The quarter ending September has been full of exciting developments for both the economy as well as corporate India. The BSE Sensex has crossed 20,000 and the markets are eagerly waiting to see the Q2 numbers before taking fresh direction. Here is what analysts are expecting in the metal, oil & gas and pharmaceutical sectors
The second quarter of FY11 has turned out to be one of the best quarters for Indian markets with the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Sensex breaking away from a tight range and reaching new highs. Between 1st July and 30th September, the Sensex rose 15% to 20,069 points.
However, during the quarter, markets were driven mostly by foreign institutional investors (FIIs) and not by domestic buyers. In Q2, FIIs infused almost $12 billion into equity markets, taking their total inflows to $14 billion for the first half that ended 30th September. At the same time, domestic institutional investors turned sellers. During Q2, domestic investor sales were at around Rs23,800 crore or $5 billion.
According to analysts, metals, financials, petrochemicals, engineering and retail sectors would come out with good numbers. Sectors like cement, telecom and real estate are most likely to be underperformers. Fast moving consumer goods (FMCG), capital goods and information technology (IT) sectors are likely to perform in line with the Sensex growth.
Although India Inc is expected to come out with strong sales figures, the net profit growth would not match top-lines due to decline in operating margins. "For 2QFY, while we have estimated net sales of Sensex companies to increase by about 20% year-on-year (y-o-y), net profit is expected to post 13.5% growth. A part of the same would be because of about 54 basis points (bps) dip in operating margins (OPMs). Overall, OPMs are expected to be around 25.6%, while net profit margins (NPMs) would decline to 14.4% for the quarter," said a brokerage in a note.
With all companies set to announce their second quarter profit & loss numbers, here is a preview of metals, oil and gas and pharmaceuticals…
During the second quarter, there was an increase in steel sales volume, as imports from China fell considerably and steel companies started clearing up inventory. On the other hand, higher prices of iron ore helped companies like NMDC. Metal companies are also expected to see an increase in Q2 earnings, such as NALCO, as alumina sales pick in the quarter, and Sterlite, as power business starts contributing.
The Indian steel ministry has raised its FY11 forecast for steel consumption to 10% from the earlier target of 9% because of increased demand from the automobile segment. While steel consumption rose 9.7% in the five months of FY11 to 24.8 million tonnes (MT), steel output increased by a mere 2.7% during the period.
Motilal Oswal Securities Ltd, in a research note said, "We believe steel prices will trend sideways due to lower global capacity utilisation rates and modest growth in global demand. There will be less volatility in the prices of raw material iron ore and coking coal."
"Aluminium producers have a key cost advantage due to the availability of high quality bauxite and coal in close proximity. But we expect the cost of production to rise gradually due to higher manpower costs, mining taxes, challenges in opening new bauxite mines and rising dependence on coal imports due to slower growth in coal production in India," the brokerage added.
Higher volume growth and stable metal prices are likely to result in a sequential rise in revenues for most non-ferrous companies. However, a rise in fuel cost and other expenditure may partially affect operating margins during the second quarter.
Factors to watch in the metals sector are price movement of raw material and steel.
Source: IDFC Securities
OIL & GAS
For the oil & gas sector, the second quarter would be broadly in line with market expectations. During Q2FY11, crude prices moved in the narrow range of around $71-$83 per barrel (bbl). Natural gas prices, which were ruling firm at around $4.5-$5 per million British thermal unit (mmbtu) in the latter part of the previous quarter, showed weakness at around $3.75-$4.25 per mmbtu towards the end of the second quarter. During the quarter to end-September, the Moneylife Petrochemicals Index rose 14% to 246.1 points from 215.2 points as on 1st July.
The government, on one hand, doubled the administered price mechanism (APM) gas price to $4.2 per mmbtu and on the other deregulated petrol prices and increased kerosene and cooking gas (LPG) prices.
"Quarter-on-quarter (q-o-q) mildly lower crude realisations would hurt top-lines of upstream producers, but Mangala volume increases for Cairn India and lower subsidy and higher gas prices for ONGC and OIL more than offset the impact. Oil marketing companies (OMCs) are expected to post slender profits on the back of full effect of gasoline deregulation, and improved gross refinery margins (GRMs), despite no cash reimbursement being assumed for the quarter. No ramp-up in KGD6 and poor pet-chem margins should be offset by continually improving GRMs for Reliance Industries (RIL). Escalated spot cargo imports fill in the gap created by Panna-Mukta-Tapti (PMT) shutdown, providing Petronet with an earnings kicker and helping GAIL maintain transmission volumes," said Macquarie Research, in a note.
According to a report by Motilal Oswal, although RIL's KG-D6 gas production increased gas availability in India by 55% to 170 million standard cubic metres a day (mmscmd), there is a huge demand led by the power and fertiliser sectors. "RIL's indication that it will not ramp up KG-D6 gas volumes is unlikely to negatively affect the sector and given an expected sharp rise in gas availability after FY13, we expect infrastructure investment (pipelines and CGD) to peak in 2-3 years," the brokerage added.
Factors to watch out for the oil & gas sector is lack of clarity on the subsidy-sharing mechanism and the timing of diesel de-regulation. The decline in petrochemical prices and capacity addition coming up in the Middle East and China may also put pressure on margins.
Click to view earnings projections
Source: Sharekhan Ltd
During the second quarter to end-September, the Indian pharmaceutical sector is expected to post modest growth on the sales front. The rupee's appreciation against the dollar, the muted revenue growth and the ongoing US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) issues are taking their toll on the performance of select companies, especially Cipla, Dr Reddy's Laboratories and Ranbaxy.
Sharekhan said in a report, "We expect the pharmaceutical (pharma) companies to report a moderate growth for Q2FY11 as the earnings get into consolidation mode due to high base and lack of exclusivity income. The growth is expected to be driven by new product launches in the US, a strong growth in India, higher penetration in the emerging markets and the rebounding contract manufacturing business. A faster pick-up in the abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) approvals, updates on research & development (R&D) pipelines and out-licensing deals would act as rerating factors for companies like Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Cadila Healthcare, Lupin and Sun Pharma under our coverage universe."
Focus on profitable growth adopted by leaders in the sector has started to pay dividends. "We have a positive outlook on the global generic pharmaceutical market, contract research and manufacturing services (CRAMS) and domestic pharma consumption. Dr Reddy's Lab is our preferred picks among the large-caps, as it now has got its act right in key markets of India, Russia and the US, which would drive the earning momentum. Among the mid-caps, Glenmark and Jubilant are our preferred pick given strong outlook and attractive valuations," said Macquarie Research, in a note.
Factors to watch out for in the pharmaceutical sector are key product launches in the US, revenues from emerging markets, domestic sales growth, product pipeline and ANDA approvals.
Click to view earnings projections
Source: Motilal Oswal Securities Ltd
(This article is based on secondary research. The report is for information only. None of the stock information, data and company information presented herein constitutes a recommendation or solicitation of any offer to buy or sell any securities. Investors must do their own research and due diligence before acting on any security).
Education management systems provider, CORE Projects & Technologies Ltd has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Gujarat Knowledge Society, to impart job-oriented skill upgradation courses to students from various disciplines in colleges across Ahmedabad and Surat districts.
With this tie up, CORE has taken a small but significant step towards educating and enhancing the employment potential of youth in Gujarat, said the company in a statement.
On Monday, CORE Projects shares rose 2.1% to Rs293 on the Bombay Stock Exchange, while the benchmark Sensex gained 0.4% to 20,339 points.
MIC Electronics Ltd said it signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to buy 51% stake in LED lightening system manufacture Avni Energy Solutions Pvt Ltd. No financial details were provided.
With this acquisition, MIC said its manufacturing capacity as well as its customer base and people resources would increase. The company will use Avani Energy's facility to expand its services in the southern Indian states and also have an exclusive setup to cater to rural and urban markets with different LED lighting products.
Bangalore-based Avni has a good clientele and marketing base with good production capacities and R&D centre.
On Monday, MIC Electronics shares ended 0.4% down at Rs42 on the Bombay Stock Exchange, while the benchmark Sensex gained 0.4% to 20,339 points.