violence, particularly against women, and had contributed to a rise in crimes.
 
"Women are suffering more than anyone else due to increasing liquor consumption," he said.
 
According to officials, the decision of the government to impose a ban is expected to adversely affect the government's financial health.
 
The excise department went into an overdrive in 2007 following a new policy and started issuing licences for marketing liquor across the state.
 
In the year 2014-15, the government raked in Rs 3,650 crore in revenues, a growth of more than 10 times over Rs 319 crore recorded in 2005-06.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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