Citizens' Issues
Railways have 46,333 hectare of vacant land, says minister
The Indian Railways have about 46,333 hectare of vacant land in their possession, a minister disclosed in parliament on Wednesday.
 
According to Minister of State for Railways Manoj Sinha, the railways have 461,487 hectare of land under their possession, of which 414,240 hectare is under operational and allied use.
 
The minister elaborated that the vacant railway land is mostly in the form of narrow strips along tracks, which is required for servicing and maintenance of tracks, bridges and other infrastructure. 
 
"The vacant railway land is also utilised for execution of various infrastructural projects for meeting future growth needs of railways and include projects like doubling, tripling and traffic facilities works, etc.," Sinha said in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha. 
 
"The vacant land, which is not required by railways for its immediate operational needs, is utilised in the interim period for commercial development through Rail Land Development Authority wherever feasible, in order to mobilise additional financial resources."
 
The minister added that the railways has already completed most of work related to digitisation of land records.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Government appoints committee to study OROP
The government on Monday appointed a judicial committee to look into the implementation of the 'One Rank One Pension' (OROP) scheme for ex-servicemen.
 
The one-member committee would look into steps to be taken to remove anomalies arising out of the implementation of OROP, as notified by the government on November 7, an official statement said.
 
The committee comprising L. Narasimha Reddy, a retired chief justice of Patna High Court, would take into account the financial impact of its recommendations before spelling out the same within six months.
 
The committee may submit interim reports to the government before the stipulated time.
 
The terms of reference of the committee will be to examine measures for the removal of anomalies that may arise in the implementation of the OROP, measures for the removal of anomalies that may arise out of inter-services issues of the three armed forces due to implementation of OROP, implications on service matters and any other matter referred by the central government on implementation of the OROP or related issues.
 
The committee will devise its own procedure and may call for such information and take such evidence as may be considered necessary. 
 
"The ministries and departments of the government of India shall furnish such information and documents and other assistance as may be required by the committee," the statement said.
 
Headquartered in Delhi, the committee will be supported by the department of ex-servicemen's welfare under the defence ministry.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
 

 

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Smartphones, tablets should have 'bedtime' mode
Smartphones, tablets and e-readers should have an automatic "bedtime mode" that stops them disrupting people's sleep, a study revealed.
 
Researchers from Evelina London Children's Hospital sleep medicine department, King's College London and the University of Surrey, measured short-wavelength blue light devices like tablets (iPad Air), e-readers (Kindle Paperwhite first generation) and smartphones (iPhone 5s) emit when displaying text or a game.
 
According to earlier research, short-wavelength blue light may disrupt the production of melatonin, a hormone that helps us sleep.
 
The new study confirmed that the three devices do produce short-wavelength blue light, with text producing slightly more intense light levels than the popular Angry Birds game, BBC reported.
 
It also found special orange safety glasses filter out some of the blue light, and a sleep app for children -- called Kids Sleep Dr -- produces less blue light.
 
"Since this type of light is likely to cause the most disruption to sleep as it most effectively suppresses melatonin and increases alertness, there needs to be the recognition that at night-time 'brighter and bluer' is not synonymous with 'better'," the researchers were quoted as saying.
 
They suggested future software designs are better optimised when night-time use is anticipated, saying devices could have an automatic "bedtime mode" that shifts blue and green light emissions to yellow and red, as well as reduce backlight and light intensity.
 
The researchers also said that Harvard Medical School suggests avoiding blue light two to three hours before going to bed, while the National Sleep Foundation suggests turning all electronic devices off at least an hour before bed.
 
Parents can remove devices from the bedrooms of young children or turn them off before they go to bed, the researchers suggest.
 
The study only tested widely used tablet, smartphone and e-reader devices for short wavelength blue light and its findings did not measure people's sleep duration and quality when they did or did not use these devices before sleep.
 
The research findings have been published online in the peer-reviewed medical journal Frontiers in Public Health.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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